Электронная книга: Daniele Archibugi «The Handbook of Global Science, Technology, and Innovation»

The Handbook of Global Science, Technology, and Innovation

This unique Handbook provides an in-depth overview of the themes and direction of science, technology, innovation, and public policy in an increasingly globalized world. Leading authorities discuss current debates, research issues, and prospects, and present a foundation for the development of global policy. Presents a state-of-the-art overview of science, technology, and innovation in the context of globalization and global policy Offers an accessible introduction for students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of economics, sociology, political science, business studies, global studies, and international relations Addresses emerging issues and provides clear policy implications and analysis in each chapter Includes crucial coverage of the activities of established and emerging geographical areas Explores the ways in which reforms in intellectual property rights and world trade have been affected by the increasingly international flows of knowledge, technology, and innovation Examines major policy trends, including a significant shift toward private scientific research, and a heightened awareness amongst policy-makers of the economic and technological impact of scientific activity

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9781118738962

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Daniele Archibugi

Daniele Archibugi (Rome, 1958) is an Italian economic and political theorist. He works on the economics and policy of innovation and technological change, on the political theory of international relations and on political and technological globalisation.

Contents

Biography

He has graduated in Economics at the University of Rome "La Sapienza" with Federico Caffè and taken his D.Phil. at SPRU, University of Sussex, under the mentoring of Christopher Freeman and Keith Pavitt. He has worked and taught at the Universities of Sussex, Naples, Cambridge and Rome. In the academic year 2003-2004 he was Leverhulme Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics, affiliated at the Centre for the Study of Global Governance, and in the academic year 2004-2005 Lauro de Bosis Visiting Professor at Harvard University, affiliated at the Minda de Gunzeberg Center for European Studies. In June 2006 he was appointed Honorary Professor at the University of Sussex. He currently works at the Italian National Research Council in Rome and at Birkbeck, University of London.

Cosmopolitan democracy

Together with David Held, he has been a key figure in the development of cosmopolitanism and of cosmopolitan democracy in particular, namely the attept to apply some of the norms and values of democracy to global politics. He has advocated substantial reforms in international organizations, including the United Nations and the European Union.

He has criticized the G7, G8 and G20 summits as undemocratic and urged for more transpartent gathering for global politics.[1] He has also taken position against a League of Democracies arguing that the same demands will be better served by a democratic reform of the United Nations.[2] He is among the promoters of a directly elected World Parliament.[3]

Globalization of innovation

Archibugi developed a taxonomy of the globalization of technology with Jonathan Michie, where they distinguish among three main devices of transmission of know-how: international exploitation of innovations, global generation of innovation and global collaborations in science and technology.[4]

As Chairman of an Expert Group of the European Research Area on international collaboration in science and technology, he has pointed out that the demographic decline in Europe, combined with the lack of vocation of youngesters for hard sciences, will generate a dramatic shortage of qualified workers in less than a generation.[5] This will jeopardize the standard of livings of Europeans in key areas such as medical research, information technologies and knowledge intensive industries. He has urged to revise substantially European immigration policy in order to accommodate in a decade at least two million of qualified students in science, engineering from developing countries.

Main works

In the field of international relations

In the field of innovation studies

References

  1. ^ D. Archibugi, The G20 is a luxury we can't afford, The Guardian, Saturday 28 March 2008 [1]
  2. ^ D. Archibugi, A League of Democracies or a Democratic United Nations, Harvard International Review, October 2008 [2]
  3. ^ Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly [3]
  4. ^ Daniele Archibugi and Jonathan Michie, The Globalization of Technology: A New Taxonomy, "Cambridge Journal of Economics", vol. 19, no. 1, 1995, pp. 121-140, [4]
  5. ^ Daniele Archibugi (Chair) Opening to the World. Opening to the World: International Cooperation in Science and Technology, European Research Area, 2008, [5]

External links

Источник: Daniele Archibugi

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