Электронная книга: Erich Goode «The Handbook of Deviance»

The Handbook of Deviance

The Handbook of Deviance is a definitive reference for professionals, researchers, and students that provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to the sociology of deviance. Composed of over 30 essays written by an international array of scholars and meticulously edited by one of the best known authorities on the study of deviance Features chapters on cutting-edge topics, such as terrorism and environmental degradation as forms of deviance Each chapter includes a critical review of what is known about the topic, the current status of the topic, and insights about the future of the topic Covers recent theoretical innovations in the field, including the distinction between positivist and constructionist perspectives on deviance, and the incorporation of physical appearance as a form of deviance

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9781118701324

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Erich Goode

Erich Goode is an American sociologist. Goode specializes in the sociology of deviance. He has written a number of books on the field of deviance in general, as well as on specific deviant topics.

Erich Goode received a B.A. from Oberlin College (1960) and a Ph.D. in sociology from Columbia University (1966). He has taught at Columbia University, New York University, Florida Atlantic University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel. He is currently employed as a professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Goode takes a constructionist approach to deviance. In his view, a behavior is deviant if and only if society at large considers it so. The broader social factors that go into the classification of a behavior as deviant are thus considered a valid subject of study. His research focuses on the deviant individuals (and behaviors) themselves, as well as the particular individuals and groups that play a part in classifying the behavior as deviant.

As a sociologist, Goode makes no judgment about whether a particular is "bad" or "evil", and considers deviance as a topic to be entirely dependent on whether the society at large considers the behavior deviant. In this view, a particular behavior can be deviant in one society, but normal in another. This is in contrast to the perspective of essentialism, which would say that a behavior either "really is" deviant or "really isn't", and that it is the task of the sociologist to discover and report on the truth of the matter, and what society at large believes is mostly irrelevant.

According to the constructionist framework as espoused by Goode, an instance of "deviance" can exist as a social construct exclusively, completely separate from any actual behavior. In other words, "imaginary deviance" can exist that causes a frenzy of interesting sociological behavior in response to a non-existence phenomenon. Satanic ritual abuse is an example of this in modern times, and the case of witch hunts is an example from antiquity. These are often called moral panics, and Goode considers them a valid subject (perhaps the ideal subject) for deviance studies.

Goode's Four Types of Drug Use

1. Legal instrumental use- Taking prescribed drugs and over the counter drugs to relieve or treat symptoms. 2. Legal recreational use- Using legal (tobacco, alcohol, caffeine) drugs to achieve a certain mental state. 3. Illegal instrumental use- Taking non prescription drugs to accomplish a task or goal. 4.Illegal recreational use- Taking illegal drugs for fun or pleasure to experience euphoria. [Hanson, Glen R., Peter J. Venturelli, and Annette E. Fleckenstein. Drugs and Society. 9th ed. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett, 2006. 19. ]

Books

In "The Marijuana Smokers" [http://www.druglibrary.org/special/goode/mjsmokers.htm] , Goode looked at marijuana through a sociological lens.

In "Drugs in American Society", Goode argued that the effect of a drug is dependent on the societal context in which it is taken. Thus, in one society (or social context) a particular drug may be a depressant, and in another it may be a stimulant.

"Deviant Behavior" is a textbook intended for undergrad students. In it, Good takes the position of a weak constructionist.

"Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance", written with Nachman Ben-Yehuda, is a book about moral panics, from a sociological perspective.

In "Paranormal Beliefs: A Sociological Introduction", Goode studies paranormal beliefs such as UFOs, Extra-sensory perception, and Creationism using the methods of the sociology of deviance. Consistent in tone with the rest of his works, he takes the position that whether the phenomena in question is real is not important to sociologist. Rather, sociologists should be concerned with how the paranormalist is labeled as deviant, and what effect the label has on them and society.

Controversy

As a sociologist, Goode relies heavily on informants for his research. For example, Goode consulted with and interviewed actual drug users for his books on drugs. In 1999, Goode admitted through the sociology journal circuit that he had engaged in sexual intercourse with many of his deviant informants, and discussed how this influenced his perspective on the subject he was studying. This caused a firestorm of articles defending or denouncing his work [http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/udbh/1999/00000020/00000004/art00001] [http://www.ischool.utexas.edu/~kleinman/Goode_OhLord.pdf] .

References

Источник: Erich Goode

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