Book: Wittlin Jozef «City of Lions»

City of Lions

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Portrait of a City in Two Acts: Lviv, Then and Now The Ukrainian city Lviv's many names (Lviv, Lvov, Lwow, Lemberg, Leopolis) bear witness to its conflicted past - it has, at one time or another, belonged to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Poland, Russia and Germany, and has brought forth numerous famous artists and intellectuals. My Lwow, Jozef Wittlin's short 1946 treatise on the city he left in 1922, is a wistful and lyrical study of an electrifying cosmopolis, told from the other side of the catastrophe of the Second World War. Philippe Sand's essay provides a parallel account of the city as it is today: the cultural capital of Ukraine, its citizens played a key role during the Orange Revolution, and its executive committee declared itself independent of the rule of President Viktor Yanukovych in February 2014. City of Lions includes both old black-and-white photos showing Lviv during the first half of the twentieth century, and new photographs by the award-winning Diana Matar, of the city as it is today.

Издательство: "Pushkin Press" (2016)

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Wittlin, Józef

▪ Polish author
born August 17, 1896, Dmytrów, Austria-Hungary [now Dmytriv, Ukraine]
died February 28, 1976, New York, New York, U.S.

      Polish novelist, essayist, and poet, an Expressionist (Expressionism) noted for his humanist views.

      Having graduated from a classical gimnazjum in Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine), Wittlin studied philosophy at the University of Vienna. Mobilized in 1914 in the Austro-Hungarian army as a soldier, he took part in a few battles on the Russian front but two years later was freed from military service because of his poor health. He started writing, and in his early poetry collection Hymny (1920; “Hymns”) he voiced a humanistic protest against the debasement of individuals by powerful states and social systems. In 1924 he published a new Polish translation of Homer's Odyssey.

      The work that ensured Wittlin a place in Polish literature is Sól ziemi (1936; Salt of the Earth). The book is a tale of a “patient infantryman,” an illiterate Polish peasant who is unwillingly drafted into the Austrian army to fight a war he does not understand. The novel treats not war itself but the bewilderment of a man involved in fighting against his will and national interest. Wittlin left Poland a few weeks before World War II began; he stopped in Paris and then in London. From 1941 he lived in New York City, where he wrote a warm book of yearning for his native city, Mój Lwów (1946; “My Lwów”). He became a U.S. citizen in 1949. His essays discussing the state of man and culture in the modern world were published as Orfeusz w piekle XX wieku (1963; “Orpheus in the Hell of the 20th Century”).

Additional Reading
Zoya Yurieff, Joseph Wittlin (1973).

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Источник: Wittlin, Józef

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Wittlin JozefCity of LionsPortrait of a City in Two Acts: Lviv, Then and Now The Ukrainian city Lviv's many names (Lviv, Lvov, Lwow, Lemberg, Leopolis) bear witness to its conflicted past - it has, at one time or another… — Pushkin Press, - Подробнее...2016
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