Электронная книга: Bernard Stiegler «States of Shock. Stupidity and Knowledge in the 21st Century»

States of Shock. Stupidity and Knowledge in the 21st Century

In 1944 Horkheimer and Adorno warned that industrial society turns reason into rationalization, and Polanyi warned of the dangers of the self-regulating market, but today, argues Stiegler, this regression of reason has led to societies dominated by unreason, stupidity and madness. However, philosophy in the second half of the twentieth century abandoned the critique of political economy, and poststructuralism left its heirs helpless and disarmed in face of the reign of stupidity and an economic crisis of global proportions. New theories and concepts are required today to think through these issues. The thinkers of poststructuralism Lyotard, Deleuze, Derrida must be re-read, as must the sources of their thought, Hegel and Marx. But we must also take account of Naomi Klein's critique of Milton Friedman and the Chicago School and her account of the'shock doctrine'. In fact, argues Stiegler, a permanent'state of shock'has prevailed since the beginning of the industrial revolution, intensified by the creative destruction brought about by the consumerist model. The result has been a capitalism that destroys desire and reason and in which every institution is undermined, above all those institutions that are the products par excellence of the Enlightenment the education system and universities. Through a powerful critique of thinkers from Marx to Derrida, Stiegler develops new conceptual weapons to fight this destruction. He argues that schools and universities must themselves be transformed: new educational institutions must be developed both to take account of the dangers of digitization and the internet and to enable us to take advantage of the new opportunities they make available.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9780745681351

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Bernard Stiegler

Infobox_Philosopher
region = Western Philosophy
era = 21st-century philosophy
color = #B0C4DE


image_caption = Bernard Stiegler in "The Ister"
name = Bernard Stiegler
birth = birth date and age|1952|4|1
school_tradition = Continental philosophy
main_interests = Philosophy of technology· Individuation
influences = Epictetus· Nietzsche· Valéry· Husserl· Heidegger· Leroi-Gourhan· Simondon· Derrida
influenced = Ross

Bernard Stiegler (born April 1, 1952) is a French philosopher and Director of the Department of Cultural Development at the Centre Georges-Pompidou. His best known work is "".

Influences and themes

Stiegler's work is influenced by, among others, André Leroi-Gourhan, Gilbert Simondon, Friedrich Nietzsche, Paul Valéry, Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and Jacques Derrida.

Key themes are technology, time, individuation, consumerism, consumer capitalism, technological convergence, digitization, Americanization, and the future of politics and human society.

Incarceration

Between 1978 and 1983 Stiegler was incarcerated for armed robbery, first at the in Toulouse, and then at the in Muret. It was during this period that he became interested in philosophy, studying it by correspondence with Gérard Granel at the Université de Toulouse-Le-Mirail. His transformation in prison is recounted in his book, "Passer à l’acte" (2003, forthcoming in English translation under the title "Acting Out").

Career

In 1987–88, with Catherine Counot, Stiegler commissioned an exhibition at the Centre Georges-Pompidou, entitled "Mémoires du futur: bibliothèques et technologies". Stiegler defended his thesis at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in 1992. He has been a Director at the Collège international de philosophie, and Professor at the Université de Compiègne. He has held the positions of Director General at the Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (INA), and Director General at the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM).

On January 1, 2006 he commenced as Director of the Department of Cultural Development at the Centre Georges-Pompidou. He is also Director of the , which was created at his initiative in April 2006. The IRI is affiliated with the Department of Cultural Development.

Works

Stiegler has been prolifically publishing books, articles, and interviews since 1994, and in particular in the last several years. His works include several ongoing series of books:
*La technique et le temps (3 vols.). This series outlines the heart of Stiegler's philosophical project, and in particular his theses that the role of technics has been repressed throughout the history of philosophy, and that technics, as organised inorganic matter, and as essentially a form of memory, is constitutive of human temporality. The series contains extensive readings of the works of André Leroi-Gourhan, Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, and Immanuel Kant. It also contains his explication of the "cinematic constitution of consciousness," as well as his thesis that human beings are essentially "adoptive" creatures.
*De la misère symbolique (2 vols.). This series is concerned in particular with the ways in which cultural, symbolic and informational technologies have become a means of industrialising the formation of desire in the service of production, with destructive consequences for psychic and collective individuation. Stiegler outlines his concepts of "general organology" (a way of thinking the co-individuation of human organs, technical organs, and social organisations) and "genealogy of the sensible" (a way of thinking the historicity of human desire and aesthetics). It contains extensive readings of Sigmund Freud and Gilles Deleuze, as well as of the works of Alain Resnais, Bertrand Bonello, Andy Warhol, and Joseph Beuys.
*Mécréance et Discrédit (3 vols.). This series is concerned with the way in which the industrial organisation of production and then consumption has had destructive consequences for the modes of life of human beings, in particular with the way in which the loss of "savoir-faire" and "savoir-vivre" (that is, the loss of the knowledge of how to do and how to live), has resulted in what Stiegler calls "generalised proletarianisation." In this series Stiegler makes clear his view that, in the light of the present state of the global technical system, it is not a matter of overcoming capitalism but rather of transforming its industrial basis to prevent the loss of spirit from which it increasingly suffers. In the second volume Stiegler introduces the concept of the "Antigone complex," to describe the psychosocial effects of the destruction of authority—that is, the destruction of the superego—on politics and youth. The series contains extensive readings of Paul Valéry, Max Weber, Aristotle, and Herbert Marcuse, as well as analyses of the crisis of May 1968 and the crime of Patricia and Emmanuel Cartier.
*Constituer l'Europe (2 vols.). In this series Stiegler is concerned with the effects of the destruction of psychic and collective individuation on Europe. He argues for the necessity of inaugurating a new individuation process at the continental level, itself embedded in an individuation process operating at a global level. At stake, he says, is the creation of a new European "motive" which will enable the reinvention of industrial civilisation.

Politics

Stiegler has founded a political group, [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/ Ars Industrialis] , the [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/manifeste/index_html-en?set_language=en&cl=en manifesto] of which calls for an "industrial politics of spirit." The manifesto is signed by Stiegler and the other co-founders of the group, George Collins, , Catherine Perret and Caroline Stiegler.

Cinema

Stiegler features prominently in the film "The Ister" (2004).

Barbara Stiegler

Stiegler's daughter Barbara (born 1971) is also a philosopher. She attended the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Fontenay-St-Cloud, and in 2003 obtained her doctorate from the . Barbara Stiegler is the author of "Nietzsche et la biologie" (2001) and "Nietzsche et la critique de la chair: Dionysos, Ariane, le Christ" (2005). She is not to be confused with the German sociologist of the same name.

ee also

*deconstruction-and-religion
*différance
*Epictetus
*The European Dream
*individuation
*list of deconstructionists
*Martin Heidegger

Bibliography

Books in French

Published

*(1994) "". ISBN 2-7186-0440-9
*(1996) "La technique et le temps. Tome 2: La désorientation". ISBN 2-7186-0468-9
*(1996) "Échographies de la télévision. Entretiens filmés" (with Jacques Derrida). ISBN 2-7186-0480-8
*(2001) "La technique et le temps. Tome 3: Le temps du cinéma et la question du mal-être". ISBN 2-7186-0563-4
*(2003) "Passer à l'acte". ISBN 2-7186-0616-9
*(2003) "Aimer, s'aimer, nous aimer: Du 11 septembre au 21 avril". ISBN 2-7186-0629-0
*(2004) "De la misère symbolique: Tome 1, L'époque hyperindustrielle". ISBN 2-7186-0635-5
*(2004) "De la misère symbolique: Tome 2, La Catastrophè du sensible". ISBN 2-7186-0634-7
*(2004) "Philosopher par accident: Entretiens avec Elie During". ISBN 2-7186-0648-7
*(2004) "Mécréance et Discrédit: Tome 1, La décadence des démocraties industrielles". ISBN 2-7186-0660-6
*(2005) "Constituer l'Europe: Tome 1, Dans un monde sans vergogne". ISBN 2-7186-0689-4
*(2005) "Constituer l'Europe: Tome 2, Le motif européen". ISBN 2-7186-0690-8
*(2005) "L'attente de l'inattendu". ISBN 2-9700474-8-9
*(2006) "Mécréance et Discrédit: Tome 2, Les sociétés incontrolables d'individus désaffectés". ISBN 2-7186-0706-8
*(2006) "Mécréance et Discrédit: Tome 3, L'esprit perdu du capitalisme". ISBN 2-7186-0715-7
*(2006) "Des pieds et des mains: Petite conférence sur l'homme et son désir de grandir". ISBN 2-227-47566-8
*(2006) "Le théâtre, le peuple, la passion" (with Jean-Christophe Bailly & Denis Guénoun). ISBN 2-8468-1170-9
*(2006) "La télécratie contre la Démocratie". ISBN 2-08-210569-5
*(2006) "Réenchanter le monde : La valeur esprit contre le populisme industriel" (with Marc Crépon, George Collins & Catherine Perret). ISBN 2-08-210585-7
*(2007) "De la démocratie participative: Fondements et limites" (with Marc Crépon). ISBN 2-7555-0033-6
*(2007) "Avril-22 : Ceux qui préfèrent ne pas" (with Alain Jugnon, Alain Badiou & Michel Surya). ISBN 2-9164-9231-3
*(2008) "Economie de l'hypermatériel et psychopouvoir". ISBN 2-8420-5945-X
*(2008) "Prendre Soin: Tome 1, De la jeunesse et des générations". ISBN 2-0812-0736-2

Online texts

* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/bstiegler/anamnesis/view Anamnesis and Hypomnesis.]
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/bstiegler/biopower/view Biopower, Psychopower and the Logic of the Scapegoat.]
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/bstiegler/bsesp/ci/view Constitution and Individuation.]
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/pcrogan/document.2007-02-05.7103137277/view Desire and Knowledge: The Dead Seize the Living.]
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/pcrogan/disaffectedindividual The Disaffected Individual.]
* [http://www.humanities.uci.edu/humanitech/Nanomutations.pdf#search=%22%22hypomnemata%20and%20grammatisation%22%22 Nanomutations, Hypomnemata and Grammatisation.] Cf., [http://2nd.moscowbiennale.ru/en/stiegler_report_en/ Individuation, Hypomnemata and Grammatisation.]
* [http://www.culturemachine.net/index.php/cm/article/viewArticle/258/243 Our Ailing Educational Institutions.]
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/bstiegler/bsesp/scs/view Spirit, Capitalism and Superego.]
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/bstiegler/prendresoin-en Take Care.]
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/Members/bstiegler/within/view Within the Limits of Capitalism, Economizing Means Taking Care.]

Other translations

*(1993) "Questioning Technology and Time," "Tekhnema" 1: 31–44.
*(1996) "Persephone, Oedipus, Epimetheus," "Tekhnema" 3: 69-112.
*(1998) "The Time of Cinema. On the 'New World' and 'Cultural Exception'," "Tekhnema" 4: 62–114.
*(1998) "" (Stanford: Stanford University Press). ISBN 0-8047-3041-9
*(2001) "Derrida and Technology: Fidelity at the Limits of Deconstruction and the Prosthesis of Faith," in Tom Cohen (ed.), "Jacques Derrida and the Humanities" (Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press). ISBN 0-5216-2565-3
*(2001) "New Industrial Temporal Objects," in Rae Earnshaw, Richard Guedj, Andries van Dam, & John Vince (eds.), "Frontiers of Human-Centred Computing, Online Communities and Virtual Environments" (London: Springer-Verlag). ISBN 1-85233-238-7
*(2002) "" (Cambridge: Polity Press), with Jacques Derrida. Including Stiegler, "The Discrete Image." ISBN 0-7456-2036-1
*(2002) "Transcendental Imagination in a Thousand Points," "New Formations" 46: 7–22.
*(2003) "Technics of Decision: An Interview," "Angelaki" 8: 151–67.
*(2006) “Anamnesis and Hypomnesis: The Memories of Desire,” in Louis Armand & Arthur Bradley (eds.), "Technicity" (Prague: Litteraria Pragensia, 2006): 15–41.
*(2006) "Philosophising By Accident," [http://www.publicjournal.ca/currentIssue.html "Public" 33] : 98–107, an extract from "Passer à l'acte".
*(2007) "Technics, Media, Teleology: Interview wth Bernard Stiegler," "Theory, Culture & Society" 24 (7–8): 334–41.
*(2007) "Technoscience and Reproduction," "Parallax" 13 (4): 29–45.
*(2007) "The True Price of Towering Capitalism: Bernard Stiegler Interviewed," "Queen's Quarterly" 114: 340–350.
*(2008) "Technics and Time, 2: Disorientation" (Stanford: Stanford University Press, forthcoming). ISBN 0-8047-3014-8
*(2008) "Acting Out" (Stanford: Stanford University Press, forthcoming). ISBN 0-8047-5869-7

econdary literature

*Richard Beardsworth, "From a Genealogy of Matter to a Politics of Memory: Stiegler's Thinking of Technics," "Tekhnema" 2 (1995): 85–115.
*Richard Beardsworth, [http://tekhnema.free.fr/4Beardsworth.html Towards a Critical Culture of the Image.]
*Geoffrey Bennington, "Emergencies," "Oxford Literary Review" 18 (1996): 175–216.
*Patrick Crogan, [http://www.film-philosophy.com/2006v10n2/crogan.pdf Essential Viewing: Review of Stiegler, "La technique et le temps 3."]
*Patrick Crogan, [http://scan.net.au/scan/journal/display.php?journal_id=93 Thinking Cinema(tically) and the Industrial Temporal Object: Schemes and Technics of Experience in Bernard Stiegler's "Technics and Time" series.]
*Ulrik Ekman, "Of Transductive Speed—Stiegler," "Parallax" 13, 4 (2007): 46–63.
*Michael Gallope, [http://www.shef.ac.uk/content/1/c6/06/01/82/Gallope%20Sheffield_paper.pdf Heidegger, Stiegler, and the Question of a Musical Technics.]
*Mark B. N. Hansen, [http://culturemachine.tees.ac.uk/Cmach/Backissues/j006/Articles/hansen.htm "Realtime Synthesis" and the Différance of the Body: Technocultural Studies in the Wake of Deconstruction.]
*Mark B. N. Hansen, "Media Theory," "Theory, Culture & Society" 23 (2006): 297–306.
*John Lechte, "Technics, Time and Stiegler's 'Orthographic Moment'," "Parallax" 13, 4 (2007): 64–77.
*Ben Roberts, "Stiegler Reading Derrida: The Prosthesis of Deconstruction in Technics," "Postmodern Culture" 16, 1 (2005).
*Ben Roberts, "Cinema as Mnemotechnics: Bernard Stiegler and the 'Industrialization of Memory'," "Angelaki" 11 (2006): 55–63.
*Ben Roberts, "Rousseau, Stiegler and the Aporia of Origin," "Forum for Modern Language Studies" 42 (2006): 382–94.
*Ben Roberts, "Introduction to Bernard Stiegler," "Parallax" 13, 4 (2007): 26–28.
*Daniel Ross, [http://www.usyd.edu.au/contretemps/6January2006/ross.pdf Democracy, Authority, Narcissism: From Agamben to Stiegler.]
*Daniel Ross, "Traumas of the Image," [http://wings.buffalo.edu/theory/current.html "theory@buffalo" 10] (2005): 81–102.
*Daniel Ross, [http://scan.net.au/scan/journal/display.php?journal_id=99 The Cinematic Condition of the Politico-Philosophical Future.]
*Daniel Ross, "Politics, Terror, and Traumatypical Imagery," in Matthew Sharpe, Murray Noonan & Jason Freddi (eds.), "Trauma, History, Philosophy" (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007): 230–46.
*David Wills, [http://www.mariagederaison.be/topics/interviews/interview.htm An Interview with David Wills] (1999).
*David Wills, "Thinking Back: Towards Technology, via Dorsality," "Parallax" 10, 3 (2004): 36–52.
*David Wills, "Techn"e"ology or the Discourse of Speed," in Marquard Smith & Joanne Morra (eds.), "The Prosthetic Impulse: From a Posthuman Present to a Biocultural Future" (Cambridge, Massachusetts & London: MIT Press, 2006).

Barbara Stiegler

*"Nietzsche et la biologie" (2001). ISBN 2-1305-0742-5
*"Nietzsche et la critique de la chair: Dionysos, Ariane, le Christ" (2005). ISBN 2-1305-4376-6
*"La raison dévoilée: Etudes schopenhaueriennes" (with Christian Bonnet, Vincent Stanek, & Peter Welsen, 2005). ISBN 2-7116-1779-3
* [http://www.cnac-gp.fr/pdf/Dio_stiegler_anglais.pdf Dionysos on condition: Apollo's knife and Ariadne's ear.]

External links

* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/ Ars Industrialis] .
* [http://www.arsindustrialis.org/association/quisommesnousrep/copy_of_cv/bernardstiegler Stiegler's curriculum vitae] .
* [http://meta.u-mat.org/plenary/text/2 Teleologics of the Snail] .
* [http://www.archive.org/details/BernardStieglerTowardsAEuropeanWayOfLife Towards a European Way of Life] .
* [http://www.christian-faure.net/bernard-stiegler/ Audio and video recordings of Stiegler] .
*fr icon [http://www.humanite.fr/2008-09-05_Medias_Bernard-Stiegler-la-philosophie-du-passage-a-l-acte Bernard Stiegler : la philosophie du passage à l’acte] , September 5, 2008.

Источник: Bernard Stiegler

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