Lee introduced the practice of including a credit panel on the splash page of each story, naming not just the writer and penciller but also the inker and letterer. Regular news about Marvel staff members and upcoming storylines was presented on the Bullpen Bulletins page, which (like the letter columns that appeared in each title) was written in a friendly, chatty style.
Throughout the 1960s, Lee scripted, art-directed, and edited most of Marvel's series, moderated the letters pages, wrote a monthly column called "Stan's Soapbox", and wrote endless promotional copy, often signing off with his trademark phrase "Excelsior!" (which is also the New York state motto). To maintain his taxing workload, yet still meet deadlines, he used a system that was used previously by various comic-book studios, but due to Lee's success with it, became known as the "Marvel Method" or "Marvel style" of comic-book creation. Typically, Lee would brainstorm a story with the artist and then prepare a brief synopsis rather than a full script. Based on the synopsis, the artist would fill the allotted number of pages by determining and drawing the panel-to-panel storytelling. After the artist turned in penciled pages, Lee would write the word balloons and captions, and then oversee the lettering and coloring. In effect, the artists were co-plotters, whose collaborative first drafts Lee built upon.
Because of this system, the exact division of creative credits on Lee's comics has been disputed, especially in cases of comics drawn by Kirby and Ditko. Similarly, Lee shares co-creator credit with Kirby on the two "Fantastic Four" films, while also sharing the same credit with Ditko with the "Spider-Man" feature film series.
In 1971, Lee indirectly reformed the Comics Code. The US Department of Health, Education and Welfare asked Lee to write a story about the dangers of drugs and Lee wrote a story in which Spider-Man's best friend becomes addicted to pills. The three-part story was slated to be published in "Amazing Spider-Man" #96-98, but the Comics Code Authority refused it because it depicted drug use; the story context was considered irrelevant.Fact|date=August 2008 With his publisher's approval, Lee published the comics without the CCA seal. The comics sold well and Marvel won praise for its socially conscious efforts.Fact|date=August 2008 The CCA subsequently loosened the Code to permit negative depictions of drugs, among other new freedoms.Fact|date=August 2008
Lee also supported using comic books to provide some measure of social commentary about the real world, often dealing with racism and bigotry. "Stan's Soapbox", besides promoting an upcoming comic book project, also addressed issues of discrimination, intolerance, or prejudice.Fact|date=August 2008 In addition, Lee took to using sophisticated vocabulary for the stories' dialogue to encourage readers to learn new words. Lee has justified this by saying: "If a kid has to go to a dictionary, that's not the worst thing that could happen."Fact|date=August 2008
In later years, Lee became a figurehead and public face for Marvel Comics. He made appearances at comic book conventions around America, lecturing at colleges and participating in panel discussions, and by now owning a vacation home on Cutler Lane in Remsenburg, New York [ [http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2007/09/04/realestate/keymagazine/20070909STANLEE_9.html Lewine, "The New York Times", Image 8] ] and, from 1975 to 1980, a two-bedroom condominium on the 14th floor of 220 East 63rd Street in Manhattan. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2007/09/04/realestate/keymagazine/20070909STANLEE_11.html Lewine, "The New York Times", Image 10] ] He moved to California in 1981 to develop Marvel's TV and movie properties. He has been an executive producer for, and has made cameo appearances in Marvel film adaptations and other movies. He and his wife bought a home in West Hollywood, California previously owned by comedian Jack Benny's radio announcer, Don Wilson. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2007/09/04/realestate/keymagazine/20070909STANLEE_12.html Lewine, "The New York Times", Image 11] ] Lee was briefly president of the entire company, but soon stepped down to become publisher instead, finding that being president was too much about numbers and finance and not enough about the creative process he enjoyed.
Lee also published two novels: "Dunn's Conundrum" [(Harper & Row, 1985, ISBN 0718125134, ISBN 978-0718125134)] and "The God Project". [(Grove/Atlantic, 1990, ISBN 0802111289, ISBN 978-0802111289)] In "Dunn's Conundrum", a group of American Cold War intelligence specialists called The Librarians are led by Harry Dunn. When the team investigates a leak of U.S. defense information, Dunn begins questioning the entire intelligence system and begins to wonder who the enemy truly is. As the U.S. and the Soviet Union approach the brink of nuclear war, Dunn must choose whether or not to release sensitive information. In "The God Project" presidential aide Malcom Keyes must investigate rumors of the CIA's titular secret weapon.
Later in the 1990s, Lee befriended former lawyer Peter Paul, who supervised the negotiation of a non-exclusive contract with Marvel Comics for the first time in Lee's lifetime employment with Marvel.Fact|date=August 2008 This enabled Paul and Lee to start a new Internet-based superhero creation, production and marketing studio, Stan Lee Media, in 1998. It grew to 165 people and went public, but near the end of 2000, investigators discovered illegal stock manipulation by Paul and corporate officer Stephan Gordon. [SEC Litigation Release No. LR-18828, August 11, 2004.] Stan Lee Media filed for bankruptcy in February 2001, and Paul fled to São Paulo, Brazil.
["Stan Lee Holder Peter Paul Flees to South America, According to Cohort's Affidavit", "Inside.com", March 5, 2001] ["Accusations Against Peter Paul Retracted and Corrected in Court Filing", "MarketWatch.com", May 7, 2001] He was extradited back to the U.S., and pled guilty to violating SEC Rule 10b-5 in connection with trading of his stock in Stan Lee Media.] [United States Attorney's Office, [http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/nye/pr/2005mar8.htm "Peter Paul, co-founder of Stan Lee Media, Inc., pleads guilty to securities fraud; Fraud scheme caused $25 million in losses to investors and financial institutions"] , press release, March 8, 2005. ] ] [April Witt, [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/04/AR2005100401150.html "House Of Cards: What do Cher, a Hollywood con man, a political rising star and an audacious felon have in common? Together they gave Bill and Hillary Clinton a night they'll never forget – no matter how hard they may try"] , "The Washington Post", October 9, 2005, p. W10] Lee was never implicated in the scheme.]
Some of the Stan Lee Media projects included the animated Web series "The 7th Portal" where he voiced the character Izayus; "The Drifter"; and "The Accuser". The "7th Portal" characters were licensed to an interactive 3-D movie attraction in four Paramount theme parks.
In the 2000s, Lee did his first work for DC Comics, launching the "Just Imagine..." series, in which Lee reimagined the DC superheroes Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern and the Flash.
Lee created the risqué animated superhero series "Stripperella" for Spike TV. In 2004, he announced plans to collaborate with Hugh Hefner on a similar superhero cartoon featuring Playboy Playmates.Fact|date=February 2007 He also announced a superhero program that would feature Ringo Starr, the former Beatle, as the lead character.
[cite news | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/tv_and_radio/4212335.stm | title=Ringo Starr to become superhero | publisher=BBC | work=| date=2004-08-06 | author= ] Additionally, in August of that year, Lee announced the launch of Stan Lee's Sunday Comics, [cite news | url=http://www.cbc.ca/story/arts/national/2004/08/06/Arts/lee040806.html | title=Stan Lee Launches New Online Comic Venture | publisher=CBC | work=| date=2004-08-06 | author= ] hosted by Komikwerks.com, where monthly subscribers could read a new, updated comic and "Stan's Soapbox" every Sunday. The column has not been updated since Feb. 15, 2005.]
In 2005, Lee, Gill Champion and Arthur Lieberman formed POW! (Purveyors of Wonder) Entertainment to develop film, television and video game properties. The first film produced by POW! was the TV movie "Lightspeed" (also advertised as "Stan Lee's Lightspeed"), which aired on the Sci Fi Channel on July 26, 2006.Fact|date=August 2008 POW! president and CEO Champion said in 2005 that Lee was creating a new superhero, Foreverman, for a Paramount Pictures movie, in tandem with producer Robert Evans and Idiom Films, with Peter Briggs hired to collaborate with Lee on the screenplay. [ [http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/search/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000819063 "The Hollywood Reporter" (March 1, 2005): "Lee, Evans' POW! fields 'Foreverman'", by Liza Foreman] ]
In 2005, Lee filed a lawsuit against Marvel for his unpaid share of profits from Marvel movies, winning a settlement of more than $10 million.Fact|date=August 2008
In 2006, Marvel commemorated Lee's 65 years with the company by publishing a series of one-shot comics starring Lee himself meeting and interacting with many of his creations, including Spider-Man, Dr. Strange, The Thing, Silver Surfer and Dr. Doom. These comics also featured short pieces by such comics creators as Joss Whedon and Fred Hembeck, as well as reprints of classic Lee-written adventures.
In 2007, POW! Entertainment started a series of direct-to-DVD animated films under the "Stan Lee Presents" banner. Each film focuses on a new superhero, created by Stan Lee for the series. The first two releases were "Mosaic" and "The Condor".
In June 2007, Walt Disney Studios entered into an exclusive multi-year first look deal with Stan Lee and POW! Entertainment. "It's like the realization of a dream. Ever since I was a young boy, Disney represented the best and most exciting film fare to me. ... I look forward with indescribable enthusiasm to being a part of that world and contributing whatever I can to keep the legend alive and growing," said Lee. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Disney Studios Signs Exclusive Deal With Stan Lee | date= | publisher=Magical Mountain | url =http://www.magicalmountain.net/WDWNewsDetail.asp?NewsID=1569 | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2007-06-15 | language = ]
On March 15, 2007, Stan Lee Media's new President Jim Nesfield filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainment for $5 billion, claiming that the company is co-owner of the characters that Lee created for Marvel. [ cite web |url=http://www.redherring.com/Article.aspx?a=21665&hed=Stan+Lee+Media+Sues+Marvel:+$5B |title=Stan Lee Media Sues Marvel|accessdate= |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format=html |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl=http://strange.commongate.com/post/Stan_Lee_Media_Sues_Marvel_5B |archivedate=2007-09-22 |quote= ]
On June 9, 2007, Stan Lee Media sued Stan Lee, his newer company, POW Entertainment, subsidiary QED Entertainment, and other former Stan Lee Media staff at POW. [ cite web |url=http://www.comicsreporter.com/index.php/june_9_stan_lee_media_inc_files_aggressive_lawsuit_against_stan_lee/ |title=June 9: Stan Lee Media, Inc. Files Expected Lawsuit Against Stan Lee
accessdate=2007-09-22 |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format=html |work=Daily Blog |publisher=The Comic Reporter |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]
In 2008, Lee wrote humorous captions for the political fumetti book "Stan Lee Presents Election Daze: What Are They Really Saying?". [(Filsinger Publishing, ISBN 0970263155; ISBN 978-0970263155)]
In April 2008, at the NYCC, Viz Media announced that their parent company Shueisha would be debuting the prologue chapter of "Karakuridôji Ultimo", a collaborative effort between Stan Lee and "Shaman King" creator Hiroyuki Takei. [ cite web |url=http://comics.ign.com/articles/864/864777p1.html |title=NYCC 08: Stan Lee Dives Into Manga
accessdate=2008-04-08 |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format=html |work= |publisher=IGN |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]
Brighton Partners and Rainmaker Animation announced in April 2008 a partnership with Lee's POW! Entertainment to produce a CGI film series, "Legion of 5". [cite web|url=http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=44144|title=Stan Lee Launching Legion of 5|accessdate=2008-04-16|publisher=ComingSoon.net] That same month, Virgin Comics announced Lee would create a line of superhero comics for that company. [ [http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-et-virgin19apr19,1,7072456.story Stan Lee to oversee Virgin Comics' superheroes] , "LA Times", April 19, 2008]
On December 5, 1947, Lee married Joan Clayton. Joan Lee gave birth to Stan's two daughters: Joan Celia "J.C." Lee in 1950 and Jan Lee, who died three days after delivery in 1953.
Lee's favorite authors include Stephen King, H. G. Wells, Mark Twain, Arthur Conan Doyle, William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, and Harlan Ellison. ["Stan's Soapbox, Bullpen Bulletins", October 1998]
Awards and honors
Lee has received several awards for his work, including being formally inducted into the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1995.
He is among the celebrities scheduled to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2008. [ [http://www.justpressplay.net/movies/spider-man-3/news/stan-lee-gets-a-star-on-walk-of-fame.html JustPressPlay.net (July 22, 2007): "Stan Lee Gets a Star on Walk of Fame!", by Arya Ponto] ]
Stan Lee and his collaborator Jack Kirby appear as themselves in "The Fantastic Four" #10 (Jan. 1963), the first of several appearances within the fictional Marvel Universe. The two are depicted as similar to their real-world counterparts, creating comic books based on the "real" adventures of the Fantastic Four.
Kirby, during his years of working for DC Comics in the 1970s, created the character Funky Flashman as a possible parody of Stan Lee. With his hyperbolic speech pattern, gaudy toupee, and hip '70s-Manhattan style beard (as Lee sported at the time) this ne'er-do-well charlatan first appeared in the pages of "Mister Miracle".
Kirby later portrayed himself, Lee, production executive Sol Brodsky, and Lee's secretary Flo Steinberg as superheroes in "What If #11", "What If the Marvel Bullpen Had Become the Fantastic Four?", in which Lee played the part of Mister Fantastic. Lee has also made numerous cameo appearances in many Marvel titles, appearing in audiences and crowds at many characters' ceremonies and parties, and hosting an old-soldiers reunion in "Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos" #100 (July 1972). Lee appeared, unnamed, as the priest at Luke Cage and Jessica Jones' wedding in "New Avengers Annual" #1. He pays his respects to Karen Page at her funeral in the "Daredevil" "Guardian Devil" story arc,issue and appears in "The Amazing Spider-Man" (June 1977).
In Alan Moore's satirical miniseries "1963", based on numerous Marvel characters of the 1960s, Moore's alter ego "Affable Al" parodies Lee and his allegedly unfair treatment of artists.
The "Young Dan Pussey" stories by Daniel Clowes, collected in "Pussey!", feature an exploitative publisher who relies on Lee's gung-ho style and "Bullpen" mythology to motivate his stable of naive and underpaid creators; the stories mainly satirize the state of mainstream comics in the 1990s, but also the subculture of young superhero fans that Lee helped to create.
In Marvel's 1991 comic book adaptation of game "Double Dragon", a character modeled after Stan Lee was specifically created for the comic and is introduced as the father of the protagonists, Billy and Jimmy Lee. The character is only referred by his first name, Stan, although the play on his name is obvious when one considers the Lee brothers' surname.
In "X-Play" on the cable network G4, the character "Roger, the Stan Lee Experience" - dubbed "the fifth-best-thing next to Stan Lee" - is a foul-mouthed, perverted stand-up comic parody of Lee. Roger's segments normally consist of him describing details of numerous unspeakable adult encounters, usually involving the wife of another Marvel veteran, Jack Kirby, with each encounter somehow leading to the creation of a well-known Marvel character.
In Marvel's July 1997 "Flashback" event, a top-hatted caricature of Lee as a ringmaster introduced stories which detailed events in Marvel characters' lives before they became superheroes, in special "-1" editions of many Marvel titles. The "ringmaster" depiction of Lee was originally from "Generation X" #17 (July 1996), where the character narrated a story set primarily in an abandoned circus. Though the story itself was written by Scott Lobdell, the narration by "Ringmaster Stan" was written by Lee himself, and the character was drawn in that issue by Chris Bachalo. Bachalo's depiction of "Ringmaster Stan" was later used in the heading of a short-lived revival of the "Stan's Soapbox" column, which evolved into a question & answer format.
In his given name of Stanley Lieber, Stan Lee appears briefly in Paul Malmont's 2006 novel "The Chinatown Death Cloud Peril".
Lee and other comics creators are mentioned in Michael Chabon's 2000 novel about the comics industry "The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay".
On one of the last pages of "Truth: Red, White, and Black", Lee appears in a real photograph among other celebrities on a wall of the Bradley home.
In Ultimate X-Men #20, a caricature of Lee appears as a photograph next to the letter Xavier leaves for his students.
In Stan Lee Meets Superheroes, Stan Lee comes in to contact with some of his favorite creations. The series was written by Lee himself.
Film and television appearances
Marvel film properties
Stan Lee appeared in cameos as one-scene characters in many (but not all) movies based on Marvel Comic characters he helped create.
* In the TV-movie "The Trial of the Incredible Hulk" (1989), Lee's first appearance in a Marvel movie or TV project is as jury foreman in the trial of Dr. Bruce Banner.
*Lee has cameo roles in the Fox Broadcasting Company telefilms "Generation X" (1996) and "" (1998)
*In "X-Men" (2000), Lee appears as a customer at a hotdog stand on the beach when Senator Kelly emerges naked onshore after escaping from Magneto.
*In "Spider-Man" (2002), he appeared during Spider-Man's first battle with the Green Goblin, pulling a little girl away from falling debris.
*In "Daredevil" (2003), as a child, Matt Murdock stops Lee from crossing the street and getting hit by a car.
*In "Hulk" (2003), he appears walking alongside former TV-series Hulk Lou Ferrigno in an early scene, both as security guards at Bruce Banner's lab. It was his first speaking role in a film based on one of his characters.
*In "Spider-Man 2" (2004), Lee again pulls an innocent person away from danger during Spider-Man's first battle with Doctor Octopus.
*In "Fantastic Four" (2005), Lee appears for the first time as a character from the comics, in a role credited as Willie Lumpkin, the mail carrier who greets the Fantastic Four as they enter the Baxter Building.
*In "" (2006), Lee and Chris Claremont appear as two of Jean Grey's neighbors in the opening scenes set 20 years ago. Lee, credited as "Waterhose man," is watering the lawn when Jean telekinetically redirects the water from the hose into the air.
*In "Spider-Man 3" (2007), Lee appears in a credited role as "Man in Times Square". He stands next to Peter Parker, both of them reading a news bulletin, and commenting to Peter that, "You know, I guess one person can make a difference". He then says his catchphrase, "'Nuff said."
*In "" (2007), Lee appears as himself at Reed Richards' and Susan Storm's first wedding, being turned away by a security guard for not being on the guest list. In "Fantastic Four Annual" #3 (1965), in which the couple married, Lee and Jack Kirby are similarly turned away.
*In "Iron Man" (2008), Lee (credited as "Himself") appears at a gala cavorting with three blond women, where Tony Stark mistakes him for Hugh Hefner. [cite news |author=Eric Goldman |title=Stan Lee's Further Superhero Adventures |publisher=IGN |date=2007-05-04 |url=http://uk.tv.ign.com/articles/785/785824p3.html |accessdate=2007-05-14] In the theatrical release of the film, Stark simply greets Lee as "Hef" and moves on without seeing Lee's face; another version of the scene was filmed where Stark realizes his mistake, but Lee graciously responds, "That's okay, I get this all the time." ["Iron Man" Ultimate 2-Disc Edition DVD, disc 2, "I Am Iron Man" documentary]
*In "Incredible Hulk" (2008), Lee appears as a hapless citizen who accidentally ingests a soft drink mixed with Bruce Banner's blood, leading to the discovery of Dr. Banner's location in a bottling plant in Brazil.
* In the original broadcast airing of the "" episode "Apokolips... Now! Part 2", an animated Stan Lee was planned to be visible mourning the death of Daniel "Terrible" Turpin, a character based on Lee's collaborator Jack Kirby. The scene would also have included such Marvel characters as the Fantastic Four, Nick Fury, and Peter Parker, as well as such Kirby DC characters as Big Barda, Scott Free, and Orion. This shot appeared in the completed episode and was aired in 7 February 1998 in WB Kids, but was later removed in the DVD release of the episode. [The original sketches for this scene appear in the book "The Krypton Companion" (TwoMorrows Publishing)]
Other film, TV and video
* Lee appears with director Kevin Smith and 2000s Marvel editor-in-chief Joe Quesada in the DVD program "Marvel Then & Now: An Evening with Stan Lee and Joe Quesada, hosted by Kevin Smith". [ [http://www.thenandnowdvd.org Then And Now] ]
*Lee narrated the 2000 film "", under the pseudonym "Peter Parker."
*One of Lee's earliest contributions to animation based on Marvel properties was narrating the 1980s "Incredible Hulk" animated series, always beginning his narration with a self-introduction and ending with "This is Stan Lee saying, "Excelsior"!" Lee had previously narrated the "Seven Little Superheroes" episode of "Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends", which the "Hulk" series was paired with for broadcast.
*Lee did the narration for the original 1989 X-Men animated series pilot titled "Pryde of the X-Men".
*Lee was executive producer of a 1990s animated TV series, titled "". He appeared, as animated character (and with his voice), in the series finale episode titled "Farewell, Spider-Man". Spider-Man was teleported into the "real" world where he is a comic book hero. He swings Stan Lee around and drops him off on top of a building. Realizing he is stuck on a roof, Lee muses "Maybe the Fantastic Four will pop up and get me down."
*He also voices the character "Frank Elson" in an episode of "" series broadcast by MTV in 2003, and titled "Mind Games" (Parts 1 & 2, originally aired in Aug. 15 & 22, 2003).
*Lee has an extensive cameo in the Kevin Smith film "Mallrats". He once again plays himself, this time visiting "the" mall to sign books at a comic store. Later, he takes on the role of a sage-like character, giving Jason Lee's character, Brodie Bruce (a longtime fan of Lee's), advice on his love life. He also recorded interviews with Smith for the non-fiction video "Stan Lee's Mutants, Monsters, and Marvels" (2002).
*Lee appeared as himself in an extended self-parodying sketch on the episode "Tapping a Hero" of "Robot Chicken"
*Lee appears as himself in writer-director Larry Cohen's "The Ambulance" (1990), in which Eric Roberts plays an aspiring comics artist.
*In "The Simpsons" episode "I Am Furious Yellow" (April 28, 2002), Lee voices the animated Stan Lee, who is a prolonged visitor to Comic Book Guy's store ("Stan Lee came back?" "Stan Lee never left. I am starting to think his mind is no longer in mint condition.") He asks if Comic Book Guy is the stalker of Lynda Carter - the star of the 70s show "Wonder Woman" - and shows signs of dementia, such as breaking a customer's toy Batmobile by trying to cram a The Thing action figure into it (claiming that he "made it better"), hiding DC comics behind Marvel comics, and believing that he is the Hulk (and fails trying to become the Hulk, while Comic Book Guy comments he couldn't even change into Bill Bixby). In a later episode, Lee's picture is seen next to several others on the wall behind the register, under the heading "Banned for life".
*Lee also appears as himself in the Mark Hamill-directed ' (2004), a direct-to-video mockumentary primarily filmed at the 2002 San Diego Comic-Con. He appeared in ' (2004) as the "Three Stooges Wedding Guest", a Spaniard who learns English from watching Three Stooges shorts.
*Stan Lee narrates the 2000 video game "Spider-Man" and the 2001 sequel "".
*Lee is producer and host of the reality-TV show "Who Wants to Be a Superhero?", which premiered on the Sci Fi Channel July 27, 2006, and had its second season in summer, 2007.
*Lee has made two appearances as a subject on "To Tell the Truth": first in 1970, and again in 2001.
*Lee also made an appearance on December 21, 2006, on the NBC game show "Identity".
*Lee voices characters in POW! Entertainment's direct-to-DVD "Stan Lee Presents" line of animated features. In "Mosaic" he voices the security guard Stanley at Interpol, and in "The Condor" he voices a candy-store owner whose granddaughter the Condor saves.
*In the "Unexpected" episode of the TV science-fiction drama "Heroes" (2006), Lee appears as a bus driver kindly greeting Hiro Nakamura.
*Lee recorded a public service announcement for Deejay Ra's "Hip-Hop Literacy" campaign
At the 2007 Comic-Con International, Marvel Legends introduced a Stan Lee action figure. The body beneath the figure's removable cloth wardrobe is re-used from the mold of a previously released Spider-Man action figure, with only minor changes. [ [http://www.oafe.net/yo/mlh2_sl.php OAFE - ML: Stan Lee exclusive review] ]
Comics that Stan Lee has written or co-written include:
*"The Amazing Spider-Man" (Vol. 1): #1-100, 105-110, 116-118
*"The Avengers" (Vol. 1): #1-34
*"Captain America" (Vol. 1) #100-109, 112, 114-141
*"Daredevil" (Vol. 1): #1-9, 11-50, 53, 81
*"Fantastic Four" (Vol. 1): #1-115, 120-125, 154, 180, 189, 236, 296
*"Journey into Mystery" (Vol. 1): #1, 3, 55, 62, 64, 71-79, 83-125
*"Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos": #1-28
*"The Silver Surfer" (Vol. 1): #1-18
*"Strange Tales" (Vol. 1): #1, 9, 11, 67, 73-74, 78-86, 88-89, 91-95, 97-98, 100-147, 150-157, 174, 182-188
*"Tales to Astonish" (Vol. 1): #1, 6, 12-13, 15-17, 24-33, 35-101
*"Tales of Suspense" (Vol. 1): #7, 9, 16, 22, 27, 29-30, 39-99
*"The Mighty Thor" (Vol. 1): #126-194, 200, 254, 385, 432, 450
*"The X-Men" (Vol. 1): #1-21
* Lee, Stan, "Origins of Marvel Comics" (Simon and Schuster, 1974; Marvel Entertainment Group, 1997 reissue, ISBN 0-7851-0551-4)
* Lee, Stan, and Mair, George. "Excelsior!: The Amazing Life of Stan Lee" (Fireside, 2002) ISBN 0-684-87305-2
* Ro, Ronin. "Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee, and the American Comic Book Revolution" (Bloomsbury USA, 2005 reissue) ISBN 1-58234-566-X
* Raphael, Jordan, and Spurgeon, Tom. "Stan Lee and the Rise and Fall of the American Comic Book" (Chicago Review Press, 2003) ISBN 1-55652-506-0
* [http://www.maelmill-insi.de/UHBMCC/NAML8.HTM#N162 Stan Lee] at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
* [http://powentertainment.com/ POW! Entertainment] (official site)
* [http://www.stanleeweb.com Stan Lee Web] (fan site)
* [http://www.folkstory.com/articles/spiderman.html Framingham, Mass., "Daily News" (May 5, 2002): "Myth and the Hero's Journey: Big Screen Blockbusters - Star Wars, Spider-Man Tell Timeless Tales", by Chris Bergeron]
*"Newsday" (April 1, 2007): "Fast Chat: Stan Lee"
* [http://www.upress.state.ms.us/books/886 Stan Lee: Conversations (University Press of Mississippi)]
* [http://220.127.116.11/~dogatco/mmms/mmms65.mp3 Audio of Merry Marvel Marching Society record] , including voice of Stan Lee
* [http://www.chriscomerradio.com/stan_lee/stan_lee4-1-05.htm Chris Comer Radio Interviews: "Stan Lee"] , April 1, 2005
* [http://www.comicgeekspeak.com/episodes/comic_geek_speak-111.php Comic Geek Speak: Episode 83] - Stan Lee interview podcast, December 12, 2005
* [http://daily.mahalo.com/2008/01/28/md044-stan-lee-interview/ Mahalo Daily with Veronica Belmont: "MD044 - Stan Lee Interview"] , January 28, 2008
* [http://www.truegameheadz.com/blogheadz/stan-lee-the-man/ Stan Lee receives 1st New York comics legend award] April 17 2008
Источник: Stan Lee
Infobox Comics creator
caption = Kirby in 1982.
birthname = Jacob Kurtzberg
birthdate = birth date|1917|8|28|mf=y
location = New York City. New York
deathdate = death date and age|1994|02|6|1917|08|28
deathplace = Thousand Oaks, California
nationality = American
area = Penciller, Inker, Writer, Editor
alias = Jack Curtiss, Curt Davis, Ted Grey
notable works = Marvel Comics (Captain America, Fantastic Four, Hulk, X-Men), DC Comics (Fourth World)
awards = Alley Award
*Best Pencil Artist (1967), plus many awards for individual storiesShazam Award
*Special Achievement by an Individual (1971)
Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was an American comic book artist, writer and editor.
Widely recognized as one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in comics, Kirby was the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds of others stretching back to the earliest days of the medium. His most common nickname is "The King," and Kirby was inducted into comic books' Shazam Awards Hall of Fame in 1975. The Jack Kirby Award for achievement in comic books was named in his honor.
"The New York Times", in a Sunday op-ed piece written more than a decade after his death, said Kirby
His output was legendary, with one count estimating [cite web
title = Jack "The King" Kirby
publisher = Atlas Tales
date = ©2003-2007
url = http://www.atlastales.com/cr/3
accessdate = 2008-02-14] that he produced over 25,000 pages, as well as hundreds of comic strips and sketches. He also produced paintings, and worked on concept illustrations for a number of Hollywood films.
Born to Jewish Austrian parents in New York City, Jack Kirby grew up on Suffolk Street in New York's Lower East Side area, attending elementary school at P.S. 20. His father, Benjamin, a garment-factory worker, was a Conservative Jew, and Jacob attended Hebrew school. Jacob's one sibling, a brother five years younger, predeceased him. After a rough-and-tumble childhood with much fighting among the kind of kid gangs he would render more heroically in his future comics (Fantastic Four's Jewish Ben Grimm was raised on rough-and-tumble Yancy Street, and was predeceased by his older brother; in addition to sharing Kirby's father's first name, his middle name is Jacob, Kirby's first name at birth). Kirby enrolled at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, at what he said was age 14, leaving after a week. "I wasn't the kind of student that Pratt was looking for. They wanted people who would work on something forever. I didn't want to work on any project forever. I intended to get things done". [Interview, "The Comics Journal" #134 (Feb. 1990), reprinted in George, Milo, ed., "The Comics Journal Library, Volume One: Jack Kirby" (Fantagraphics Books, 2002) ISBN 1-56097-466-4, p. 22]
[cite book |last=Evanier |first=Mark |authorlink=Mark Evanier |title=Kirby: King of Comics |year=2008 |publisher=Abrams |id=ISBN 081099447X |pages=228 pages, p. 34] Kirby cited among his influences the comic strip artists Milton Caniff, Hal Foster, and Alex Raymond, as well as such editorial cartoonists as C. H. Sykes, "Ding" Darling, and Rollin Kirby.]
The Golden Age of Comics
Per his own sometimes-unreliable memory, Kirby joined the Lincoln Newspaper Syndicate in 1936, working there on newspaper comic strips and on single-panel advice cartoons such as "Your Health Comes First" (under the pseudonym "Jack Curtiss"). He remained until late 1939, then worked for the movie animation company Fleischer Studios as an "inbetweener" (an artist who fills in the action between major-movement frames) on "Popeye" cartoons. "I went from Lincoln to Fleischer," he recalled. "From Fleischer I had to get out in a hurry because I couldn't take that kind of thing," describing it as "a factory in a sense, like my father's factory. They were manufacturing pictures".
[Interview, "The Comics Journal" #134, reprinted in George, p. 24] ]
Around that time, the first American comic books appeared. Initially consisting solely of reprints of newspaper comic strips, these tabloid-size, 10-inch by convert|15|in|mm|sing=on publications soon began to include original material in comic-strip form. Kirby began writing and drawing for the comic-book packager Eisner & Iger, one of a handful of firms creating comics on demand for publishers. Through that company, Kirby did what he remembers as his first comic book work, for "Wild Boy Magazine". [Interview, "The Nostalgia Journal" #30 (Nov. 1976), reprinted in George, p. 3] This included such strips as the science fiction adventure "The Diary of Dr. Hayward" (under the pseudonym "Curt Davis"), the Western crimefighter strip "Wilton of the West" (as "Fred Sande"), the swashbuckler strip "The Count of Monte Cristo" (again as "Jack Curtiss"), and the humor strips "Abdul Jones" (as "Ted Grey)" and "Socko the Seadog" (as "Teddy"), all variously for "Jumbo Comics" and other Eisner-Iger clients. Kirby was also helpful beyond his artwork when he once frightened off a mobster who was strong-arming Eisner for their building's towel service. [Jones, Gerard. "Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book" (Basic Books, 2004; trade paperback ISBN 0-465-03657-0), pp. 197-198]
Kirby moved on to comic-book publisher and newspaper syndicator Fox Feature Syndicate, earning a then-reasonable $15 a week salary. He began exploring superhero narrative with the comic strip "The Blue Beetle" (Jan.-March 1940), starring a character created by the pseudonymous Charles Nicholas, a house name that Kirby retained for the three-month-long strip.
imon & Kirby
During this time, Kirby met and began collaborating with cartoonist and Fox editor Joe Simon, who in addition to his staff work continued to freelance. Speaking at a 1998 Comic-Con International panel in San Diego, California, Simon recounted the meeting:cquote
I had a suit and Jack thought that was really nice. He'd never seen a comic book artist with a suit before. The reason I had a suit was that my father was a tailor. Jack's father was a tailor too, but he made pants! Anyway, I was doing freelance work and I had a little office in New York about ten blocks from DC's and Fox [Feature Syndicate] 's offices, and I was working on "Blue Bolt" for Funnies, Inc. So, of course, I loved Jack's work and the first time I saw it I couldn't believe what I was seeing. He asked if we could do some freelance work together. I was delighted and I took him over to my little office. We worked from the second issue of "Blue Bolt"... [ [http://www.twomorrows.com/kirby/articles/25simon.html "More Than Your Average Joe"] (excerpts from Joe Simon's panels at 1998 Comi-Con International), "Jack Kirby Collector" #25 (Aug. 1999)] and remained a team across the next two decades. In the early 2000s, original art for an unpublished, five-page Simon & Kirby collaboration titled "Daring Disc", which may predate the duo's "Blue Bolt", surfaced. Simon published the story in the 2003 updated edition of his autobiography, "The Comic Book Makers". [ [http://www.geocities.com/missile_bender/hoohah/simonandkirby.html "The First Simon and Kirby Story?"] , "Hoohah!" (no date)]
After leaving Fox and landing at pulp magazine publisher Martin Goodman's Timely Comics (the future Marvel Comics ), the new Simon & Kirby team created the seminal patriotic hero Captain America in late 1940. Their dynamic perspectives, groundbreaking use of centerspreads, cinematic techniques and exaggerated sense of action made the title an immediate hit and rewrote the rules for comic book art.
Captain America became the first and largest of many hit characters the duo would produce. The Simon & Kirby name soon became synonymous with exciting superhero comics, and the two became industry stars whose readers followed them from title to title.
A financial dispute with Goodman led to their accepting an offer from Jack Liebowitz's National Comics, one of the precursors of DC Comics. Working on new ideas for National while still producing "Captain America", the two left after finishing ten issues of that title, and moved to National fulltime. Given a lucrative contract at their new home (although initially National seemed unsure how best to utilise their talents), Simon & Kirby took over the Sandman in "Adventure Comics", and scored their next hits with the "kid gang" teams the Newsboy Legion and the Boy Commandos (evoking their Sentinels of Liberty gang from "Captain America"), and the superhero Manhunter.
Family and World War II
Kirby married Rosalind "Roz" Goldstein (September 25, 1922–December 22, 1998) on May 23, 1942. [Evanier, "King of Comics", p. 57] Kirby had met his future wife when the two families became neighbors in Brooklyn in the summer of 1940. The two began dating shortly after, and Jack proposed on her 18th birthday.Fact | date=October 2008
The couple would have four children: Susan (December 6, 1945 - ), Neal (May 1948 - ), Barbara (November 1952 - ) and Lisa (circa 1961-1962 - ). The same year that he married, he changed his name legally from Jacob Kurtzberg to Jack Kirby. The couple was living in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, when Kirby was drafted into the U.S. Army on June 7, 1943.
[cite book |last=Ro |first=Ronin |authorlink= |title=Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee and the American Comic Book Revolution |format=hardback |year=2004 |publisher=Bloomsbury |id=ISBN 1-58234-345-4 |pages=388 pages , p. 33] After basic training at Camp Stewart, near Atlanta, Georgia, he was assigned to Company F of the 11th Infantry] [Evanier, "King of Comics", p.67] and landed on Omaha Beach in Normandy on August 23, 1944, two-and-a-half months D-Day,] though Kirby's reminiscences would place his arrival just 10 days after. [Ro, p. 34] Kirby recalled that a lieutenant, learning that comics artist Kirby was in his command, made him a scout who would advance into towns and draw reconnaissance maps and pictures. [Ro, p. 35]
Kirby and his wife corresponded regularly by v-mail, with Roz sending "him a letter a day" while she worked in a lingerie shop and lived with her mother. [Ro, p. 40] During the winter of 1944, Kirby suffered severe frostbite on his lower extremities and was taken to a hospital in France for recovery. He returned to the United States in January 1945, assigned to Camp Butner in North Carolina,
[Evanier, "King of Comics", p. 69] and was honorably discharged as a private first class] on July 20, 1945, [Ro, p. 42] returning soon afterward to his prewar partnership with Joe Simon.
Romance and other comics
As superhero comics waned in popularity after the end of World War II, Kirby and his partner began producing stories in a variety of genre, initially for Harvey Comics. There through the early 1950s, the Simon & Kirby team created such titles as the the kid-gang adventure "Boy Explorers Comics", the kid-gang Western "Boys' Ranch", and the superhero comics "Stuntman", and, in vogue with the fad for 3-D movies, "Captain 3-D". The duo additionally freelanced for Hillman Periodicals (the crime fiction comic "Real Clue Crime") and for Crestwood Publications. There they launched the crime-fiction comic "Justice Traps the Guility", and more significantly, created comics' first romantic fiction title: "Young Romance". [ [http://www.comicbookdb.com/title.php?ID=8416 ComicBookDb: "Young Romance"] . Accessed March 27, 2008. Earlier in 1947, Simon & Kirby had created a teen-humor title with romantic undertones: "My Date", for for Hillman Periodicals.]
Simon, inspired by Macfadden Publications' romantic-confession magazine "True Story", transplanted the idea to comic books and with Kirby created a first-issue mock-up of "Young Romance".
[Simon, Joe, with Jim Simon. "The Comic Book Makers" (Crestwood/II, 1990) ISBN 1-887591-35-4; reissued (Vanguard Productions, 2003) ISBN 1-887591-35-4, pp. 123-125] Showing it to Crestwood general manager Maurice Rosenfeld, Simon asked for 50% of the comic's profits. Crestwood publishers Teddy Epstein and Mike Bleier agreed,] stipulating that the creators would take no money up front [Evanier, "King of Comics". p. 72] "Young Romance" #1 (Sept./Oct. 1947) "became Jack and Joe's biggest hit in years". [Ro, p. 46] Indeed, the pioneering title sold a staggering 92% of its print run] [Howell, Richard, "Introduction" to "Real Love - The Best of the Simon and Kirby Romance Comics 1940s-1950s" (Eclipse Books, 1988)] inspiring Crestwood to increase the print run by the third issue to triple the initial number of copies.] Initially published bimonthly, "Young Romance" quickly became a monthly title and produced the spin-off "Young Love" — together the two titles sold two million copies per month, according to Simon [Simon, p. 125] — later joined by "Young Brides" and "In Love", the latter "featuring full-length romance stories". The initial two titles were eventually sold to DC Comics.
Romance comics would reinvigorate the comics industry and appeal to female audiences over the next few years.Fact | date=September 2008 "Young Romance" spawned dozens of imitators from publishers such as "Timely, Fawcett, Quality, and even Fox Features Syndicate [who] delivered knockoffs like "Love Confessions", "Romance Tales", "True Stories of Romance", and "My Love Secret".
Despite the glut, the Simon & Kirby romance titles continued to sell millions of copies a month, allowing the pair "to earn more than enough to buy their own homes". In addition, Kirby and Simon produced crime, horror (notably "Black Magic"), western and humor comics.
The Kirby & Simon partnership ended amicably in 1955 with the failure of their own Mainline Publications, due in large part to the anti-comics movement, which rallied around Dr. Wertham's Seduction of the Innocent.Fact|date=August 2008 Simon left the industry for a career in advertising, while Kirby continued to freelance. He was instrumental in the creation of Archie Comics' "The Fly" and "The Double Life of Private Strong" reuniting briefly with Joe Simon. He also drew some issues of "Classics Illustrated".
For DC Comics, then known as National Comics, Kirby co-created with writers Dick and Dave Wood the non-superpowered adventuring quartet the Challengers of the Unknown in "Showcase" #6 (Feb. 1957), while also contributing to such anthologies as "House of Mystery". During 30 months at DC, Kirby drew slightly more than 600 pages, which included 11 six-page Green Arrow stories in "World's Finest Comics" and "Adventure Comics" that, in a rarity, Kirby inked himself. [Mark Evanier, Introduction, "The Green Arrow by Jack Kirby" (DC Comics, New York, 2001, ISBN 6194123064): "All were inked by Jack with the aid of his dear spouse, Rosalind. She would trace his pencil work with a static pen line; he would then take a brush, put in all the shadows and bold areas and, where necessary, heavy-up the lines she'd laid down. (Jack hated inking and only did it because he needed the money. After departing DC this time, he almost never inked his own work again.)"] Kirby recast the archer as a science-fiction hero, moving him away from his Batman-formula roots, but in the process alienating Green Arrow co-creator Mort Weisinger.
[Ro, p. 61] He also began drawing a newspaper comic strip, "Sky Masters of the Space Force", written by the Wood brothers and initially inked by the unrelated Wally Wood. [Evanier, "King of Comics", pp. 103-106] ]
Kirby left National Comics due largely to a contractual dispute in which editor Jack Schiff, who had been involved in getting Kirby and the Wood brothers the "Sky Masters" contract, claimed he was due royalties from Kirby's share of the strip's profits. Schiff sued Kirby and was successful at trial. [Evanier, "King of Comics", p. 109] Some DC editors also had criticized him over art details, such as not drawing "the shoelaces on a cavalry-man's boots" and showing a Native American "mounting his horse from the wrong side". [Ro, p. 91]
tan Lee and Marvel Comics
Kirby returned to work with Stan Lee on the cusp of the company's evolution from its 1950s incarnation as Atlas Comics (previously Timely Comics) to become Marvel. Inker Frank Giacoia approached Lee for work, but when informed that Atlas artists inked their own pencils, suggested he could "get Kirby back here to pencil some stuff".
[Ro, p. 60] Kirby was still working on DC's "Challengers of the Unknown", but also searching for work from other publishers, with little success. Continuing with DC on such titles as "House of Mystery" and "House of Secrets", he drew occasional stories for Atlas, including the Lone Ranger-like "Black Rider" and the Fu Manchu stand-in Yellow Claw. [Kirby's freelance work appeared in five issues cover-dated Dec. 1956 and Feb. 1957. They were "Astonishing" #56 (4 pp.), "Strange Tales of the Unusual" #7 (4 pp.), "Quick-Trigger Western" #16 (5 pp.), and "Yellow Claw" #2-3 (19 pp. each).] ]
After being sued by DC editor Jack Schiff over the comic strip "Sky Masters" (see above), Kirby returned full-time as an Atlas freelancer, with his first published work being the cover of and the seven-page story "I Discovered the Secret of the Flying Saucers" in "Strange Worlds" #1 (Dec. 1958). Initially with Christopher Rule as his regular inker, and later Dick Ayers, Kirby drew across all genres, from romance to war comics, crime stories to Westerns, but made his mark primarily with a series of supernatural-fantasy and science fiction stories featuring giant, drive-in movie-style monsters with names like Groot, the Thing from Planet X; Grottu, King of the Insects; and Fin Fang Foom for the company's many anthology series, such as "Amazing Adventures", "Strange Tales", "Tales to Astonish", "Tales of Suspense", and "World of Fantasy". His bizarre designs of powerful, unearthly creatures proved a hit with readers.
Then, with Marvel editor-in-chief Lee, Kirby began working on superhero comics again, beginning with "The Fantastic Four" #1 (Nov. 1961). The landmark series became a hit that revolutionized the industry with its comparative naturalism and, eventually, a cosmic purview informed by Kirby's seemingly boundless imagination — one coincidentally well-matched with the consciousness-expanding youth culture of the 1960s.
For almost a decade, Kirby provided Marvel's house style, co-creating with Stan Lee many of the Marvel characters and designing their visual motifs. At Lee's request, he often provided new-to-Marvel artists "breakdown" layouts , over which they would pencil in order to become acquainted with the Marvel look. As artist Gil Kane described,
Highlights besides the Fantastic Four include Thor, the Hulk, Iron Man, the original X-Men, the Silver Surfer, Doctor Doom, Galactus, The Watcher, Magneto, Ego the Living Planet, the Inhumans and their hidden city of Attilan, and the Black Panther — comics' first known Black superhero — and his African nation of Wakanda. Simon & Kirby's Captain America was also incorporated into Marvel's continuity.
In 1968 and 1969, Joe Simon was involved in litigation with Marvel Comics over the ownership of Captain America, initiated by Marvel after Simon registered the copyright renewal for Captain America in his own name. According to Simon, Kirby agreed to support the company in the litigation and, as part of a deal Kirby made with publisher Martin Goodman, signed over to Marvel any rights he might have had to the character. [Simon, p. 205]
Kirby continued to expand the medium's boundaries, devising photo-collage covers and interiors, developing new drawing techniques such as the method for depicting energy fields now known as "Kirby Dots," and other experiments. Yet he grew increasingly dissatisfied with working at Marvel. There have been a number of reasons given for this dissatisfaction, including resentment over Stan Lee's increasing media prominence, a lack of full creative control, anger over breaches of perceived promises by publisher Martin Goodman, and frustration over Marvel's failure to credit him specifically for his story plotting and for his character creations and co-creations.Fact|date=August 2008 He began to both script and draw some secondary features for Marvel, such as "The Inhumans" in "Amazing Adventures" and horror stories for the anthology title "Chamber of Darkness", and received full credit for doing so; but he eventually left the company in 1970 for rival DC Comics, under editorial director Carmine Infantino.
Later life and career
Kirby returned to DC in late 1970, on a "five-year deal... a three year contract with an option for two more",Fact|date=August 2008 with an arrangement that gave him full creative control as editor, writer and artist.Fact|date=August 2008 He produced a series of inter-linked titles under the blanket sobriquet "The Fourth World" including a trilogy of new titles, "New Gods", "Mister Miracle", and "The Forever People", as well as the Superman title, "Superman’s Pal Jimmy Olsen". Kirby picked the latter book because the series was without a stable creative team and he did not want to cost anyone a job. [Evanier, Mark. "Afterword." "Jack Kirby's Fourth World Omnibus": Volume 1, New York: DC Comics, 2007.] The central villain of the Fourth World series, Darkseid, and some of the Fourth World concepts, appeared in "Jimmy Olsen" before the launch of the other Fourth World books, giving the new titles greater exposure to potential buyers.
Kirby later produced other DC titles such as "OMAC", "Kamandi", "The Demon", and, together with former partner Joe Simon for one last time, a new incarnation of the Sandman. Several characters from this period have since become fixtures in the DC Universe, including the demon Etrigan and his human counterpart Jason Blood; Scott Free (Mister Miracle), and the cosmic villain Darkseid.
Return to Marvel
Kirby then returned to Marvel Comics where he both wrote and drew "Captain America" and created the series "The Eternals", which featured a race of inscrutable alien giants, the Celestials, whose behind-the-scenes intervention influenced the evolution of life on Earth. Kirby’s other Marvel creations in this period include "Devil Dinosaur", "Machine Man", and an adaptation and expansion of the movie "". He also wrote and drew "The Black Panther" and did numerous covers across the line.
Film and animation
Still dissatisfied with Marvel's treatment of him, and with the company's refusal to provide health and other employment benefits,Fact|date=August 2008 Kirby left Marvel to work in animation. In that field, he did designs for "Turbo Teen", "Thundarr the Barbarian" and other animated television series. He also worked on "The Fantastic Four" cartoon show, reuniting him with scriptwriter Stan Lee. He illustrated an adaptation of the Walt Disney movie "The Black Hole" for "Walt Disney’s Treasury of Classic Tales" syndicated comic strip in 1979-80.
In 1979, Kirby drew concept art for film producer Barry Geller's script treatment adapting Roger Zelazny's science fiction novel, "Lord of Light", for which Geller had purchased the rights. Geller, who additionally imagined using Kirby's set designs for a Colorado theme park to be called Science Fiction Land, announced his plans at a November press conference attended by Kirby, former NFL American football star and prospective cast-member Rosey Grier, and others. While the film did not come to fruition, Kirby's drawings were used for the C.I.A.'s "Canadian caper", in which some members of the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, who had avoided capture in the Iran hostage crisis, were able to escape the country posing as members of a movie location-scouting crew. [ [http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/15.05/feat_cia.html Bearman, Joshuah. "How the CIA Used a Fake Sci-Fi Flick to Rescue Americans from Tehran"] , "Wired" issue 15.05, posted April 4, 2007.]
In the early 1980s, Pacific Comics, a new, non-newsstand comic book publisher, made a then-groundbreaking deal with Kirby to publish his series "Captain Victory and the Galactic Rangers": Kirby would retain copyright over his creation and receive royalties on it.Fact|date=August 2008 This, together with similar actions by other independent comics publishers as Eclipse Comics where he co-created Destroyer Duck to help Steve Gerber fight in his case versus Marvel, helped establish a precedent to end the monopoly of the work for hire system, wherein comics creators, even freelancers, had owned no rights to characters they created.
Kirby also retained ownership of characters used by Topps Comics beginning in 1993,Fact|date=August 2008 for a set of series in what the company dubbed "The Kirbyverse". These titles were derived mainly from designs and concepts that Kirby had kept in his files, some intended initially for the by-then-defunct Pacific Comics, and then licensed to Topps for what would become the "Jack Kirby's Secret City Saga" mythos.
Kirby died at age 76 of heart failure in his Thousand Oaks, California home.
Awards and honors
Jack Kirby received a great deal of recognition over the course of his career, including the 1967 Alley Award for Best Pencil Artist. The following year he was runner-up behind Jim Steranko. His other Alley Awards were:
*1963: Favorite Short Story - "The Human Torch Meets Captain America,", by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby, "Strange Tales" #114
*1964: Best Novel - "Captain America Joins the Avengers", by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby, from "The Avengers" #4
*1964: Best New Strip or Book - "Captain America", by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby, in "Tales of Suspense"
*1965: Best Short Story - "The Origin of the Red Skull", by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby, "Tales of Suspense" #66
*1966: Best Professional Work, Regular Short Feature - "Tales of Asgard" by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby, in "The Mighty Thor"
*1967: Best Professional Work, Regular Short Feature - (tie) "Tales of Asgard" and "Tales of the Inhumans", both by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby, in "The Mighty Thor"
*1968: Best Professional Work, Best Regular Short Feature - "Tales of the Inhumans", by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby, in "The Mighty Thor"
*1968: Best Professional Work, Hall of Fame - "Fantastic Four", by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby; "Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D.", by Jim Steranko [Mark Hanerfeld, who counted the votes, first listed "Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D." as the winner. Later, he noticed that he had counted votes for a) "Fantastic Four by Jack Kirby", b) "Fantastic Four by Stan Lee", and c) "Fantastic Four by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby", separately. Had they been counted as one feature, these votes combined would have given the "Fantastic Four" the victory.]
Kirby won a Shazam Award for Special Achievement by an Individual in 1971 for his "Fourth World" series in "Forever People", "New Gods", "Mister Miracle", and "Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen". He was inducted into the Shazam Awards Hall of Fame in 1975.
Capcom's versus fighting game "Marvel Super Heroes" features a dedication to Kirby in the end credits, as Kirby died just before the game's release in 1995.
His work was honored posthumously with the 1998 Harvey Award for Best Domestic Reprint Project, for "Jack Kirby's New Gods" by Jack Kirby, edited by Bob Kahan.
The Jack Kirby Awards and Jack Kirby Hall of Fame were named in his honor.
With Will Eisner, Robert Crumb, Harvey Kurtzman, Gary Panter and Chris Ware, Kirby was among the artists honored in the exhibition "Masters of American Comics" at the Jewish Museum in New York City, New York, from Sept. 16, 2006 to Jan. 28, 2007.
The rooftop fighting and urban action were common in Kirby's superhero comics. They were drawn from Kirby's Depression-era youth on New York’s Lower East Side. In an interview, Kirby related that the conflict among rival gangs was incessant. The fighting was often staged up and down the tenement fire escapes, as well as in running battles across the neighborhood rooftops.
[ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/26/opinion/26sun3.html?th&emc=th Jack Kirby, a Comic Book Genius, Is Finally Remembered - New York Times ] ] ]
The most imitated aspect of Kirby's work has been his exaggerated perspectives and dynamic energy. Less easy to imitate have been the expressive body language of his characters, who embrace each other and charge into everything from battle to pancakes Fact|date=September 2008 with unselfconscious exuberance; and such constantly forward-looking innovations as the then cutting-edge photomontages he often used. The "Kirby Crackle" is the often imitated technique of visually depicting crackling energy using an arrangement of black dots. He (along with fellow Marvel creator Steve Ditko) pioneered the use of visible minority characters in comic books, and Kirby co-created the first black superhero at Marvel (the African prince the Black Panther) and created DC's first two black superheroes: Vykin the Black in "The Forever People" #1 (March 1971) and the Black Racer in "The New Gods" #3 (July 1971).
Kirby’s daughter, Lisa Kirby, announcedFact|date=February 2007 in early 2006 that she and co-writer Steve Robertson, with artist Mike Thibodeaux, plan to publish via the Marvel Comics Icon imprint, a six-issue miniseries, "Jack Kirby’s Galactic Bounty Hunters", featuring characters and concepts created by her father. The series has been reprinted in both hardcover and paperback.
Several Kirby images are among those on the "Marvel Super Heroes" set of commemorative stamps issued by the U.S. Postal Service on 27 July 2007. [ [http://www.usps.com/communications/newsroom/2007stamps/#marvel "Postal Service Previews 2007 Commemorative Stamp Program" (Oct. 25, 2006 press release)] ] Ten of the stamps are portraits of individual Marvel characters and the other 10 stamps depict individual Marvel Comic book covers. According to the credits printed on the back of the pane, Jack Kirby's artwork is featured on: Captain America, The Thing, Silver Surfer, Amazing Spider-Man #1, The Incredible Hulk #1, Captain America #100, X-Men #1, and Fantastic Four #3.
[ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/26/opinion/26sun3.html?th&emc=th Jack Kirby, a Comic Book Genius, Is Finally Remembered - New York Times ] ] [ [http://www.usps.com/communications/newsroom/2007stamps/ USPS - The 2007 Commemorative Stamp Program ] ] ]
*In the episode "The Forever War" of the 1998-1999 Fox Kids animated television series "The Silver Surfer", an alien general offers the Surfer a beverage "made from the finest grapes in the Kirby Cluster."
*Jacob Krigstein, a character in "The Authority" comic books, is inspired by Jack Kirby.
*Rock group Monster Magnet referenced Kirby's cultural impact in their song, "Melt", which includes the lyrics, "I was thinking how the world should have cried/On the day Jack Kirby died."
*Jazz percussionist Gregg Bendian's group Interzone recorded a tribute album, "Requiem for Jack Kirby", in 2001.
*In "Fantastic Four" #511 (May 2004), when the team went to Heaven, God — depicted as an artist sitting at a drawing board — closely resembled Jack Kirby, the characters' co-creator.
*The mid-1980s independent comic "Boris the Bear" satirized the conflict between Kirby and Marvel Comics over the rights to Kirby's creations. The eponymous Boris was given the "Cosmic Can Opener of Kir-By" with instructions to right the wrongs done against an entity known as "The King". Boris confronts "Jim Spouter" (a parody of Jim Shooter, then editor-in-chief at Marvel), who sets The King's own creations against Boris. Spouter, eventually defeated sets off in a huff to create "the "Phew Universe", over which The King would have no control.
*In the animated television series, "", the supporting character Dan Turpin, created by Kirby in the comic book "New Gods", is modeled visually after Kirby. Episodes #38-39, titled "Apokolips Now," were dedicated to Kirby's memory.
*The 1986 comic "Donatello" #1, a one shot centering around the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character Donatello told the story of "Kirby and the Warp Crystal". It featured a character, based on Jack Kirby, whose drawings came to life. When Donatello goes into this artist's fantasy world, he finds characters based on the New Gods. The comic was made into an episode of the "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles" 2003 animated series, "The King" which was also dedicated to him.
*Also, in a proposal for a character in the fourth live action TMNT movie (which was never produced), a fifth Turtle named Kirby was designed, who was named after Jack.
["Kevin Eastman's Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Artobiography", ISBN 1882931858] ]
*In the fourth volume of Mirage's Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles there is a hospital called Kurtzburg Memorial Hospital which caters specifically to super beings, mutants and other special cases. It is said in one issue that some of the super beings refer to Kurtzburg as the "father of us all".
*In Transdimensional Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, a supplement for Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles & Other Strangeness, an example alternate dimension has a man named Kirby King with a pen that gives him the ability to draw creations that come to life. A note before his stats says it is an homage to Jack "King" Kirby.
*In Kurt Busiek's comic-book series "Astro City", many Kirby references and tributes appear, such as a mountain called Mount Kirby, and the character Silver Agent, who a pastiche of Captain America, the Guardian, and Silver Star.
*Alan Moore's final storyline in "Supreme: The Return" features a character known as King, an inhabitant of Idea Space, who is clearly modeled after Kirby and is heralded by Kirby dots. The storyline features tributes to characters Kirby created or had a hand in defining, such as the Newsboy Legion, Guardian, the New Gods, and Doctor Doom.
*In the series "Mage" one of the supporting characters is named "Kirby Hero".
*The look of the adult swim animated television series "Minoriteam" is an homage to Kirby's art style. He is credited as "The King" in the show's end credits.
*In the Batman Animated series Etrigan the Demon allies with Batman and during a battle scene the window to KIRBY'S BAKERY is smashed.
*The 1995 movie "Crimson Tide" features a scene in which submarine sailors brawl over a disagreement as to whether the Silver Surfer as drawn by Kirby was better than the version drawn by Moebius. Second-in-command Ron Hunter (played by Denzel Washington) finally announces, "Now, everyone who reads comic books knows that the Kirby Silver Surfer is the only true Silver Surfer. Now, am I right or wrong?"
*Episodes late in the 2006-2007 season of the NBC superhero TV series "Heroes" include New York City scenes set at the fictional Kirby Plaza.
*Kirby appeared in an episode of "Sabrina, the Animated Series," in which he is idolized by Sabrina's friend Harvey. Harvey meets "Jack" at a comic book convention.
*He appeared in an episode of the TV series "The Incredible Hulk" as a sketch artist at a police station. He does a sketch of the Hulk as described by an eyewitness, and of course the drawing he does looks like one of his early illustrations of the character.
*In the Marvel title She-Hulk, the titular character is employed in her civilian identity by the law firm Goodman, Lieber, Kurtzberg & Holliway, Kurtzburg being the birth surname of Jack Kirby.
*In the 2003 film "Daredevil", a forensic analyst by the name of Jack Kirby is portrayed by Daredevil comic author Kevin Smith.
*The Freedom Force (2002 video game) franchise of video & computer games features characters designed in the style of Jack Kirby's art.
Al Williamson: "If you told me or most of my buddies to draw fifty spaceships, they'd all look like they were built in the same plant. If Jack drew fifty spaceships, they'd look like they were built by fifty different alien races." [ [http://www.newsfromme.com/archives/2006_08_28.html#011987 Williamson, quoted in column News from Me (Aug. 28, 2006): "Happy Jack Kirby Day", by Mark Evanier] ]
Joe Simon: "My favorite artist was Lou Fine. He was also Jack Kirby's favorite artist. I know that Jack was a fan of and greatly influenced by Fine’s work." [ [http://www.comicartville.com/loufine.htm Comicartville Library: "Lou Fine", by Jon Berk] (no date)]
* "Captain America Comics" (Golden Age) #1–10 (1941-1942)
* Various issues of "pre-superhero Marvel" science-fiction/fantasy stories in "Amazing Adventures", "Journey into Mystery", "Strange Tales", "Tales of Suspense", "Tales to Astonish", "Strange Worlds" and "World of Fantasy" (1958 to early 1960s)
* "Fantastic Four" #1–102 (1961-1970)
* "Incredible Hulk" #1–5 (1962-1963)
* "X-Men" #1–17 + Annual 1 (1963-1965)
* "Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos" #1–7 (1963-1964)
* "Avengers" #1–8 (1963-1964), #14–17 (1965)
* "The Mighty Thor" #126–177,179 (1966-70; continued from "Journey into Mystery")
* "Captain America" (modern) #100–109 (1968-1969; continued from "Tales of Suspense"), #193–214 (1976-1977)
* "The Eternals" #1–19 + Annual 1 (1976-1978)
* "The Black Panther" #1–12 (1977-1978)
* "Devil Dinosaur" #1–9 (1978)
* "Machine Man" #1–9 (1978)
* "" #1–10 (1976)
* "Challengers of the Unknown" #1–8 (May 1958 - July 1959)
* "Adventure Comics" #250–256 (July 1958 - January 1959)
* "World's Finest" #96–99 (September 1958 - February 1959)
* "Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen" #133–148 (1970-1972)
* "Forever People" #1–11 (1971-1972)
* "New Gods" #1–11 (1971-1972)
* "Mister Miracle" #1–18 (1971-1974)
* "The Demon" #1–16 (1972-1974)
* "" #1–40 (1972-1976)
* "The Sandman" #1,4-6 (1974-1976)
* "OMAC #1–8 (1974)
* "Justice, Inc." #2–4 (July-November 1975)
* "1st Issue Special" #1,5,6 (April, Aug.-Sept. 1975)
* [http://18.104.22.168/~dogatco/mmms/mmms65.mp3 Audio of Merry Marvel Marching Society record] , including voice of Jack Kirby
* [http://kirbymuseum.org The Jack Kirby Museum & Research Center]
* George, Milo, ed., "The Comics Journal Library, Volume One: Jack Kirby" (Fantagraphics Books, 2002) ISBN 1-56097-466-4
*cite book |last=Ro |first=Ronin |authorlink= |title=Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee and the American Comic Book Revolution |format=hardback |year=2004 |publisher=Bloomsbury |id=ISBN 1-58234-345-4 |pages=388 pages
*cite book |last=Evanier |first=Mark |authorlink=Mark Evanier |title=Kirby: King of Comics |format=hardback |year=2008 |publisher=Abrams |id=ISBN 081099447X |pages=228 pages
* [http://www.povonline.com/Jack%20Kirby.htm POV Online: "Jack Kirby", by Mark Evanier] (includes Jack Kirby FAQ)
* [http://www.maelmill-insi.de/UHBMCC/ The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators]
* [http://www.marvunapp.com/Appendix/kirbyjack.htm Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Jack Kirby]
* [http://home.att.net/~mrmorse/nytimes20030827kirb.html "The New York Times" (Aug. 27, 2003): "Jack Kirby Heroes Thrive in Comic Books and Film", by Elvis Mitchell]
* [http://twomorrows.com/kirby/articles/10roz.html "Roz Kirby Interview Excerpts", "The Jack Kirby Collector" #10 (April 1966)]
* [http://www.pitch.com/2001-04-19/culture/custody-battle/ Wilonsky, Robert. "Custody Battle: Marvel Comics isn't going to give up Captain America without a fight"] "The Pitch" April 19, 2001
* [http://www.simoncomics.com/ Official Joe Simon site]
Источник: Jack Kirby