When Robert M. Gates received a call from the White House, he thought he'd long left Washington politics behind: After working for six presidents in both the CIA and the National Security Council, he was happily serving as president of Texas A&M University. But when he was asked to help a nation mired in two wars and to aid the troops doing the fighting, he answered what he felt was the call of duty. Forthright and unsparing, and meticulously fair in its assessments, Duty takes readers behind the scenes of nearly five years of war. Gates recounts his battles with Congress, the presidents, and the military itself; his efforts to help Bush turn the tide in Iraq; his role as a guiding (and often dissenting) voice for Obama; and, most importantly, the ardent devotion to and love for American soldiers he developed on the job. He also offers unvarnished appraisals of Dick Cheney, Joe Biden, and Hillary Clinton.

Издательство: "Knopf" (2014)

ISBN: 9780307959478

Купить за 2569 руб на Озоне

Gates, Robert M.

▪ American government official
in full  Robert Michael Gates 
born Sept. 25, 1943, Wichita, Kan., U.S.

      U.S. government official who served as director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA; 1991–93) under President George Bush (Bush, George) and as secretary of defense (2006– ) in the administrations of Presidents George W. Bush (Bush, George W.) and Barack Obama (Obama, Barack).

      Gates studied European history at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va., receiving a bachelor's degree in 1965. While earning a master's degree (1966) from Indiana University, he was recruited by the CIA, and he joined the agency full time as a Soviet analyst after a two-year stint in the air force. Gates later received a doctorate (1974) in Russian and Soviet history from Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.

      In 1974 Gates joined the staff of the National Security Council, serving under Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Jimmy Carter until 1979, when he returned to the CIA. He rose to the post of deputy director of the agency in 1982, and Pres. Ronald Reagan (Reagan, Ronald W.) nominated him to be director in 1987. Gates, however, withdrew because of questions about how much he knew about the Iran-Contra Affair. He later served as deputy national security adviser (1989–91) to Pres. George Bush, and Bush nominated Gates for the CIA director's post again in 1991. This time Gates had to defend himself against accusations that he had deliberately distorted intelligence information about the Soviet Union that he had presented to the Reagan administration. The Senate confirmed him in a 61–31 vote, making him the youngest director in the agency's history. His tenure ended little more than a year later, after Bill Clinton defeated Bush in the 1992 presidential election. In 1999 Gates was named dean of the George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University, and three years later he became president of the university.

      In 2006 Gates was appointed secretary of defense by Pres. George W. Bush to replace Donald Rumsfeld (Rumsfeld, Donald), who resigned after heavy Republican losses in midterm elections were interpreted as a national referendum on the Bush administration's handling of the Iraq War. Considered the opposite of Rumsfeld, who was seen as an ideologue bent on making the Pentagon do his bidding, Gates had the reputation of a pragmatist who could assess a situation and respond accordingly. He was easily confirmed by the Senate in a 95–2 vote. Obama, who succeeded Bush as president in 2009, selected Gates to continue as secretary of defense.

      Gates's memoir, From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider's Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War, was published in 1996.

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Источник: Gates, Robert M.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Duty — • The definition of the term duty given by lexicographers is: something that is due , obligatory service ; something that one is bound to perform or to avoid Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Duty     Duty …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Duty — Du ty, n.; pl. {Duties}. [From {Due}.] 1. That which is due; payment. [Obs. as signifying a material thing.] [1913 Webster] When thou receivest money for thy labor or ware, thou receivest thy duty. Tyndale. [1913 Webster] 2. That which a person… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • DUTY — DUTY, an action that one is obligated to perform; a feeling, or sense, of obligation. In Judaism man s duties are determined by God s commandments. The entire biblical and rabbinic conception of man s role in the world is subsumed under the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • duty — [do͞ot′ē, dyo͞ot′ē] n. pl. duties [ME duete < Anglo Fr dueté, what is due (owing): see DUE & TY1] 1. the obedience or respect that one should show toward one s parents, older people, etc. 2. conduct based on moral or legal obligation, or a… …   English World dictionary

  • Duty — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Duty Álbum de estudio de Ayumi Hamasaki Publicación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Duty — Album par Ayumi Hamasaki Sortie 27 septembre 2000 Durée 51:45 Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • duty — [n1] responsibility, assignment burden, business, calling, charge, chore, commission, commitment, committal, contract, devoir, dues, engagement, function, hook*, job, load, millstone*, minding the store*, mission, must, need, obligation,… …   New thesaurus

  • duty — ► NOUN (pl. duties) 1) a moral or legal obligation. 2) a task required as part of one s job. 3) a payment levied on the import, export, manufacture, or sale of goods. 4) Brit. a payment levied on the transfer of property, for licences, and for… …   English terms dictionary

  • duty — late 13c., from Anglo Fr. duete, from O.Fr. deu due, owed; proper, just, from V.L. *debutus, from L. debitus, pp. of debere to owe (see DEBT (Cf. debt)). Related: Duties. The sense of tax or fee on imports, exports, etc. is from late 15c.; duty… …   Etymology dictionary

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