Электронная книга: Daniel Simberloff «Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice»

Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice

Invasive species have a critical and growing effect upon natural areas. They can modify, degrade, or destroy wildland ecosystem structure and function, and reduce native biodiversity. Landscape-level solutions are needed to address these problems. Conservation biologists seek to limit such damage and restore ecosystems using a variety of approaches. One such approach is biological control: the deliberate importation and establishment of specialized natural enemies, which can address invasive species problems and which should be considered as a possible component of restoration. Biological control can be an effective tool against many invasive insects and plants but it has rarely been successfully employed against other groups. Safety is of paramount concern and requires that the natural enemies used be specialized and that targeted pests be drivers of ecological degradation. While modern approaches allow species to be selected with a high level of security, some risks do remain. However, as in all species introductions, these should be viewed in the context of the risk of failing to reduce the impact of the invasive species. This unique book identifies the balance among these factors to show how biological control can be integrated into ecosystem restoration as practiced by conservation biologists. Jointly developed by conservation biologists and biological control scientists, it contains chapters on matching tools to management goals; tools in action; measuring and evaluating ecological outcomes of biological control introductions; managing conflict over biological control; and includes case studies as well as an ethical framework for integrating biological control and conservation practice. Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice is suitable for graduate courses in invasive species management and biological control, as well as for research scientists in government and non-profit conservation organizations.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9781118392577

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Daniel Simberloff

Daniel Simberloff, keynote speaker at BIOLIEF conference in Porto, October 27th 2009

Daniel Simberloff is a biologist and ecologist who earned his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1969.

Simberloff started his studies in ecology as a student of the biologist E. O. Wilson, one of the co-authors of the theory of Island biogeography (by R. MacArthur and E. O. Wilson). For his Ph.D. dissertation he was the first to test this theory experimentally in Floridian Mangrove systems producing studies such as the 1969 paper: Experimental Zoogeography of Islands: The Colonization of Empty Islands which is considered a seminal paper. In the 1970s Simberloff started a big controversy in the field when he put in doubt the importance of competition as the most important force structuring biological communities. He did so using computer-generated models that proved that many of the patterns that were generally explained by competition did not differ from those created in a random fashion. This new approach notably increased the level of rigor in ecology. During this time, he also criticized the importance of the theory of island biogeography as a tool for planning conservation strategies. He is admired for his thorough statistical approach to ecology.

Simberloff is also very active on the invasive species front, studying the theoretical susceptibility of ecosystems to invasion from exotic species, the practical implications of these invasions and the potential interactions between invasive species including the potential for invasional meltdown — where the introduction of exotic species facilitates the establishment and invasion of other exotics.

Daniel Simberloff received several awards, including the Eminent Ecologist Award in 2006 by the Ecological Society of America, he had served in the main board of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and published books and more than 350 articles in scientific journals. He has directed several Masters and Ph.D. dissertations.

Simberloff is the Nancy Gore Hunger Professor of Environmental Studies and director of the Institute for Biological Invasions at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. He is a past president of the American Society of Naturalists, and was a member of the National Science Board from 2000 until 2006 [1].

References

  • Quammen, David. The Song of the Dodo: Island Biogeography in an Age of Extinctions. New York, Scribner, 1996.
  • Simberloff, Daniel, Don C. Schmitz, and Tom C. Brown, eds. Strangers in Paradise: Impact and Management of Nonindigenous Species in Florida. Washington DC, Island Press, 1997.

External links

Источник: Daniel Simberloff

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Daniel SimberloffIntegrating Biological Control into Conservation PracticeInvasive species have a critical and growing effect upon natural areas. They can modify, degrade, or destroy wildland ecosystem structure and function, and reduce native biodiversity. Landscape-level… — John Wiley&Sons Limited, Подробнее...
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