Книга: Edward Glaeser «Triumph of the City»

Triumph of the City

Understanding the modern city and the powerful forces within it is the life's work of Harvard urban economist Edward Glaeser, who at forty is hailed as one of the world's most exciting urban thinkers. Travelling from city to city, speaking to planners and politicians across the world, he uncovers questions large and small whose answers are both counterintuitive and deeply significant. Should New Orleans be rebuilt? Why can't my nephew afford an apartment in New York? Is London the new financial capital of the world? Is my job headed to Bangalore? In Triumph of the City, Glaeser takes us around the world and into the mind of the modern city - from Mumbai to Paris to Rio to Detroit to Shanghai, and to any number of points in between - to reveal how cities think, why they behave in the manners that they do, and what wisdom they share with the people who inhabit them.

Издательство: "Pan Books" (2011)

Формат: 130x200, 360 стр.

ISBN: 978-0-330-45807-8

Купить за 1029 руб на Озоне

Edward Glaeser

Infobox_Scientist
name = Edward Glaeser


caption =
birth_date = Birth date and age|1967|5|1|mf=y
birth_place = Manhattan, New York
death_date =
death_place =
residence = flagicon|USA U.S.
nationality = flagicon|USA American
field = Economics
work_institution = Harvard University
alma_mater = Princeton University
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Edward Ludwig "Ed" Glaeser (born May 1, 1967) is an economist at Harvard University. He was educated at The Collegiate School in New York City before obtaining his B.A. in economics from Princeton University and his PhD in economics from the University of Chicago. Glaeser joined the faculty of Harvard in 1993, where he is currently Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor at the Department of Economics and Director of the Taubman Center for State and Local Government, and the Director of the Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston (both at the Kennedy School of Government), in addition to being an editor of the "Quarterly Journal of Economics". Glaeser's connections with both Chicago and Harvard makes him a linkage between the Chicago School and the Cambridge School of Economics.

"A Jack of all Trades"

Glaeser has made substantial contributions to the empirical study of urban economics. In particular, his work examining the historical evolution of economic hubs like Boston and New York City has had major influence on both economics and urban geography. Glaeser also has written widely on a variety of other topics, ranging from social economics to the economics of religion, from both contemporary and historical perspectives.

His work has earned the admiration of a number of prominent economists. George Akerlof (2001 Economics Nobel Prize) praised Glaeser as a "genius," and Gary Becker (1992 Economics Nobel Prize) commented that before Glaeser "urban economics was dried up. No one had come up with some new ways to look at cities." [cite news |first=Jon |last=Gertner |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Home Economics |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/05/magazine/305glaeser.1.html |work=New York Times Magazine |publisher= |date=2006-03-05 |accessdate= ]

Despite the seeming disparateness of the topics he has examined, most of Glaeser's work can be said to apply economic theory (and especially price theory and game theory) to explain human economic and social behavior. Glaeser develops models using these tools and then evaluates them with real world data, so as to verify their applicability. A number of his most influential papers in applied economics are co-written with his Harvard colleague, Andrei Shleifer.

Contribution to Urban Economics

Glaeser's empirical research has offered a distinctive explanation for the increase in housing prices in many parts of the United States over the past several decades. A number of pundits and commentators attribute skyrocketing housing prices to a housing bubble created by the monetary policies of Alan Greenspan. Glaeser points out that the increase in housing prices has not been uniform throughout the country. In fact, the most dramatic increases have occurred in places like Boston, Massachusetts and San Francisco, California, where permits for new buildings have been difficult to obtain since the 1970s. This, compounded with strict zoning laws, seriously disrupted the supply of new housing in these cities. Real estate markets were thus unable to accommodate increases in demand, and housing prices skyrocketed. Glaeser also points to the experience of states such as Arizona and Texas, which experienced tremendous growth in demand for real estate during the same period but, thanks to looser regulations and the comparative ease of obtaining new building permits, did not witness abnormal increases in housing prices.

Contribution to Health Economics

In 2003 Glaeser collaborated with David Cutler and Jesse Shapiro on a research paper that attempted to explain why Americans had become more obese. According to the abstract of their paper, [ [http://www.nber.org/papers/w9446 Why Have Americans Become More Obese? ] ] Americans have become more obese over the past 25 years because they "have been consuming more calories. The increase in food consumption is itself the result of technological innovations which made it possible for food to be mass prepared far from the point of consumption, and consumed with lower time costs of preparation and cleaning. Price changes are normally beneficial, but may not be if people have self-control problems."

Undergraduate Teaching

At Harvard, Glaeser regularly teaches an undergraduate course on intermediate microeconomic theory. [ [http://my.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k9730 ECON 1011a Home § Economics 1011a (Fall 2006-2007) ] ]

Popular writings

In 2006 Glaeser began writing a regular column for the New York Sun. He writes a monthly column for the Boston Globe.

References

External links

* [http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/ksgnews/KSGInsight/ Glaeser on the differences between U.S and European welfare policies]
* [http://post.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/glaeser/glaeser.html Glaeser's homepage at the Harvard department of economics]
* [http://www.econtalk.org/archives/2006/09/the_economics_o_6.html Podcast featuring Glaeser] Glaeser discusses paternalism on EconTalk.

Источник: Edward Glaeser

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