Электронная книга: Vaclav Smil «Natural Gas. Fuel for the 21st Century»

Natural Gas. Fuel for the 21st Century

Natural gas is the world’s cleanest fossil fuel; it generates less air pollution and releases less CO2 per unit of useful energy than liquid fuels or coals. With its vast supplies of conventional resources and nonconventional stores, the extension of long-distance gas pipelines and the recent expansion of liquefied natural gas trade, a truly global market has been created for this clean fuel. Natural Gas: Fuel for the 21st Century discusses the place and prospects of natural gas in modern high-energy societies. Vaclav Smil presents a systematic survey of the qualities, origins, extraction, processing and transportation of natural gas, followed by a detailed appraisal of its many preferred, traditional and potential uses, and the recent emergence of the fuel as a globally traded commodity. The unfolding diversification of sources, particularly hydraulic fracturing, and the role of natural gas in national and global energy transitions are described. The book concludes with a discussion on the advantages, risks, benefits and costs of natural gas as a leading, if not dominant, fuel of the 21st century. This interdisciplinary text will be of interest to a wide readership concerned with global energy affairsincluding professionals and academics in energy and environmental science, policy makers, consultants and advisors with an interest in the rapidly-changing global energy industry.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9781119012856

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Vaclav Smil

Vaclav Smil

Vaclav Smil (* 1943 in Pilsen, heute Tschechien) ist US-amerikanischer Professor für Umweltwissenschaften an der University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, in Kanada.[1] Er beschäftigt sich vor allem mit interdisziplinären Fragen zu den Themen Energie, Umwelt, Nahrung, Bevölkerung, Wirtschaft, Geschichte und Public Policy.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Leben und Wirken

Smil studierte an der Karls-Universität Prag an der Fakultät für Naturwissenschaften, wo er 1995 promoviert wurde. 1969, kurz nach dem Einmarsch der Warschauer-Pakt-Staaten in die ČSSR ging er in die Vereinigten Staaten, wo er auf der Pennsylvania State University studierte und mit einem Ph.D. abschloss.[2]

Smil meint, dass die Globalisierung nur auf der Oberfläche zu einer Angleichung der Lebensverhältnisse führe. Tatsächlich sei in den letzten Jahren die Ungleichheit in der sogenannten entwickelten Welt, etwa in den USA und in Kanada, stark gestiegen. "The surface may seem to be getting flatter (the same brands, cars, e-gadgets, the world of Sony, Toyota and LG, are encountered from Seoul to Soweto). But underneath, the differences (economic but also cultural and, most distressingly, the religious ones) are actually getting greater. This is not only in China and India (where the proverbial tide lifts all boats, but those of the new urban class float now relatively lot higher than decades ago) but for the past generation even in the U.S. and Canada, where inequality is increasing. Think of nearly 50 million Americans living on food stamps.[3][4]

2010 wurde er vom Magazin Foreign Policy zu den 100 einflussreichsten globalen Denkern gezählt (Platz 49).[5]

Veröffentlichungen

Monographien

  • 2010 : Energy Myths and Realities: Bringing Science to the Energy Policy Debate The AEI Press, Washington, D.C., 212S. ISBN 978-0-8447-4328-8
  • 2010 : Why America is Not a New Rome MIT Press Cambridge, 322 S. ISBN 978-0-262-19593-5
  • 2008 : Global Catastrophes and Trends: The Next Fifty Years, MIT Press, Cambridge, xi + 307 S. ISBN 978-0262195867
  • 2008 : Oil: A Beginner's Guide, Oneworld Publishers, Oxford, xiii + 202 S.
  • 2007 : Energy in Nature and Society: General Energetics of Complex Systems, The MIT Press, Cambridge, xi + 480 S.
  • 2006 : Transforming the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences, Oxford University Press, New York, x + 358 S.
  • 2005 : Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact, Oxford University Press, New York, xv + 350 S.
  • 2005 : Energy at the Crossroads Global Perspectives and Uncertainties, The MIT Press, Cambridge, xiv + 427 S.
  • 2004 : China’s Past, China’s Future, RoutledgeCurzon, New York et Londres, xvi + 232 S.
  • 2002 : The Earth's Biosphere: Evolution, Dynamics and Change, The MIT Press, Cambridge, xxviii + 360 S.
  • 2001 : Enriching the Earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch and the Transformation of World Food Production, The MIT Press, Cambridge, xvii + 411 S.
  • 2000 : Cycles of Life: Civilization and the Biosphere, Scientific American Library, New York, x + 221 S.
  • 2000 : Feeding the World: A Challenge for the 21st Century, The MIT Press, Cambridge, xxviii + 360 S.
  • 1998 : Energies: An Illustrated Guide to the Biosphere and Civilization, The MIT Press, Cambridge, xi + 217 S.
  • 1994 : Energy in World History, Westview Press, Boulder, xviii + 300 S.
  • 1993 : Global Ecology: Environmental Change and Social Flexibility, Routledge, London, xiii + 240 S.
  • 1993 : China's Environment: An Inquiry into the Limits of National Development, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, xix + 257 S.
  • 1991 : General Energetics: Energy in the Biosphere and Civilization, John Wiley, New York, xiii + 369 S.
  • 1988 : Energy in China's Modernization, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, xiv + 250 S.
  • 1987 : Energy Food Environment: Realities Myths Options, Oxford University Press, Oxford, ix + 361 S.
  • 1985 : Carbon Nitrogen Sulfur: Human Interference in Grand Biospheric Cycles, Plenum Press, New York, xv + 459 S.
  • 1984 : The Bad Earth: Environmental Degradation in China, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, xvi + 245 S.
  • 1983 : Biomass Energies: Resources, Links, Constraints, Plenum Press, New York, xxi + 453 S.

Weblinks

Einzelnachweise

  1. University of Manitoba: Faculty of Environment
  2. American Scientists
  3. "Local scientist’s theories on globalization and energy consumption have wide influence"
  4. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/11/29/the_fp_top_100_global_thinkers?page=0,35
  5. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/11/29/the_fp_top_100_global_thinkers?page=0,35

Источник: Vaclav Smil

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Vaclav SmilNatural Gas. Fuel for the 21st CenturyNatural gas is the world’s cleanest fossil fuel; it generates less air pollution and releases less CO2 per unit of useful energy than liquid fuels or coals. With its vast supplies of conventional… — John Wiley&Sons Limited, Подробнее...
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