Электронная книга: Mary Kaldor «New and Old Wars. Organised Violence in a Global Era»

New and Old Wars. Organised Violence in a Global Era

Mary Kaldor's New and Old Wars has fundamentally changed the way both scholars and policy-makers understand contemporary war and conflict. In the context of globalization, this path-breaking book has shown that what we think of as war– that is to say, war between states in which the aim is to inflict maximum violence – is becoming an anachronism. In its place is a new type of organized violence or'new wars', which could be described as a mixture of war, organized crime and massive violations of human rights. The actors are both global and local, public and private. The wars are fought for particularistic political goals using tactics of terror and destabilization that are theoretically outlawed by the rules of modern warfare. Kaldor's analysis offers a basis for a cosmopolitan political response to these wars, in which the monopoly of legitimate organized violence is reconstructed on a transnational basis and international peacekeeping is reconceptualized as cosmopolitan law enforcement. This approach also has implications for the reconstruction of civil society, political institutions, and economic and social relations. This third edition has been fully revised and updated. Kaldor has added an afterword answering the critics of the New Wars argument and, in a new chapter, Kaldor shows how old war thinking in Afghanistan and Iraq greatly exacerbated what turned out to be, in many ways, archetypal new wars– characterised by identity politics, a criminalised war economy and civilians as the main victims. Like its predecessors, the third edition of New and Old Wars will be essential reading for students of international relations, politics and conflict studies as well as to all those interested in the changing nature and prospect of warfare.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9780745676166

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Mary Kaldor

Mary Kaldor, 2000

Mary Kaldor (born 16 March 1946) is a British academic, currently Professor of Global Governance at the London School of Economics, where she is also the Director of its Centre for the Study of Global Governance.[1] She has been a key figure in the development of cosmopolitan democracy. She writes on globalisation, international relations and humanitarian intervention, global civil society and global governance, as well as what she calls New Wars.

Before the LSE, Kaldor worked at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and now serves on its governing board.[2] She also worked at the Science Policy Research Unit at the University of Sussex,[3] where she worked closely with English economist Christopher Freeman. She was a founding member of European Nuclear Disarmament, editing its European Nuclear Disarmament Journal (1983–88). She was the founder and Co-Chair of the Helsinki Citizens Assembly,[3] and a founding member of the European Council on Foreign Relations.[4] She also writes for OpenDemocracy.net,[5] and belongs to the Board of Trustees of the Hertie School of Governance.

She began her career with a B.A. in Politics, Philosophy and Economics from Oxford University.[5] She is the daughter of the economist Nicholas Kaldor.[6] She is also the sister of Frances Stewart, Professor at the University of Oxford.

Selected bibliography

References

  1. ^ Mary Kaldor's LSE page.
  2. ^ http://www.sipri.org/about/organization/board
  3. ^ a b LSE page
  4. ^ European Council on Foreign Relations "Council".
  5. ^ a b opendemocracy.net Mary Kaldor
  6. ^ The Guardian, 1 April 2008, INterview: 'The international community makes a terrible mess wherever it goes'


Источник: Mary Kaldor

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