Book: Irene Nemirovsky «Le maitre des ames»

Le maitre des ames

Серия: "Folio"

Nice, 1920 un jeune m&# 233;decin affam&# 233;, Dario, accepte de pratiquer un avortement clandestin sur une flamboyante aventuri&# 232;re new-yorkaise afin de sauver de la d&# 233;ch&# 233;ance Clara, sa femme, et leur nourrisson. Une solution qui permet&# 224; ce fils de marchand vagabond et m&# 233;t&# 232;que de sang grec et italien de survivre, malgr&# 233; l'indiff&# 233;rence de la client&# 232;le chic de la ville. Multipliant les exp&# 233;dients durant quelques ann&# 233;es pass&# 233;es&# 224; Nice, Dario a brusquement l'id&# 233;e de g&# 233;nie qui l'aidera&# 224; force son destin: d&# 233;voyant avec une intuition machiav&# 233;lique la toute nouvelle th&# 233;orie psychanalytique, il devient charlatan&# 224; la mode,&# 233;trange ma&# 238;tre des&# 226;mes se grisant d'une ascension sociale dangereuse... Avec le ma&# 238;tre des&# 226;mes, roman in&# 233;dit publi&# 233; en 1939 sous forme d'&# 233;pisodes dans Gringoire, Ir&# 232;ne N&# 233;mirovskv brosse le portrait d'un de ces "immigr&# 233;s" de l'entre-deux guerres d&# 233;barqu&# 233;s d'Europe orientale avec un br&# 251;lant r&# 234;ve de r&# 233;ussite. D&# 233;montant d'une plume cruelle et l&# 233;g&# 232;re la vaine valse des ambitions, elle ressuscite avec pr&# 233;cision le tourbillon mondain et intellectuel de l'&# 233;poque.

Издательство: "Gallimard-Folio" (2007)

ISBN: 978-2-07-034251-8

Купить за 954 руб в My-shop

Другие книги автора:

КнигаОписаниеГодЦенаТип книги
Suite FrancaiseIn June 1940 France fell to the Nazis. The effects of this momentous event on the lives of ordinary Parisians and the inhabitants of a small rural community under occupation are brilliantly explored… — Vintage, (формат: 130x200, 416 стр.) Подробнее...2007619бумажная книга
Le Bal"Le Bal" depicts the life of the Kampfs who, having recently gone up in the world thanks to luck with the stock decide to throw a ball in order to launch themselves into society. Their daughter… — Random House, Inc., - Подробнее...2007710бумажная книга
Les Chiens et les LoupsIr&# 232;ne N&# 233;mirovsky, morte&# 224; Auschwitz en 1942, est l'auteur d'une oeuvre&# 233;tonnante qui fait d'elle un des plus grands&# 233;crivains de l'entre-deux-guerres.&# 192; la crois&#… — Albin Michel, - Подробнее...2008832бумажная книга
All Our Worldly GoodsIn haunting ways this wonderful, compelling novel prefigures Suite Francaise and some of the themes of Nemirovsky's great unfinished sequence of novels. All Our Worldly Goods, though, is complete… — Random House, Inc., - Подробнее...2009709бумажная книга
The Dogs and the WolvesAda grows up motherless in the Jewish pogroms of a Ukrainian city in the early years of the twentieth century. In the same city, Harry Sinner, the cosseted son of a city financier, belongs to a very… — Random House, Inc., - Подробнее...2010709бумажная книга
Chaleur Du SangDans un hameau du centre de la Fiance, au dbut des annes 1930, un vieil homme, Silvio, se souvient, observant la comdie humaine des campagnes, le cours tranquille des vies paysannes brusquement secou… — Gallimard-Folio, Folio Подробнее...2008682бумажная книга
All Our Worldly GoodsIn certain uncanny ways this wonderful, compelling novel prefigures Suite Francaise and rehearses some of the themes of her big unfinished sequence of novels. Nemirovsky must have down put her pen in… — Daedalus Books, - Подробнее...2008572бумажная книга
Suite francaiseEcrit dans le feu de l'Histoire, Suite fran&# 231;aise d&# 233;peint presque en direct l'exode de juin 1940, qui brassa dans un d&# 233;sordre tragique des familles fran&# 231;aises de toute sorte… — Gallimard-Folio, Folio Подробнее...20061267бумажная книга
Suite Francaise (аудиокнига на 5 CD)In 1941, Irene Nemirovsky sat down to write a work that would convey the magnitude of what she was living through, not in terms of battles and politicians, but by evoking the domestic lives and… — Random House Audiobooks, Подробнее...2007419бумажная книга
Suite FrancaiseSet during the year that France fell to the Nazis, "Suite Francaise" falls into two parts. The first is a brilliant depiction of a group of Parisians as they flee the Nazi invasion; the second… — Vintage, (формат: 130x200, 432 стр.) Подробнее...2015869бумажная книга
All Our Worldly GoodsIn certain uncanny ways this wonderful, compelling novel prefigures Suite Francaise and rehearses some of the themes of her big unfinished sequence of novels. Nemirovsky must have down put her pen in… — Daedalus Books, Подробнее...2008740бумажная книга
Chaleur Du SangDans un hameau du centre de la Fiance, au dbut des annes 1930, un vieil homme, Silvio, se souvient, observant la comdie humaine des campagnes, le cours tranquille des vies paysannes brusquement secou… — Gallimard-Folio, Folio Подробнее...2008884бумажная книга
Les Chiens et les LoupsIr&232;ne N&233;mirovsky, morte&224; Auschwitz en 1942, est l`auteur d`une oeuvre&233;tonnante qui fait d`elle un des plus grands&233;crivains de l`entre-deux-guerres.&192; la crois&233;e des… — Albin Michel, Подробнее...20081057бумажная книга
Le maitre des amesNice, 1920 un jeune m&233;decin affam&233;, Dario, accepte de pratiquer un avortement clandestin sur une flamboyante aventuri&232;re new-yorkaise afin de sauver de la d&233;ch&233;ance Clara, sa… — Gallimard-Folio, Folio Подробнее...20071234бумажная книга
Le Bal (изд. 2007 г. )`Le Bal`depicts the life of the Kampfs who, having recently gone up in the world thanks to luck with the stock decide to throw a ball in order to launch themselves into society. Their daughter… — Random House, Inc., Подробнее...2007918бумажная книга

Irène Némirovsky

Infobox Writer
name = Irène Némirovsky


image_size = 180px
caption =
birthdate = birth date|1903|2|11|df=y
birthplace = Kiev, Ukraine
deathdate = death date and age|1942|8|17|1903|2|11|df=y
deathplace = Auschwitz-Birkenau, Nazi Germany
occupation = Novelist
movement = Modernism,
notableworks = Suite Francaise
influences = Oscar Wilde, Ivan Turgenev

Irène Némirovsky (born February 11, 1903, Kiev, died August 17, 1942) was a novelist who died at the age of 39 in Auschwitz, Poland. She was killed by the Nazis for being a Jew, despite her conversion to Roman Catholicism. [ [http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/03/07/arts/IDLEDE8.php Early glimpses of Némirovsky's talent - International Herald Tribune ] ]

Biography

Irène Némirovsky was the daughter of a Jewish banker from Moscow, Léon Némirovsky. Her volatile and unhappy relationship with her mother became the heart of many of her novels. [ [http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/03/07/arts/IDLEDE8.php Early glimpses of Némirovsky's talent - International Herald Tribune ] ]

The Némirovsky family fled Moscow at the start of the Russian Revolution in 1917, spending a year in Finland in 1918 and then settling in Paris, France, where Irène attended the Sorbonne and started writing when she was 18 years old.

In 1926, Irène Némirovsky married Michel Epstein, a banker, and had two daughters: Denise, born in 1929; and Élisabeth, in 1937.

In 1929 she published "David Golder", the story of a Jewish banker unable to please his troubled daughter, which was an immediate success, and was adapted to the big screen by Julien Duvivier in 1930, with Harry Baur as David Golder. In 1930 her novel "Le Bal", the story of a mistreated daughter and the revenge of a teenager, became a play and a movie.

The "David Golder" manuscript was sent by post to the "Grasset" publisher with a Poste restante address and signed "Epstein". H. Muller, a reader for "Grasset" immediately tried to find the author but couldn't get hold of him/her. "Grasset" put an ad in the newspapers hoping to find the author, but the author was "busy": she was having her first child, Denise. When Irène finally showed up as the author of "David Golder", the unverified story is that the publisher was surprised that such a young woman was able to write such a powerful book.

Although she was widely recognized as a major author, by Jewish authors like Joseph Kessel and anti-semitic authors like Robert Brasillach alike, French citizenship was denied to the Némirovskys in 1938.

Irène Némirovsky was Jewish, but converted to Catholicism in 1939 and wrote in "Candide" and "Gringoire", two anti-Semitic magazines—perhaps partly to hide the family's Jewish origins and thereby protect their children from growing anti-Semitic persecution.

By 1940, Némirovsky's husband was unable to continue working at the bank—and Irène's books could no longer be published—because of their Jewish ancestry. Upon the Nazis' approach to Paris, they fled with their two daughters to the village of Issy-l'Evêque (the Némirovskys initially sent them to live with their nanny's family in Burgundy while staying on in Paris themselves; they had already lost their Russian home and refused to lose their home in France), where Némirovsky was required to wear the Yellow badge.

On July 13, 1942, Irène Némirovsky (then 39) was arrested as a "stateless person of Jewish descent" by French police under the regulations of the German occupation. As she was being taken away, she told her daughters, "I am going on a journey now." She was brought to a convoy assembly camp at Pithiviers and on July 17 together with 928 other Jewish deportees transported to Auschwitz. Upon her arrival there two days later, her forearm was marked with an identification number. According to official papers at the time, she died a month later of typhus. Subsequent records revealled that Irène was actually gassed there by the Nazis.

Her husband was sent to Auschwitz shortly thereafter, and was immediately put to death in a gas chamber.

The rediscovery

Némirovsky is now best known as the author of the unfinished "Suite française" (Denoël, France, 2004, ISBN 2207256456; translation by Sandra Smith, Knopf, 2006, ISBN 1400044731), two novellas portraying life in France between June 4, 1940 and July 1, 1941, the period during which the Nazis occupied Paris. These works are considered remarkable because they were written during the actual period itself, and yet are the product of considered reflection, rather than just a journal of events, as might be expected considering the personal turmoil experienced by the author at the time.

Némirovsky's oldest daughter, Denise, kept the notebook containing the manuscript for "Suite Française" for fifty years without reading it, thinking it was a journal or diary of her mother's, which would be too painful to read. In the late 1990s, however, she made arrangements to donate her mother's papers to a French archive and decided to examine the notebook first. Upon discovering what it contained, she instead had it published in France, where it became a bestseller in 2004.

The original manuscript has been given to the Institut mémoires de l'édition contemporaine (IMEC), and the novel has won the Prix Renaudot—the first time the prize has been awarded posthumously.

Némirovsky's surviving notes sketch a general outline of a story arc that was intended to include the two existing novellas, as well as three more to take place later during the war and at its end. She wrote that the rest of the work was "in limbo, and what limbo! It's really in the lap of the gods since it depends on what happens."

In a January 2006 interview with the BBC, her daughter, Denise, said, "For me, the greatest joy is knowing that the book is being read. It is an extraordinary feeling to have brought my mother back to life. It shows that the Nazis did not truly succeed in killing her. It is not vengeance, but it is a victory."

Controversy

Several reviewers and commentators [ [http://www.nextbook.org/cultural/feature.html?id=414 Nextbook: Behind the Legend ] ] [ [http://books.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,,2018357,00.html Stuart Jeffries on Irène Némirovsky | World news | The Guardian ] ] have raised questions regarding Némirovsky's attitude toward Jews, her generally negative depiction of Jews in her writing and her use of anti-semitic publications in advancing her career. A review of her work published in "The New Republic" states:

Némirovsky was the very definition of a self-hating Jew. Does that sound too strong? Well, here is a Jewish writer who owed her success in France entre deux guerres in no small measure to her ability to pander to the forces of reaction, to the fascist right. Némirovsky's stories of corrupt Jews-- some of them even have hooked noses, no less!--appeared in right-wing periodicals and won her the friendship of her editors, many of whom held positions of power in extreme-right political circles. When the racial laws in 1940 and 1941 cut off her ability to publish, she turned to those connections to seek special favors for herself, and even went so far as to write a personal plea to Marshal Pétain. [ [http://www.tnr.com/story_print.html?id=1ed87cd1-0944-455f-9219-1fb5d1ff77be Scandale Française ] ]

"Fire in the Blood"

On September 21st, 2007 another novel by Némirovsky was published from surviving manuscripts. Irène gave some of the manuscript to her husband, Michel Epstein; the rest was in the suitcase entrusted to her daughter Denise. The two matched up to form her last work, "Fire in the Blood", a tale of country folk in the Burgundy village of Issy L'Eveque, based upon a village where Némirovsky and her family found temporary refuge whilst hiding from the Nazis.

Works published during the author's life

* "L'Enfant génial" (Éditions Fayard, 1927), was renamed by the publisher "L'enfant prodige" in 1992 with the approval of Némirovsky's daughters, because the French term "génial" had become a teenager word like "awesome" and sounded funny.
* "David Golder" (Éditions Grasset, 1929)
* "Le Bal" (Éditions Grasset, 1930)
* "Le malentendu" (Éditions Fayard, 1930)
* "Les Mouches d'automne" (Éditions Grasset, 1931)
* "L'Affaire Courilof" (Éditions Grasset, 1933)
* "Le Pion sur l'échiquier" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1934)
* "Films parlés" (Éditions Nouvelle Revue Française, 1934)
* "Le Vin de solitude" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1935)
* "Jézabel" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1936) [published in the U.S. as "A Modern Jezebel" by Henry Holt & Co., 1937]
* "La Proie" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1938)
* "Deux " (Éditions Albin Michel, 1939)
* "Le maître des âmes" (Revue Gringoire, 1939, published as weekly episodes)
* "Les Chiens et les loups" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1940)

Works published posthumously

* "La Vie de Tchekhov" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1946)
* "Les Biens de ce monde" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1947)
* "Les Feux de l'automne" (Éditions Albin Michel, 1957)
* "Dimanche" (short stories) (Éditions Stock, 2000)
* "Destinées et autres nouvelles" (Éditions Sables, 2004)
* "Suite Française" (Éditions Denoël, 2004) Winner of the Renaudot prize 2004. English translation by Sandra Smith published in Great Britain by Chatto & Windus, 2004, and in the U.S. by Alfred A. Knopf, 2006.
* "Le maître des âmes" (Éditions Denoël, 2005)

References

*"Irène Némirovsky: Her Life and Works", Jonathan Weiss, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8047-5481-1.
*"Le Mirador, Mémoires rêvées", Elisabeth Gille, Nemirovky's youngest daughter, A "dreamed biography" of her mother. Presses de la Renaissance (1992) ISBN 2856166296, Available in English from Knopf in Fall 2006.
*cite news
author=
title=As France Burned
date=April 9, 2006
work=New York Times
url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/09/books/review/09gray.html?ex=1302235200&en=efa79839c42f4089&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss
accessdate=2008-08-10
, Paul Gray, New York Times Book Review, April 9, 2006"Le Memorial de la Deportation des Juifs de France", Serge Klarsfeld, Paris, 1978. No pagination.

External links

* [http://www.irenenemirovsky.guillaumedelaby.com/en_index.html A Website Dedicated To Irène Némirovsky]
* [http://www.irenenemirovsky.guillaumedelaby.com/ Site dédié à l'écrivain Irène Némirovsky]
* [http://www.randomhouse.com.au/Authors/Default.aspx?Page=Author&ID=Nemirovsky,%20Irene Irene Nemirovsky at Random House Australia]
* [http://www.wamu.org/audio/dr/06/06/r2060629-11031.asx Interview of Denise Epstein & Sandra Smith WAMU American University Radio]
* [http://www.jewishliteraryreview.com/post/2007/10/Tell-the-full-story-of-Irene-Nemirovsky.aspx Jewish Literary Review: "Tell the full story of Irène Némirovsky"]

"'Critical reviews of "Suite Française""'
* cite news
author=
title=As France Burned
date=April 9, 2006
work=New York Times
url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/09/books/review/09gray.html?ex=1302235200&en=efa79839c42f4089&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss
accessdate=2008-08-10

* [http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/non-fiction/article735923.ece Peter Kemp] in The Times
* [http://www.smh.com.au/news/book-reviews/suite-francaise/2006/03/23/1143083885117.html Andrew Riemer in The Sydney Morning Herald]
* [http://www.nextbook.org/cultural/feature.html?id=414 A review] by: Paul La Farge

Источник: Irène Némirovsky

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transmigration des ames — Transmigration des âmes La transmigration des âmes est, généralement après la mort, le passage d une âme d un corps dans un autre corps, ou, de façon moins stricte, le passage de certains éléments de l âme ou du corps dans de nouvelles formes d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Transmigration des âmes — La transmigration des âmes est, généralement après la mort, le passage supposé d une âme d un corps dans un autre corps, ou, de façon moins stricte, le passage de certains éléments de l âme ou du corps dans de nouvelles formes d existence.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maitre Eckhart — Maître Eckhart Johannes Eckhart Philosophe allemand Moyen Âge tardif Naissance : 1260 (Hochheim) Décès : 1327 École/tradition : Scolastique et Mys …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maître Eckart — Maître Eckhart Johannes Eckhart Philosophe allemand Moyen Âge tardif Naissance : 1260 (Hochheim) Décès : 1327 École/tradition : Scolastique et Mys …   Wikipédia en Français

  • maître — maître, maîtresse [ mɛtr, mɛtrɛs ] n. • maistre 1080; maistresse XIIe; lat. magister I ♦ Personne qui exerce une domination. 1 ♦ N. m. Personne qui a pouvoir et autorité sur qqn pour se faire servir, obéir. Le maître et l esclave. Le maître et le …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maître Eckhart — Eckhart Philosophe allemand Moyen Âge tardif Naissance 1260 (Hochheim) Décès 1327 École/tradition Scolastique et mystique rhénane Principaux intérêts Métaphysique et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ames a la mer — Âmes à la mer Âmes à la mer est un film américain réalisé par Henry Hathaway, sorti en 1937, d après l histoire de Ted Lesser. Inspiré d un fait authentique, ce film produit par la Paramount voulait concurrencer Les révoltés du Bounty. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Âmes à la mer — (Souls at sea) est un film américain réalisé par Henry Hathaway, sorti en 1937, d après l histoire de Ted Lesser. Inspiré d un fait authentique, ce film produit par la Paramount Pictures voulait concurrencer Les révoltés du Bounty. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MAÎTRE — SECTION PREMIÈRE.     Que je suis malheureux d être né ! disait Ardassan Ougli, jeune icoglan du grand padisha des Turcs. Encore si je ne dépendais que du grand padisha; mais je suis soumis au chef de mon oda, au capigi bachi; et quand je veux… …   Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire

  • Augustin ou le Maître est là — Auteur Joseph Malègue Genre Roman Version originale Titre original Augustin ou le Maître est là Éditeur original Spes Langue originale français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des personnages de Tekken — La liste suivante répertorie l ensemble des personnages de la série de jeux vidéo de combat Tekken, dans l ordre chronologique de leur apparition dans la série, puis dans l ordre alphabétique. Sommaire 1 Tekken 1.1 Armor King 1.2 Anna Williams …   Wikipédia en Français