Book: Peng Zhen «В eijing, the Capital of China»

В eijing, the Capital of China

Beijing, capital of the People's Republic of China, is one of the world's renowned ancient cultural centres. The past thirty and more years have witnessed the capital's rapid advance and enormous achievements in every area of work. In 1980 the Secretariat of the Party Central Committee put forward four directives regarding Beijing's construction after summing up past experience. Since then, the capital's modernization programme has gone into a new phase, advancing along a sound path of development. Recent years' reforms have brought Beijing political stability and solidarity, economic prosperity, scientific and cultural advancement and an ever-improving city environment. "Beijing, the Capital of China", offers readers a true and up-to-date picture of the ancient capital as it marches towards modernization at an impressive pace. Beijing is a developing city at present. In order to make Beijing more worthy of its name as the nation's political and cultural centre, we must...

Издательство: "The Red Flag Publishing House" (1986)

Формат: 215x290, 350 стр.

Купить за 300 руб на Озоне

Peng Zhen

Peng Zhen
彭真
4th Chairman of the NPCSC
In office
1983–1988
Preceded by Ye Jianying
Succeeded by Wan Li
1st Secretary of CPC Central Political and Legislative Committee
In office
1980–1982
Succeeded by Chen Pixian
Personal details
Born October 12, 1902(1902-10-12)
Houma, Linfen, Shanxi, Qing Dynasty
Died April 26, 1997(1997-04-26) (aged 94)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Nationality Chinese
Political party Communist Party of China
Spouse(s) Zhang Jieqing
Peng Zhen
Chinese 彭真

Peng Zhen (pronounced [pʰɤ̌ŋ tʂə́n]; October 12, 1902 – April 26, 1997) was a leading member of the Communist Party of China.

Biography

Born in Houma (a town in Shanxi province), Peng was originally named Fu Maogong. He joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1923 as a founding member of the Shanxi Province CP. Arrested in 1929, he continued underground political activities while imprisoned. He was released from prison in 1935 and began organizing a resistance movement against the invading Japanese forces. Around the same time, he was appointed the Organization Department Director of the North Bureau of CPC. He is credited with substantial efforts towards the 1948 capture of Beijing by Communist forces in the Chinese Civil War.

Peng was a member of multiple Central Committees and the Secretariat of the Central Committee. He also held the positions of First Secretary of the Beijing Municipal Committee, and Mayor of Beijing (1951).

Peng fell out of favor with Mao Zedong in the April 1966 when he attacked Mao's belief that all literature should support the state, but survived to be rehabilitated under Deng Xiaoping. He subsequently became Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission CPC Central Committee (1980). As Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Sixth National People's Congress (1983), he sought to increase the NPC's power. Peng retired from his leading political positions in 1988.

He is considered one of the Eight Immortals of the Communist Party of China.

References

External links

Political offices


Preceded by
Ye Jianying
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
1983–1988
Succeeded by
Wan Li
Preceded by
Nie Rongzhen
Mayor of Beijing
1951 – 1966
Succeeded by
Wu De
Party political offices
Preceded by
Secretary of the CPC Beijing Committee
1948 – 1966
Succeeded by
Li Xuefeng
Preceded by
None
Head of CPC Central Organization Department
1949 – 1953
Succeeded by
Rao Shushi
Preceded by
None
Secretary of CPC Central Political and Legislative Committee
1980 – 1982
Succeeded by
Chen Pixian

Источник: Peng Zhen

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Peng ZhenВ eijing, the Capital of ChinaBeijing, capital of the People's Republic of China, is one of the world's renowned ancient cultural centres. The past thirty and more years have witnessed the capital's rapid advance and enormous… — @The Red Flag Publishing House, @(формат: 215x290, 350 стр.) @ @ @ Подробнее...1986
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