Электронная книга: Manfred «Reflections on Leadership and Career Development. On the Couch with Manfred Kets de Vries»

Reflections on Leadership and Career Development. On the Couch with Manfred Kets de Vries

Manfred Kets de Vries is in a unique and special position to analyze leadership, human development, behavior, and what it takes to be an outstanding leader. Manfred's book, like all his other works, is worth reading several times, preserving it for reading again and again and to reflect and learn. – B Muthuraman, Managing Director, Tata Steel Ltd. «At a very practical level [Manfred Kets de vries] has affected for the better the lives of probably more leaders-and therefore their followers-than anyone else alive. In this book, in an empathic and thoroughly compelling way, he draws on his long coaching career and deeply personal experiences of his own to throw light on leadership, the relationship between leaders and followers, and the challenges we all must face. If you care about these things (and who does not?). you will not be able to put this book down.» – John Whitehead, Secretary to the Treasury, New Zealand «This book is a real Bible for anyone striving not only to live with, but to comprehend all the subtleties, ideals, and life roles of a leader in modern society.» – Nicholas Chitov, CEO of City Mortgage Bank «Through the clinical lens which Manfred Kets de Vries so aptly applies to business settings, the reader is guaranteed to meet himself, and-who knows-intrigued to go further on the journey of self-examination.» – Philippe Haspeslagh, Dean, Vlerick Leuven gent Management School «In this important book, [Manfred Kets de Vries] pauses to look back and review what he has learned over the years. The result is remarkably insightful on several counts; readers will learn much on leadership and career development. they will also better understand the personal and professional development of a giant among leadership scholars.» – Jean-Francois Manzoni, Professor of Leadership and Organizational development, IMD «Through a unique understanding of the'inner theater,'Manfred Kets de Vries provokes leaders to reflect on drivers of their behavior and of those around them. This book provides insight o the tools needed to create high performance teams and achieve personal fulfillment throughout a journey in leadership.» – Paul Geason, group Managing Director, Telstra «Whether you are a leader or a follower, after having read this book you will be the opposite, or both. And if not, you will at least understand the neurotic leader, whether it is in your boos, or in yourself. Maybe even in your spouse.» – Christian Dreyer, CEO, Hansen Sicherheitstechnik AG, Munich «This new book is a collection of Manfred's intelligence and wisdom. His concept of constructive narcissism will help a lot of leaders to understand themselves and others. Manfred is like good wine, the older the better.» – Salem Samhoud, Founder,&Samhoud«In his latest book, Manfred Kets de Vries successfully combines his versatility of roles-as an academic entrepreneur, psychoanalyst, consultant, leadership coach, and professor-to produce an academic classic on leadership from eh perspective of career development.» – Vaseehar Hassan, Chairman,Unicorn International Islamic Bank, Malaysia

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited (USD)"

ISBN: 9781119965916

электронная книга

Купить за 3251.98 руб и скачать на Litres


1817 first edition, John Murray, London.
"Scene from Manfred" by Thomas Cole, 1833.

Manfred is a dramatic poem written in 18161817 by Lord Byron. It contains supernatural elements, in keeping with the popularity of the ghost story in England at the time. It is a typical example of a Romantic closet drama. Manfred was adapted musically by Robert Schumann in 1852, in a composition entitled Manfred: Dramatic Poem with music in Three Parts, and later by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in his Manfred Symphony. Friedrich Nietzsche was impressed by the poem's depiction of a super-human being, and wrote some music for it. Byron wrote this "metaphysical drama", as he called it, after his marriage failed in scandal amidst charges of sexual improprieties and an incestuous affair between Byron and his half-sister, Augusta Leigh. Attacked by the press and ostracized by London society, Byron fled England for Switzerland in 1816 and never returned. Because Manfred was written immediately after this and because Manfred regards a main character tortured by his own sense of guilt for an unmentionable offense, some critics consider Manfred to be autobiographical, or even confessional.[1][2] The unnamed but forbidden nature of Manfred's relationship to Astarte is believed to represent Byron's relationship with his half-sister Augusta. Byron commenced this work in late 1816, only a few months after the famed ghost-story sessions which provided the initial impetus for Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. The supernatural references are made clear throughout the poem. In one scene, for example, (Act III, Scene IV, Interior of the Tower), Manfred recalls traveling through time (or astral projection traveling) to Caesar's palace, "and fill'd up, As 't were anew, the gaps of centuries...".



Manfred is a Faustian noble living in the Bernese Alps. Internally tortured by some mysterious guilt, which has to do with the death of his most beloved, Astarte, he uses his mastery of language and spell-casting to summon seven spirits, from whom he seeks forgetfulness. The spirits, who rule the various components of the corporeal world, are unable to control past events and thus cannot grant Manfred's plea. For some time, fate prevents him from escaping his guilt through suicide. At the end, Manfred dies defying religious temptations of redemption from sin. Throughout the poem, he succeeds in challenging all authoritative powers he comes across, and chooses death over submitting to spirits of higher powers. Manfred directs his final words to the Abbot, remarking, "Old man! 't is not so difficult to die."

Biographic relevance

Manfred was written shortly after the failure of Byron's marriage to Annabelle Millbanke, who most likely accused him of an incestuous relationship with his half-sister Augusta Leigh. At the time, he had exiled himself permanently from England and was living at the Villa Diodati in Switzerland. Most of Manfred was written on a tour through the Bernese Alps in September 1816. The third act was rewritten in February 1817 since Byron was not happy with its first version.

Manfred shows some influence by Goethe's Faust, which Byron only read or heard in translation, but it is by no means a simple copy.

In performance

Manfred was not originally intended for the stage; it was written to be a dramatic poem or as Byron called it a "metaphysical" drama.

Manfred has received much more attention on stage for its musical treatments by Tchaikovsky and Schumann than it has on its own dramatic terms. Byron may have intended the title role for Edmund Kean. It was later famously played by Samuel Phelps. There are no recorded full stagings in Britain in the twentieth century, but readings are more popular, partly because of the difficulty of staging a play set in the Alps. The exceptional size of the role of Manfred also makes the play difficult to cast. There was a production on BBC Radio 3 in 1988, however, which starred Ronald Pickup as Manfred.


  • Manfred Trinzcek
  • Chamois Hunter
  • Abbot of St. Maurice
  • Manuel
  • Herman
  • Witch of the Alps
  • Arimanes
  • Nemesis
  • The Destinies
  • The Seven Spirits


  • ACT I
    • SCENE I: MANFRED alone. -- Scene, a Gothic Gallery. -- Time, Midnight.
    • SCENE II: The Mountain of the Jungfrau. -- Time, Morning.-- MANFRED alone upon the Cliffs.
  • ACT II
    • SCENE I: A Cottage amongst the Bernese Alps. MANFRED and the CHAMOIS HUNTER.
    • SCENE II: A lower Valley in the Alps.-- A Cataract.
    • SCENE III: The Summit of the Jungfrau Mountain.
    • SCENE IV: The Hall of ARIMANES.-- ARIMANES on his Throne, a Globe of Fire, surrounded by the SPIRITS.
    • SCENE I: A Hall in the Castle of Manfred.
    • SCENE II: Another Chamber. MANFRED and HERMAN.
    • SCENE III: The Mountains.-- The Castle of MANFRED at some distance.-- A Terrace before a Tower.-- Time, Twilight. HERMAN, MANUEL, and other Dependants of MANFRED.
    • SCENE IV: Interior of the Tower.

Manfred in literature

It is interesting to note that the character Manfred was mentioned by Alexandre Dumas, père in his novel The Count of Monte Cristo, where the Count declares: "No, no, I wish to do away with that mysterious reputation that you have given me, my dear viscount; it is tiresome to be always acting Manfred. I wish my life to be free and open."

Indeed, the Count of Monte Cristo is quite similar to Manfred, in that he wants to keep his past a secret, feels superior to social conventions, and is following an agenda that runs counter to the social mores.

On page 61 of The Crying of Lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon, Di Presso seems to refer (perhaps by accident) to Metzger as Manfred.

Manfred's oft-quoted speech from Act II Scene 1 which begins "Thinks't thou existence doth depend on time?" is quoted on page 351 of The Masters of Solitude by Marvin Kaye and Parke Godwin.

Fyodor Dostoyevsky mentions the poem in Notes from Underground when the narrator states, "I received countless millions and immediately gave them away for the benefit of humanity, at the same moment confessing before the crowd all my infamies, which, of course, were not mere infamies, but also contained within them a wealth of 'the lofty and the beautiful' of something Manfred-like" (Dostoyevsky, page 57. Bantam Books 2005)

Manfred in ballet

"In Byron’s poem, the hero, a superhuman character, is doomed by fate to destroy those he loves. In vain he undertakes to find Astarte, his ideal spirit who alone has the power to assuage the feeling of guilt with which he is obsessed.

The argument for Manfred, in the choreographic version, lets the imagination run free using this basic theme to which references borrowed from other autographical poems by Byron have been associated. Inspiration has also been taken from the libretto that Tchaikovsky produced from the original work.

The characters and events forming the storyline come from the life of Byron himself. Therefore, we meet the loves and hates of his youth, his tireless quest for wisdom and peace, in friendship, in love, and in patriotic fervour." Programme for Manfred, Palais des Sports, 1979.


  1. ^ "Manfred, George Gordon (Noel), Lord Byron - Introduction." Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism. Ed. Edna M. Hedblad Russel Whitaker. Vol. 109. Gale Cengage, 2002. eNotes.com. 2006. 25 Sep, 2010
  2. ^ manfred-george-gordon-noel-lord-byron

External links

Источник: Manfred

Другие книги схожей тематики:

АвторКнигаОписаниеГодЦенаТип книги
ManfredReflections on Leadership and Career Development. On the Couch with Manfred Kets de VriesManfred Kets de Vries is in a unique and special position to analyze leadership, human development, behavior, and what it takes to be an outstanding leader. Manfred's book, like all his other works… — John Wiley&Sons Limited (USD), электронная книга Подробнее...
3251.98электронная книга

См. также в других словарях:

  • Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries — Born August 19, 1942 (1942 08 19) (age 69) The Netherlands Residence Fontainebleau, France Nationality …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»