Book: Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood «The Rolling Stones - 50»

The Rolling Stones - 50

"This is our story of fifty fantastic years. We started out as a blues band playing the clubs and more recently we've filled the largest stadiums in the world with the kind of show that none of us could have imagined all those years ago. Curated by us, it features the very best photographs and ephemera from and beyond our archives." (Mick, Keith, Charlie&Ronnie). On Thursday 12 July 1962 the Rolling Stones went on stage at the Marquee Club in London's Oxford Street. In the intervening fifty years the Stones have performed live in front of more people than any band... ever. They've played the smallest blues clubs and some of the biggest stadium tours of all time. They've had No. 1 singles and albums in every country that has a popular music chart and have helped define global popular culture. A phenomenal half-century later, they now look back at their astounding career. Curated, introduced and narrated by the band themselves, "The Rolling Stones 50" is the only officially authorized...

Издательство: "Thames and Hudson Limited" (2012)

Формат: 255x310, 352 стр.

ISBN: 978-0-500-51624-9

Купить за 3509 руб на Озоне

Mick Jagger

Mick Jagger

Jagger live at the San Siro in Milan, Italy on 10 June 2003
Background information
Birth name Michael Philip Jagger
Born 26 July 1943 (1943-07-26) (age 68)
Dartford, Kent, England
Genres Rock, rock and roll, blues rock, rhythm and blues, funk, psychedelic rock, soul
Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician, record and film producer, actor
Instruments Vocals, harmonica, percussion, guitar, bass guitar, keyboards
Years active 1962–present
Labels Virgin, Rolling Stones, ABKCO, Universal
Associated acts The Rolling Stones, Super Heavy

Sir Michael Philip "Mick" Jagger (born 26 July 1943) is an English musician, singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist of rock band The Rolling Stones. Jagger gained much press notoriety for admitted drug use and romantic involvements, and was often portrayed as a counterculture figure. In the late 1960s Jagger began acting in films (starting with Performance and Ned Kelly), to mixed reception. In 1985, Jagger released his first solo album, She's the Boss, and was knighted in 2003. In early 2009, he joined the eclectic supergroup SuperHeavy.

Jagger's career has spanned over 50 years. His performance style has been said to have "opened up definitions of gendered masculinity and so laid the foundations for self-invention and sexual plasticity which are now an integral part of contemporary youth culture".[1] Allmusic has described Jagger as "one of the most popular and influential frontmen in the history of rock & roll".[2] His distinctive voice and performance, along with Keith Richards' guitar style, have been the trademark of The Rolling Stones throughout their career.


Early life

Jagger was born into a middle class family at the Livingstone Hospital, in Dartford, Kent, England.[3] His father, Basil Fanshawe ("Joe") Jagger (13 April 1913 – 11 November 2006), and his paternal grandfather, David Ernest Jagger, were both teachers. His mother, Eva Ensley Mary (née Scutts; 6 April 1913 – 18 May 2000), born in New South Wales, Australia,[4][5] was a hairdresser[6] and an active member of the Conservative Party. Jagger is the elder of two sons (his brother Chris Jagger was born on 19 December 1947)[7] and was raised to follow in his father's career path.

In the book According to the Rolling Stones, Jagger states "I was always a singer. I always sang as a child. I was one of those kids who just liked to sing. Some kids sing in choirs; others like to show off in front of the mirror. I was in the church choir and I also loved listening to singers on the radio – the BBC or Radio Luxembourg – or watching them on TV and in the movies."[8]

From September 1950, Keith Richards and Jagger (known as "Mike" to his friends) were classmates at Wentworth Primary School in Dartford, Kent. In 1954, Jagger passed the eleven-plus, and went to Dartford Grammar School, where there is now The Mick Jagger Centre, as part of the school. Having lost contact with each other when they went to different schools, Richards and Jagger resumed their friendship in July 1960 after a chance encounter and discovered that they had both developed a love for rhythm and blues music, which began for Jagger with Little Richard.[9]

Jagger left school in 1961. He obtained seven O-levels and three A-levels. Jagger and Richards moved into a flat in Edith Grove in Chelsea with a guitarist they had encountered named Brian Jones. While Richards and Jones were making plans to start their own rhythm and blues group, Jagger continued his business courses at the London School of Economics,[10] and had seriously considered becoming either a journalist or a politician. Jagger had compared the latter to a pop star.[11][12]


Early years: 1960s

Jagger before The Rolling Stones concert; Georgia Southern College 4 May 1965

In their earliest days, the members played for no money in the interval of Alexis Korner's gigs at a basement club opposite Ealing Broadway tube station (subsequently called "Ferry's" club). At the time, the group had very little equipment and needed to borrow Alexis' gear to play. This was before Andrew Loog Oldham became their manager.

The group’s first appearance under the name The Rollin' Stones (after one of their favourite Muddy Waters tunes) was at the Marquee Club, a jazz club, on 12 July 1962. They would later change their name to “The Rolling Stones” as it seemed more formal. Victor Bockris states that the band members included Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Brian Jones, Ian Stewart on piano, Dick Taylor on bass and Tony Chapman on drums. However, Richards states in Life, "The drummer that night was Mick Avory—not Tony Chapman, as history has mysteriously handed it down..."[13] Some time later, the band went on their first tour in the United Kingdom; this was known as the “training ground” tour because it was a new experience for all of them.[14] The line-up did not at that time include drummer Charlie Watts and bassist Bill Wyman. By 1963, they were finding their stride as well as popularity. By 1964, two unscientific opinion polls rated them as England's most popular group, outranking even the Beatles.[10]

By the autumn of 1963, Jagger had left the London School of Economics in favour of his promising musical career with the Rolling Stones. The group continued to mine the works of American rhythm and blues artists such as Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley, but with the strong encouragement of Andrew Loog Oldham, Jagger and Richards soon began to write their own songs. This core songwriting partnership would flourish in time; one of their early compositions, "As Tears Go By", was a song written for Marianne Faithfull, a young singer being promoted by Loog Oldham at the time.[15] For the Rolling Stones, the duo would write "The Last Time", the group's third number-one single in the UK (their first two UK number-one hits had been cover versions). Another of the fruits of this collaboration was their first international hit, "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction". It also established The Rolling Stones’ image as defiant troublemakers in contrast to The Beatles' "lovable moptop" image.[10]

Jagger told Stephen Schiff in a 1992 Vanity Fair profile: "I wasn't trying to be rebellious in those days; I was just being me. I wasn't trying to push the edge of anything. I'm being me and ordinary, the guy from suburbia who sings in this band, but someone older might have thought it was just the most awful racket, the most terrible thing, and where are we going if this is music?... But all those songs we sang were pretty tame, really. People didn't think they were, but I thought they were tame."[16]

The group released several successful albums including December's Children (And Everybody's), Aftermath, and Between the Buttons, but their reputations were catching up to them. In 1967, Jagger and Richards were arrested on drug charges and were given unusually harsh sentences: Jagger was sentenced to three months' imprisonment for possession of four over-the-counter pep pills he had purchased in Italy. On appeal, Richards' sentence was overturned and Jagger's was amended to a conditional discharge (he ended up spending one night inside Brixton Prison)[17] after an article appeared in The Times, written by its traditionally conservative editor William (now Lord) Rees-Mogg,[18] but the Rolling Stones continued to face legal battles for the next decade. Around the same time, internal struggles about the direction of the group had begun to surface.


Mick Jagger on stage in 1972, New York City

After Jones' death and their move in 1971 to the south of France as tax exiles,[19] Jagger and the rest of the band changed their look and style as the 1970s progressed. For the Rolling Stones' highly publicised 1972 American tour, Jagger wore glam-rock clothing and glittery makeup on stage. Later in the decade, they ventured into genres like disco and punk with the album Some Girls (1978). Their interest in the blues, however, had been made manifest in the 1972 album Exile on Main St. His emotional singing on the gospel-influenced Let It Loose, one of the album's tracks, has been described by music critic Russell Hall as having been Jagger's finest ever vocal achievement.[20]

After the band's acrimonious split with their second manager, Allen Klein, in 1971, Jagger took control of their business affairs and has managed them ever since in collaboration with his friend and colleague, Rupert Löwenstein. Mick Taylor, Brian Jones's replacement, left the band in December 1974 and was replaced by Faces guitarist Ronnie Wood in 1975, who also operated as a mediator within the group, and between Jagger and Richards in particular.


While continuing to tour and release albums with the Rolling Stones, Jagger began a solo career. In 1985, he released his first solo album She's the Boss produced by Nile Rodgers and Bill Laswell, featuring Herbie Hancock, Jeff Beck, Jan Hammer, Pete Townshend, and the Compass Point All Stars. It sold fairly well, and the single "Just Another Night" was a Top Ten hit. During this period, he collaborated with The Jacksons on the song "State of Shock", sharing lead vocals with Michael Jackson. For his own personal contributions in the 1985 Live Aid multi-venue charity concert, he performed at Philadelphia's JFK Stadium; he did a duet with Tina Turner of "It's Only Rock and Roll", and the performance was highlighted by Jagger tearing away a part of Turner's dress. He also did a cover of "Dancing in the Street" with David Bowie, who himself appeared at Wembley Stadium. The video was shown simultaneously on the screens of both Wembley and JFK Stadiums. The song reached number one in the UK the same year.

In 1987, he released his second solo album, Primitive Cool. While it failed to match the commercial success of his debut, it was critically well received.

In 1988, he produced the songs "Glamour Boys" and "Which Way to America" on Living Colour's album Vivid. 15–28 March, he has a solo concert tour in Japan(Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka). The March 22 show was the Japanese artist Tokyo Dome's first performance.


Wandering Spirit was the third solo album by Jagger and was released in 1993. It would be his only solo album release of the 1990s. Jagger aimed to re-introduce himself as a solo artist in a musical climate vastly changed from that of his first two albums, She's the Boss and Primitive Cool.

Following the successful comeback of the Rolling Stones' Steel Wheels (1989), which saw the end of Jagger and Richards' well-publicised feud, Jagger began routining[vague] new material for what would become Wandering Spirit. In January 1992, after acquiring Rick Rubin as co-producer, Jagger recorded the album in Los Angeles over seven months until September 1992, recording simultaneously as Richards was making Main Offender.

Jagger would keep the celebrity guests to a minimum on Wandering Spirit, only having Lenny Kravitz as a vocalist on his cover of Bill Withers' "Use Me" and bassist Flea from Red Hot Chili Peppers on three tracks.

Following the end of the Rolling Stones' Sony Music contract and their signing to Virgin Records, Jagger signed with Atlantic Records (which had signed the Stones in the 1970s) to distribute what would be his only album with the label.

Released in February 1993, Wandering Spirit was commercially successful, reaching #12 in the UK and #11 in the US, going gold there. The track "Sweet Thing" was the lead single, although it was the third single, "Don't Tear Me Up", which found moderate success, topping Billboard's Album Rock Tracks chart for one week. Critical reaction was very strong, noting Jagger's abandonment of slick synthesisers in favour of an incisive and lean guitar sound.[citation needed]

Contemporary reviewers tend to consider Wandering Spirits a high point of Jagger's later career.


In 2001, Jagger released Goddess in the Doorway spawning the hit single "Visions of Paradise". In the same year, he also joined the fellow Keith Richards in the The Concert for New York City, a response to the September 11, 2001 attacks, to sing "Salt of the Earth" and "Miss You".

He celebrated The Rolling Stones' 40th anniversary by touring with them on the year-long Licks tour in support of their career retrospective Forty Licks double album.[21]

On 26 September 2007, The Rolling Stones made US$437 million on their A Bigger Bang Tour, which got them into the current edition of Guinness World Records for the most lucrative music tour.[22] Jagger has refused to say when the band will retire, stating in 2007: "I'm sure the Rolling Stones will do more things and more records and more tours. We've got no plans to stop any of that really."[23]


On 20 May 2011, Jagger announced the formation of a new supergroup, the first band he had formed since the Rolling Stones. The band, SuperHeavy includes Dave Stewart, Joss Stone, Damian Marley, and A.R. Rahman.[24]

In 2011, Mick Jagger had a song written about him, Moves Like Jagger, by Maroon 5 featuring Christina Aguilera.

Mick Jagger has featured on's 2011 single "Hard" which also featured Jennifer Lopez. A low quality version of the song leaked in October 2011. [25]

Relationship with Keith Richards

Jagger and Richards sharing vocals at a concert in San Francisco during the Rolling Stones 1972 US tour

Jagger's relationship with band mate Richards is frequently described as "love/hate" by the media.[26][27][28]

Richards himself said in a 1998 interview: "I think of our differences as a family squabble. If I shout and scream at him, it's because no one else has the guts to do it or else they're paid not to do it. At the same time I'd hope Mick realises that I'm a friend who is just trying to bring him into line and do what needs to be done."[29] Richards, along with Johnny Depp, tried unsuccessfully to persuade Jagger to appear in Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, alongside Depp and Richards.[30]

Richards' autobiography, Life, was released 26 October 2010.[31] On 15 October 2010, the Associated Press published an article stating that Richards refers to Mick Jagger as "unbearable" in the book and notes that their relationship has been strained "for decades."[32]

Acting and film production

Jagger has also had an intermittent acting career, most notably in Donald Cammell and Nicolas Roeg's Performance (1968) and as Australian bushranger Ned Kelly (1970).[33] He composed an improvised soundtrack for Kenneth Anger's film Invocation Of My Demon Brother on the Moog synthesiser in 1969. He auditioned for the role of Dr. Frank N. Furter in the 1975 film adaptation of The Rocky Horror Picture Show, a now iconic role that was eventually played by the original performer from its run on London's West End, Tim Curry. Appeared as himself in The Rutles film All You Need Is Cash in 1978. In the late 1970s, Jagger was cast as Wilbur, a main character in Werner Herzog's Fitzcarraldo. However, a delay and the illness of main actor Jason Robards (later replaced by Klaus Kinski) in the film's notoriously difficult production resulted in his being unable to continue due to schedule conflicts with a band tour; some of the footage of his work is shown in the documentary Burden of Dreams. He developed a reputation for playing the heavy later in his acting career in films including Freejack (1992), Bent (1997), and The Man From Elysian Fields (2002).

In 1995, Jagger founded Jagged Films with Victoria Pearman "[to] start my own projects instead of just going in other people's and being involved peripherally or doing music."[citation needed] Its first release was the World War II drama Enigma in 2001. That same year, it produced a documentary on Jagger entitled Being Mick. The program, which first aired on television 22 November, coincided with the release of his fourth solo album, Goddess in the Doorway.[34]

In 2008, the company began work on The Women, an adaptation of the George Cukor film of the same name. It was directed by Diane English.[35][36] Reviving the 1939 film met with countless delays, but Jagger's company was credited with obtaining $24 million of much-needed financing to finally begin casting. English told Entertainment Weekly: "This was much easier in 1939, when all the ladies were under contract, and they had to take the roles they were told to."

The Rolling Stones have been the subjects of numerous documentaries, including Gimme Shelter, which was made as the band was gaining fame in the United States. Martin Scorsese worked with Jagger on Shine a Light, a documentary film featuring the Rolling Stones with footage from the A Bigger Bang Tour during two nights of performances at New York's Beacon Theatre. It screened in Berlin in February 2008.[37] Variety's Todd McCarthy said the film "takes full advantage of heavy camera coverage and top-notch sound to create an invigorating musical trip down memory lane, as well as to provoke gentle musings on the wages of ageing and the passage of time."[38] He predicted the film would fare better once released to video than in its limited theatrical runs.

Jagger was a producer of, and guest-starred in the first episode of the short-lived comedy The Knights of Prosperity, which aired in 2007 on ABC.[39]

Personal life

Bianca De Macias, Jagger's first wife
Model Jerry Hall, Jagger's second wife

Jagger is known for his many high-profile relationships. He has been married twice and has had numerous romantic connections.

In 1970, Mick Jagger purchased Stargroves at East Woodhay in Hampshire as his country estate. It was often used as a recording venue. In the same year, he began a relationship with Nicaraguan-born Bianca De Macias, whom he married on 12 May 1971, in a Catholic ceremony in Saint-Tropez, France. The couple separated in 1977 and in May 1978, she filed for divorce on the grounds of his adultery.[40][41][42] Bianca later said "My marriage ended on my wedding day."[43] In late 1977, he began seeing model Jerry Hall,[44] while still married to Bianca. After a lengthy cohabitation and several children together, the couple married on 21 November 1990, in a Hindu beach ceremony in Indonesia and moved together to Downe House in Richmond, Surrey. Jagger later contested the validity of the ceremony, and the marriage was annulled in August 1999. Jagger has also been romantically linked to other women: Chrissie Shrimpton, Marianne Faithfull, Anita Pallenberg, Marsha Hunt, Pamela Des Barres, Uschi Obermaier, Bebe Buell, Carly Simon, Margaret Trudeau, Mackenzie Phillips, Janice Dickinson, Carla Bruni, Sophie Dahl and Angelina Jolie,[45] among others.[46][47][48][49][50][51]

Jagger has seven children by four women:[52]

He also has four grandchildren.[10][54]

His father, Joe, died of pneumonia on 11 November 2006, at the age of 93.[55] Although the Rolling Stones were on the A Bigger Bang Tour, Jagger flew to Britain on Friday to see his father before returning to Las Vegas the same day, where he was to perform on Saturday night. The show went ahead as scheduled.[56]

In 2008, it was revealed that members of the Hells Angels had plotted to murder Jagger in 1975. They were angered by Jagger's public blaming of the Hells Angels, who had been hired to provide "security" at the Altamont Free Concert in December 1969, for much of the crowd violence at the event. The conspirators reportedly used a boat to approach a residence where Jagger was staying on Long Island, New York; the plot failed when the boat was nearly sunk by a storm.[57]

Jagger is an avid cricket fan.[58] He founded Jagged Internetworks so he could get coverage of English Cricket.[58]

His personal fortune was estimated in 2010, at £190 million (~$298 million US).[59]

He said in September 2010 that he has a daily meditation and Buddhist practice.[60][61]


On 12 December 2003, Jagger was knighted for Services to Music, as Sir Michael Jagger by The Prince of Wales.[62][63] Mick Jagger's knighthood received mixed reactions. Some fans were disappointed when he accepted the honour as it seemed to contradict his anti-establishment stance.[64]

As United Press International noted, the honour is odd, for unlike other knighted rock musicians, he has no "known record of charitable work or public services," although he is a patron of the British Museum.[65] Jagger was absent from the Queen's Golden Jubilee pop concert at Buckingham Palace that marked her 50 years on the throne.[66]

Charlie Watts was quoted in the book According to the Rolling Stones as saying, "Anybody else would be lynched: 18 wives and 20 children and he's knighted, fantastic!"[67] The ceremony took place in December 2003. Jagger’s father and daughters Karis and Elizabeth were in attendance.[10]

Jagger's knighthood also caused some friction between him and bandmate Keith Richards, who was irritated when Jagger accepted the "paltry honour".[68] Richards said that he did not want to take the stage with someone wearing a "coronet and sporting the old ermine. It's not what the Stones is about, is it?"[63] Jagger retorted: "I think he would probably like to get the same honour himself. It's like being given an ice cream—one gets one and they all want one."[63]

Mick Jagger in popular culture

Mick Jagger's waistcoat displayed at the Hard Rock Cafe in Paris

From the time that the Rolling Stones developed their anti-establishment image in the mid-1960s, Mick Jagger, along with guitarist Keith Richards, has been an enduring icon of the counterculture. This was no doubt enhanced by his controversial drug-related arrests, sexually charged onstage antics, provocative song lyrics, and his role of the bisexual Turner in the 1970 film Performance. One of his biographers, Christopher Andersen, describes him as being "one of the dominant cultural figures of our time", adding that Jagger was "the story of a generation".[69]

Jagger, who at the time described himself as an anarchist[70] and espoused the leftist slogans of the era, took part in a demonstration against the Vietnam War outside the US Embassy in London in 1968. This event inspired him to write "Street Fighting Man" that same year[71] and served to reinforce his rebellious, anti-authority stance in the eyes of his fans.

A variety of celebrities attended a lavish party at New York's St. Regis Hotel to celebrate Jagger's 29th birthday and the end of the band's 1972 American tour. The party made the front pages of the leading New York newspapers.[72]

Pop artist Andy Warhol painted a series of silkscreen portraits of Jagger in 1975, one of which was owned by Farah Diba, wife of the Shah of Iran. It hung on a wall inside the royal palace in Teheran.[73] In 1967, Cecil Beaton photographed Jagger's naked buttocks, a photo that sold at Sotheby's auction house in 1986 for $4,000.[74]

In the 1980s film Rock and Rule, the main antagonist, Mok, was made to spoof Mick Jagger. Mok's original name was going to be "Mok Swagger", but Mick threatened to sue, so Mok was only referred to as "the Magic Man", instead of "Swagger", as originally intended.

On 26 September 2005 the British band Infadels released a single entitled "Jagger '67" which later appeared on their album We Are Not The Infadels. Jagger is directly referred to in pop singer Kesha's 2009 debut single Tik Tok. Jagger was allegedly a contender for the anonymous subject of Carly Simon's 1973 hit song You're So Vain, in which he sings backing vocals.[75] Although Don McLean does not use Jagger's name in his famous song "American Pie", he alludes to Jagger onstage at Altamont, calling him Satan.[76] (Jagger had assumed the guise of Satan in "Sympathy For The Devil", a track from the album Beggar's Banquet.)

In 2010 a retrospective exhibitions of portraits of Mick Jagger was presented at the festival Rencontres d'Arles, in France. The authors of the 70 pictures are Bryan Adams, Brian Aris, Enrique Badulescu, Cecil Beaton, Simone Cecchetti, William Christie, Anton Corbijn, Kevin Cummins, Sante D’Orazio, Deborah Feingold, Tony Frank, Claude Gassian, Harry Goodwin, Anwar Hussein, Karl Lagerfeld, Annie Leibovitz, Peter Lindbergh, Gered Mankowitz, Jim Marshall, David Montgomery, Terry O’Neill, Guy Peellaert, Jean-Marie Périer, Michael Putland, Ken Regan, Herb Ritts, Ethan Russell, Francesco Scavullo, Norman Seeff, Mark Seliger, Dominique Tarl, Pierre Terrasson, Andy Warhol, Albert Watson, Robert Whitaker, Baron Wolman. The catalogue of the exihibition is the first photo album of Mick Jagger and shows the evolution of the artist in 50 years of being king.[77]

A single entitled "Moves Like Jagger" was released in June 2011 on the television programme The Voice by judges Adam Levine and Christina Aguilera. The song is about Mick's onstage and ladykiller-esque swagger.

Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill's The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Volume III: Century, makes several references to Performance in its second issue, "Paint it Black", prominently featuring Mick Jagger's Turner character and features a fictionalized version of Brian Jones' tribute concert.


In the words of British dramatist and novelist Philip Norman, "the only point concerning Mick Jagger's influence over 'young people' that doctors and psychologists agreed on was that it wasn't, under any circumstances, fundamentally harmless."[78] According to Norman, even Elvis Presley at his most scandalous had not exerted a "power so wholly and disturbingly physical": "Presley", he wrote in 1984, "while he made girls scream, did not have Jagger's ability to make men feel uncomfortable."[78] Norman also associates the early performances of Jagger with the Rolling Stones in the 1960s as a male ballet dancer, with "his conflicting and colliding sexuality: the swan's neck and smeared harlot eyes allied to an overstuffed and straining codpiece."[78]

Other authors also attribute similar connotations to Jagger. His performance style has been studied in the academic field as an analysis concerning gender, image and sexuality.[79] It has been written for example that his performance style "opened up definitions of gendered masculinity and so laid the foundations for self-invention and sexual plasticity which are now an integral part of contemporary youth culture".[1] His stage personas also contributed significantly to the British tradition popular music that always featured the character song and where the art of singing becomes a matter of acting—which creates a question concerning the singer's relationship to his own words.[80] His voice, often cited as "thin and unexceptional", has been described as a powerful expressive tool for communicating feelings to his audience and expressing an alternative vision of society.[81] In order to express "virility and unrestrained passion" he would developed techniques previously used by African American preachers and gospel singers such as "the roar, the guttural belt style of singing, and the buzz, a more nasal and raspy sound".[81] Steven Van Zandt also wrote: "The acceptance of Jagger's voice on pop radio was a turning point in rock & roll. He broke open the door for everyone else. Suddenly, Eric Burdon and Van Morrison weren't so weird — even Bob Dylan."[82]

Allmusic has described Jagger as "one of the most popular and influential frontmen in the history of rock & roll".[2] In fact, musicians such as David Bowie joined many rock bands with blues, folk and soul orientations in his first attempts as a musician in the mid-60, and he was to recall: "I used to dream of being their Mick Jagger".[83] Bowie also would say later: "he is not a sex symbol, but a mother image."[84] Lenny Kravitz, in the Rolling Stone magazine edition for their List of 100 Greates Singers, in which Jagger was placed in 16º, wrote: "I sometimes talk to people who sing perfectly in a technical sense who don't understand Mick Jagger. [...] His sense of pitch and melody is really sophisticated. His vocals are stunning, flawless in their own kind of perfection."[85] This edition also cites Mick Jagger as a key influence on Jack White, Steven Tyler, and Iggy Pop.[85]

More recently, his cultural legacy is also associated with his aging accompanied by some vitality. Bon Jovi frontman Jon Bon Jovi, also a veteran, has said: "We continue to make Number One records and fill stadiums. But will we still be doing 150 shows per tour? I just can't see it. I don't know how the hell Mick Jagger does it at 67. That would be the first question I'd ask him. He runs around the stage as much as I do yet he's got almost 20 years on me."[86] Since his early career, Jagger embodied what some authors describes as a "Dionysian archetype" of "eternal youth" personified by many rock stars and the rock culture.[87] As wrote biographer Laura Jackson, "It is impossible to imagine current culture without the unique influence of Mick Jagger."[88]



Year Album details UK[89] US BPI / RIAA Certification
1985 She's the Boss 6

(11 wks)


(29 wks)

UK: Silver

US: Platinum

1987 Primitive Cool
  • Released: 14 September 1987
  • Label: CBS Records

(5 wks)


(20 wks)

1993 Wandering Spirit 12

(7 wks)


(16 wks)

US: Gold
2001 Goddess in the Doorway 44

(10 wks)


(8 wks)

UK: Silver
2007 The Very Best of Mick Jagger 57

(2 wks)


(2 wks)

2011 SuperHeavy 13

(4 wks)


(4 wks)


Year Album details US
2004 Alfie 171

(2 wks)


Release date A-side UK[89] UK
November 1970 "Memo from Turner" 32 (5 wks)
October 1978 "Don't Look Back" (with Peter Tosh) 43 (7 wks) 81 (5 wks)
June 1984 "State of Shock" (with The Jacksons) 14 (10 wks) 3 (14 wks) 3 (8 wks)
February 1985 "Just Another Night" 32 (6 wks) 12 (14 wks) 1 (13 wks) 11 (10 wks)
March 1985 "Lonely at the Top" 9 (12 wks)
May 1985 "Lucky in Love" 91 (3 wks) 38 (11 wks) 5 (12 wks) 11 (9 wks)
September 1985 "Dancing in the Street" (with David Bowie) 1 (15 wks) 7 (14 wks) 3 (9 wks) 4 (6 wks)
July 1986 "Ruthless People" 51 (8 wks) 14 (10 wks) 29 (6 wks)
September 1987 "Let's Work" 31 (7 wks) 39 (9 wks) 7 (6 wks) 32 (5 wks)
November 1987 "Throwaway" 67 (9 wks) 7 (11 wks)
December 1987 "Say You Will" 39 (1 wk)
January 1993 "Sweet Thing" 24 (4 wks) 9 (5 wks) 84 (6 wks) 34 (2 wks)
March 1993 "Wired All Night" 3 (15 wks)
April 1993 "Don't Tear Me Up" 86 (2 wks) 1 (18 wks)
July 1993 "Out of Focus" 70 (3 wks)
November 2001 "God Gave Me Everything" 24 (16 wks)
March 2002 "Visions of Paradise" 43 (1 wk) 57 (5 wks)
October 2004 "Old Habits Die Hard" (with Dave Stewart) 45 (2 wks)
January 2008 "Charmed Life" 18 (12 wks)
August 2011 "Miracle Worker" (with SuperHeavy) 136 (3 wks) 66 (4 wks) -
"—" denotes releases did not chart


Jagger has appeared in the following movies:

Year Title
1968 Sympathy for the Devil
1969 Invocation of My Demon Brother
1970 Gimme Shelter
Ned Kelly
1972 Umano non umano
1978 Wings of Ash (TV pilot for a dramatisation of the life of Antonin Artaud)
1978 All You Need is Cash (Mockumentary)
1981 Fitzcarraldo[90]
1982 Burden of Dreams
Let's Spend the Night Together
1987 Running Out of Luck
1991 At the Max
1992 Freejack
1997 Bent
1999 Mein liebster Feind (aka My Best Fiend)
2001 Enigma (cameo only, plus co-producer)
The Man from Elysian Fields
Being Mick
2003 Mayor of the Sunset Strip
2008 Shine a Light


  1. ^ a b Sheila Whiteley, Sexing the groove: popular music and gender, Routledge, 1997, p.67. ISBN 0415146704
  2. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Mick Jagger Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Anon. "Baptism entry for Mick Jagger, rock musician, from the registers of Dartford St. Alban for 6 October 1943.". Medway City Ark Document Gallery. Medway Council. Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  4. ^ "Deaths England and Wales 1984–2006". Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "Ancestry of Mick Jagger". Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
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External links

Источник: Mick Jagger

Keith Richards

Infobox musical artist
Name = Keith Richards

Img_capt =
Img_size = 250
Landscape = Yes
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name =
Alias = Keith Richard, Keef RiffHard, the Riffmaster
Born = birth date and age|1943|12|18|df=y
Dartford, Kent, England
Died =
Instrument = Guitar, vocals, bass
Genre = Rhythm and blues, rock and roll, blues, rock
Occupation = Musician, Songwriter, Producer
Years_active = 1962 - present
Label = Decca, Rolling Stones, Virgin
Associated_acts = The Rolling Stones, The New Barbarians, The X-Pensive Winos
URL = []
Notable_instruments = 1952 Fender Telecaster "Micawber"
1959 Gibson Les Paul

Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943) is an English guitarist, songwriter, singer, producer and a founding member of The Rolling Stones. As a guitarist, Richards is mostly known for his innovative rhythm playing. In 2003 Richards was ranked 10th on "Rolling Stone" magazine's "100 greatest guitarists of all time". [cite journal|url=|title=100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time|journal=Rolling Stone|issue=931|date=2003-09-22]

With songwriting partner and Rolling Stones lead vocalist Mick Jagger, Richards has written and recorded hundreds of songs, fourteen of which "Rolling Stone" magazine lists among the "500 Greatest Songs of All Time".cite web |title=The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time |publisher=Rolling Stone |date=9 December 2004 |url= |accessdate=2008-03-08 |]

Early life

Keith Richards, the only child of Bert Richards and Doris Dupree Richards, was born in Dartford, Kent. His father was a factory labourer slightly injured during World War II, and Richards' paternal grandparents were socialists and civic leaders.cite book |last=Bockris |first=Victor |title=Keith Richards: The Biography |publisher= Simon & Schuster |year=1993 |id=ISBN 0-671-87590-6 |pages=pg. 17-18] His maternal grandfather (Augustus Theodore Dupree), who toured Britain in a jazz big band called Gus Dupree and his Boys, was an early influence on Richards' musical ambitions and got him interested in playing guitar.Bockris 1993. pg. 29-30.]

Richards' mother introduced him to the music of Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington, and bought him his first guitar - a Rosetti acoustic - for seven pounds.Bockris 1993. pg. 33.] His father was less encouraging: "Every time the poor guy came in at night," Richards says, "he'd find me sitting at the top of the stairs with my guitar, playing and banging on the wall for percussion. He was great about it really. He'd only mutter, 'Stop that bloody noise.'"cite book |last=St. Michael |first=Mick |title=In His Own Words: Keith Richards |publisher=Omnibus Press |year=1994 |id=ISBN 0-7119-3636-X |page=pg. 75] Richards' first guitar hero was Scotty Moore.

Richards attended Wentworth Primary School, as did Mick Jagger; the two knew each other as schoolboys, and lived in the same neighbourhood until Richards' family moved to another section of Dartford in 1954.Bockris 1993. pg. 20, pg.22] From 1955 to 1959 Richards attended Dartford Technical School (now named Wilmington Grammar School),Bockris 1993. pg. 22] cite web |title=The Archives: Famous Old Boy Keith Richards |publisher=Old Dartechs' & Wilmingtonians' Association |url=|accessdate = 2008-03-02] where the choirmaster, Jake Clair, noticed his singing voice and recruited him into the school choir. As one of a trio of boy sopranos Richards sang (among other performances) at Westminster Abbey in front of Queen Elizabeth II - an experience that he has called his "first taste of show biz."Bockris 1993. pg. 27-28]

In 1959, Richards was expelled from Dartford Technical School for truancy, and the headmaster suggested he would be more at home at the art college in the neighboring town of Sidcup.Bockris 1993. pg. 30.] At Sidcup Art College Richards devoted his time to playing guitar, and first heard American blues artists like Little Walter and Big Bill Broonzy. He swapped a pile of records for his first electric guitar,Bockris 1993. pg. 34] a hollow-body Höfner cutaway. Fellow Sidcup student and future musical colleague Dick Taylor recalls, "There was a lot of music being played at Sidcup, and we'd go into the empty classrooms and fool around with our guitars. ... Even in those days Keith could play most of [Chuck Berry's] solos."Bockris 1993. pg. 34-35.] Taylor also remembers Richards experimenting with various drugs at Sidcup: "In order to stay up late with our music and still get to Sidcup in the morning, Keith and I were on a pretty steady diet of pep pills, which not only kept us awake but gave us a lift. We took all kinds of things - pills girls took for menstruation, inhalers like Nostrilene, and other stuff. Opposite the college, there was this little park with an aviary that had a cockatoo in it. Cocky the Cockatoo we used to call it. Keith used to feed it pep pills and make it stagger around on its perch. If ever we were feeling bored, we'd go and give another upper to Cocky."Bockris 1993. pg. 35-36.]

One morning in 1961, on the train journey from Dartford to Sidcup, Richards happened to get into the same carriage as Mick Jagger, who was then a student at the London School of Economics.Bockris 1993. pg. 38.] They recognized each other and began talking about the LPs Jagger had with him: blues and rhythm & blues albums he had acquired by mail-order from America. Richards was surprised and impressed that Jagger not only shared his enthusiasm for Chuck Berry and Muddy Waters, but also that he owned such LPs, which were extremely rare in Britain at the time. The two discovered that they had a mutual friend: Dick Taylor, with whom Jagger was singing in an amateur band called Little Boy Blue and the Blue Boys. Jagger invited Richards to come to a rehearsal, and soon after Richards also joined the line-up. The group disbanded after Jagger, Richards, and Taylor met Brian Jones and Ian Stewart, with whom they went on to form The Rolling Stones (Taylor exited in November of '62 to return to art school).

By mid-1962 Richards had left Sidcup Art College in favour of pursuing his fledgling musical career, and moved into a London flat with Jagger and Jones. His parents divorced about the same time. Richards maintained close ties with his mother, who was very supportive of his musical activities, but he became estranged from his father, and didn't resume contact with him until 1982.

From 1963 to 1978, Richards used the professional name "Keith Richard", which Rolling Stones manager Andrew Loog Oldham considered more suitable as a show-business name.

Musical career

Guitar playing

Richards has derived inspiration from Chuck Berry throughout his career. Little Boy Blue and the Blue Boys rehearsed many Berry numbers,cite book |last=Wyman |first=Bill |title=Rolling With the Stones |publisher=DK Publishing |year=2002 |id=ISBN 0-7894-9998-3 |page=pg. 30] and Jagger and Richards were largely responsible for bringing Berry and Bo Diddley covers into The Rolling Stones' early repertoire. Jimmy Reed and Muddy Waters records were another early source of inspiration, and the basis for the style of interwoven lead and rhythm guitar that Richards developed with founding Rolling Stones member Brian Jones.cite book |last=Jagger |first=Mick |coauthors=Richards, Keith; Watts, Charlie; Wood, Ronnie |title= According to the Rolling Stones |publisher= Chronicle Books |year=2003 |id=ISBN 0-8118-4060-3 |pages=pg. 39] When Jones was replaced by guitarist Mick Taylor, who worked with The Rolling Stones from 1969 to 1974, Taylor's playing style led to a more pronounced separation between the lead and rhythm guitar roles. In 1975 Taylor was replaced by Ronnie Wood, marking a return to the style of guitar interplay that he and Richards call "the ancient art of weaving".Jagger, Richards, Watts & Wood 2003. pg. 180.] Richards has said the years with Wood have been his most musically satisfying period in the Rolling Stones.Fact|date=March 2008

Richards often uses guitars with open tunings which allow for syncopated and ringing I-IV chording that can be heard on "Street Fighting Man" and "Start Me Up". He particularly favours a five-string variant of open G tuning (borrowed from Don Everly of the Everly Brothers), using GDGBD unencumbered by a droning low 6th string;cite web |last= Obrecht |first=Jas |title= Keith Richards Comes Clean on Distortion and the Meaning of Music |publisher=Guitar Player |year=1992 |url= |accessdate=2008-03-09 |] this tuning is prominent on numerous Rolling Stones tracks, including "Honky Tonk Women," "Brown Sugar" and "Start Me Up". Though he still uses standard tunings, Richards has said that his adoption of open tunings in the late 1960s led to a musical "rebirth". In that same time period, Brian Jones' declining contributions left Richards to record all the guitar parts on many tracks, including slide guitar, which had been Jones' specialty in the early years. Richards has rarely played slide in the years since Taylor and then Wood - both accomplished slide players - joined The Rolling Stones.

Richards - who owns over 1000 guitars, some of which he has not played but was simply given - is often associated with the Fender Telecaster, particularly with two 1950s Telecasters outfitted with Gibson PAF humbucker pickups in the neck position.citation |title=Play With Fire |magazine=Guitar Player |publisher=New Bay Media LLC |date=December 1989 |pages=pg. 113] Also notable was the 1959 Bigsby-equipped sunburst Les Paul that he acquired in 1964, which was the first "star owned" Les Paul in Britain. [cite book |last=Bacon |first=Tony |title=50 Years of the Gibson Les Paul |publisher=Backbeat Books |id=ISBN 0-87930-711-0 |pages=pg. 39] cite web |url= |title=The Keith Richards/Clapton Windsor Burst|accessdate=2008-02-14 |publisher=We Sell Guitars Limited| ] Since 1997 a Bigsby-equipped ebony Gibson ES-355 has served as one of his main stage guitars.cite video |people=The Rolling Stones |title=Bridges to Babylon |medium=DVD released 1999 |publisher=Warner Home Video |year2=1997 ] cite video |people=The Rolling Stones |title=The Biggest Bang |medium=DVD released 2007 |publisher=Universal Music Operations |year2=2005-06 ] Even though Richards has used many different guitar models, in a 1986 "Guitar World" interview he joked that no matter what model he plays, "give me five minutes and I'll make 'em all sound the same."Citation |last=Santoro |first=Gene |title=The Mojo Man Rocks Out |newspaper=Guitar World, March 1986, reprinted (2006) in Guitar Legends: The Rolling Stones |publisher=Future plc |year=1986 |pages=pg. 24 ]

In 1965 Richards used a Gibson Maestro fuzzbox to achieve the distinctive tone of his riff on "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction";Citation |last=Bosso |first=Joe |title=No Stone Unturned |magazine=Guitar Legends: The Rolling Stones |publisher=Future plc |pages=pg. 12 |year=2006 ] the success of the resulting single boosted the sales of the device to the extent that all available stock had sold out by the end of 1965.cite web |title=Sold on Song: (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction |publisher=BBC | |url= |accessdate=2008-03-09 |] In the 1970s and early 1980s Richards frequently used guitar effects such as a wah-wah pedal, a phaser and a Leslie speaker,cite book |last=Dalton |first=David |title=The Rolling Stones: The First Twenty Years |publisher= Alfred A. Knopf |year=1981 |id=ISBN 0-394-52427-6 |pages=pg. 163] but he mainly relies on combining "the right amp with the right guitar" to achieve the sound he wants.citation |last=Wheeler |first=Tom |title=Keith Richards: Not Fade Away |magazine=Guitar Player |publisher=New Bay Media LLC |date=December 1989]

Richards considers acoustic guitar to be the basis for his playing,cite web |title=1995 Guitar World Interview with Keith |url=
accessdate = 2008-03-03
] and has said: "Every guitar player should play acoustic at home. No matter what else you do, if you don't keep up your acoustic work, you're never going to get the full potential out of an electric, because you lose that touch." Richards' acoustic guitar is featured on tracks throughout the Rolling Stones' career, including hits like "Not Fade Away", "Brown Sugar", "Beast of Burden" and "Almost Hear You Sigh". All the guitars on the studio version of "Street Fighting Man" are Richards on acoustic, distorted by overloading a small cassette recorder microphone, a technique also used on "Jumping Jack Flash".cite web |last =McPherson |first=Ian |title=Track Talk: Street Fighting Man |url= |accessdate=2008-03-09 | ]


Richards' backing vocals appear on every Rolling Stones album; and on most albums since "Between the Buttons" (1967), he has sung lead or co-lead on at least one track (see list below). Richards views the vocal training he got in his choirboy days as part of his professional arsenal, and has said of his own singing: "It's not the most beautiful voice in the world anymore, but the Queen liked it, when it was at its best ... It's not been my job, singing, but to me, if you're gonna write songs, you've got to know how to sing."cite book |last=Booth |first=Stanley |title=Keith: Till I Roll Over Dead |publisher=Headline Book Publishing |year=1994 |id=ISBN 0-7472-0770-4 |pages=pg. 173-174]

On stage, Richards began taking a regular lead-vocal turn in 1972, singing "Happy" (from the album "Exile on Main Street"). "Happy" has become something of a "Richards signature tune", featured on most Rolling Stones tours ever since,cite book |last=Appleford |first=Steve |title=The Rolling Stones: Rip This Joint: The Story Behind Every Song |publisher=Thunder's Mouth Press |year=2000 |id=ISBN 1-56025-281-2 |pages=pg. 119] as well as on both of Richards' solo tours. From 1972 to 1982, Richards routinely took one lead-vocal turn during Rolling Stones concerts; since 1989 he has normally sung lead on two numbers per show. Each of the band's studio albums since "Dirty Work" (1986) have also featured Richards' lead vocals on at least two tracks.

During concerts on the two final legs (autumn 2006 and summer 2007) of The Rolling Stones' Bigger Bang Tour, Richards set his guitar aside to sing his 1969 ballad "You Got the Silver" without self-accompaniment.cite video |people=The Rolling Stones |title=Shine a Light |medium= DVD released 2008 |publisher=Universal |year2=2006 ] Prior to that he had occasionally switched from guitar to keyboards in concert,cite video |people=Ronnie Wood & Band |title=The First Barbarians Live From Kilburn |medium= DVD released 2007 |publisher =Wooden Records |year2=1974 ] cite video |people=The New Barbarians |title=Buried Alive: Live in Maryland |medium=CD released 2006 |publisher=Wooden Records |year2=1979 ] but these concerts were the first time since his choirboy days that Richards appeared on stage armed with only his voice.

Other instruments

Richards has played bass on about two dozen Rolling Stones studio recordings, from "Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?" (1966) through "Infamy" (2005).cite web |last =McPherson |first=Ian |title=Track Talk |url= | ] One unusual instance was when he and Bill Wyman joined forces to play the bowed double bass on "Ruby Tuesday" (1967) - Wyman did the fingerboard work while Richards manned the bow.cite web |last=McPherson |first=Ian |title=Track Talk: Ruby Tuesday |url= |accessdate=2008-03-17 | ] The rest of Richards' bass-playing contributions have been on bass guitar, on tracks including "Jumpin' Jack Flash" (1968), "Sympathy for the Devil" (1968), "Live With Me" (1969), "Before They Make Me Run" (1978), "Sleep Tonight" (1986) and "Brand New Car" (1994). He has also played bass on stage on a couple of occasions: with The Dirty Mac in 1968 (see "Recordings with other artists", below) and on "Sympathy for the Devil" at a Rolling Stones concert at Madison Square Garden in June 1975.

Richards' keyboard playing has also been featured on several Rolling Stones tracks, including "She Smiled Sweetly" (1967), "Memory Motel" (1976), "All About You" (1980), "Thru and Thru" (1994) and "This Place Is Empty" (2005), among others. He sometimes composes on piano - "Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?" and "Let's Spend the Night Together" are two early examples;cite web |last =McPherson |first=Ian |title=Track Talk: Let's Spend the Night Together |url= |accessdate=2008-03-17 | ] and he's said of his keyboard playing: "Maybe I'm a little more accomplished now - to me it's just a way of getting out of always using one instrument to write."St. Michael 1994. pg. 26] Richards played keyboards on stage at two 1974 concerts with Ronnie Wood, and on The New Barbarians' tour in 1979; and 1977 and 1981 studio sessions featuring his piano and vocals have been well documented, though never officially released.Bockris 1993. pg. 259-260] cite web |last= Markle |first=Gilbert |title=Diary of a Studio Owner |year=1982 |url=
accessdate=2008-03-17 |

Richards has also contributed percussion to a few Rolling Stones tracks, including the floor tom on "Jumpin' Jack Flash"cite web |last=McPherson |first=Ian |title=Track Talk: Jumpin' Jack Flash |url=|accessdate=2008-03-17 | ] and bicycle spokes on "Continental Drift" (1989).cite web |last=McPherson |first=Ian |title=Track Talk: Continental Drift |url= |accessdate=2008-03-01 | ]


Richards and Jagger began writing songs together in 1963, following the example of the Beatles' Lennon/McCartney and the encouragement of Rolling Stones manager Andrew Loog Oldham, who saw little future for a cover band.cite book |last=Oldham |first=Andrew Loog |title=Stoned |publisher=St. Martin's Griffin |year=2000 |id=ISBN 0-312-27094-1 |pages=pg. 249-251] The earliest Jagger/Richards collaborations were recorded by other artists, including Gene Pitney, whose rendition of "That Girl Belongs to Yesterday" was their first top-ten single in the UK.cite book |last=Elliott |first=Martin |title= The Rolling Stones: Complete Recording Sessions 1962-2002 |publisher=Cherry Red Books |year=2002 |id=ISBN 1-901447-04-9 |page=pg. 16] Richards recalls: "We were writing these terrible pop songs that were becoming Top 10 hits. ... They had nothing to do with us, except we wrote 'em."cite web |last =McPherson |first=Ian |title=Jagger/Richards: Songwriters |url= |accessdate=2008-03-17 | ] The Rolling Stones' first top-ten hit with a Jagger/Richards original was "The Last Time" (1965);Elliott 2002. pg. 60] "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" (also 1965) was their first international #1 recording. (Richards has stated that the "Satisfaction" riff came to him in his sleep; he woke up just long enough to record it on a cassette player by his bed.)Booth 1994. pg. 51] Since "Aftermath" (1966) most Rolling Stones albums have consisted mainly of Jagger/Richards originals. Their songs reflect the influence of blues, R&B, rock & roll, pop, soul, gospel and country, as well as forays into psychedelia and Dylanesque social commentary. Their work in the 1970s and beyond has incorporated elements of funk, disco, reggae and punk. Richards has also written and recorded slow torchy ballads, such as "All About You" (1980).

In his solo career, Richards has often shared co-writing credits with drummer and co-producer Steve Jordan. Richards has said: "I've always thought songs written by two people are better than those written by one. You get another angle on it."

Richards has frequently stated that he feels less like a creator than a conduit when writing songs: "I don't have that God aspect about it. I prefer to think of myself as an antenna. There's only one song, and Adam and Eve wrote it; the rest is a variation on a theme."

Richards was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1993.cite web |title=Inductees: Keith Richards |publisher=Songwriters Hall of Fame |url=
accessdate = 2008-03-03

Record production

Richards has been active as a record producer since the 1960s. He was credited as producer and musical director on the 1966 album "Today's Pop Symphony", one of manager Andrew Loog Oldham's side projects, although there are doubts about how much Richards was actually involved with it.Wyman 2002. pg. 224.] On the Rolling Stones' 1967 album "Their Satanic Majesties Request" the entire band was credited as producer, but since 1974, Richards and Mick Jagger have frequently co-produced Rolling Stones and other artists' records under the joint name "The Glimmer Twins", often in collaboration with other producers.

Since the 1980s Richards has chalked up numerous production and co-production credits on projects with other artists including Aretha Franklin, Johnnie Johnson and Ronnie Spector, as well as on his own albums with the X-Pensive Winos (see below). In the 1990s Richards co-produced and added guitar and vocals to a recording of nyabinghi Rastafarian chanting and drumming entitled "Wingless Angels", released on Richards' own record label, Mindless Records, in 1997.

olo recordings

Richards released his first solo single - his renditions of Chuck Berry's "Run Rudolph Run" and Jimmy Cliff's "The Harder They Come" - in late 1978, but since Richards has generally resisted sustained ventures outside of The Rolling Stones, his solo recordings are fewer than those of Mick Jagger, Ronnie Wood, Bill Wyman, and Charlie Watts. It was only after Jagger refused to tour with The Rolling Stones behind "Dirty Work" in 1986 that Richards began to actively pursue solo work. In 1987 he formed Keith Richards and the X-pensive Winos (first named Organised Crime) with Steve Jordan, drummer on some tracks on "Dirty Work" and in the film "Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll", which Richards had also worked on (see below).

Besides Steve Jordan, the X-pensive Winos included Sarah Dash, Waddy Wachtel, Bobby Keys, Ivan Neville and Charley Drayton. Their first release, "Talk Is Cheap" (which also featured session musicians Bernie Worrell, Bootsy Collins and Maceo Parker), produced no Top 40 hits, though it went gold and has remained a consistent seller. It spawned a brief U.S. tour - one of only two that Richards has done as a solo artist. The first tour is documented on the Virgin release "Live at the Hollywood Palladium, December 15, 1988". In 1992 "Main Offender" was released, and following a "warm-up concert" in Buenos Aires, the X-Pensive Winos (including a new member, backing vocalist Babi Floyd) toured Europe and North America.cite web |last =Zentgraf |first=Nico |title=The Complete Works of the Rolling Stones 1962-2008 |url=|accessdate=2008-02-23 | ]

Recordings with other artists

During the 1960s most of Richards' recordings with artists other than The Rolling Stones were sessions for Andrew Oldham's Immediate Records label. Notable exceptions were when Richards, along with Mick Jagger and numerous other guests, sang on The Beatles' 1967 TV broadcast of "All You Need Is Love"; and when he played bass with John Lennon, Eric Clapton, and Mitch Mitchell as The Dirty Mac for "The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus" TV special, filmed in 1968.cite video |people=The Rolling Stones, The Dirty Mac, et al| title=Rock and Roll Circus |medium=DVD released 2004 |publisher=ABKCO Films |year2=1968 ]

In the 1970s Richards worked outside The Rolling Stones with Ronnie Wood on several occasions, contributing guitar, piano and vocals to Wood's first two solo albums and joining him on stage for two July 1974 concerts to promote "I've Got My Own Album to Do".cite video |people=Ronnie Wood & Band |title=The First Barbarians Live From Kilburn |medium= DVD released 2007 |publisher =Wooden Records |year2=1974 ] In December 1974 Richards also made a guest appearance at a Faces concert. In 1976-77 Richards played on and co-produced John Phillips' solo recording "Pay, Pack & Follow" (released in 2001). In 1979 he toured the U.S. with The New Barbarians, the band that Wood put together to promote his album "Gimme Some Neck"; he and Wood also contributed guitar and backing vocals to "Truly" on Ian McLagan's 1979 album "Troublemaker" (re-released in 2005 as "Here Comes Trouble").

Since the 1980s Richards has made more frequent guest appearances. In 1981 he played on reggae singer Max Romeo's album "Holding Out My Love to You". He has worked with Tom Waits on two occasions, adding guitar and backing vocals to Waits' 1985 album "Rain Dogs", and co-writing, playing and sharing the lead vocal on "That Feel" on "Bone Machine " (1992). In 1986 Richards produced and played on Aretha Franklin's rendition of "Jumping Jack Flash" and served as musical producer and band leader (or as he phrased it "S&M director")cite video |people=Chuck Berry, Keith Richards, et al|title=Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll |medium=DVD released 2006 |publisher=Universal City Studios Inc |year2=1986 ] for the Chuck Berry film "Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll".

In the 1990s and 2000s Richards has continued to contribute to a wide range of musical projects as a guest artist. A few of the notable sessions he has done include guitar and vocals on Johnnie Johnson's 1991 release "Johnnie B. Bad", which he also co-produced; and lead vocals and guitar on "Oh Lord, Don’t Let Them Drop That Atomic Bomb on Me" on the 1992 Charles Mingus tribute album "Weird Nightmare". He duetted with country legend George Jones on "Say It's Not You" on the "Bradley Barn Sessions" (1994); a second duet from the same sessions - "Burn Your Playhouse Down" - appeared on Jones' 2008 release "Burn Your Playhouse Down - The Unreleased Duets". He partnered with Levon Helm on "Deuce and a Quarter" for Scotty Moore's album "All the King's Men" (1997). His guitar and lead vocals are featured on the Hank Williams tribute album "Timeless" (2001) and on veteran blues guitarist Hubert Sumlin's album "About Them Shoes" (2005). Richards also added guitar and vocals to Toots & the Maytals' recording of "Careless Ethiopians" for their 2004 album "True Love" and to their re-recording of "Pressure Drop", which came out in 2007 as the b-side to Richards' iTunes re-release of "Run Rudolph Run".

Rare and unreleased recordings

In 2006 The Rolling Stones released "Rarities 1971-2003", which includes some rare and limited-issue recordings, but Richards has described the band's released output as the "tip of the iceberg".Fact|date=March 2008 Many of the band's unreleased songs and studio jam sessions are widely bootlegged, as are numerous Richards solo recordings, including his 1977 Toronto studio sessions, some 1981 studio sessions and tapes made during his 1983 wedding trip to Mexico.

Public image and private life

Richards, who has been frank about his habits, has earned notoriety for his decadent outlaw image. Rock critic Nick Kent summed up his 1970s
Lord Byron figure. He was mad, bad, and dangerous to know."Bockris 1993. pg. 213.] In 1994 Richards said of this
citation |title=Ladies and Gentlemen, the Interesting Old Farts |last=Deevoy |first=Adrian |magazine=Q |publisher=EMAP Metro |date=August 1994 |pages=pg. 91]

Richards has been tried on drug-related charges five times: in 1967, twice in 1973, in 1977 and in 1978.Bockris 1993. pg. 133-135, pg. 215-216, pg. 280-283.] cite book |last=Flippo |first=Chet |title=On the Road with the Rolling Stones |publisher= Doubleday/Dolphin |year=1985 |id=ISBN 0-385-19374 |pages=pg. 177-178] The first trial - the only one involving a prison sentence - resulted from a February 1967 police raid on Redlands, Richards' Sussex estate, where he and some friends, including Jagger, were spending the weekend.cite book |last=Booth |first=Stanley |title=The True Adventures of the Rolling Stones (2nd edition) |publisher=A Capella Books |year=2000 |id=ISBN 1-55652-400-5 |pages=pg. 243-245] The subsequent arrest of Richards and Jagger put them on trial before the court of public opinion and Her Majesty. On 29 June Jagger was sentenced to three months' imprisonment for possession of four amphetamine tablets; Richards was found guilty of allowing cannabis to be smoked on his property and sentenced to one year in prison.Booth 2000. pg. 276.] Both Jagger and Richards were imprisoned at that point, but were released on bail the next day pending appeal.Booth 2000. pg. 277.] On 1 July "The Times" ran an editorial entitled "Who breaks a butterfly on a wheel?", portraying Jagger's sentence as persecution, and public sentiment against the convictions increased.Wyman 2002. pg. 286.] A month later the appeals court overturned Richards' conviction for lack of evidence, while Jagger was given a conditional discharge.Booth 2000. pg. 278-279.] The most serious charges Richards faced resulted from his arrest on 27 February 1977 at Toronto's Harbour Castle Hotel (), when the Royal Canadian Mounted Police found him in possession of "22 grams of heroin".citation |last=Greenspan |first=Edward (editor) |title=Regina v. Richards 49 C.C.C. (2d) |journal=Canadian Criminal Cases, Canada Law Book |year=1980 |pages=pg. 518] Richards was originally charged with "possession of heroin for the purpose of trafficking" - an offence that under the Criminal Code of Canada can result in prison sentences of seven years to life.Flippo 1985. pg. 67-68.] His passport was confiscated and Richards and his family remained in Toronto until 1 April, when Richards was allowed to enter the US on a medical visa for treatment for heroin addiction.Bockris 1993. pg. 261-263.] The charge against him was later reduced to "simple possession of heroin".Flippo 1985. pg. 134.]

For the next two years, Richards lived under threat of criminal sanction. Throughout this period he remained active with The Rolling Stones, recording their biggest-selling studio album, "Some Girls", and touring North America. Richards was tried in October 1978, pleading guilty to possession of heroin.Flippo 1985. pg. 134-136.] Wyman 2002. pg. 453.] He was given a suspended sentence and put on probation for one year, with orders to continue treatment for heroin addiction and to perform a benefit concert on behalf of the Canadian National Institute for the Blind.Flippo 1985. pg. 178.] Although the prosecution had filed an appeal of the sentence, Richards performed two CNIB benefit concerts at Oshawa Civic Auditorium on 22 April 1979; both shows featured The Rolling Stones and The New Barbarians.citation |title= Back Pages: Will Canada Get Its Pound of Flesh from Keith Richards? |last=O'Neill Jr |first=Lou |magazine=Circus |date=29 May 1979 |] In September 1979 the Ontario Court of Appeal upheld the original sentence.Greenspan 1990. pg. 518.]

Later in 1979, Richards met future wife, model Patti Hansen. They married on 18 December 1983, Richards' 40th birthday, and have two daughters, Theodora and Alexandra, born in 1985 and 1986 respectively.

Richards maintains cordial relations with Italian born actress Anita Pallenberg, the mother of his first three children; although they were never married, Richards and Pallenberg were a couple from 1967 to 1979. Together they have a son, Marlon (named after the actor Marlon Brando), born in 1969,Wyman 2002. pg. 343.] and a daughter, Angela (nee Dandelion), born in 1972.Wyman 2002. pg. 392.] Their third child, a boy named Tara (after Richards' close friend Tara Browne), died on 6 June 1976, less than three months after his birth.Bockris 1993. pg. 242, pg. 246]

Richards still owns Redlands, the Sussex estate he purchased in 1966, as well as a home in Weston, Connecticut and another in Turks & Caicos.citation |title=Mick's a Maniac: Interview with Keith Richards |last=Mueller |first=Andrew |magazine=Uncut |publisher=IPC Media |date=April 2008 |pages=pg. 38] He is an avid reader with a strong interest in history and an extensive library.cite web |last=Braun |first=Liz |title=Richards Turns a New Page |publisher=Edmonton Sun |date=8 March 2008 |url= |accessdate=2008-03-08 |] cite book |last=Ellis |first=Estelle |coauthors= Seebohm, Carol and Sykes, Christopher Simon |title= At Home with Books: How Booklovers Live with and Care for Their Libraries |publisher= Clarkson Potter |year=1995 |id=ISBN 0-517-59500-1 |pages=pg. 209-212]

Recent news

On 27 April 2006, Richards, while in Fiji, suffered a head injury after falling out of a tree; he subsequently underwent cranial surgery at a New Zealand hospital.cite web |title=Kiwi Doctor Rolls with the Stones |publisher=Sunday Star Times |date=10 February 2008 |url= |accessdate=2008-03-05] The incident caused a six-week delay in launching The Rolling Stones' 2006 European tour and the rescheduling of several shows; the revised tour schedule included a brief statement from Richards apologising for "falling off his perch".cite web |title=Keith Richards Is Given the All Clear to Get Back to Work As Stones Announce New Itinerary for European Shows| |date=2 June 2006 |url= |accessdate = 2008-03-05] The band made up most of the postponed dates in 2006, and toured Europe in the summer of 2007 to make up the remainder.

In August 2006 Richards was granted a pardon by Arkansas governor (and former Republican Presidential candidate) Mike Huckabee for a 1975 reckless driving citation. [cite news|url=|title=Huckabee prepares pardon papers for rocker Keith Richards|publisher=Arkansas News Bureau|date=2006-07-20]

On 12 March 2007 Richards attended the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame ceremony to induct The Ronettes; he also played guitar during the ceremony's all-star jam.

In an April 2007 interview for "NME" magazine, music journalist Mark Beaumont asked Richards what the strangest thing he ever snorted was,citation |title=Snortergate: The True Story (Interview with Mark Beaumont) |magazine=Uncut |publisher=IPC Media |date=September 2007 |pages=pg. 55] and quoted him as replying: "My father. I snorted my father. He was cremated and I couldn't resist grinding him up with a little bit of blow. My dad wouldn't have cared ... It went down pretty well, and I'm still alive."cite web |title=Exclusive: Keith Richards: 'I Snorted My Dad's Ashes' |publisher=New Musical Express |date=3 April 2007 |url=|accessdate=2007-04-04 |] cite web |title=Keith Richards: Read the Interview the World Is Talking About |publisher=New Musical Express |date=4 April 2007 |url=|accessdate=2007-04-04 |] In the media uproar that followed, Richards' manager said that the anecdote had been meant as a joke; [cite news |url=|title=Did Keith Richards Really Snort His Dad's Ashes? No — It Was A Joke!|publisher=MTV|date=2007-04-03] Beaumont told "Uncut" magazine that the interview had been conducted by telephone and that he had misquoted Richards at one point (reporting that Richards had said he listens to Motörhead, when what he had said was Mozart), but that he believed the ash-snorting anecdote was true. Richards later confirmed in an interview with "Mojo" magazine that he had, in fact, snorted his father's ashes - with no cocaine mixed in - before burying them under an oak tree: "I said I'd chopped him up "like" cocaine, not "with". I opened his box up and ... out comes a bit of dad on the dining room table. I'm going, 'I can't use a brush and dustpan for this.'"citation |title= Keith Richards: The Mojo Interview |last=Doyle |first=Tom |magazine=Mojo |publisher=EMAP Performance Ltd. |date=September 2007 |pages=pg. 60 ]

Doris Richards, the guitarist's 91-year-old mother, died of cancer in England on 21 April 2007. An official statement released by a Richards representative stated that Richards, her only child, kept a vigil by her bedside during her last days. [cite web |title=Rolling Stone Keith Richards' mother dies |date=24 April 2007 |publisher=ABC News Online|url= |accessdate=2007-04-24 |] [cite web |title=Keith Richards’s Mum Dies |publisher=MTV Music Television |url= |date=24 April 2007 |accessdate=2007-04-24|]

Richards made a cameo appearance as Captain Teague, the father of Captain Jack Sparrow (played by Johnny Depp), in ', released in May 2007,cite web |last=Wild |first=Davido |title=Johnny Depp & Keith Richards: "Pirates of the Caribbeans Blood Brothers |publisher=Rolling Stone |date=31 May 2007 |url=|accessdate=2008-03-06 |] and won the Best Celebrity Cameo award at the 2007 Spike Horror Awards for the role.cite web |title=Keith Wins Spike Award | |date=24 October 2007 |url= |accessdate = 2008-03-05] Depp has stated that he based many of Sparrow's mannerisms on Richards.

In August 2007 Richards signed a publishing deal for his autobiography, scheduled to come out in 2010.cite web |last=Rich |first=Motoko |title=A Rolling Stone Prepares to Gather His Memories |publisher=New York Times |date=1 August 2007|url= |accessdate=2008-03-06 |]

In March 2008 fashion house Louis Vuitton unveiled an advertising campaign featuring a photo of Richards with his ebony Gibson ES-355, taken by photographer Annie Leibovitz. Richards donated the fee for his involvement to The Climate Project, an organization for raising environmental awareness.cite web |title= Keith Richards the New Face of Louis Vuitton |publisher=Sydney Morning Herald |date=5 March 2008 |url=,26278,23322613-5007192,00.html
accessdate=2008-03-05 |

olo discography


* "Talk is Cheap" (3 October 1988) UK #37 3 wks; US #24 23 wks; Japan #5 7 wks
* "Live at the Hollywood Palladium, December 15, 1988" (10 December 1991) Japan #54 4 wks
* "Main Offender" (19 October 1992) UK #45 1 wk; US #99 10 wks; Japan #18 5 wks


* "Run Rudolph Run" b/w "The Harder They Come" (December 1978)
* "Take It So Hard" (October 1988) #3 US Mainstream Rock
* "You Don't Move Me" (November 1988) #18 US Mainstream Rock
* "Struggle" (February 1989) #47 US Mainstream Rock
* "Wicked As It Seems" (October 1992) #3 US Mainstream Rock
* "Eileen" (January 1993) #17 US Mainstream Rock

Guest appearances on other artists' releases

* The Beatles: backing vocals on "All You Need Is Love" broadcast (1967)
* The Dirty Mac: "The Rolling Stones' Rock & Roll Circus" (recorded 1968, released 2004): bass on "Yer Blues" and "Her Blues"
* Billy Preston: "That's the Way God Planned It" (1969): guitar
* Alexis Korner: "Musically Rich...and Famous: Anthology 1967-1982" (2003): guitar on "Get Off of My Cloud" (recorded 1974 or 1975)
* Ronnie Wood: "I've Got My Own Album to Do" (1974): co-composer, guitar and vocals on "Sure the One You Need"; co-composer, guitar, piano and backing vocals on "Act Together"; guitar and backing vocals on several other tracks; "The First Barbarians Live From Kilburn" (recorded 1974, released 2007): guitar, vocals, keyboards; "Now Look" (1975): guitar and backing vocals on "Breathe on Me", "I Can't Stand the Rain" and "I Can Say She's Alright"; "Gimme Some Neck" (1979): guitar and backing vocals on "Buried Alive", backing vocals on "Seven Days"
* Faces: "The Faces' Final Concert" (recorded 1974, released 2000): guitar on "Sweet Little Rock & Roller", "I’d Rather Go Blind" and "Twistin’ The Night Away"
* John Phillips: "Pay, Pack & Follow" (recorded 1976–1977, released 2001): co-producer, guitar, backing vocals
* Peter Tosh: "Bush Doctor" (1978): guitar
* The New Barbarians: "Buried Alive" (recorded 1979, released 2006): guitar, piano, lead and backing vocals
* Ian McLagan: "Troublemaker" (1979, re-released in 2005 as "Here Comes Trouble"): guitar and backing vocals on "Truly"
* Max Romeo: "Holding Out My Love For You" (1981): guitar, mixing
* Tom Waits: "Rain Dogs" (1985): guitar and backing vocals on "Big Black Mariah", "Union Square" and "Blind Love"; "Bone Machine" (1992): co-composer, guitar and vocals on "That Feel"
* "Sun City: Artists United Against Apartheid" (1985): co-composer and guitar on "Silver and Gold"
* Aretha Franklin: "Jumpin' Jack Flash" film soundtrack (1986): producer and guitar on title track
* Chuck Berry concert film "Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll" (1987): musical producer, guitar and backing vocals
* Nona Hendryx: "Female Trouble" (1987): guitar on "Rock This House"
* Ziggy Marley: "Conscious Party" (1988): guitar on "Lee & Molly"
* Feargal Sharkey: "Wish" (1988): guitar on "More Love"
* The Dirty Strangers: "Dirty Strangers" (1988): guitar
* Johnnie Johnson: "Johnnie B. Bad" (1991): co-producer, guitar and vocals on "Key to the Highway", co-composer and guitar on "Tanqueray"
* John Lee Hooker: "Mr. Lucky" (1991): guitar on "Crawling King Snake", guitar and backing vocals on "Whiskey and Wimmen"
* The Neville Brothers: "Uptown" (1991): guitar
* "Weird Nightmare: Meditations on Mingus" (1992): guitar and vocals on "Oh Lord Don't Let Them Drop That Atomic Bomb on Me"
* George Jones: "Bradley Barn Sessions" (1994): guitar and vocals on "Say It's Not You"; "Burn Your Playhouse Down - The Unreleased Duets" (2008): vocals on "Burn Your Playhouse Down" (recorded in 1994)
* Bernie Worrell: "Funk of Ages" (1994): guitar
* Bobby Womack: "Resurrection" (1994): guitar
* Marianne Faithfull: "A Collection" (1994): co-producer and guitar on "Ghost Dance"
* The Chieftains: "Long Black Veil" (1995): guitar on "The Rocky Road to Dublin"
* Ivan Neville: "Thanks" (1995): guitar; "Scrape" (2004): guitar
* Bo Diddley: "A Man Amongst Men" (1996): guitar on "Bo Diddley Is Crazy"
* B.B. King: "Deuces Wild" (1997): guitar on "Paying the Cost to Be the Boss"
* "Wingless Angels" (1997): co-producer, guitar, backing vocals
* Scotty Moore: "All the King's Men" (1997): guitar and vocals on "Deuce and a Quarter"
* Jimmy Rogers All-Stars: "Blues Blues Blues" (1999): guitar on "Trouble No More", "Don't Start Me Talkin'" and "Goin' Away"
* Sheryl Crow: "Sheryl Crow & Friends: Live From Central Park" (1999): guitar and vocals on "Happy"
* Charlie Watts: "Charlie Watts - Jim Keltner Project" (2000): guitar on "The Elvin Suite"
* "Timeless: Tribute to Hank Williams" (2001): guitar and vocals on "You Win Again"
* Peter Wolf: "Sleepless" (2002): guitar and vocals on "Too Close Together"
* Willie Nelson & Friends: "Stars & Guitars" (2002): guitar and vocals on "Dead Flowers"; "Outlaws & Angels" (2004): guitar and vocals on "We Had It All", guitar on "Trouble in Mind" and "Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On"
* Hubert Sumlin: "About Them Shoes" (2004) – guitar and vocals on "Still a Fool", guitar on "I Love the Life I Lead" and "Little Girl"
* Toots & the Maytals: "True Love" (2004): guitar and vocals on "Careless Ethiopians"; guitar and backing vocals on "Pressure Drop" (released 2007)
* "Return to Sin City: A Tribute to Gram Parsons" (2004): guitar and vocals on "Love Hurts", "Hickory Wind" and "Wild Horses"
* "Make It Funky" (2005): guitar and vocals on "I'm Ready"
* Les Paul & Friends: "American Made World Played" (2005): guitar on "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl"
* Buddy Guy: "Bring 'Em In" (2005): guitar on "The Price You Gotta Pay"
* Jerry Lee Lewis: "Last Man Standing: The Duets" (2006): guitar and vocals on "That Kind of Fool"
* Ronnie Spector: "Last of the Rock Stars" (2006): guitar and vocals on "It's Gonna Work Out Fine", guitar on "All I Want"
* Lee "Scratch" Perry: "Scratch Came Scratch Saw Scratch Conquered" (2008): guitar on "Heavy Voodoo" and "Once There's a Will There's a Way"

Lead vocals on Rolling Stones albums

Below is a list of the officially released Rolling Stones tracks on which Richards sings lead vocals or shares lead-vocal duties:
* "Something Happened to Me Yesterday" (alternates with Jagger), "Connection" (co-lead with Jagger) - "Between the Buttons" (1967)
* "Salt of the Earth" (first verse) - "Beggars Banquet" (1968)
* "You Got the Silver" - "Let It Bleed" (1969)
* "Happy" - "Exile On Main St." (1972)
* "Coming Down Again" - "Goats Head Soup" (1973)
* "Memory Motel" (alternates with Jagger) - "Black and Blue" (1976)
* "Happy" (live) - "Love You Live" (1977)
* "Before They Make Me Run" - "Some Girls" (1978)
* "All About You" - "Emotional Rescue" (1980)
* "Little T&A" - "Tattoo You" (1981)
* "Wanna Hold You" - "Undercover" (1983)
* "Too Rude", "Sleep Tonight" - " Dirty Work" (1986)
* "Can't Be Seen", "Slipping Away" - "Steel Wheels" (1989)
* "Can't Be Seen" (live) - "Flashpoint" (1991)
* "The Worst", "Thru and Thru" - "Voodoo Lounge" (1994)
* "Slipping Away" (acoustic studio rehearsal) - "Stripped" (1995)
* "You Don't Have to Mean It", "Thief in the Night", "How Can I Stop" - "Bridges to Babylon" (1997)
* "Thief in the Night" (live) - "No Security" (1999)
* "Losing My Touch" - "Forty Licks" (2002)
* "Happy" (live), "The Nearness of You" (live), "You Don't Have to Mean It" (live) - "Live Licks" (2004)
* "This Place Is Empty", "Infamy" - "A Bigger Bang" (2005)
* "Thru and Thru" (live) - "Rarities 1971-2003" (2005)
* "You Got the Silver" (live), "Connection" (live), "Little T&A" (live) - "Shine a Light" (2008)


External links

* [ The Official Keith Richards website] (requires Flash)
*AMG name|id=9ne997rjkrjt|name=Keith Richards
*imdb name|id=0724189|name=Keith Richards
*Shof|id=113|name=Keith Richards
*discogs artist|artist=Keith+Richards
*MusicBrainz artist|id=f0ed72a3-ae8f-4cf7-b51d-2696a2330230
*CBC Archives Richards' trial and sentencing in [ Oct. 24, 1978] and [ 16 April 1979]

NAME = Richards, Keith
SHORT DESCRIPTION = English guitarist; songwriter; singer
DATE OF BIRTH = 18 December 1943
PLACE OF BIRTH = Dartford, Kent, England

Источник: Keith Richards

Charlie Watts

Charlie Watts

Watts at the 58th Berlin International Film Festival, 2008
Background information
Birth name Charles Robert Watts
Born 2 June 1941 (1941-06-02) (age 70)
London, England
Genres Rock, blues, blues rock, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, psychedelic rock, jazz
Occupations Musician, composer, record producer
Instruments Drums, percussion
Years active 1962–present
Labels Decca, Rolling Stones, Virgin
Associated acts Blues Incorporated, The Rolling Stones, The Charlie Watts Tentet
Notable instruments
Gretsch Drums

Charles Robert "Charlie" Watts (born 2 June 1941) is an English drummer, best known as a member of The Rolling Stones. He is also the leader of a jazz band,[1] a record producer, commercial artist, and horse breeder.


Early life

Charles Robert "Charlie" Watts was born to Charles Watts, a lorry driver for a precursor of British Rail and his wife Lilian (née Eaves) at University College Hospital, London, and raised (along with his sister Linda) in Islington and then Kingsbury. He attended Tylers Croft Secondary Modern School from 1952 to 1956; as a schoolboy, he displayed a talent for art, cricket and football.[2]

Watts' parents gave him his first drum kit in 1955; he was interested in jazz, and would practice drumming along with jazz records he collected.[3] After completing secondary school, he enrolled at Harrow Art School (now the University of Westminster), which he attended until 1960. After leaving school, Watts worked as a graphic designer for an advertising company, and also played drums occasionally with local bands in coffee shops and clubs. In 1961 he met Alexis Korner, who invited him to join his band, Blues Incorporated.[4] At that time Watts was on his way to a sojourn working as a graphic designer in Denmark, but he accepted Korner's offer when he returned to London in February 1962.[5]

Watts played regularly with Blues Incorporated as well as working at the advertising firm of Charles, Hobson and Grey. It was in mid-1962 that Watts first met Brian Jones, Ian "Stu" Stewart, Mick Jagger, and Keith Richards, who also frequented the London rhythm and blues clubs, but it wasn't until January 1963 that Watts finally agreed to join the Rolling Stones.[6]

Musical career

Watts has been involved in many activities outside his high-profile life as a member of the Rolling Stones. In 1964, he published a cartoon tribute to Charlie Parker entitled Ode to a High Flying Bird. Although he has made his name in rock, his personal tastes focus on jazz; in the late 70s, he joined Ian Stewart in the back-to-the-roots boogie-woogie band Rocket 88, which featured many of the UK's top jazz, rock and R&B musicians. In the 1980s, he toured worldwide with a big band that included such names as Evan Parker, Courtney Pine and Jack Bruce, who was also a member of Rocket 88. In 1991, he organised a jazz quintet as another tribute to Charlie Parker. 1993 saw the release of Warm And Tender, by the Charlie Watts Quintet, which included vocalist Bernard Fowler. This same group then released Long Ago And Far Away in 1996. Both records included a collection of Great American Songbook standards. After a successful collaboration with Jim Keltner on The Rolling Stones' Bridges to Babylon, Watts and Keltner released a techno/instrumental album simply titled, Charlie Watts/Jim Keltner Project. Featuring the names of his favourite jazz drummers, Watts stated that even though the tracks bore such names as the "Elvin Suite" in honour of the late Elvin Jones, Max Roach and Roy Haynes, they were not copying their style of drumming, but rather, capturing a feeling by those artists. Watts At Scott's was recorded with his group, "The Charlie Watts Tentet", at the famous jazz club in London, Ronnie Scott's. In April 2009 he started to perform concerts with the ABC&D of Boogie Woogie together with pianists Axel Zwingenberger and Ben Waters plus his childhood friend Dave Green on bass.

With the Rolling Stones

Watts, prior to performing with The Rolling Stones at Georgia Southern University on 4 May 1965
Onstage in 2006.
With his fun band, the ABC&D of Boogie Woogie, in Herisau (2010)

Besides his musical creativity, Watts contributed graphic art to early records such as the Between the Buttons record sleeve and was responsible for the 1975 tour announcement press conference in New York City. The band surprised the throng of waiting reporters by driving and playing "Brown Sugar" on the back of a flatbed truck in the middle of Manhattan traffic; a gimmick AC/DC copied later the same year, Status Quo repeated the trick for the 1984 video to "The Wanderer" and U2 would later emulate it in the 2004 video for "All Because of You". Watts remembered this was a common way for New Orleans jazz bands to promote upcoming dates. Moreover, with Jagger, he designed the elaborate stages for tours, first contributing to the lotus-shaped design of that 1975 Tour of the Americas, as well as the 1989–1990 Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour, the 1997 Bridges to Babylon Tour, the 2002-2003 Licks Tour, and the 2005-2007 A Bigger Bang Tour.

There are many instances where Jagger and Richards have lauded Watts as the key member of The Rolling Stones. Richards went so far as to say in a 2005 Guitar Player magazine interview that the Rolling Stones would not be, or could not continue as, the Rolling Stones without Watts. An example of Watts's importance was demonstrated in 1993, after Bill Wyman had left the band. After auditioning several bassists, Jagger and Richards asked Watts to choose the new bass player.[citation needed] Watts selected the respected session musician Darryl Jones, who had previously been a sideman for both Miles Davis and Sting.[citation needed]

In 1989, the Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In the July 2006 issue of Modern Drummer, Watts was voted into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame along with Ringo Starr, Keith Moon, Steve Gadd, Buddy Rich, and other highly esteemed drummers.

Private life and public image

On 14 October 1964, Watts married Shirley Ann Shepherd, whom he had met before the band became successful. Still married after 46 years, they share one daughter, Seraphina Watts, born on 18 March 1968. Watts also has a granddaughter, Charlotte.

Watts has expressed a love-hate attitude toward touring. In Canada's Macleans magazine, he told interviewer Brian Johnson that he has had a compulsive habit for decades of actually sketching every new hotel room he occupies – and its furnishings – immediately upon entering it. He stated he keeps every sketch, but still doesn't know why he feels the compulsion to do this.

Watts' personal life has outwardly appeared to be substantially quieter than those of his bandmates and many of his rock and roll colleagues; onstage, he seems to furnish a calm and bemused counterpoint to his flamboyant bandmates. Ever faithful to his wife Shirley, Watts consistently refused sexual favours from groupies on the road; in Robert Greenfield's STP: A Journey through America with The Rolling Stones, a document of the 1972 American Tour, it is noted that when the group was invited to the Playboy Mansion during that tour, Watts took advantage of Hugh Hefner's game room rather than frolic with the women.

Watts has spoken openly about a period in the mid-1980s when his previously-moderate use of alcohol and drugs became problematic: "[My drug and alcohol problems were] my way of dealing with [family problems]... Looking back on it, I think it was a mid-life crisis. All I know is that I became totally another person around 1983 and came out of it about 1986. I nearly lost my wife and everything over my behaviour."[7] A famous anecdote relates that during the mid-1980s, an intoxicated Jagger phoned Watts' hotel room in the middle of the night asking "Where's my drummer?". Watts reportedly got up, shaved, dressed in a suit, put on a tie and freshly shined shoes, descended the stairs, and punched Jagger in the face, saying: "Don't ever call me your drummer again. You're my fucking singer!"

Watts is noted for his personal wardrobe: the British newspaper The Telegraph has named him one of the World's Best Dressed Men. In 2006 Vanity Fair elected Watts into the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame, joining his style icon, Fred Astaire.[8]

In June 2004, Watts was diagnosed with throat cancer, and underwent a course of radiotherapy. The cancer has since gone into remission and he returned to recording and touring with the Rolling Stones.

Watts now lives in Dolton, a rural village in Devon, where he and wife Shirley own an Arabian horse stud farm.[9] He also owns a percentage of The Rolling Stones' various corporate entities.


Watts plays Gretsch drums and a variety of brands of cymbals, mostly UFIP. His drums include a 1956-7 Gretsch Round Badge, a 22" (56 cm) bass drum, a 16" (41 cm) floor tom, a 12" (30 cm) tom and a 5-by-14-inch (13 × 36 cm) snare drum. Cymbals he is known to use include an 18" UFIP Natural Series Fast China, a UFIP Rough Series China with rivets, a very old UFIP Flat Ride, an Avedis Zildjian Swish, and a very old set of hi-hats, brand unknown.[10]


Solo recordings

  • February 1987: Live at Fulham Town Hall (Charlie Watts Orchestra)

US #14 [6 wks] (Billboard Top Jazz Albums)

  • February 1991: From One Charlie (Charlie Watts Quintet)
  • 1991: Vol pour Sidney(two tracks) (Charlie Watts with Evan Parker, Lol Coxhill, Brian Lemon, Dave Green)
  • August 1992: Tribute to Charlie Parker with Strings (Charlie Watts Quintet)

US #19 [10 wks] (Billboard Top Jazz Albums)

  • December 1993: Warm & Tender (Charlie Watts)

US #6 [15 wks] (Billboard Top Jazz Albums)

  • June 1996: Long Ago & Far Away (Charlie Watts)

UK #86 [2 wks]; US #10 [13 wks] (Billboard Top Jazz Albums)

  • May 2000: Charlie Watts/Jim Keltner Project (Charlie Watts and Jim Keltner)
  • August 2004: Watts at Scott's (Charlie Watts)
  • 2010: The Magic of Boogie Woogie (Charlie Watts, Axel Zwingenberger, Dave Green)


  1. ^ Yanow, Scott (1941-07-02). "Allmusic credits - Jazz". Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  2. ^ Wyman, Bill (2002). Rolling With the Stones. DK Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 0-7894-9998-3. 
  3. ^ Wyman 2002. p. 19.
  4. ^ "John Pidgeon's Rock'sbackpages blog". Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  5. ^ Wyman 2002. pp. 29-30 and 34.
  6. ^ Wyman 2002. pp. 32 and 44.
  7. ^ McPherson, Ian. "Portrait of Charlie". Retrieved 12 September 2008. 
  8. ^ ""Vanity Fair"". "Vanity Fair". Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  9. ^ "Halsdon Arabians". Halsdon Arabians. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  10. ^ "Charlie Watts of The Rolling Stones". Retrieved 2011-10-30. 

External links

Источник: Charlie Watts

Ronnie Wood

Infobox musical artist
Name = Ronnie Wood

Img_capt =
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = Ronald David Wood
Alias =
Born = Bda|1947|6|1|df=y
Hillingdon, London, England
Died =
Instrument = Guitar, bass, pedal steel, lap steel, harmonica, saxophone, drums, vocals
Genre = R&B, rock & roll, blues, rock
Occupation = Artist, musician, songwriter, record producer
Years_active = 1964–present
Label = Warner Bros.
Associated_acts = Faces, The Rolling Stones, The New Barbarians
URL = []
Notable_instruments = Various Zemaitis models
ESP Ron Wood signature model
Duesenberg signature model
Versoul guitars

Ronald David "Ronnie" Wood (born 1 June 1947 in Hillingdon, London) is an English rock guitarist and bassist best known as a member of Faces and The Rolling Stones.

Music career


Wood began his career as a professional musician in 1964 as a guitarist with The Birds, a rhythm & blues band based in Yiewsley, West London. A popular live act with a considerable fan base, The Birds released several singles in the mid-60s;Citation |last=Wells |first=David |title=Bird Song |magazine=Record Collector |pages=pg. 60 - 66 |date=March 2007 ] Wood wrote or co-wrote nearly half the songs the group recorded.citation |title=liner notes to The Collector's Guide to Rare British Birds |publisher=Deram Records |date=June 2005 |]

By 1967 the Birds had disbanded and Wood had joined the Jeff Beck Group as a bassist. Along with vocalist Rod Stewart, Wood did several tours with Beck, and recorded two albums: "Truth" in 1968 and "Beck-Ola" in 1969. In between Jeff Beck Group projects Wood also worked with The Creation.cite web |last =Zentgraf |first=Nico |title=Woodworks 1957-1975 |url=|accessdate=2008-02-23 | ] In 1969, after Steve Marriott left the Small Faces, Wood began working with the remaining members of that group, returning to his instrument of choice: the guitar. This line-up, plus Rod Stewart and ex-Bird Kim Gardner, teamed up with Wood's brother Art Wood in a formation called Quiet Melon, making a handful of recordings in May 1969. After the Jeff Beck Group's fifth US tour in July, Wood and Stewart joined the former Small Faces full-time, and the band's name was changed to Faces.cite book |last=McLagan |first=Ian |title= All the Rage (revised edition) |publisher= Pan Books |date=2000 |id=ISBN 0-330-37637-X |pages=pg. 151-153]


In the first half of the 1970s the Faces released four studio albums and were among the top-grossing live acts of the period.citation |title=A Walk Through the Wood |last=Wall |first=Mick |magazine=Classic Rock |publisher= Future Publishing Ltd. |date=May 2007 |page= pg. 58-63 ] Besides his distinctive guitar work, Wood contributed harmonica, vocals and bass to the band's recordings, and co-wrote many of their songs, including "Stay With Me" and "Ooh La La." He also played on bandmate Stewart's first few solo albums, and is co-writer of the Rod Stewart classics "Gasoline Alley" and "Every Picture Tells a Story," as well as several songs on "Never a Dull Moment".

In 1972, Wood and Faces bassist Ronnie Lane composed the soundtrack to the film "Mahoney's Last Stand"; the soundtrack, which was released as an LP in 1976, also features Faces bandmates Ian McLagan and Kenney Jones, along with contributions from Pete Townshend and Ric Grech. Wood also performed with Townshend, Grech, Steve Winwood, Jim Capaldi and Eric Clapton at Clapton's Rainbow Concert in 1973.

In December 1973, Wood collaborated with Mick Jagger on the song "It's Only Rock'n Roll (But I Like It)".cite book |last=Jagger |first=Mick |coauthors=Richards, Keith; Watts, Charlie; Wood, Ronnie |title= According to the Rolling Stones |publisher= Chronicle Books |date=2003 |id=ISBN 0-8118-4060-3 |pages=pg. 162-164] Both Jagger and Keith Richards contributed to Wood's first solo album, "I've Got My Own Album to Do", released in 1974.

Following Mick Taylor's departure from the Rolling Stones in December 1974, Wood participated in the band's March 1975 recording sessions for their forthcoming album "Black and Blue".cite web |last =Zentgraf |first=Nico |title=The Complete Works of the Rolling Stones 1962-2008 |url=|accessdate=2008-02-23 | ] cite book |last=Wood |first=Ronnie |title= Ronnie |publisher= Macmillan |date=2007 |id=ISBN 978-0-230-70131-1 |pages=pg. 110-112, pg. 115-116] Although still a member of the Faces, he toured North America with the Rolling Stones in 1975; the Faces announced their break-up in December of that year, and Wood was officially declared a member of the Rolling Stones in February 1976.Wood 2007. pg. 137.]

In the Rolling Stones, Wood specializes in playing slide guitar, lap steel and pedal steel guitar, and contributes one half of the "ancient art of weaving," Keith Richards' term for a style of interchange between guitarists that blurs the boundaries between rhythm and lead.Jagger, Richards, Watts & Wood 2003. pg. 180.] He also occasionally plays bass guitar, as seen during 1975 concert performances of "Fingerprint File," when Mick Jagger played rhythm guitar and bassist Bill Wyman moved to synthesizer. The Rolling Stones single "Emotional Rescue" also features Wood on bass. He has been given credit as a co-writer for a dozen songs, including "Dance", "Black Limousine", "One Hit (to the Body)" and "Had It With You."

In 1975, Wood released his second solo album, "Now Look"; his third, "Gimme Some Neck", came out in 1979. To promote it, Wood formed and toured with The New Barbarians, playing 20 concerts in Canada and the US in April/May and the Knebworth Festival in the UK in August.Wood 2007. pg. 187-192.] McLagan 2000. pg. 294-300.]


Throughout the 1980s, Wood played as a member of the Rolling Stones; continued his solo career, releasing the album "1234" in 1981; painted; and collaborated with a number of other artists, including Prince, Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Eric Clapton, Bo Diddley and Aretha Franklin.

At the 1985 Live Aid Concert in Philadelphia, Wood along with Keith Richards performed in the penultimate set with Bob Dylan. During the performance of "Blowin' in the Wind", one of Dylan's guitar strings broke. Wood gave Dylan his guitar in order to keep the performance seamless, and played air guitar until a stagehand brought him a replacement.Wood 2007. pg. 251.]

In 1988 Wood opened "Woody's on the Beach" in Miami, a club featuring a house band headed by Bobby Keys, hosting performances by local acts, friends of Wood's and occasionally Wood himself. The defunct hotel which housed the club allowed Wood to set up a VIP area upstairs, displaying Wood's artwork and providing private party areas. The club was popular, but was closed due to complaints from neighbours who found it too loud.Wood 2007. pg. 262-263.]


In 1990 Wood was made a fully-fledged partner in the Rolling Stones' financial organization.Jagger, Richards, Watts & Wood 2003. pg. 257.] During the '90s the Rolling Stones released two studio albums and three concert albums, as well as touring in 1990, 1994-95 and 1997-99.

In addition, Wood released his seventh solo album, "Slide On This", in 1992; he toured to promote this album in North America and Japan. His appearance in 1993 with former bandmate Rod Stewart on "MTV Unplugged" resulted in a hit album entitled "Unplugged...and Seated"; the concert album that Wood released in 1993 from his own tour was called "".

Wood also contributed to Bo Diddley's 1996 album "A Man Amongst Men", playing slide guitar on the tracks "Hey Baby", "A Man Amongst Men" and "Oops! Bo Diddley" and guitar on "I Can't Stand It".


Since 2000 Wood has continued to combine solo work with his Rolling Stones schedule. Following the 2001 release of his album "Not For Beginners", Wood toured England and Ireland in 2001 and 2002 with his own group, The Ronnie Wood Band. The band included members of his own family, Slash and Andrea Corr. After the tour a DVD called "Far East Man" was released.

Wood toured with the Rolling Stones in 2002-03; in 2004 he performed several one-off concerts and guest appearances, including a number of appearances with Rod Stewart. Later in the year the two expressed intentions of finishing the studio work on a collaborative album to be entitled "You Strum and I'll Sing". In 2005, however, Wood was again busy with the Rolling Stones, recording their album "A Bigger Bang" and then embarking on a world tour that would continue through August 2007.

In 2005 Wood launched his own record company, Wooden Records, which has released recordings by his daughter Leah, The New Barbarians and others.

In November 2006, during a break in the Rolling Stones' A Bigger Bang tour, Wood played guitar on three tracks for British soul artist Beverley Knight's album "Music City Soul", released in 2007.

On 11 June 2008 Rod Stewart announced that he, Wood and the other surviving Faces are discussing a reunion, at least for one or two concerts.cite web |title=It's Official: Faces Reunion |publisher=Mix 100.7 WMTX-FM |url= |accessdate=2008-06-14 | ]


Wood was born into a family of English "water gypsies" (river/canal barge operators, also sometimes called "bargees") and says that his generation was the first in the family to be born on dry land.Wood 2007. pg. 3.] Both of his older brothers, Art and Ted, were graphic artists as well as musicians. Ted Wood died in 2004, and Art Wood in 2006.cite web |last =Perrone |first=Pierre |title=Obituary: Art Wood: Frontman of the Artwoods |publisher=The Independent |date=November 6 2006 |url= |accessdate=2008-02-22 | ]

Wood has four children. Jesse is his son with his first wife, Krissy (nee Findlay), a former model to whom he was married from 1971 to 1978; Krissy died in 2005. In 1985 Wood married his second wife, Jo Wood (nee Howard), mother of his daughter Leah and son Tyrone; her son Jamie from a previous relationship completes the family. Also a former model, Jo Wood has developed a successful line of organic beauty products.cite web |last=Landman |first=Beth | title=Secret Ingredients: Their Husbands |publisher=The New York Times |url= |date=2007-05-17 | accessdate=2007-05-19] The Woods currently live between homes in Kingston Vale, Britain and County Kildare, Ireland.cite web |last=Brown |first=James |title=Wood: How I Keep Rolling On |publisher=The Daily Mail |url= | date=2003-02-24 | accessdate=2007-05-19]

Wood has been frank about his struggle with alcoholism; although reports between 2003 and 2006 had indicated that he had been sober since the Rolling Stones' 2002-03 tour, in June 2006 it was reported that Wood was entering rehab for a couple of weeks following a spell of increased alcohol abuse. [cite web | author=DPA | title="After the tree... it's rehab" | publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald | language=English | url= | date=2006-06-14 | accessdate=2007-05-17] [cite web | author=Larkin, Adrian | title="Rolling Stones gig latest" | publisher=BBC 6 | language=English | url= | date=2006-06-20 | accessdate=2007-05-18] In July 2008, however, he was allegedly seen drinking with a young Kazakh-Russian girl named Ekaterina Ivanova whom he had met in a London club, and there was speculation that he was going to leave his wife. [ [,2933,380961,00.html Fox News] ] According to the BBC, Wood checked into rehab again on July 16 2008 amid concerns that his wife was going to file for divorce. [ [ BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Ronnie Wood is admitted to rehab ] ]


Wood is an accomplished artist. When he was a child his drawings were featured on the BBC television programme "Sketch Club"; he won one of that programme's competitions, an achievement he refers to as his "awakening to art".Wood 2007. pg. 18-19.] He went on to train at the Ealing Art College, as both his brothers had.

Wood's paintings, drawings and prints frequently feature icons of popular culture and have been exhibited all over the world. Several of his paintings, including a work commissioned by Andrew Lloyd-Webber, are displayed at London's Drury Lane Theatre.Wood 2007. pg. 319-324.] Art critic Brian Sewell has called Wood "an accomplished and respectable artist";citation |title=The Big Bang |magazine=The Big Issue |date=20-26 August 2007 |publisher=The Big Issue Company Ltd. |page=pg. 9 ] and the "South Bank Show" has devoted an entire programme to his artwork.cite episode |title=The South Bank Show |airdate=2004-09-05 |season=28 |number=626 |url=] Wood is also the co-owner (along with sons Jamie and Tyrone) of a London art gallery called Scream.Wood 2007. pg. 325.]

Books, films & television appearances

To date, Wood has three books to his credit: a short collection of autobiographical anecdotes entitled "The Works", illustrated with Wood's artwork, co-authored by Bill German and published in 1988; a limited-edition art book entitled "Wood on Canvas: Every Picture Tells a Story", published in 1998; and his 2007 autobiography "Ronnie".

In addition to numerous Faces and Rolling Stones concert films, broadcasts and documentaries, Wood performed alongside The Band, Bob Dylan and many others in the finale of the documentary "The Last Waltz", filmed in 1976.cite video |people=The Band, Bob Dylan, Ronnie Wood, et al| title=The Last Waltz |medium=DVD released 2002 |publisher=MGM Entertainment |year2=1978 ] He has made cameo appearances in feature films including "The Deadly Bees" (1967), "The Wild Life" (1984) and "9½ Weeks" (1986), as well as on television programmes including "" (1978).Wood 2007. pg. 180.] cite web |title=Ron Wood (I) |publisher=Internet Movie Database |url=|accessdate=2008-02-22 | ] In October 2007 Wood appeared on the television motor show "Top Gear", achieving a celebrity lap time of 1:49.4.cite web |title=Celebrity Lap Times |publisher=Top Gear on BBC 2 |url= |accessdate=2008-02-22 | ]

olo discography

*"I've Got My Own Album to Do" (1974)
*"Now Look" (1975)
*"Mahoney's Last Stand" (1976) with Ronnie Lane
*"Gimme Some Neck" (1979)
*"1234" (1981)
*"Live at the Ritz" (1988) with Bo Diddley
*"Slide on This" (1992)
*"" (1993)
*"Live and Eclectic" (2000) (reissued in 2002 as Live at Electric Ladyland)
*"Not for Beginners" (2001)
*"" (2006)
*"" (2006) with The New Barbarians
*"" (2007)


External links

* [ Ronnie]
* [ Wooden Records]
* [ Scream Gallery]
*Imdb name|id=0939976

Источник: Ronnie Wood

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