Книга: Gallatin Albert «The Writings of Albert Gallatin, Volume 3»

The Writings of Albert Gallatin, Volume 3

Серия: "-"

Книга представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться небольшие "огрехи" :помарки, кляксы и т. п.

Издательство: "Книга по Требованию" (2010)

Купить за 1326 руб в My-shop

Другие книги автора:

КнигаОписаниеГодЦенаТип книги
Expenses of the warКнига представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться… — Книга по Требованию, - Подробнее...20111637бумажная книга
Considerations On the Currency and Banking System of the United StatesКнига представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться… — Книга по Требованию, - Подробнее...2010686бумажная книга
Views of the public debt, receipts,&expenditures of the United statesКнига представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться… — Книга по Требованию, - Подробнее...2010679бумажная книга
Peace with MexicoКнига представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться… — Книга по Требованию, - Подробнее...2010412бумажная книга
The Oregon QuestionКнига представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться… — Книга по Требованию, - Подробнее...2010679бумажная книга
Peace with Mexico — Public Domain, электронная книга Подробнее...электронная книга
The Oregon Question — Public Domain, электронная книга Подробнее...электронная книга

Gallatin, Albert

▪ United States government official
in full  Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin  
born Jan. 29, 1761, Geneva, Switz.
died Aug. 12, 1849, Astoria, N.Y., U.S.
 fourth U.S. secretary of the Treasury (1801–14). He insisted upon a continuity of sound governmental fiscal policies when the Republican (Jeffersonian) Party assumed national political power, and he was instrumental in negotiating an end to the War of 1812.

      Gallatin plunged into business and public life after emigrating to the New World at age 19. Settling in Pennsylvania, he became a mainstay of the Anti-Federalists (and, later, the Jeffersonian Republicans) in that area and in 1795 was elected to the House of Representatives. There he inaugurated the House Committee on Finance, which later grew into the powerful Ways and Means Committee. In 1797–98 he helped to reduce Federalist-sponsored expenditures aimed at promoting hostilities with France. He was bitterly denounced by Federalists in Congress, and, when the Alien and Sedition Acts were passed in 1798, Thomas Jefferson believed they were partly intended to drive Gallatin from office.

      As secretary of the Treasury, Gallatin stressed simplicity in government and termination of the public debt. Despite heavy naval expenditures and the $15,000,000 Louisiana Purchase (1803), he managed to reduce the public debt by $23,000,000 within eight years.

      The declaration of war with Great Britain in 1812 shattered all of Gallatin's most cherished schemes, for he felt war to be fatal to the nation's prosperity and progress. He therefore put the nation's finances in the best order he could and set himself to attain an early peace. Grasping at Russia's proffered mediation of the war, he sailed for Europe in May 1813. Refusing to deal through Russia, Great Britain expressed its willingness to proceed with direct negotiations, and commissioners from the two countries finally met at Ghent in August 1814. In the tedious discussions that followed, Gallatin played the leading role, preserving peace among his colleagues and establishing an enviable reputation as a diplomat. Peace was signed in the Treaty of Ghent (December 24).

      While still in Europe, Gallatin was appointed minister to France (served 1816–23), after which he returned to the United States, only to be embroiled in a bitter intraparty political struggle. After serving briefly as minister to Great Britain (1826–27), he retired from public life and became president of the National (later the Gallatin) Bank in New York City (1831–39). A student of the Indian tribes in North America, he founded the American Ethnological Society of New York (1842) and has sometimes been called the “father of American ethnology (cultural anthropology).”

      (For Gallatin's opinion of the Mexican-American War (1846–48), see primary source document: The Unjust War with Mexico. (Unjust War with Mexico))

* * *

Источник: Gallatin, Albert

См. также в других словарях:

  • Albert Gallatin — Infobox US Cabinet official name=Albert Gallatin order=4th title=United States Secretary of the Treasury term start=May 14, 1801 term end=February 8, 1814 predecessor=Samuel Dexter successor=George W. Campbell birth date=birth date|1761|1|29|mf=y …   Wikipedia

  • Conservatism in the United States — For related and other uses, see Conservatism (disambiguation). Part of a series on Conservatism …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Brooks Adams — (February 16 1838 ndash; March 27 1918) was an American novelist, journalist, historian and academic. He is best known for his autobiographical book, The Education of Henry Adams . He was a member of the Adams political family.Early lifeHe was… …   Wikipedia

  • Adams, Henry — ▪ American historian born Feb. 16, 1838, Boston died March 27, 1918, Washington, D.C.       historian, man of letters, and author of one of the outstanding autobiographies of Western literature, The Education of Henry Adams.       Adams was the… …   Universalium

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Democratic–Republican Party — Infobox Historical American Political Party party name= Democratic Republican Party party party articletitle= Democratic Republican Party active= 1792 1824 ideology= Classical liberalism, states rights, agrarianism, republicanism position= N/A… …   Wikipedia

  • James Madison — For other people named James Madison, see James Madison (disambiguation). James Madison …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic-Republican Party — This article is about the American political party. For the South Korean political party, see Democratic Republican Party (South Korea). Democratic Republican Party or Republican Party …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Jefferson — Infobox President name=Thomas Jefferson order=3rd President of the United States term start=March 4, 1801 term end=March 4, 1809 predecessor=John Adams successor=James Madison birth date=OldStyleDate|April 13|1743|April 2 birth place=Shadwell,… …   Wikipedia

  • James Monroe — For other people named James Monroe, see James Monroe (disambiguation). James Monroe 5th President of the United States In office March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 …   Wikipedia

  • John Adams — This article is about the politician and second president of the United States. For his son, the 6th president of the United States, see John Quincy Adams. For other uses, see John Adams (disambiguation). John Adams …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»