Книга: William Dwight Whitney «Essentials In English Grammar - For The Use Of Schools»

Essentials In English Grammar - For The Use Of Schools

Производитель: "Книга по Требованию"

PREFACE. IN preparing the present work, my intention has been to make it fulfil strictly the promise of its title. I have endeavored to put before the learner those matters which are of most essential consequence to him, those which will best serve him as preparation for further and deeper knowledge of his own language, for the study of other languages, and for that of language in general. That the leading object of the study of English grammar is to teach the correct use of English is, in my view, ail error, and one which is gradually becoming removed, giving way to the sounder opinion that grammar is the reflective study of language, for a variety of purposes, of which correctness in writing is only one, and a secondary or subordinate one -by no means unimportant, but best attained when sought indirectly. It shoilld be a pervading element in the whole school and home training of the young, to make them use their own tongue with accuracy and force and, along with any special drilling... ISBN:9781443771610

Издательство: "Книга по Требованию" (2008)

ISBN: 9781443771610

Купить за 4368 грн (только Украина) в

William Dwight Whitney

William Dwight Whitney

William Dwight Whitney (1827–1894) was an American linguist, philologist, and lexicographer who edited The Century Dictionary.



William Dwight Whitney was born in Northampton, Massachusetts on February 9, 1827. His father was Josiah Dwight Whitney (1786–1869) of the New England Dwight family. His mother was Sarah Williston (1800–1833).[1] He entered Williams College at fifteen, graduating in 1845. He continued studying and worked at a bank in Northampton for several years, then assisted his older brother Josiah Whitney on a geological survey of the Lake Superior region in 1849. For three years, he studied Sanskrit in Germany, and gained wide reputation for his scholarship in the field. At Yale, he became professor of Sanskrit in 1854, adding comparative philology in 1869. He also taught modern languages at the Sheffield Scientific School. He served as secretary to the American Oriental Society from 1857 until he became its president in 1884. He died at his home, on Whitney Avenue, on June 7, 1897 [2]

Whitney revised definitions for the 1864 edition of Webster's American Dictionary, and in 1869 became a founder and first president of the American Philological Association. He wrote metrical translations of the Vedas, and numerous papers on the Vedas and linguistics, many of which were collected in the Oriental and Linguistic Studies series (1872–74). He wrote several books on language, and grammar textbooks of English, French, German, and Sanskrit.

His Sanskrit Grammar (1879) is notable in part for the criticism it contains of the Ashtadhyayi, the Sanskrit grammar attributed to Panini. Whitney describes the Ashtadhyayi as 'containing the facts of the language cast into the highly artful and difficult form of about four thousand algebraic-like rules (in the statement and arrangement of which brevity alone is had in view at the cost of distinctness and unambiguousness).'[3]

In his Course in General Linguistics in the chapter on the 'Immutability and Mutability of the Sign', Ferdinand de Saussure credits Whitney with insisting on the arbitrary nature of the linguistic signs.

Although he suffered from a heart ailment in his later years, he was editor-in-chief of the first edition of the respected Century Dictionary, which appeared from 1889 to 1891. On August 28, 1856 he married Elizabeth Wooster Baldwin. She was the daughter of Roger Sherman Baldwin, US Senator and Governor of the State of Connecticut. They had six children:[1]

  1. Edward Baldwin Whitney was born August 16, 1857, became Assistant US Attorney General, and had son mathematician Hassler Whitney.
  2. Williston Clapp Whitney was born April 2, 1859 but died March 11, 1861.
  3. Marian Parker Whitney was born February 6, 1861.
  4. Roger Sherman Baldwin Whitney was born January 6, 1863, but died January 17, 1874.
  5. Emily Henrietta Whitney was born August 29, 1864.
  6. Margaret Dwight Whitney was born November 19, 1866.


  • Atharva Veda, editor with Rudolf von Roth (1856–1857)
  • Language and the Study of Language: Twelve Lectures on the Principles of Linguistic Science (1867)
  • On Material and Form in Language (1872)
  • Oriental and Linguistic Studies - First Series: The Veda, The Avesta, The Science of Language (1872)
  • Oriental and Linguistic Studies - Second Series: The East and West, Religion and Mythology, Hindu Astronomy (1874)
  • Darwinism and Language (1874)
  • The Life and Growth of Language: An Outline of Linguistic Science (1875)
  • Essentials of English Grammar for the Use of Schools (1877)*
  • Sanskrit Grammar: Including Both the Classical Language, and the Older Dialects, of Veda and Brahmana (1879, 2d edn. 1889)
  • Language and its Study: with Special Reference to the Indo-European (lectures) (1880)*
  • Logical Consistency in Views of Language (1880)
  • Mixture in Language (1881)
  • The Roots, Verb-forms and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language (supplement to Sanskrit Grammar) (1885)
  • Practical French Grammar (1887)*
  • A Compendious German and English Dictionary (1887)*
  • The Century Dictionary (editor) (1889–1891)
  • Introductory French Reader (1891)*
  • Max Müller's Science of Language (1893)
  • Atharva Veda Samhita 3 volumes (translator)
  • The History of Sanskrit Grammar (Indian reprint edition of Sanskrit Grammar)
  • Manuscript Diary (photo reprint)

NB: Dates marked * may not be first publication.

Modern collections

  • Oriental and Linguistic Essays
  • On the Vedas
  • Whitney on Language: Selected Writings of William Dwight Whitney


  1. ^ a b Benjamin Woodbridge Dwight (1874). The history of the descendants of John Dwight, of Dedham, Mass. 2. J. F. Trow & son, printers and bookbinders. pp. 833–837. http://books.google.com/books?id=ghcfAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA833. 
  2. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nytimes1; see Help:Cite errors/Cite error references no text
  3. ^ Whitney, William Dwight. Sanskrit Grammar. Reprinted 2002, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi. ISBN 81-208-0620-4

External links

Источник: William Dwight Whitney

Другие книги схожей тематики:

АвторКнигаОписаниеГодЦенаТип книги
William Dwight WhitneyEssentials In English Grammar - For The Use Of SchoolsPREFACE. IN preparing the present work, my intention has been to make it fulfil strictly the promise of its title. I have endeavored to put before the learner those matters which are of most… — Книга по Требованию, Подробнее...2008
4368бумажная книга

См. также в других словарях:

  • William Dwight Whitney — (1827–1894) was an American linguist, philologist, and lexicographer who edited The Century Dictionary. Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

  • The Durham Proverbs — is a collection of 46 Mediæval proverbs from various sources. They were written down as a collection, in the eleventh century, on some pages (pages 43 verso to 45 verso, between a hymnal and a collection of canticles) of a manuscript that were… …   Wikipedia

  • William D. Whitney — William Dwight Whitney William Dwight Whitney (Northampton, Massachusetts, 9 de febrero de 1827 New Haven, Connecticut, 7 de junio de 1894), filólogo, lingüista y orientalista estadounidense. Hijo de un banquero y de la hija de un importante… …   Wikipedia Español

  • American and British English differences — For the Wikipedia editing policy on use of regional variants in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Manual of style#National varieties of English. This is one of a series of articles about the differences between British English and American English, which …   Wikipedia

  • English language — English Pronunciation /ˈ …   Wikipedia

  • Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians) —     Congregation of Priests of the Mission     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Congregation of Priests of the Mission     A congregation of secular priests with religious vows founded by St. Vincent de Paul. The members add the letters C.M. to their… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»