Книга: George Gilder «Telecosm : How Infinite Bandwidth Will Revolutionize Our World / Telecosm, или как беспредельная пропускная способность Сети изменит мир»

Telecosm : How Infinite Bandwidth Will Revolutionize Our World / Telecosm, или как беспредельная пропускная способность Сети изменит мир

Отсутствует суперобложка Телекосм предсказывает новую революционную эпоху неограниченной пропускной способности. Эпоха микрочипов, или микрокосма подходитк концу и начинается новая эра - эра телекосма . Иными словами: в мире действуют и формируются новые технологии связи. George Gilder, the tech-friendly author of the well-received chip treatise, The Meaning of the Microcosm, and publisher of the Gilder Technology Report, has brought forth Telecosm: How Infinite Bandwidth Will Revolutionize Our World, another work of technical prose that s sure to appeal to both techheads and nontechnical folks alike. Telecosm predicts a revolutionary new era ofunlimited bandwidth: it describes how the age of the microchip --dubbed the microcosm --is ending and leaving in its wake a new era--the telecosm, or the world enabled and defined by new communications technology. Speaking like a prophet of the bandwidth deity, Brother Gilder lays down the telecosmic commandments--the Law of the Telecosm, Gilder s Law, the Black Box Law, and so on. He describes the gaggle of industry players--from cable and satellite to telephone and computer--who populate the telecosm arena. Books about telecommunications rarely are quotable, but Telecosm at times is abrilliant example of magical and (believe it or not) mystical prose. Gilder s philo-techno perspective makes for interesting and thought-provoking musings: Wrought of sand, oxygen, and aluminum, the three most common substances in the Earth s crust, the microprocessor distills ideas as complex as astreet map of America onto a sliver of silicon the size of a thumbnail. This gift of the quantum is a miracle of compression. And, finally, he describes precisely what the telecosm will create among its congregation: The gift of the telecosm is a miracle of expansion: grains of sand spun into crystalline fibers and woven into worldwide webs. ISBN:0684809303

Формат: 160х240 мм, 352 стр.

ISBN: 0684809303

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George Gilder

Infobox Person
name = George Gilder
birth_date = birth date and age|1939|11|29
birth_place = flagicon |USA New York City U.S.
education = Phillips Exeter Academy Harvard University
occupation = author Editor in Chief, "Gilder Technology Report" Chairman, Gilder Publishing LLC Senior Fellow Discovery Institute
spouse = Nini (4 children)

George F. Gilder (born November 29, 1939, in New York City) is an American writer, techno-utopian intellectual, Republican Party activist, and co-founder of the Discovery Institute. His 1981 bestseller "Wealth and Poverty" advanced a practical and moral case for capitalism during the early months of the Reagan Administration.

In the 1970s Gilder established himself as a critic of feminism and government welfare policies; he argued they eroded the "sexual constitution" that socialized men as fathers and providers. In the 1990s he became an enthusiastic evangelist of technology and the Internet through several books and his newsletter the "Gilder Technology Report".

Early years

Gilder was born in New York City and raised in New York and Massachusetts. His father, Richard Gilder, was killed flying in the Army Air Force in World War II when Gilder was three. He spent most of his childhood with his mother and his stepfather, Gilder Palmer, on a dairy farm in Tyringham, Massachusetts. David Rockefeller, a college roommate of his father, was deeply involved with his upbringing. [Citation
last = MacFarquhar
first = Larissa
title = The Gilder Effect
journal =
url = http://www.randomhouse.com/boldtype/1200/macfarquhar/essay.html
date = May 29, 2000
year = 2000
]

Education

Gilder attended Hamilton School in New York City, Phillips Exeter Academy, and Harvard University, graduating in 1962. [Ibid.] He later returned to Harvard as a fellow at the Kennedy Institute of Politics and edited the "Ripon Forum", the newspaper of a liberal Republican society.

United States Marine Corps

Gilder served briefly in the United States Marine Corps. [Gilder anecdotally writes about his time in the Marine Corps in [http://www.forbes.com/2006/12/14/fisher-gilder-telecosm-pf-guru-in_gg_1214soapbox_inl.html this Forbes article] .]

Career

peechwriting

In the 1960s Gilder served as a speechwriter for several prominent officials and candidates, including Nelson Rockefeller, George Romney, and Richard Nixon. He worked as a spokesman for the liberal Republican Senator Charles Mathias as anti-war protesters surrounded the capital, some eventually scaring Gilder out of his apartment. Gilder moved to Harvard Square the following year and became a writer, modeling himself after Joan Didion.

With his college roommate Bruce Chapman, he wrote an attack on the anti-intellectual policies of Barry Goldwater entitled "The Party That Lost Its Head" (1966).

Critic of feminism

In the early 1970s Gilder wrote an article in the "Ripon Forum" defending President Richard Nixon's veto of a day-care bill sponsored by Senator Walter Mondale (D-MN) and Senator Jacob Javits (R-NY). He was promptly fired as editor of the "Forum". [MacFarquhar, ibid.]

Gilder enjoyed the controversy, appearing on "Firing Line" to defend himself and discovered he'd found "a way to arouse the passionate interest of women ... it was clear I had reached pay dirt." He decided to make himself into "America's number-one antifeminist". [Citation
last = Faludi
first = Susan
authorlink = Susan Faludi
title =
publisher = Crown
pages = p. 285
isbn = 0517576988
year = 1991
]

Gilder moved to New Orleans and worked in the mornings for Ben C. Toledano, Republican candidate for the United States Senate in 1972. The rest of the time he wrote "Sexual Suicide" (1973, revised and reissued as "Men and Marriage" (1986)). He argued that welfare and feminism broke the "sexual constitution" that had weaned men off their predatory instinct for sex, war, and the hunt and had subordinated them to women as fathers and providers. The book achieved a succès de scandale and "Time" made Gilder "Male Chauvinist Pig of the Year". [MacFarquhar, ibid.]

Gilder also wrote "Visible Man: A True Story of Post-Racist America" (1978, reissued in 1995), which the New York Times described in 1981 as "the account of a talented young black spoiled by the too-ready indolence of America's welfare system." [Roger Starr: A Guide To Capitalism. "The New York Times", February 1, 1981. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D03E7D8123BF932A35751C0A967948260]

upply-side economics

Supply-side economics was formulated in the mid-1970s by Jude Wanniski and Robert L. Bartley at the Wall Street Journal as a counterweight to the reigning "demand-side" Keynesian economics. At the center of the concept was the Laffer Curve, the notion that high tax rates can reduce government revenue. The opponents of supply-side economics often refer to it as "trickle-down economics."

Inspired by Wanniski and by the works of headline economists like Milton Friedman and F.A. Hayek Gilder wrote a book extending the ideas of his "Visible Man" (1978) into the realm of economics, to balance his theory of poverty with a theory of wealth. [Citation
last = Gilder
first = George
title = Wealth and Poverty
publisher = ICS Press
pages = p. xi
isbn = 1558152407
year = 1993
] The book, published as the best-selling "Wealth and Poverty" in 1981, communicated the ideas of supply-side economics to a wide audience in the United States and the world. [Gilder, ibid., p.xv]

Gilder also contributed to the development of supply-side economics when he served as Chairman of the Lehrman Institute's Economic Roundtable, as Program Director for the Manhattan Institute, and as a frequent contributor to Arthur Laffer's economic reports and the editorial page of "The Wall Street Journal". [ [http://www.discovery.org/scripts/viewDB/index.php?command=view&id=10&isFellow=true&PHPSESSID=81bcb4d1fad12396a49d13075385a348 Discovery institute biography] ]

Technology

The first mention of the word "Digerati" on USENET occurred in 1992, and referred to an article by George Gilder in "Upside" magazine. His other books include "Life After Television", a 1990 book that predicted microchip "telecomputers" connected by fiberoptic cable would make broadcast-model television obsolete. The book was also notable for being published by the Federal Express company and featuring full-page advertisements throughout. "The single most fascinating thing about "Life after Television", commented David Foster Wallace, "is that it's a book with "commercials"." [David Foster Wallace, "E Unibus Pluram: Television and U.S. Fiction", "Review of Contemporary Fiction", 185]

"Microcosm", about Carver Mead and the CMOS microchip revolution; "Telecosm", about the promise of fiber optics; and his latest, "The Silicon Eye", about the Foveon X3 sensor, a digital camera imager chip.

Gilder publishes a subscription newsletter called the "Gilder Technology Report" with "Forbes" magazine.

American Spectator

Gilder bought the conservative political monthly magazine "The American Spectator" from its founder R. Emmett Tyrrell, Jr. in summer 2000, and switched the magazine's focus from politics to technology. [Citation
last = York
first = Byron
title = The Life and Death of the American Spectator
journal = The Atlantic Monthly
url = http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/prem/200111/york
date = November 2001
year = 2001
] Experiencing his own financial problems in 2002 almost two years later [Citation
last = Prince
first = Marcello
title = Where Are They Now: George Gilder
journal = The Wall Street Journal
url = http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB114433479738318882-A8pE_iAsXSSPVdrwX8oe89HANsc_20070507.html?mod=rss_free
date = 2006-05-08
year = 2006
] Gilder sold the "Spectator" back to Tyrrell. [Cite news
last = Kurtz
first = Howard
title = The News That Didn't Fit To Print
work = The Washington Post
date = 2002-06-10
]

Wealth and poverty

After completing "Visible Man" in the late 1970s Gilder began writing "The Pursuit of Poverty." In early 1981 Basic Books published the result as "Wealth and Poverty". It was an analysis of the roots of economic growth. Reviewing it within a month of the inauguration of the Reagan Administration the "New York Times" reviewer called it "A Guide to Capitalism". It offered, he wrote, "a creed for capitalism worthy of intelligent people." [Citation
last = Starr
first = Roger
title = A Guide to Capitalism
journal = The New York Times
url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D03E7D8123BF932A35751C0A967948260
date = 1981-02-01
year = 1981
] The book was a New York Times bestseller [ [http://www.hawes.com/1981/1981-04-12.pdf Adult New York Times Best Seller List for April 12, 1981] and eventually sold over a million copies. [Faludi, ibid., p. 289]

In "Wealth and Poverty" Gilder extended the sociological and anthropological analysis of his early books in which he had advocated for the socialization of men into service to women through work and marriage. He wove these sociological themes into the economic policy prescriptions of supply-side economics. The breakup of the nuclear family and the policies of demand-side economics led to poverty. Family and supply-side policies led to wealth.

In reviewing the problems of the immediate past—the inflation, recession, and urban problems of the 1970s—and proposing his supply-side solutions, Gilder argued not just the practical but the moral superiority of supply-side capitalism over the alternatives. "Capitalism begins with giving," he asserted, while New Deal liberalism created moral hazard. It was work, family, and faith that created wealth out of poverty. "It is this supply-side moral vision that underlies all the economic arguments of "Wealth and Poverty," he wrote. [Gilder, ibid, p.xxii]

Intelligent design

He helped found the Discovery Institute with Bruce Chapman. The organization started as a moderate group which aimed to privatize and modernize Seattle's transit systems but it later became the leading think tank of the intelligent design movement, with Gilder penning many articles in favor of ID and opposing the theory of evolution. [Chris C. Mooney, [http://www.prospect.org/web/page.ww?section=root&name=ViewWeb&articleId=10084 "Inferior Design"] , "The American Prospect", September 2005, excerpt from "The Republican War on Science" (2005)] In contrast to others at the institute who deny that Shannon information theory provides a good measure for biological information, Gilder claims that Shannon information theory actually disproves evolution. [George Gilder, [http://www.discovery.org/scripts/viewDB/index.php?command=view&id=3631 "Evolution and Me"] "National Review", July 17, 2006)]

Bibliography (partial)

*"Life After Television" (1990)
*"Men and Marriage" (1986)
*"Microcosm: The Quantum Revolution In Economics And Technology" (1989)
*"Naked Nomads: Unmarried Men in America" (1974)
*"Recapturing the Spirit of Enterprise"
*"Sexual Suicide" (1973)
*"TELECOSM: How Infinite Bandwidth will Revolutionize Our World" (2000)
*"Telecosm: The World After Bandwidth Abundance" (2002)
*"The Meaning of the Microcosm"
*"The Party That Lost Its Head" (1966)
*"The Silicon Eye: How a Silicon Valley Company Aims to Make All Current Computers, Cameras, and Cell Phones Obsolete" (2005)
*"The Silicon Eye: Microchip Swashbucklers and the Future of High-Tech Innovation" (2006)
*Foreword to "The Theology of Welfare"
*"Visible Man: A True Story of Post-Racist America" (1978)
*"Wealth and Poverty" (1981)
*Citation
last = Gilder
first = George F.
title = The suicide of the sexes
journal = Harper's
url = http://www.harpers.org/archive/1973/07/0021760
date = July 1973
year = 1973

*Citation
last = Gilder
first = George F.
title = Erect in utopia
journal = Harper's
url = http://www.harpers.org/archive/1975/07/0077240
date = July 1975
year = 1975

*Citation
last = Gilder
first = George F.
title = Prometheus bound
journal = Harper's
url = http://www.harpers.org/archive/1978/09/0023931
date = September 1978
year = 1978

*Citation
last = Gilder
first = George F.
title = The make-work economy
journal = Harper's
url = http://www.harpers.org/archive/1979/11/0024218
date = November 1979
year = 1979

*Citation
last1 = Luttwak |first1 = Edward
last2 = Phillips |first2 = Kevin P.
last3 = Marin |first3 = Peter
last4 = Chace |first4 = James
last5 = FitzGerald |first5 = Frances
last6 = Gilder |first6 = George F.
last7 = Kennedy |first7 = Paul M.
title = What are the consequences of Vietnam?
journal = Harper's
url = http://www.harpers.org/archive/1985/04/0009983
date = April 1985
year = 1985

*Citation
last1 = Luttwak |first1 = Edward
last2 = Reich |first2 = Robert B.
last3 = Blackwell |first3 = Ronald
last4 = Dunlap |first4 = Albert J. (Albert John)
last5 = Gilder |first5 = George F.
title = Does America still work?
journal = Harper's
url = http://www.harpers.org/archive/1996/05/0073802
date = May 1996
year = 1996

External links

* [http://www.discovery.org/scripts/viewDB/index.php?command=view&id=10 Discovery institute biography]
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/871/000030781/ NNDB Profile]
* [http://www.gildertech.com/ George Gilder's Gilder Technology Report]
* [http://www.seas.upenn.edu/~gaj1/ggindex.html Gilder article index]
*"Wired" [http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/people/george_gilder/ profile]
* [http://www.gilder.com/ Gilder Publishing, LLC]
*Ray Kurzweil [http://www.kurzweilai.net/bios/frame.html?main=/bios/bio0004.html biography of George Gilder]
* [http://www.booknotes.org/Transcript/?ProgramID=1437 "Booknotes" interview with Gilder on "Microcosm: The Quantum Revolution in Economics and Technology", September 24, 1989.]
* [http://www.calvin.edu/january/2004/gilder.htm Audio link to 2004 speech by George Gilder in which he defends himself and his friend Bernard Ebbers of Worldcom ]
* [http://www.itconversations.com/shows/detail669.html Audio interview with Larry Magid at IT Conversations]
* [http://www.seattleweekly.com/news/9941/features-white.php Techno-tyrants Led by renowned "visionary" George Gilder, Seattle's Discovery Institute is hard at work making sure the future stays in the hands of good ol' white boys] ("Seattle Weekly", October 13, 1999)
* [http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB114433479738318882-A8pE_iAsXSSPVdrwX8oe89HANsc_20070507.html?mod=rss_free Where Are They Now: George Gilder] ("Wall Street Journal", May 8, 2006)
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/04/books/review/Letters.t-1.html?_r=1&oref=slogin Letter defending Dinesh D’Souza and expressing sympathy for supporters of Islamic Jihad against the West] ("New York Times Book Review", February 4, 2007)

ee also

References

*Citation
last = Faludi
first = Susan
authorlink = Susan Faludi
title =
publisher = Crown
pages = pp. 283-290
isbn = 0517576988
year = 1991

Источник: George Gilder

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