Электронная книга: Jan Assmann «Religio Duplex. How the Enlightenment Reinvented Egyptian Religion»

Religio Duplex. How the Enlightenment Reinvented Egyptian Religion

In this important new book, the distinguished Egyptologist Jan Assmann provides a masterful overview of a crucial theme in the religious history of the West– that of'religio duplex', or dual religion. He begins by returning to the theology of the Ancient Egyptians, who set out to present their culture as divided between the popular and the elite. By examining their beliefs, he argues, we can distinguish the two faces of ancient religions more generally: the outer face (that of the official religion) and the inner face (encompassing the mysterious nature of religious experience). Assmann explains that the Early Modern period witnessed the birth of the idea of dual religion with, on the one hand, the religion of reason and, on the other, that of revelation. This concept gained new significance in the Enlightenment when the dual structure of religion was transposed onto the individual. This meant that man now owed his allegiance not only to his native religion, but also to a universal'religion of mankind'. In fact, argues Assmann, religion can now only hold a place in our globalized world in this way, as a religion that understands itself as one among many and has learned to see itself through the eyes of the other. This bold and wide-ranging book will be essential reading for historians, theologians and anyone interested in the nature of religion and its role in the shaping of the modern world.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9780745681474

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Jan Assmann

Jan Assmann (born July 7, 1938) is a German egyptologist who was born in Langelsheim.

Education and teaching

He went to school in Lübeck and Heidelberg before going on to study Egyptology, Classical Archeology and Greek Studies in Munich, Heidelberg, Paris and Göttingen. He was professor of Egyptology in Heidelberg from 1976 to 2003, and is now at the University of Konstanz. In addition, he worked as a guest professor in Paris (Collège de France, École Pratique des Hautes Études, EHESS), Jerusalem (Hebrew University, Dormition Abbey) and the US (Yale, Houston, University of Chicago).

Archeological work

Since 1967 he has been conducting archaeological fieldwork in Western Thebes (on officials’ graves dating back to the Saite period and the time of the Ramesses). He is the author of numerous books and articles on Egyptian religion, history, literature and art. He has also published comparative studies focusing on cultural theory (Das kulturelle Gedächtnis) and religion (Monotheismus und Kosmotheismus). Jan Assmann is a member of the Heidelberg Academy, the German Institute for Archaeology, the Institute for Historical Anthropology, the Egypt Exploration Society and the Société Française d’Egyptologie. He is also a member of various advisory committees including those of the Institute for Cultural Studies in Essen, the Research Institute of the Protestant University Community and the Centre for Cultural Studies in Stuttgart.


* 1996 Max Planck Award for Research
* 1998 German Historians’ Prize
* 1998 Honorary Doctorate in Theology from the Theology Faculty, Munster


This article is based on the short biography at litrix.de, referenced in the links section, below.


* Re und Amun: Die Krise des polytheistischen Weltbilds im Ägypten der 18.-20. Dynastie (Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 51). Fribourg and Göttingen 1983.
* Ägypten: Theologie und Frömmigkeit einer frühen Hochkultur. Urban-Bücherei, Bd.366, Stuttgart 1984.
* Maât: l'Égypte pharaonique et l'idée de justice sociale. Conférences, essais et leçons du Collège de France. Paris: Julliard, 1989. (Arabic Translation 1996).
* Ma`at: Gerechtigkeit und Unsterblichkeit im alten Ägypten. Munich 1990.
* Stein und Zeit: Mensch und Gesellschaft im Alten Ägypten. Munich 1991.
* Das kulturelle Gedächtnis: Schrift, Erinnerung und politische Identität in frühen Hochkulturen. Munich 1992.
(title translates as: Cultural Memory: Writing, Remembering and Political Identity in Early Civilizations)
* Ägypten: Eine Sinngeschichte. Munich 1996.
* Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.
* Moses der Ägypter: Entzifferung einer Gedächtnisspur. Munich 1998.
* Weisheit und Mysterium: Das Bild der Griechen von Ägypten. Munich 2000.
* Herrschaft und Heil: Politische Theologie in Altägypten, Israel und Europa. Munich 2000.
* Religion und kulturelles Gedächtnis: Ten Studies. Munich 2000.
* Tod und Jenseits im Alten Ägypten. Munich 2001.
* Die Mosaische Unterscheidung oder Der Preis des Monotheismus. Munich 2003.
* Thomas Mann und Ägypten, Mythos und Monotheismus in den Josephsromanen, Munich 2006.

External links

* [http://www.litrix.de/autoren/autor/janassmann/enindex.htm Short biography] at litrix.de, German Literature Online

Источник: Jan Assmann

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Jan AssmannReligio Duplex. How the Enlightenment Reinvented Egyptian ReligionIn this important new book, the distinguished Egyptologist Jan Assmann provides a masterful overview of a crucial theme in the religious history of the West– that of'religio duplex', or dual… — @John Wiley&Sons Limited, @ @ @ @ Подробнее...
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