Книга: Jesse Russell «Фотон»


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Эта книга будет изготовлена в соответствии с Вашим заказом по технологии Print-on-Demand. Внимание! Книга представляет собой набор материалов из Википедии и/или других online-источников. High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles!Фото?н (от др.-греч. ? ?, род. пад. ?????, «свет») элементарная частица, квант электромагнитного излучения (в узком смысле света). Это безмассовая частица, способная существовать только двигаясь со скоростью света. Электрический заряд фотона также равен нулю. Фотон может находиться только в двух спиновых состояниях с проекцией спинана направление движения (спиральностью) ±1. Этому свойству в классической электродинамике соответствует круговая правая и левая поляризация электромагнитной волны. Фотону как квантовой частице свойственен корпускулярно-волновой дуализм, он проявляет одновременно свойства частицы и волны. Фотоны обозначаются буквой, поэтому их часто называют гамма-квантами (особенно фотоны высоких энергий); эти термины практически синонимичны. С точки зрения Стандартной модели фотон является калибровочным бозоном. Виртуальные фотоны являются переносчиками электромагнитного взаимодействия, таким образом обеспечивая взаимодействие, например, между двумя электрическими зарядами. Фотон самая распространённая по численности частица во Вселенной. На один нуклон приходится не менее 20 миллиардов фотонов.

Издательство: "VSD" (2012)

ISBN: 978-5-5100-2595-8

Купить за 1254 руб в My-shop

Jesse Russell

Jesse Russell
Born Jesse Eugene Russell
April 26, 1948(1948-04-26)
Nashville, Tennessee
Residence Piscataway, New Jersey
Nationality African-American
Education B.S.E.E., Tennessee State University; M.S.E.E., Stanford University
Occupation Inventor
Employer incNETWORKS, Inc.
Known for Electrical Engineering; Digital Cellular Technology
Title Chief Executive Officer
Spouse Amanda O. Russell
Children Tina R. Carr
Jesse E. Russell Jr.
William E. W. Russell
Catalina M. Russell
Parents Charles Albert Russell
Mary Louise Russell

Jesse Eugene Russell (b April 26, 1948) is an African-American inventor and one of the visionaries’ whose innovative perspectives profoundly influenced the wireless communications industry, the driver of growth in 21st century. Trained as an electrical engineer at Tennessee State University and Stanford University, and recognized globally as a thought-leader, technology expert and inventor in the field of wireless communication for over 20 years, Russell has played a major role in shaping the wireless communications industry direction through his visionary leadership and innovative perspectives for standards, technologies as well as innovative new wireless service concepts.

He holds numerous patents and continues to invent and innovate in the emerging area of next generation broadband wireless networks, technologies and services, which is frequently referred to as 4G. Russell was inducted into the United States’ National Academy of Engineering during the Clinton Administration for his innovative contribution to the field of Wireless Communication. He pioneered the field of digital cellular communication in the 80s through the use of high power linear amplification and low bit rate voice encoding technologies and received a patent in 1992 (US patent # 5,084,869) for his work in the area of digital cellular base station design.

Russell is currently Chairman and CEO of incNETWORKS,Inc. a New Jersey, USA based Broadband Wireless Communications Company focused on 4th Generation (4G) Broadband Wireless Communications Technologies, Networks and Services.


Early life and education

Jesse Eugene Russell was born April 26, 1948 in Hickville, Tennessee in the United States of America into a large African-American family with eight brothers and two sisters. He is the son of Charles Albert Russell and Mary Louise Russell. His early childhood was spent in economically and socially challenged neighborhoods within the inner-city of Nashville. During his early years, he focused on athletics and not academics. A key turning point in Russell’s life was the opportunity to attend a summer educational program at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. Russell participated in this educational opportunity and began his academic and intellectual pursuits. Russell continued his education at Tennessee State University Tennessee State University where he focused on electrical engineering. A Bachelor of Science Degree (BSEE) in Electrical Engineering was conferred in 1972 from Tennessee State University. As a top honor student in the School of Engineering, Russell became the first African American to be hired directly from a Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) by AT&T Bell Laboratories and subsequently became the first African-American in the United States to be selected as the Eta Kappa Nu Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer of the Year in 1980. Russell continued his academic pursuits and obtained his Master of Electrical Engineering (MSEE) degree from Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, in 1973.

Innovations & Patents

Russell’s innovations in wireless communication systems, architectures and technology related to radio access networks, end user devices and in-building wireless communication systems has fundamentally changed the wireless communication industry. Known for his patented invention of the digital cellular base station, that enabled new digital services for cellular mobile users, Russell continues to innovate in the emerging next generation broadband wireless communication technologies, products, networks, and services as well as “Mobile Cloud Computing” which are shaping the forefront of the 4G Communication Industry.

Over 100 patents granted or in process, thirty years of experience in Research and Development at prominent institutions, and pioneering technologies such as the invention of the first digital cellular base station and fiber optic microcell utilizing high power linear amplifier technology and digital modulation techniques, which laid the foundation for the digital cellular evolution, digital cellular standards, personal communications networks as well as the emergence of “Mobile Cloud Computing” within 4G broadband wireless networks. These are only some of the inventions that have forged new directions for the wireless communication industry. Listed below are a few significant patents.

Patent No. Description
7,437,158 Advanced multi-network client device for wideband multimedia access to private and public wireless networks
7,120,139 Broadband cable telephony network architecture IP ITN network architecture reference model
5,724,665 Wireless communication base station
5,655,003 Wireless terminal having digital radio processing with automatic communication system selection capability
5,608,780 Wireless communication system having base units which extracts channel and setup information from nearby base units
5,257,397 Mobile data telephone
5,084,869 Base station for mobile radio telecommunications systems

Professional Accomplishments

Jesse is currently building the first Broadband Wireless Communications Network focused on 4th Generation Hybrid Fiber-Wireless Communications Networks and Technologies that is fully compliant with International Telecommunications Union (ITU) standards. Russell continues to innovate and invent new wireless communications technology solutions as the Chief Executive Officer of incNETWORKS which designs, sells, and manages privately owned broadband wireless communications’ equipment and networks for emerging broadband cellular applications based on Software Defined Radio and Cognitive Radio techniques. Offering broadband wireless communications solutions to small and mid-size business customers, incNETWORKS is one of the emerging technology leaders in the development of MicroLTE product platforms for 4G.

Russell joined Bell Labs as a Member of the Technical Staff. He was one of the first designers to embrace the use of microprocessor in the design of equipment for use in the telecommunication network for monitoring and tracking calling patterns within the Bell System Network. The system was referred to as the traffic data collection systems, which using a microprocessor-based portable data terminals for interfacing to electro-mechanical switching systems.

Russell's career, and knowledge in wireless technology and standards advanced, while he served in numerous positions; Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), Vice President of Advanced Wireless Technology Laboratory (Bell Labs), Chief Technical Officer for the Network Wireless Systems Business Unit (Bell Labs), Chief Wireless Architect of AT&T, and Vice President of Advanced Communications Technologies for AT&T Laboratories (formerly a part of Bell Labs).

As the Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), this Bell Labs Group formally managed by Russell is credited with the invention of cellular radio technology and received the United States' Medal of Technology for the invention.

Russell continued to develop his expertise as he established and lead an Innovation Center focused on Applied Research in Advanced Communication Technologies that enabling AT&T to extend its existing portfolio of services and expand into new businesses and markets. As a key decision maker in the selection and development of emerging communications technologies, Russell’s efforts lead to the rapid realization of new access network platforms that enable AT&T to expand it’s broadband communication network options (i.e., Specialization: Cable Access Networks, DSL Access Networks, Power-line Carrier Access Networks, Fixed Wireless Access Networks, Satellite Access Networks and Broadband Wireless Communications Networks). The applications of these access technologies were one of the keys in expanding AT&T's interest in re-building it local access services business.


  1. Elected as IEC Fellow for contributions in the development of Broadband Communications Access Technologies into the International Engineering Consortium (IEC), 1999
  2. Inductee into the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) for the development of and contributions to digital cellular communications, 1995
  3. Elected to IEEE Fellow grade for technical leadership in the development of digital wireless communication concepts, technology, systems and standards, 1994
  4. US Black Engineer of the Year for best Technical Contributions in Digital Cellular and Microcellular Technology, 1992, US Black Engineer Magazine
  5. America's New Leadership Class Award 1985, Esquire Magazine
  6. Outstanding Service Award 1983, Eta Kappa Nu
  7. Outstanding Scientist Award 1982, National Society of Black Engineers
  8. Eta Kappa Nu Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer of the Year, 1980
  9. Scientist of the Year Award 1980, National Technical Associations Inc

Professional Memberships & Affiliations

  1. Board of Directors Advisor, Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)
  2. Board of Governors, IEEE Vehicular Technology Society
  3. Chairman of the Board, Electromagnetic Energy Association (EEA, Third term)
  4. Chairman, Mobile & Personal Communications Division of TIA
  5. Chairman, Telecommunication Industry Association (TIA) -Wireless Communication Standards Organization
  6. Fellow member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc (IEEE)
  7. Fellow member of the International Engineering Consortium (IEC)
  8. Inducted Member of the National Academy of Engineering
  9. Member of the Technological Advisory Council (TAC), U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
  10. Member of Eta Kappa Nu Honor Society
  11. Member of International Regulatory and Standards Committee on Third Generation Wireless Communications Systems
  12. Member of the Congressional Subcommittee on Technology Member, National Academy of Engineering (NAE), Electronic Engineering Section and Computer Science & Engineering Section
  13. Member of the Information & Technology Council of the American Management Association
  14. Member of the National Academy of Engineering
  15. Member Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society
  16. Member Tau Beta Pi Honor Society
  17. Past Chairman, Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) Cellular Radio and Common Carrier Section (1987–1992)
  18. Technical Program Chairman, 38th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Philadelphia
  19. Technical Program Chairman, 43rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Secaucus
  20. Testified before Judge Green on Bell System Divesture


  • Universal Personal Communications: Emergence of a Paradigm Shift in the Communications Industry, International J. of Wireless information Networks, Vol.1, No. 3, 1994.
    This paper examines a major paradigm shift in the communications industry across four dimensions, analyzes the factors influencing the shift, articulates a vision of universal personal communications under the new paradigm and presents several service environment and transmission hierarchy models supporting the vision.
  • The US Evolution towards Personal Communications in the '90s, (with A. T. Kripalani), Proc. Pan European Digital Cellular Radio Conference, Rome, Italy, 1990.
    This paper proposes and describes a set of strategic technology platforms to assist the migration of the existing US cellular network to an all digital personal communications network. Web Link
  • "AT&T Next Generation Digital Cellular Base Station Technology", (with R. W. Henn and R. S. Kerby), Proc. International Switching Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden, 1990.
    This paper describes the first all digital cellular base station system utilizing linear radio technology to support multiple radio air interface methods such as FDMA, TDMA and CDMA in a single system. Web Link
  • "Design of Mobile Satellite System Architecture as an Integral Part of the Cellular Access Digital Network", (with E.S.K. Chien and J. A. Marinho), Proc. the Mobile Satellite Conference, Pasadena, 1988.
    This paper provides an overview of the interoperability aspects between digital cellular access networks and mobile satellite systems. Web Link
  • "Emerging Cellular Access Digital Network", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), Proc. World Telecommunication Forum, Americas Telecom, '88, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1988.
    This paper describes the characteristics of an all digital cellular access network that supports integrated voice and data services (cellular ISDN). It is an expansion of the concepts put forth in publication 11 below. Web Link
  • "Evolution Toward Digital Cellular Network in the U.S.", (with E.S.K. Chien), Proc. 1988 Pan European Cellular Radio Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1988.
    This paper provides a vision for the migration of the existing US cellular network towards an all digital wireless access network. Web Link
  • "A Systems Approach to Indoor Wireless Communication", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), Proc. GLOBECOM '87, Tokyo, Japan, 1987.
    This paper describes an approach to in-building wireless communication and examines the interoperability with cellular mobile communication.
  • "Cellular Access Digital Network (CADN) Wireless Access to Networks of the Future", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), IEEE Communications Magazine, June 1987.
    This paper describes a scenario for the evolution of a digital cellular access network towards providing personalized wireless voice and data communication services.
  • "Network Foundation for Providing Personal Communications", Proc. Digital Mobile Workshop on Personal Communications, Melbourne, Australia, 1987.
    This paper puts forth some original concepts, such as personal telephone numbers, logical network addressing and universal wireless access service protocols related to personal communications. Web Link
  • "Cellular ISDN: New Interface for Wireless Access", (with E.S.K. Chien), Proc. International Conference on Communication Technology, Nanjing, China, 1987.
    This paper describes the benefits of mobile communications as an effective means to modernize the telecommunications infrastructure for China.
  • "Cellular Access Digital Network", (with E.S.K. Chien), Proc. International Telecommunications Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, 1987.
    This paper describes cellular integrated voice and data services access network (cellular ISDN) as a complement to the wire line ISDN.
  • "Extension of ISDN Capability to Cellular Wireless Access", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), Proc. Second Nordic Seminar on Digital Land Mobile Radio Communications, Stockholm, Sweden, 1986.
    This paper describes the original concept of an integrated voice and data services cellular access network (cellular ISDN) and establishes the important role of intelligent network in the cellular context.

Major Addresses

  • Keynote Speaker, Excellence Through Education and Achievement 2008, Missouri Legislative Black Conference Foundation, St. Louis, Missouri
  • "Migration to Broadband IP Based Wireless and Wired Networks-May 2006" Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) Mr. Jesse E. Russell, VP, Advanced Communications Technologies, AT&T Labs
  • SuperComm99-Chairman., SuperComm99 Plenary Session, Atlanta, GA – 1999. Where is the Network Headed? Panelist on the Convergence of Global Voice and Data Networks, Wired & Wireless Networks, and Global Wireless IP Networking.
  • Keynote Address, Rural Telecommunications Association, Arizona/Mexico Telecommunications Conference – 1995. This address introduced the vision of wireless communications as a key to the revitalization of local access within the US and its use to provide connectivity from rural communities to the national information Infrastructure.
  • Keynote Address, National Communications Forum – 1995. Expanded on the evolutionary trends in wireless communications and presented a visionary projection of them in reshaping the local access aspects of future telecommunications in the US.
  • Keynote Address, European Commission, Spain – 1995. Discussing the emergence of breakthrough communications technologies such as digital radio processing, power-line communications, satellite communications and free space optics and projecting their impact in revitalizing the global telecommunications industry through the expansion of markets and services.


Источник: Jesse Russell

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Фотон (КА) — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Фотон (значения). Фотон 6. Спускаемый модуль Фотон  серия специализированных космических аппаратов (спутников), разработанных ЦСКБ Прогр …   Википедия

  • ФОТОН — ФОТОН, квант электромагнитного излучения (в узком смысле света). В отличие от классической физики, в которой электромагнитное излучение непрерывный волновой процесс, в квантовой физике излучение дискретно и состоит из неделимых квантов энергии… …   Современная энциклопедия

  • ФОТОН — квант электромагнитного излучения, нейтральная элементарная частица с нулевой массой и спином 1; переносчик электромагнитного взаимодействия между заряженными частицами. Фотон обладает энергией ? = .? и импульсом р = .? /с, где . Планка… …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • ФОТОН — ФОТОН, квант ЭЛЕКТРОМАГНИТНОГО ИЗЛУЧЕНИЯ, например, СВЕТА, которое можно трактовать, как состоящее из потока фотонов. Энергия фотона равна частоте излучения, помноженной на постоянную Планка. Поглощение фотонов атомами и молекулами может привести …   Научно-технический энциклопедический словарь

  • ФОТОН — (g) (от греч. phos, род. падеж photos свет), элем. ч ца, квант эл. магн. излучения (в узком смысле света). Масса покоя Ф. mg равна нулю (из опытных данных следует, что mg …   Физическая энциклопедия

  • фотон — Элементарная частица света. Примечание Фотон обладает массой, энергией, импульсом и спином. [Сборник рекомендуемых терминов. Выпуск 79. Физическая оптика. Академия наук СССР. Комитет научно технической терминологии. 1970 г.] Тематики физическая… …   Справочник технического переводчика

  • ФОТОН — российский искусственный спутник Земли (запуски с 1988) с аппаратурой для получения в условиях невесомости полупроводниковых материалов с улучшенными свойствами и особо чистых биологически активных препаратов, а также изучения протекающих при… …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • фотон — сущ., кол во синонимов: 3 • квант (7) • люксон (4) • частица (128) Словарь синонимов ASIS. В.Н. Тришин …   Словарь синонимов

  • ФОТОН — (см.) поля электромагнитного излучения (см. (2)) данной частоты (в узком смысле «частица» света), нейтральная элементарная частица с нулевой массой покоя, спином, равным 1 (см. ), распространяющаяся со скоростью света (см. (9)) и не имеющая… …   Большая политехническая энциклопедия

  • Фотон — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Фотон (значения). Фотон Символ: иногда …   Википедия

  • Фотон-М4 — Эта статья или часть статьи содержит информацию об ожидаемых событиях. Здесь описываются события, которые ещё не произошли …   Википедия


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