Электронная книга: Adrian Guelke «Politics in Deeply Divided Societies»

Politics in Deeply Divided Societies

The establishment of durable, democratic institutions constitutes one of the major challenges of our age. As countless contemporary examples have shown, it requires far more than simply the holding of free elections. The consolidation of a legitimate constitutional order is difficult to achieve in any society, but it is especially problematic in societies with deep social cleavages. This book provides an authoritative and systematic analysis of the politics of so- called‘deeply divided societies'in the post Cold War era. From Bosnia to South Africa, Northern Ireland to Iraq, it explains why such places are so prone to political violence, and demonstrates why– even in times of peace – the fear of violence continues to shape attitudes, entrenching divisions in societies that already lack consensus on their political institutions. Combining intellectual rigour and accessibility, it examines the challenge of establishing order and justice in such unstable environments, and critically assesses a range of political options available, from partition to power-sharing and various initiatives to promote integration. The Politics of Deeply Divided Societies is an ideal resource for students of comparative politics and related disciplines, as well as anyone with an interest in the dynamics of ethnic conflict and nationalism.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9780745675855

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Adrian Guelke

Adrian Guelke (born 15 June 1947) is Professor of Comparative Politics in the School of Politics, International Studies and Philosophy at Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland. He was previously Jan Smuts Professor of International Relations at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg from 1993 to 1995. After attending Diocesan College, Rondebosch, Cape Town, he studied for his BA and MA at the University of Cape Town and his PhD at the London School of Economics. He specialises in the comparative study of ethnic conflict, particularly the cases of Northern Ireland, his native South Africa and Kashmir.cite web|url=http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/SchoolofPoliticsInternationalStudiesandPhilosophy/Staff/Guelke/|title=Adrian Guelke|publisher=School of Politics, International Studies and Philosophy, Queen's University Belfast|accessdate=2008-08-22] He is chair of the International Political Science Association's research committee on politics and ethnicity.

In 1991 he survived an assassination attempt at his Belfast home. Leon Flores, a member of South African Defence Forces' intelligence branch, doctored a police report into an academic at Queen's who was known to be involved in the IRA, substituting Guelke's name into the report. Flores then contacted the Ulster Defence Association, who attempted to shoot Guelke. He was saved because the gun used by the would-be assassin jammed. [cite news|first=Henry|last=McDonald|url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,6903,1318558,00.html|title=The underbelly of a city of assassins|work=The Observer|date=2004-10-03|accessdate=2006-09-17] Henry McDonald and Jim Cusack report that "The UDA now acknowledges that it was being used by the South African authorities to take out a political enemy, and that Dr Guelke was innocent of the charge of aiding the IRA". [cite book|last=McDonald|first=Henry|coauthors=Cusack, Jim|title=UDA: Inside the Heart of Loyalist Terror|publisher=Penguin Ireland|location=Dublin|date=2005|pages=204|isbn=1844880214|url=http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=cZtnAAAAMAAJ&dq=The+UDA%3A+Inside+the+Heart+of+Loyalist+Terror&q=Guelke&pgis=1]

Guelke has written and edited a number of books on ethnic conflict, including "Northern Ireland: The International Perspective" (Gill and Macmillan, 1988), "New Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict" (Avebury, 1994), "The Age of Terrorism and the International Political System" (IB Tauris, 1995), "South Africa in Transition: The Misunderstood Miracle" (IB Tauris, 1999), and "A Farewell to Arms? From 'Long War' to Long Peace in Northern Ireland" (edited, with Michael Cox and Fiona Stephen, Manchester University Press, 2000, 2006).

References

External links

* [http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/SchoolofPoliticsInternationalStudiesandPhilosophy/Staff/Guelke/ Adrian Guelke's homepage]

Источник: Adrian Guelke

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