Электронная книга: Malcolm Atkinson «The Data Bonanza. Improving Knowledge Discovery in Science, Engineering, and Business»

The Data Bonanza. Improving Knowledge Discovery in Science, Engineering, and Business

Complete guidance for mastering the tools and techniques of the digital revolution With the digital revolution opening up tremendous opportunities in many fields, there is a growing need for skilled professionals who can develop data-intensive systems and extract information and knowledge from them. This book frames for the first time a new systematic approach for tackling the challenges of data-intensive computing, providing decision makers and technical experts alike with practical tools for dealing with our exploding data collections. Emphasizing data-intensive thinking and interdisciplinary collaboration, The Data Bonanza: Improving Knowledge Discovery in Science, Engineering, and Business examines the essential components of knowledge discovery, surveys many of the current research efforts worldwide, and points to new areas for innovation. Complete with a wealth of examples and DISPEL-based methods demonstrating how to gain more from data in real-world systems, the book: Outlines the concepts and rationale for implementing data-intensive computing in organizations Covers from the ground up problem-solving strategies for data analysis in a data-rich world Introduces techniques for data-intensive engineering using the Data-Intensive Systems Process Engineering Language DISPEL Features in-depth case studies in customer relations, environmental hazards, seismology, and more Showcases successful applications in areas ranging from astronomy and the humanities to transport engineering Includes sample program snippets throughout the text as well as additional materials on a companion website The Data Bonanza is a must-have guide for information strategists, data analysts, and engineers in business, research, and government, and for anyone wishing to be on the cutting edge of data mining, machine learning, databases, distributed systems, or large-scale computing.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9781118540244

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Malcolm Atkinson

Malcolm Philip Atksinon

Malcolm P. Atkinson
Born 13 October 1943 (1943-10-13) (age 68)
Cornwall, U.K.
Residence U.K.
Nationality British
Fields Computer Science
Institutions University of Edinburgh
Alma mater University of Cambridge (B.A. 1966)
University of Cambridge (Diploma in Computer Science 1967)
University of Cambridge (Ph.D. 1974)
Doctoral students Chee Sun Liew, Yin Chen & Ole Weidner

Professor Malcolm Phillip Atkinson (born 13 October 1943, Wembley (Middlesex), UK) was a Professor of e-Science, in the School of Informatics; he retires on 30 September 2011. He is known for his work in the areas of object-oriented databases, database systems, software engineering and e-Science and was the UK's first e-Science Envoy (2006–2011) and the Director of the e-Science Institute and National e-Science Centre, University of Edinburgh.


Professional career

Atkinson obtained his first degree from the University of Cambridge in 1966, followed by a Diploma in computer science in 1967. After three years research and teaching at Lancaster University he returned to Cambridge and was awarded his PhD in 1974. He then held academic posts in Burma, Cambridge, East Anglia and Edinburgh, being appointed to a senior lectureship at Edinburgh in 1983. He was a visiting professor at the Univ. of Pennsylvania during 1983-84 and was appointed to a professorship in Computer Science at the University of Glasgow in 1984.[1] He was head of Dept. of Computing Science from 1986 to 1990, following which he spent nine months on sabbatical at INRIA near Paris working with the O2 group. Malcolm then worked for Sun Microsystems (at SunLabs in California) before moving to the University of Edinburgh in 2001 as Professor in the School of Informatics.

He has more than 100 publications listed on DBLP.[2]

In 1994, he was elected as a fellow [3] in the Royal Society of Edinburgh

UK e-Science envoy

A call for applications for the role of e-Science Senior Research Fellow for the e-Science Core Programme was issued by the Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) in 2005. Malcolm Atkinson was the successful candidate and started his work as the e-Science Envoy on 1 April 2006 under EPSRC Grant No EP/D079829/1. Consequently, he stepped down as the director of the UK National e-Science Centre. The director post was taken up by Prof. Peter Clarke who held it until August 2009.

Director, e-Science Institute

He founded the e-Science Institute in August 2001, as a central focus for the e-Science community in the UK. Its mission was to stimulate the creation of new insights in e-Science and computing science by bringing together international experts and enabling them to successfully address significant and diverse challenges.

In January 2007, he appointed Jano van Hemert as Research Leader of the UK National e-Science Centre located at 15 South College Street, Edinburgh, UK. Soon after, they founded the Edinburgh Data-Intensive Research Group. This group became the focus of all e-Science research in the University of Edinburgh. In July 2009, the group joined the Centre for Intelligent Systems and their Applications (CISA) soon after the group had moved into the Informatics Forum. In September 2010, the group merged with the research group of Prof Dave Robertson, then the Head of School of University of Edinburgh School of Informatics.

Database research

Atkinson has pursued a career working as a researcher in database systems in both academia and industry. Among Atkinson's best known achievements are his influential work[4] on Object-Oriented Database Systems, as presented in the Object-Oriented Database System Manifesto (with François Bancilhon, David DeWitt, Klaus Dittrich, David Maier, and Stanley Zdonik),[5] and his work designing OGSA-DAI,[6][7] a web-service platform for distributed data access, integration and management used internationally in scientific applications[8]. In the early stages of his career, he worked closely with Carol Linden and Neil Wiseman on the Intermediate Data Language[9]. He identified the value of orthogonal persistence at VLDB in 1978 [10] and led the team that built the first orthogonally persistent programming language, PS-algol, in 1980[11].

With Norman Paton, Vijay Dialani, Dave Pearson, Tony Storey and Paul Watson, he was a member of the UK Database Task Force which published the blueprint for Database Access and Integration Services to foster a wider activity on the formulation of standards for databases and the Grid.[12] From 2003-2008 he served on the steering group[13] of the Open Grid Forum as Data Area Chair. He is co-author of the Web Services Data Access and Integration (WS-DAI) Specification.[14]

He has had a long association with the Very Large Database (VLDB) conference series, and was Programme Committee Chair of VLDB 99.[15] He has been instrumental in setting up the XLDB-Europe series of satellite workshops which identify trends, commonalities and major roadblocks related to building eXtremely Large Data Bases (currently referring to databases whose size is 1 petabyte or greater).


Early Years

Malcolm was born in East Anglia where his father was in the RAF bomber command, on what is now Stansted Airport. They lived in Wembley for part of the war and after his Dad was demobbed moved to Flushing in Cornwall where his father managed an Electrical company. Malcolm’s first memory of his home in Cornwall was seeing the sparkling sea at the bottom of their garden He spent a childhood of messing about on the beach, bringing sea-food home for supper, messing about in boats, first a rowing boat, then an Enterprise sailing dinghy that he built himself and then yachts. On at least one occasion he tried to rescue people from the sea. He was a fantastic dinghy sailor and won loads of prizes. He also spent a lot of time with his father learning about electrics. They went down mines and clay-pits where they installed winding gears. He also helped his dad connect up farms to the new electric grid. The village school had just one class, and the teacher Miss Copp (untrained) was an inspiration to Malcolm. She told his parents he would go to Cambridge when he was very young but she also left him in the corner with a dunce’s cap because of his early difficulties in writing. Malcolm then went to Falmouth Grammar. A long way round the Fal Estuary but very near by boat. The rings where he tied his boat up are still there. He developed rheumatic fever and was off school for a year. During that year he read a lot of science books and did not feel left behind when he returned to school possibly the contrary.


Malcolm got a Scholarship to Cambridge where he read Physics. He started in 1962. Having passed everything needed for a first class honours degree by the end of his 2nd year was able to spend his third year on different subjects. He stayed on for a fourth year to do the new Diploma in Computing.


[16] He met his wife Valerie Ross in Cambridge and they were married in 1967. They left Cambridge to start the department of Computer Science at the new University of Lancaster and their first daughter – Kirsteen - was born there. Later they had two more daughters – Tamzyn and Janna. Valerie passed away in 1994. Malcolm is married to Kathy Humphry whom he first met in 1978 at the University of Edinburgh.

Miscellaneous Events and Interests

Malcolm was instrumental in setting up a Mining Society at the grammar school. Malcolm is an avid dinghy sailor and has won lots of prizes. Malcolm once went cruising on a French crabber which was confiscated for smuggling (it had been bought by a customs officer). Malcolm won "The Scotsman - Innovator of the Year" Prize in 2002, sponsored by Glenfiddich.[17]


  1. ^ Who, Where and When: The History & Constitution of the University of Glasgow http://www.gla.ac.uk/media/media_61834_en.pdf
  2. ^ Publication of Malcolm P. Atkinson on DBLP http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~ley/db/indices/a-tree/a/Atkinson:Malcolm_P=.html
  3. ^ List of current fellows http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/cms/files/fellows/lists/fellows.pdf of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
  4. ^ "Introduction to ODBMS: Definition". OBDMS.ORG. http://www.odbms.org/Introduction/definition.aspx. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Atkinson, Malcolm; François Bancilhon, David DeWitt, Klaus Dittrich, David Maier, Stanley Zdonik (December 1989). "The Object-Oriented Database System Manifesto". Proceedings of the First International Conference on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases: 223–240. http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/clamen/OODBMS/Manifesto/Manifesto.PS.gz. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Antonioletti, Mario; Atkinson, M.P., Baxter, R., Borley, A., Chue Hong, N.P., Collins, B., Hardman, N., Hume, A., Knox, A., Jackson, M., Krause, A., Laws, S., Magowan, J., Paton, N.W., Pearson, D., Sugden, T., Watson, P. and Westhead, M. (February 2005). "The Design and Implementation of Grid Database Services in OGSA-DAI". Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience 17 (2-4): 357–376. doi:10.1002/cpe.939. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cpe.939/abstract. 
  7. ^ Dobrzelecki, Bartosz; Amrey Krause, Alastair C. Hume, Alistair Grant, Mario Antonioletti, Tilaye Y. Alemu, Malcolm Atkinson, Mike Jackson and Elias Theocharopoulos (13). "Integrating distributed data sources with OGSA–DAI DQP and VIEWS". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 368 (1926): 4133–4145. doi:10.1098/rsta.2010.0166. http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/368/1926/4133.abstract. 
  8. ^ "OGSA-DAI Applications". The OGSA-DAI Project. http://www.ogsadai.org.uk/applications/index.php. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  9. ^ Atkinson, Malcolm P. (1977). "IDL: A machine-independent data language". Software: Practice and Experience 7 (6): 671–684. doi:10.1002/spe.4380070603. 
  10. ^ Atkinson, Malcolm (1978). "Programming languages and databases". Proceedings of the Fourth IEEE International Conference on Very Large Databases. 
  11. ^ Atkinson, Malcolm; Ken Chisholm, Paul Cockshott (1982). "PS-algol: an algol with a persistent heap". ACM SIGPLAN Notices 17 (7). doi:10.1145/988376.988378. 
  12. ^ Paton, Norman; Malcolm P Atkinson, Vijay Dialani, Dave Pearson, Tony Storey and Paul Watson (1). Database Access and Integration Services on the Grid. UK e-Science Technical Report Series. ISSN 1751-5971. http://www.nesc.ac.uk/technical_papers/dbtf.pdf. 
  13. ^ "Open Grid Forum Steering Committee Members". http://www.ogf.org/About/abt_steering.php. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  14. ^ Antonioletti, Mario; Malcolm Atkinson, Amy Krause, Simon Laws, Susan Malaika, Norman W Paton, Dave Pearson, and Greg Riccardi (20). Web Services Data Access and Integration – The Core (WS-DAI) Specification, Version 1.0. Open Grid Forum. GFD-R-P.074. http://www.ogf.org/documents/GFD.74.pdf. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "VLDB99 Executive Committee". http://vldb99.scit.wlv.ac.uk/vldb99.htm. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  16. ^ Personal Communication, Shantenu Jha and Kathy Humphry
  17. ^ "The Scotsman - New honour for Scotland's golden girls". http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/scotland/New-honour-for-Scotlands-golden.2382340.jp. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 

Источник: Malcolm Atkinson

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