Книга: Ahmed H. Zewail «4D Electron Microscopy»

4D Electron Microscopy

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The modern electron microscope, as a result of recent revolutionary developments and many evolutionary ones, now yields a wealth of quantitative knowledge pertaining to structure, dynamics, and function barely matched by any other single scientific instrument. It is also poised to contribute much new spatially-resolved and time-resolved insights of central importance in the exploration of most aspects of condensed matter, ranging from the physical to the biological sciences. Whereas in all conventional EM methods, imaging, diffraction, and chemical analysis have been conducted in a static - time-integrated - manner, now it has become possible to unite the time domain with the spatial one, thereby creating four-dimensional (4D) electron microscopy. This advance is based on the fundamental concept of timed, coherent single-electron packets, or electron pulses, which are liberated with femtosecond durations. Structural phase transitions, mechanical deformations, and the embryonic stages of melting and crystallization are examples of phenomena that can now be imaged in unprecedented structural detail with high spatial resolution, and ten orders of magnitude as fast as hitherto. No monograph in existence attempts to cover the revolutionary dimensions that EM in its various modes of operation nowadays makes possible. The authors of this book chart these developments, and also compare the merits of coherent electron waves with those of synchrotron radiation. They judge it prudent to recall some important basic procedural and theoretical aspects of imaging and diffraction so that the reader may better comprehend the significance of the new vistas and applications now afoot. This book is not a vade mecum - numerous other texts are available for the practitioner for that purpose. It is instead an in-depth expose of the paradigm concepts and the developed techniques that can now be executed to gain new knowledge in the entire domain of biological and physical science, and in the four dimensions of space and time.

Издательство: "World Scientific Publishing" (2009)

ISBN: 978-1-84816-390-4

Купить за 12366 руб в My-shop

Ahmed H. Zewail

Ahmed Hassan Zewail (* 26. Februar 1946 in Damanhur) ist ein ägyptischer Chemiker.

Seit 1976 arbeitet er am California Institute of Technology (Caltech). 1990 wurde er Professor des Linus Pauling Chair in Chemical Physics.

Für seine Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Femtochemie wurde er 1999 mit dem Nobelpreis für Chemie ausgezeichnet.

Werke

  • Ahmed H. Zewail: Reise durch die Zeit - Weg zum Nobel-Preis, Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta, Zürich 2006, ISBN 978-3-906390-32-1, ISBN 3-906390-32-2.

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Источник: Ahmed H. Zewail

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См. также в других словарях:

  • electron microscopy mapping — electron microscopy mapping. См. электронномикроскопическое картирование. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • electron microscopy — Any form of microscopy in which the interactions of electrons with the specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In transmission electron microscopy (TEM) the diffraction and adsorption of electrons as… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • electron microscopy — noun microscopy with the use of electron microscopes • Hypernyms: ↑microscopy * * * noun see electron microscope * * * electron microscopy, the use of an electron microscope …   Useful english dictionary

  • Electron Microscopy Center — The Electron Microscopy Center is a scientific user facility at Argonne National Laboratory. The EMC works to solve materials problems using their unique capabilities for electron beam characterization …   Wikipedia

  • electron microscopy — elektroninė mikroskopija statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Medžiagos sandaros ir objektų atvaizdų tyrimas elektroniniu mikroskopu. atitikmenys: angl. electron microscopy vok. Elektronenmikroskopie, f rus. электронная… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • electron microscopy — elektroninė mikroskopija statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Medžiagos sandaros tyrimas elektroniniu mikroskopu. atitikmenys: angl. electron microscopy rus. электронная микроскопия …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • electron microscopy — elektroninė mikroskopija statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. electron microscopy vok. Elektronenmikroskopie, f rus. электронная микроскопия, f pranc. microscopie électronique, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Electron microscopy (EM) — Microscopy in which an electron beam replaces light to form the image. EM has its pluses (greater magnification and resolution than optical microscopes) and minuses (you are not really seeing objects, but rather you are looking at their electron… …   Medical dictionary

  • electron microscopy — noun microscopy carried out using an electron microscope …   Wiktionary

  • electron microscopy — Technique that allows examination of samples too small to be seen with a light microscope. Electron beams have much smaller wavelengths than visible light and hence higher resolving power. To make them more observable, samples may be coated with… …   Universalium

  • electron microscopy — noun see electron microscope …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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