Книга: Friedrich de la Motte Fouque «Undine»

Undine

Серия: "-"

UNDINE is the name of the water maiden whose story you will read as you turn the leaves of this little book. Undine is beautiful as the dawn stealing across the waters, beautiful as the spray of the crystal waves. Yet when she comes to earth she comes to seek for that without which her beauty will be for ever cold, cold and chill as the surge of the salt, salt sea. Look deep into her blue eyes and you will see why her beauty is so cold, so chill. In the eyes of every mortal you may see a soul. In the gay blue eyes of Undine, look you long and never so deep, no soul will look forth to meet your gaze. Love, joy, sorrow, these are the pearls that shine in the eyes of every mortal. But in the eyes of the water maiden there is no gleam of love, no sparkle of joy, no tear of sorrow. Undine has come to earth to seek for a soul. Without one she may never know the golden gifts God has given to each mortal, gifts these of love, joy, sorrow. You will read in this little book how Undine, the water maiden, won for herself a human soul.

Издательство: "Serenity" (2010)

ISBN: 978-1-60450-746-1

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Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué

Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué
Born 12 February 1777
Brandenburg, Germany
Died 23 January 1843
Berlin
Occupation Writer, Novelist
Genres Fantasy
Notable work(s) Undine


Friedrich Heinrich Karl de la Motte, Baron Fouqué (12 February 1777 – 23 January 1843) was a German writer of the romantic style.

Contents

Biography

He was born at Brandenburg an der Havel, of a family of French Huguenot origin, as evidenced in his family name. His grandfather, Heinrich August de la Motte Fouqué, had been one of Frederick the Great's generals and his father was a Prussian officer. Although not originally intended for a military career, Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué ultimately gave up his university studies at Halle to join the army, and he took part in the Rhine campaign of 1794. The rest of his life was devoted mainly to literary pursuits. He was introduced to August Wilhelm Schlegel, who deeply influenced him as a poet (mich gelehret Maß und Regel | Meister August Wilhelm Schlegel) and who published Fouqué's first book, Dramatische Spiele von Pellegrin, in 1804.

Marriage

Fouqué's first marriage was unhappy and soon ended in divorce. His second wife, Caroline Philippine von Briest (1773–1831), enjoyed some reputation as a novelist in her day. After her death Fouqué married a third time. Some consolation for the ebbing tide of popular favour was afforded him by the munificence of Frederick William IV of Prussia, who granted him a pension which allowed him to spend his later years in comfort. He died in Berlin in 1843.

Literary work

Romantic roots

After Dramatische Spiele von Pellegrin, his second work, Romanzen vom Tal Ronceval (1805), showed more plainly his allegiance to the romantic leaders, and in the Historie vom edlen Ritter Galmy (1806) he versified a 16th century romance of medieval chivalry.

Sigurd der Schlangentödter, ein Heldenspiel in sechs Abentheuren (1808), was the first modern German dramatization of the Nibelung legend combining Icelandic sources such as the Volsunga Saga and the Middle High German Nibelungenlied.

That play and its two sequels Sigurds Rache (1809) and Aslauga (1810) were published together under the title Der Held des Nordens in 1810. The trilogy attracted attention to him, and influenced considerably subsequent versions of the story, such as Friedrich Hebbel's Nibelungen and Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen.

These early writings indicate the lines which Fouqué's subsequent literary activity followed; his interests were divided between medieval chivalry on the one hand and northern mythology on the other. In 1813, the year of the rising against Napoleon, he again fought with the Prussian army, and the new patriotism awakened in the German people left its mark upon his writings.

Popular works

Were I asked, what is a fairytale? I should reply, Read Undine: that is a fairytale ... of all fairytales I know, I think Undine the most beautiful. (George MacDonald, The Fantastic Imagination)

Between 1810 and 1815, Fouqué's popularity was at its height; the many romances and novels, plays and epics, which he turned out with extraordinary rapidity, appealed exactly to the mood of the hour. Undine appeared around 1811, German Märchen the only work by which Fouqué's memory still lives today. A more comprehensive idea of his powers may, however, be obtained from the two romances Der Zauberring (1813) and Die Fahrten Thiodolfs des Isländers (1815).

Later years

From 1820 onwards the quality of Fouqué's work deteriorated, partly owing to the fatal formal ease with which he wrote, and he failed to keep pace with the changes in German taste. He clung to the paraphernalia of romanticism. His rivals' applied a sobriquet of "Don Quixote of Romanticism" to him.

Translations

Most of Fouqué's works have been translated. Menella Bute Smedley, for instance, translated his ballad, "The Shepherd of the Giant Mountains." The English versions of Aslauga's Knight (by Thomas Carlyle), Sintram and his Companions and Undine, have been frequently republished. For Fouqué's life cf. Lebensgeschichte des Baron Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué. Aufgezeichnet durch ihn selbst (Halle, 1840), (only to the year 1813), and also the introduction to Koch's selections in the Deutsche Nationalliteratur.

Influence

Robert Louis Stevenson admired Fouqué's story "The Bottle Imp" and wrote his own version (The Bottle Imp) with a Hawaiian setting. [1] John Henry Newman and Charlotte Mary Yonge both praised Sintram and his Companions. William Morris also became an admirer of Sintram and his Companions, and it influenced Morris' own fiction.[1] Sintram and his Companions and Undine are referred to in Little Women by Louisa May Alcott; Jo mentions wanting them for Christmas in the first chapter of the book and finally receives them in chapter 22. Aslauga's Knight, as well as Sintram and his Companions and Undine are referred to in Jo's Boys by Louisa May Alcott, the final book in the Little Women series, where the story of Aslauga's Knight mirrors the character Dan and his affection for gentle Bess.

References

  1. ^ a b Mike Ashley, "Fouqué, Friedrich (Heinrich Karl),(Baron) de la Motte" in St. James Guide To Fantasy Writers, edited by David Pringle. St. James Press, 1996, (p. 654-5) . ISBN 1558622055
  • Ausgewählte Werke, edited by himself, in 12 vols. (Berlin, 1841)
  • A selection, edited by M. Koch, in Kürschner's Deutsche Nationalliteratur, vol. 146, part ii. (Stuttgart, 1893)
  • Undine, Sintram, etc., in innumerable reprints. *Bibliography in Karl Goedeke's Grundriss zur Geschichte der deutschen Dichtung (2nd ed., vi. pp. 115 ff., Dresden, 1898).
  • Undine, trans. Paul Turner. German Romantic Stories. Ed. Frank G. Ryder. New York: Continuum, 1998. (The German Library, vol. 35). 15-90.
  • Fouqué und einige seiner Zeitgenossen, Arno Schmidt (Bläschke 1958; 2nd Revised Edition 1960), also in the Bargfelder Edition, Volume III/1 (1993)

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links

See also

Источник: Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Undine — Undine, Undina or Ondine are sometimes interchangeable and may refer to: Ondine (mythology), a water nymph from mythology Contents 1 In literature and painting 2 In music and ballet …   Wikipedia

  • Undine — steht für: Undine (Mythologie), ein weiblicher Wassergeist der Mythologie Undine (Vorname), ein weiblicher Vorname Undine Syndrom, eine Erkrankung des zentralen Nervensystems Undine Award, eine internationale Filmauszeichnung für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Undine — Un*dine , n. [G. undine, or F. ondin, ondine, from L. unda a wave, water.] One of a class of fabled female water spirits who might receive a human soul by intermarrying with a mortal. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • undine — 1821, from Mod.L. Undina (1650s), coined by Paracelsus ( De Nymphis ) for a water spirit in his alchemical system, from L. unda a wave (see WATER (Cf. water)). Popularized by German romance Undine, eine Erzählung (1811) by Baron F.H.C. La Motte… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Undine — Undine, im mittelalterlichen Volksglauben weibliche Elementargeister des Wassers, die sich gerne mit Sterblichen in Liebesverhältnisse einlassen. Unduliren, sich wellenförmig bewegen; Undulation, eine solche Bewegung, Schwingung;… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • undine — [un dēn′; un′dēn, un′dīn] n. [Ger < ModL Undina, coined by PARACELSUS Philippus Aureolus for a water spirit in his alchemical system < L unda, a wave: see WATER] Folklore a female water spirit who can acquire a soul by marrying, and having… …   English World dictionary

  • undine — /un deen , un deen/, n. any of a group of female water spirits described by Paracelsus. [ < NL undina (1658; coined by Paracelsus), equiv. to L und(a) wave, water + ina INE1] Syn. See sylph. * * * ▪ mythology also spelled  Ondine  …   Universalium

  • Undine — Un|di|ne, die; , n [H. u.]: weiblicher Wassergeist. * * * Undine,   im Wasser hausender weiblicher Elementargeist mit menschlicher Gestalt; die unsterbliche Seele wird U. erst durch Vermählung mit einem irdischen Mann zuteil. Der Name, zuerst im… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Undine — lateinischer Name, Bedeutung: Wassergeist, Nixe, angelehnt an das Märchen von der gleichnamigen Nixe. Bekannt durch die Erzählung »Undine« (1811) von Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué und die gleichnamigen Opern von E. T. A. Hoffmann (1816) bzw.… …   Deutsch namen

  • undinė — undìnė sf. (2) DŽ, TrpŽ, NdŽ; S.Dauk vandens būtybė, vandenė: Kur upelė ar ežerėlis, ten, žiūrėk, pakraščiais undinės vakarais maudosi V.Krėv. Jūrmergės undinės tau kasas šukuos S.Nėr. Iškyla mėnesėtą naktį sala, o toje saloje undinė neregėto… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • undine — noun Etymology: New Latin undina, from Latin unda wave more at water Date: 1819 an elemental being in the theory of Paracelsus inhabiting water ; water nymph …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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