Book: Jorge Amado «Tote See»

Tote See

Heute will ich die Geschichte der Kais von Bahia erzahlen. Die alten segelflickenden Schiffer und die Manner von den Saveiros, die tatowierten Neger und die Vagabunden - alle kennen diese Geschichten und Lieder. In den Vollmondnachten habe ich sie vor den Markthallen gehort und auf den Jahrmarkten, in den kleinen Hafen der Bucht, in der Nahe der grossen schwedischen Dampfer und auf den Brucken von Ilhssus. Die Sohne Iemanjas haben so viel zu erzahlen. Kommt und hort diese Geschichten und Lieder! Lauscht der Geschichte von Guma und Livia, denn es ist die Geschichte vom Leben und von der Liebe zum Meer. Wenn ihr sie nicht schon findet, so gebt die Schuld nicht den rauhen Mannern, die sie erzahlen. Es ist nur, weil ihr sie aus dem Munde einer Landratte vernehmt, und eine Landratte findet schwer den Zugang zum Herzen des Seemanns. Wir mogen diese Geschichten und Lieder noch so lieben und zu den Festen der Dona Janaina gehen, niemals erfahren wir alle Geheimnisse des Meeres. Denn das...

Издательство: "Verlag Volk und Welt" (1955)

Формат: 130x200, 328 стр.

Купить за 350 руб на Озоне

Jorge Amado

Jorge Amado
Born Jorge Leal Amado de Faria
10 August 1912(1912-08-10)
Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
Died 6 August 2001(2001-08-06) (aged 88)
Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
Occupation Poet, professor
Nationality Brazilian
Ethnicity White
Alma mater Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Faculty of Law
Notable work(s) Gabriela, Cravo e Canela, Dona Flor e Seus Dois Maridos, Tieta do Agreste, Capitães da Areia
Spouse(s) Zélia Gattai (1945 — 2001) (his death)

Jorge Leal Amado de Faria (August 10, 1912 — August 6, 2001) was a Brazilian writer of the Modernist school. He was the best-known of modern Brazilian writers, his work having been translated into some 49 languages and popularized in film, notably Dona Flor and her Two Husbands (Dona Flor e Seus Dois Maridos) in 1978. His work dealt largely with the poor urban black and mulatto communities of Bahia.

He occupied the 23rd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1961 until his death in 2001.

Contents

Biography

Amado was born in a fazenda ("farm") in the inland of the city of Itabuna, in the southern part of the Brazilian state of Bahia, son of João Amado de Faria and D. Eulália Leal. The farm Amado was born in was precisely located on the village of Ferradas, which though today is a district of Itabuna, at the time was administered by the town of Ilhéus. That is why he considered himself a citizen of Ilhéus. In the large cocoa plantation, Amado knew the misery and the struggles of the people working the earth, living in almost slave conditions, which were to be a theme always present in his later works (for example, the notable Terras do Sem Fim of 1944).

When he was only one year old, his family moved to Ilhéus, a coastal city, where he spent his childhood. He attended high school in Salvador, the capital of the state. During that period Amado began to collaborate with several magazines and took part in literary life, as one of the founders of the Modernist "Rebels' Academy".

Amado published his first novel, O País do Carnaval, in 1931, at age 18. Later he married Matilde Garcia Rosa and had a daughter, Lila, in 1933. The same year he published his second novel, Cacau, which increased his popularity. Amado's leftist activities made his life difficult under the dictatorial regime of Getúlio Vargas: in 1935 he was arrested for the first time, and two years later his books were publicly burned. His works were banned from Portugal, but in the rest of Europe he gained great popularity with the publication of Jubiabá in France. The book had enthusiastic reviews, including that of Nobel Prize Award winner Albert Camus.

Jorge Amado, 1997, by Gilberto Gomes.

In the early 1940s, Amado edited a literary supplement[1] for the Nazi political newspaper "Meio-Dia".[2] Being a communist militant, from 1941 to 1942 Amado was compelled to go into exile to Argentina and Uruguay. When he returned to Brazil he separated from Matilde Garcia Rosa. In 1945 he was elected to the National Constituent Assembly, as a representative of the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) (he received more votes than any other candidate in the state of São Paulo). He signed a law granting freedom of religious faith. The same year he remarried, this time to the writer Zélia Gattai.

In 1947 he had a son, João Jorge. The same year his party was declared illegal, and its members arrested and persecuted. Amado chose exile once again, this time in France, where he remained until he was expelled in 1950. His first daughter, Lila, had died in 1949. From 1950 to 1952 Amado lived in Czechoslovakia, where another daughter, Paloma, was born. He also travelled to the Soviet Union, winning the Stalin Peace Prize in 1951.

On his return to Brazil in 1955, Amado abandoned active political life, leaving the Communist Party one year later. From that period on he dedicated himself solely to literature. His second creative phase began in 1958 with Gabriela, Cravo e Canela, which was described by Jean-Paul Sartre as "the best example of a folk novel". Amado abandoned, in part, the realism and the social themes of his early works, producing a series of novels focusing mainly on feminine characters, devoted to a kind of smiling celebration of the traditions and the beauties of Bahia. His depiction of the sexual customs of his land was scandalous to much of 1950s Brazilian society and for several years Amado could not even enter Ilhéus, where the novel was set, due to threats received for the alleged offense to the morality of the city's women.

On April 6, 1961, he was elected to the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He received the title of Doctor honoris causa from several Universities in Brazil, Portugal, Italy, Israel and France, as well as other honors in almost every South American country, including Obá de Xangô (santoon) of the Candomblé, the traditional Afro-Brazilian religion of Bahia.

Amado's popularity as a writer never decreased. His books were translated into 49 languages in 55 countries, were adapted into films, theatrical works and TV programs. They even inspired some samba schools of the Brazilian Carnival.

In 1987, the House of Jorge Amado Foundation was created, in Salvador. It promotes the protection of Amado's estate and the development of culture in Bahia. The recently renovated building on the Pelourinho in Salvador contains a small museum and wall panels with the covers of international editions of his books.

Amado died on August 6, 2001. His ashes were spread in the garden of his house four days later.

Works

References

  1. ^ Victor Gentilli. "O ex-cabo Anselmo, jornalistas e historiadores" (in Portuguese). Observatório da Imprensa. http://www.observatoriodaimprensa.com.br/artigos/mt200499.htm. 
  2. ^ Mario Magalhães (2001-08-08). "Jorge Amado foi o autor mais espionado" (in Portuguese). Folha On Line. http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/ilustrada/ult90u16403.shtml. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 

External links


Preceded by
Otávio Mangabeira

Brazilian Academy of Letters - Occupant of the 23rd chair

1961 — 2001
Succeeded by
Zélia Gattai

Источник: Jorge Amado

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