Электронная книга: Adrian Newey «How to Build a Car»

How to Build a Car

'Adrian has a unique gift for understanding drivers and racing cars. He is ultra competitive but never forgets to have fun. An immensely likeable man.' Damon Hill The world’s foremost designer in Formula One, Adrian Newey OBE is arguably one of Britain’s greatest engineers and this is his fascinating, powerful memoir.How to Build a Car explores the story of Adrian’s unrivalled 35-year career in Formula One through the prism of the cars he has designed, the drivers he has worked alongside and the races in which he’s been involved. A true engineering genius, even in adolescence Adrian’s thoughts naturally emerged in shape and form – he began sketching his own car designs at the age of 12 and took a welding course in his school summer holidays. From his early career in IndyCar racing and on to his unparalleled success in Formula One, we learn in comprehensive, engaging and highly entertaining detail how a car actually works. Adrian has designedfor the likes of Mario Andretti, Nigel Mansell, Alain Prost, Damon Hill, David Coulthard, Mika Hakkinen, Mark Webber and Sebastian Vettel, always with a shark-like purity of purpose: to make the car go faster. And while his career has been marked by unbelievable triumphs, there have also been deeptragedies; most notably Ayrton Senna’s death during his time at Williams in 1994.Beautifully illustrated with never-before-seen drawings, How to Build a Car encapsulates, through Adrian’s remarkable life story, precisely what makes Formula One so thrilling – its potential for the total synchronicity of man and machine, the perfect combination of style, efficiency and speed.

Издательство: "HarperCollins"

ISBN: 9780008196813

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Adrian Newey

Adrian Newey (born December 26, 1958) is currently the chief technical officer of the Red Bull Racing Formula One team.

Newey has worked in both Formula One and IndyCar racing as a race engineer, aerodynamicist, designer and technical director and enjoyed success in both categories. Considered one of the best engineers in Formula One, Newey-inspired designs have won numerous titles and almost 80 Grands Prix, dominating much of the 1990s. After almost leaving McLaren in 2001 speculation persisted that he did not wish to remain at the Woking-based team. In November 2005 it was confirmed that he would be transferring to Red Bull Racing in the new year.

Early career

Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, he attended the famous Repton public school. Newey gained a First Class honours degree in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the University of Southampton in 1980. Immediately after graduation he began working in motor sport for the Fittipaldi Formula One team under Harvey Postlethwaite. In 1981 he joined the March team. After a period as race engineer for Johnny Cecotto in European Formula 2 Newey began designing racing cars. His first project, the March GTP sports car, was a highly successful design and won the IMSA GTP title two years running.

In 1983 Newey moved to the March IndyCar project and began work on the 1984 car. Again, his design proved highly competitive, taking seven victories including the coveted Indy 500. Newey's 85C chassis took the CART title the following year in the hands of Al Unser, and his reputation as an outstanding designer was sealed when Bobby Rahal repeated this success in 1986. Working in the dual roles of designer and race engineer, Newey formed a close friendship with Rahal, a fact which would impact both their careers some fifteen years later.

With his cars regularly winning CART races Newey chose to leave March and return to Europe where he could work in Formula One joining the FORCE team in an effort to improve their fortunes. Sadly the team withdrew at the conclusion of the 1986 season and Newey was immediately re-hired by March, this time to work in Formula One as chief designer.

In a period when Formula One car aerodynamics was still poorly understood, Newey was able to innovate. His 1988 effort was far more competitive than many expected, even leading the Japanese Grand Prix briefly, although critics suggested his quest for aerodynamic perfection had compromised the team in other areas. As March became Leyton House, Newey gained promotion to the role of Technical Director. Despite having arguably the best designer in the sport the team's results began to decline and, in the summer of 1990, Newey was fired, although he didn't have to wait long to find another role.

Domination of the 1990s

In 1990 Williams F1 was undoubtedly a team on the ascent and formidable technical director Patrick Head wasted no time in getting a contract signed. With vastly superior budget, drivers and resources at his disposal, Newey and Head rapidly became the dominant design partnership of the early 1990s. By mid-season 1991 Newey's FW14 chassis was every bit a match for the previously dominant McLaren, but early season reliability issues and the efforts of Ayrton Senna prevented Williams team leader, Nigel Mansell, from taking the title.

In 1992 there would be no problems, and with dominance of the sport not repeated until the Ferrari / Schumacher age, Mansell took the drivers' crown and Newey secured his first constructors' title. 1993 delivered a second, this time with Alain Prost at the wheel of the conquering FW15C.

1994 saw a rare dip in performance for Newey-designed cars and the team and drivers struggled to match the Rory Byrne designed Benetton B194 for pace and reliability. Disaster struck at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix with the death of Ayrton Senna who had joined Williams that year. A late-season charge, helped by the suspension of Schumacher, enabled Williams to claim their third straight constructors' championship. However, Williams were unable to take a third consecutive drivers' title, and with possible manslaughter charges for Senna's accident in prospect, cracks began to show in Newey's relationship with Williams team management.

By 1995 it was clear that Adrian Newey was once more ready to become technical director of a team, but with Head a share-holding founder of Williams he found his way blocked. Loss of both drivers' and constructors' titles to Benetton in 1995 saw further distance put between Newey and Williams, and by the time Damon Hill and Jacques Villeneuve secured both titles in 1996 Newey had been placed on "gardening leave" prior to joining McLaren.

Unable to influence the design of the 1997 McLaren, Newey was forced to attempt to improve on the Neil Oatley design while concentrating his efforts on the 1998 car. A win at the 1997 European Grand Prix saw McLaren enter the off-season on a high, and when the racing resumed four months later the McLaren MP4/13 was the car to beat. Titles followed in 1998 and 1999, and Mika Häkkinen narrowly missed out on a third drivers' title in 2000.

The McLaren era

At the end of the 1990s Newey stood head and shoulders above his peers with 6 of the previous 10 constructors' titles and sixty-seven wins having been secured by cars of his design. Few would have suspected that five years later Newey cars would have just 15 more victories and no titles. From 1992 through 2004 the World Drivers' Championship was an exclusive battle between 'Schuey' and 'Newey', with Rory Byrne engineering Michael Schumacher to 7 titles whilst Adrian Newey engineered Mansell, Prost, Hill, Villeneuve and Häkkinen to 6 titles.

In the summer of 2001 came one of the most significant moves of the season when Bobby Rahal, now retired from driving and managing the Jaguar team, tried to steal Newey away from McLaren in an attempt to leap Jaguar Racing to the front of the field. Despite having a signed contract Rahal was unable to complete the deal when McLaren boss Ron Dennis persuaded Newey to stay. Details of how exactly he managed this remain vague, although suggestions of a deal allowing Newey to design yachts appeared in the racing media. His change of mind effectively destroyed Rahal's credibility with Jaguar owners Ford, and he was fired from the team several months later.

Despite remaining with McLaren, rumours persisted that Newey wanted to leave the team, and by late 2004 his future began to look uncertain when speculation began that the engineer could return to Williams or even leave the sport completely. Despite strenuous denials from Ron Dennis stories continued to circulate during the 2004/2005 off-season that Newey's departure was imminent. In April 2005 it was confirmed that his contract with the team had been extended by six months to the end of the year at which point he was expected to take a sabbatical or retire from Formula One design completely, but on 19 July instead [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/4696991.stm he stated] that "this step can wait" and he would remain with McLaren for the year 2006.

Red Bull Racing

Despite those assurances, Red Bull Racing announced on November 8 that Newey would join the team from February 2006. "The Guardian" newspaper reported that Newey would be getting around $10 million a year at Red Bull Racing, owned by Austrian energy drink billionaire Dietrich Mateschitz, after McLaren baulked at increasing his salary in contract renewal negotiations.

Newey could hardly influence the design of the 2006 car and Red Bull's season started with poor results, having scored only 2 points from 6 races. However, the team's driver, David Coulthard, who has successfully driven Newey-designed cars for years for both Williams and McLaren, managed to secure 3rd place and 6 points in the Grand Prix of Monaco May 28. Although "helped" by retirements of other competitors, this could also be an indication that the team is eventually starting to pick up where it left off in 2005 when they finished close 7th overall. Newey has started work on the 2007 challenger already which the team has high hopes for. David Coulthard especially has expressed his desire to drive a Newey-designed car in 2007. The 2007 Red Bull of his design will be powered by the Renault RS26 engine as the Ferrari 056 contract will be transferred to Scuderia Toro Rosso, Red Bull Racing's "second team".

On 26 January 2007 Adrian Newey's RB3 was unveiled at the Circuit de Catalunya, Spain. The shakedown test was completed by Mark Webber. He admitted he felt 'refreshed' after a bad two years with Williams. Christian Horner's expectations were as he was aiming for fifth.

After achieving fifth place in the 2007 Constructors' Championship as targeted, Red Bull Racing launched their 2008 chassis, the RB4, on January 16 in Jerez, Spain.While sharing a very similar appearance with its predecessor, the underbody, rear end packaging, suspension and electronics system vary radically from the 2007 chassis. Technical directors Adrian Newey and Geoff Willis added that the chassis was the most complex to ever have rolled out of the Milton Keynes factory.Reliability, an Achilles heel of the 2007 car, has been a major target for 2008, and the team are aiming for several podiums from both Webber and Coulthard.

Personal motorsports activities

Adrian Newey is an avid sports car collector and driver, having participated in the Le Mans Legend races for a few years. He competed in a Ford GT40 in 2006, only to destroy the car in an accident yet escaped with only a cut finger. He later wrecked a Jaguar E-Type at the Goodwood Festival of Speed.

In 2007 he made the move to modern racing, becoming part of the driver lineup in the AF Corse Ferrari F430 for the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Newey and co-drivers Ben Aucott and Joe Macari managed to finish in 22nd place, yet fourth in their class of cars.

Источник: Adrian Newey

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