Книга: Smellie William «Natural History, General and Particular, Volume 1»

Natural History, General and Particular, Volume 1

Серия: "-"

Книга представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться небольшие "огрехи" :помарки, кляксы и т. п.

Издательство: "Книга по Требованию" (2011)

Купить за 1322 руб в My-shop

Smellie, William

▪ Scottish physician
born 1697, Lanark, Lanark, Scot.
died March 5, 1763, Lanark

      Scottish obstetrician who was the first to teach obstetrics and midwifery on a scientific basis.

      After 20 years of village practice Smellie went to London to give obstetrical lecture-demonstrations to midwives and medical students. He delivered poor women free of charge if his students were allowed to attend the delivery, thus establishing a trend toward the attendance of medically trained persons at childbirth.

      Smellie invented an obstetric forceps but is best known for his description of “the mechanism of labour,” or how the infant's head adapts to changes in the pelvic canal during birth.

      Smellie wrote A Set of Anatomical Tables (1754) and Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Midwifery, 3 vol. (1752–64).

▪ Scottish publisher and scientist
born 1740, Edinburgh, Scotland
died June 24, 1795, Edinburgh
 Scottish compiler of the first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1768–71) and a distinguished natural historian.

      The son of a master builder and stonemason, Smellie left his grammar school at age 12 to be an apprenticed printer. Because the printing shop was near the university and because Smellie was an able boy, he was allowed to attend some lectures; thus he continued to learn and to keep in touch with eminent scholars and rising contemporaries. Two years before his apprenticeship ended, he was made a corrector of the press, a responsible position combining subeditorial duties with constant contact with authors and the seeing of their work through the press. He also won for his firm the Edinburgh Philosophical Society's prize for the most accurately printed edition of a Latin text.

      Smellie became a master printer in 1765 and, at about that time, received a letter from the engraver Andrew Bell (Bell, Andrew), asking him to take on responsibility for “fifteen capital sciences” and “likewise to prepare the whole work [the Encyclopædia Britannica] for the press.” For £200, Smellie took hold of the project and with “a pair of scissars,” much industry, and considerable editorial acumen produced a synthesis of current knowledge.

      As early as 1760 Smellie was a founder of the Newtonian Society for mutual improvement. In 1765 he won a gold medal for a dissertation on the sexes of plants, opposing the views of the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus. In 1780 he helped to found the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, and in 1781 he became keeper and superintendent of the Edinburgh Museum of Natural History. He translated the comte de Buffon's famous Natural History, 9 vol. (1781), wrote a distinguished work, The Philosophy of Natural History, 2 vol. (1790–99), and was made secretary of the Society of Scottish Antiquaries. But he was not solemn. His friend the poet Robert Burns (Burns, Robert) wrote of him (“Crochallan”):

Crochallan came:
The old cock'd hat, the brown surtout
the same,
His grisly beard just bristling in its might
('Twas four long nights and days to
shaving-night):
His uncomb'd, hoary locks, wild-staring,
thatch'd
A head for thought profound and clear
unmatch'd;
Yet, tho his caustic wit was biting rude,
His heart was warm, benevolent, and good.

* * *

Источник: Smellie, William

Другие книги схожей тематики:

АвторКнигаОписаниеГодЦенаТип книги
Smellie WilliamNatural History, General and Particular, Volume 1Книга представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться… — @Книга по Требованию, @ @- @ @ Подробнее...2011
1322бумажная книга

См. также в других словарях:

  • Natural history — For other uses, see Natural history (disambiguation). Naturalist redirects here. For other uses, see Naturalist (disambiguation). Tables of natural history, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is the scientific research of p …   Wikipedia

  • Natural History (Pliny) — Naturalis Historia, 1669 edition, title page. The title at the top reads: Volume I of the Natural History of Gaius Plinius Secundus. The Natural History (Latin: Naturalis Historia) is an encyclopedia published circa AD 77–79 by Pliny the… …   Wikipedia

  • American Museum of Natural History — Established 1869 Location Central Park West at 79th Street, New York City, United States Type …   Wikipedia

  • Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation — Infobox Book name = Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation title orig = translator = image caption = Title page of the 12th edition of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1884) author = Robert Chambers illustrator = cover artist =… …   Wikipedia

  • General Councils —     General Councils     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► General Councils     This subject will be treated under the following heads:     ♦ Definition     ♦ Classification     ♦ Historical Sketch     ♦ The Pope and General Councils     ♦ Composition of …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • History of biology — For the video game, see History of Biology (video game). The frontispiece to Erasmus Darwin s evolution themed poem The Temple of Nature shows a goddess pulling back the veil from nature (in the person of Artemis). Allegory and metaphor have… …   Wikipedia

  • History of evolutionary thought — This article is about the history of evolutionary thought in biology. For the history of evolutionary thought in the social sciences, see Sociocultural evolution. For the history of religious discussions, see History of the creation evolution… …   Wikipedia

  • History of science — History of science …   Wikipedia

  • History of Physics —     History of Physics     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► History of Physics     The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. A Glance at Ancient Physics; II. Science and Early Christian Scholars; III. A Glance at Arabian Physics; IV.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • History of the Netherlands — This article is part of a series Early History …   Wikipedia

  • Natural gas prices — at the Henry Hub in US Dollars per MBtu for the 2000 2010 decade. Natural gas prices, as with other commodity prices, are mainly driven by supply and demand fundamentals. However, natural gas prices may also be linked to the price of crude oil… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»