Book: Rollo May «Man's Search for Himself»

Man's Search for Himself

This book is not a substitute for psychotherapy. Nor is it a self-help book in the sense that it promises cheap and easy cures overnight. But in another worthy and profound sense every good book is a self-help book-it helps the reader, through seeing himself and his own experiences reflected in the book, to gain new light on his own problems of personal integration. I hope this is that kind of book. In these chapters we shall look not only to the new insights of psychology on the hidden levels of the self, but also to the wisdom of those who through the ages, in the fields of literature, philosophy, and ethics, have sought to understand how man can best meet his insecurity and personal crises, and turn them to constructive uses. Our aim is to discover ways in which we can stand against the insecurity of our time, to find a center of strength within ourselves, and as far as we can, to point the way toward achieving values and goals which can be depended upon in a day when very...

Издательство: "Signet, New American Library" (1967)

Формат: 105x175, 240 стр.

Купить за 1200 руб на Озоне

Rollo May

Infobox Person
name = Rollo May


image_size = 150px
caption = Rollo May
birth_name =
birth_date = April 21, 1909
birth_place = Ada, Ohio
death_date = October 22, 1994
death_place = Tiburon, California
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nationality = American
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Rollo May (April 21, 1909October 22, 1994) was an American existential psychologist. He authored the influential book "Love and Will" in 1969.

Although he is often associated with humanistic psychology, he differs from other humanistic psychologists such as Virginia Satir, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers in emphasizing the tragic dimensions of human existence; unlike them, he built his thinking around the tenets of existentialist philosophy. May was a close friend of the theologian Paul Tillich. His works include "Love and Will" and "The Courage to Create", the latter title honoring Tillich's "The Courage to Be".

Biography

May was born in Ada, Ohio in 1909. He experienced a difficult childhood, with his parents divorcing and his sister suffering a mental breakdown. His educational career took him to Michigan State College and Oberlin College for a bachelor's degree, teaching for a time in Greece, to Union Theological Seminary for a BD in 1938, and finally to Teachers College, Columbia University for a PhD in clinical psychology in 1949. May was a founder and faculty member of Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center in San Francisco. [ [http://www.saybrook.edu/about_saybrook/historical_origins.asp Saybrook: Historical Origins ] ]

He spent the closing years of his life in Tiburon on the San Francisco Bay, where he died in October 1994.

Accomplishments

May was influenced by American humanism, and interested in reconciling existential psychology with other approaches, especially Freud's.

May uses some traditional existential terms in a slightly different fashion than others, and he invents new words for traditional existentialist concepts. Destiny, for example, could be "thrownness" combined with "fallenness"— the part of our lives that is determined for us, for the purpose of creating our lives. He also used the word "courage" to signify authenticity in facing one’s anxiety and rising above it.

He saw certain "stages" of development:

* Innocence – the pre-egoic, pre-self-conscious stage of the infant. The innocent is only doing what he or she must do. However, an innocent does have a degree of will in the sense of a drive to fulfill needs.

* Rebellion – the rebellious person wants freedom, but has yet no full understanding of the responsibility that goes with it.

* Decision- The person is in a transition stage in their life where they need to break away from their parents and settle into the ordinary stage. In this stage they must decide what path their life will take, along with fulfilling rebellious needs from the rebellious stage.

* Ordinary – the normal adult ego learned responsibility, but finds it too demanding, and so seeks refuge in conformity and traditional values.

* Creative – the authentic adult, the existential stage, beyond ego and self-actualizing. This is the person who, accepting destiny, faces anxiety with courage.

These are not stages in the traditional sense. A child may certainly be innocent, ordinary or creative at times; an adult may be rebellious. The only attachment to certain ages is in terms of salience: rebelliousness stands out in the two year old and the teenager.

May perceived the sexual revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, as well as commercialization of sex and pornography, as having influenced society and planted the idea in the minds of adults that love and sex are no longer directly associated. According to May, emotion has become separated from reason, making it socially acceptable to seek sexual relationships and avoid the natural drive to relate to another person and create new life. May believed the awakening of sexual freedoms can lead modern society to dodge awakenings at higher levels. May suggests that the only way to turn around the cynical ideas that characterize our generation is to rediscover the importance of caring for another, which May describes as the opposite of apathy.

His first book, "The Meaning of Anxiety", was based on his doctoral dissertation, which in turn was based on his reading of the 19th century philosopher Søren Kierkegaard. His definition of anxiety is "the apprehension cued off by a threat to some value which the individual holds essential to his existence as a self" (1967, p. 72). He also quotes Kierkegaard: "Anxiety is the dizziness of freedom". In 1956, he edited the book "Existence" with Ernest Angel and Henri Ellenberger. "Existence" helped introduce existential psychology to the US.

Bibliography

* "The Meaning of Anxiety" (1950), W W Norton 1996 revised edition: ISBN 0-393-31456-1
* "Man’s Search for Himself" (1953), Delta 1973 reprint: ISBN 0-385-28617-1
* "Existence" (1956), Jason Aronson 1994 reprint: ISBN 1-56821-271-2
* "The Art of Counseling" (1965), Gardner Press 1989 rev. edition: ISBN 0-89876-156-5
* "Psychology and the Human Dilemma" (1967), W W Norton 1996 reprint: ISBN 0-393-31455-3
* "Love and Will" (1969), W W Norton ISBN 0-393-01080-5, Delta 1989 reprint: ISBN 0-385-28590-6
* "Power and Innocence: A Search for the Sources of Violence" (1972), W W Norton 1998 reprint ISBN 0-393-31703-X
* "The Courage to Create" (1975), W W Norton 1994 reprint: ISBN 0-393-31106-6
* "Freedom and Destiny" (1981), W W Norton 1999 edition: ISBN 0-393-31842-7
* "The Discovery of Being: Writings in Existential Psychology" (1983), W W Norton 1994 reprint: ISBN 0-393-31240-2
* "My Quest for Beauty" (1985), Saybrook Publishing ISBN 0-933071-01-9
* "The Cry for Myth" (1991), Delta 1992 reprint: ISBN 0-385-30685-7

References

ee also

* Abraham Maslow
* Carl Rogers
* Existential Psychology
* Existentialism
* Humanistic Psychology
* Paul Tillich
* Stephen A. Diamond
* Virginia Satir
* Major depressive disorder#Existential, humanistic, and evolutionary psychology perspectives
* Love and Will

External links

* [http://mythosandlogos.com/May.html Rollo May page] at Mythos & Logos
* [http://www.intuition.org/txt/may.htm "Thinking Allowed" - Interview with Rollo May Ph.D.]
* [http://www.saybrook.edu/about_saybrook/historical_origins.asp "Saybrook Graduate School's Historical Origins"]
* [http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/may.html "Personality Theories - Rollo May"]

Источник: Rollo May

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