Book: Lewis Spence «An Introduction to Mythology»

An Introduction to Mythology

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1921. The Progress of Mythic Science; Evolution of the Gods; Various Types of Deity; Various Classes of Myth; Making of the World and of Man; Paradise and the Place of Punishment; Folklore and Myth; Ritual and Myth; Written Sources of Myth; Great Mythic Systems of the World; Index. Книга представляет собой репринтное издание 1921 года (издательство "New York: Moffat, Yard&Co." ). Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться небольшие" огрехи" :помарки, кляксы и т. п.

Издательство: "Книга по Требованию" (1921)

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Lewis Spence

Infobox Writer
name = Lewis Spence


imagesize =
caption =
birthdate = birth date|1874|11|25|mf=y
birthplace = Angus, Scotland
deathdate = death date and age|1955|3|3|1874|11|25|mf=y
deathplace =
occupation = journalist, folklorist, occult scholar
nationality = Scottish
subject = Scottish folklore, old British mythology, Atlantis
influences = Augustus Le Plongeon, Ignatius L. Donnelly
influenced = James Churchward, Alexander Braghine , Gerald Gardner

James Lewis Thomas Chalmbers Spence (November 25, 1874 - March 3, 1955) was a Scottish journalist, whose efforts as a compiler of Scottish folklore have proved more durable [Spence was a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, and Vice-President of the Scottish Anthropological and Folklore Society. ] than his efforts as a poet and occult scholar. [Brief details of his career are available in the introduction to the 1997 reprint of "An Encyclopaedia of Occultism" ( [http://www.themystica.com/mystica/articles/s/spence_lewis.html on-line text] ).]

After graduating from Edinburgh University he pursued a career in journalism. In 1899 he married Helen Bruce. He was an editor at "The Scotsman" 1899-1906, editor of "The Edinburgh Magazine" for a year, 1904-05, then an editor at "The British Weekly", 1906-09. In this time his interest was sparked in the myth and folklore of Mexico and Central America, resulting in his popularisation of the Mayan Popul Vuh, the sacred book of the Quiché Mayas (1908). He compiled "A Dictionary of Mythology" (1910 and numerous additional volumes).

Turning his interest closer to home, he investigated Scottish folklore. An ardent Scottish Nationalist, he unsuccessfully contested a parliamentary seat for North Midlothian in 1929. He also wrote poetry, collected in 1953. He wrote about Brythonic rites and traditions in "The Mysteries of Britain" (1905). In this book, Spence theorized that the original Britons were descendants of a people that migrated from Northwest Africa and were probably related to the Berbers and the Basques-this claim is being supported by recent DNA studies. Fact|date=December 2007

Spence's researches into the mythology and culture of the New World, together with his examination of the cultures of western Europe and north-west Africa, led him almost inevitably to the question of Atlantis. During the 1920s he published a series of books which sought to rescue the topic from the occultists who had more or less brought it into disrepute. These works, amongst which were "The Problem of Atlantis" (1924) and "History of Atlantis" (1927), continued the line of research inaugurated by Ignatius Donnelly and looked at the lost island as a Bronze Age civilization, that formed a cultural link with the New World, which he invoked through examples he found of striking parallels between the early civilizations of the Old and New Worlds: the historian of science George Sarton remarked, in reviewing Spence's "Introduction to Mythology" in 1921, "Prof. Smith, it may be recalled, is the chief supporter of the pan-Egyptian theory; he finds traces of Egyptian influence everywhere, even in America". [Sarton in "Isis" 4.2 (October 1921:378-380).] Spence's erudition and the width of his reading, his industry and imagination were all impressive; yet the conclusions he reached, avoiding peer-reviewed journals, [Spence wrote reviews of popularizations of mythology and folklore for "Folklore", however.] have been almost universally rejected by mainstream scholarship. His popularisations met stiff criticism in professional journals, but his continued appeal among theory hobbyists is summed up by a reviewer of "The Problem of Atlantis" (1924) in "The Geographical Journal": "Mr. Spence is an industrious writer, and, even if he fails to convince, has done service in marshalling the evidence and has produced an entertaining volume which is well worth reading." [R.N.R.B. in "The Geographical Journal" 64.2 (August 1924:181-182).] Nevertheless, he seems to have had some influence upon the ideas of controversial author Immanuel Velikovsky, and as his books have come into the public domain, they have been successfully reprinted and some have been scanned for the Internet, for the enjoyment of new generations willing to suspend critical disbelief.

Spence's 1940 book "Occult Causes of the Present War" (ISBN 0766100510) seems to have been the first book in the field of Nazi occultism.Fact|date=February 2008

Over his long career, he published more than forty books, many of which remain in print to this day. Spence was also the founder of the Scottish National Movement which later merged to form the National Party of Scotland and which in turn merged to form the Scottish National Party.

elected works

Ancient Britain
* "The Mysteries of Britain: Secret Rites and Traditions of Ancient Britain Restored", (1905, reprinted 1994) London: Senate. ISBN 1-85958-057-2
* "The Magic Arts in Celtic Britain", (1949, Reprint 1999) Dover Publications, ISBN 0-486-40447-1
* "Celtic Spells and Charms", (Reprint 2005) Kessinger Publishing ISBN 1-4253-1046-X
* "The History and Origins of Druidism", 1949

Occult
* "An Encyclopaedia of Occultism: A compendium of information on the occult sciences, occult personalities, psychic science, magic, demonolgy, spiritism and mysticism", (1920, Reprinted 2003) Dover Publications, ISBN 0-486-42613-0
* "Occult Causes of the Present War", (1940, Reprint 1997) Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 0-7661-0051-0
* "Second Sight: Its History and Origins", Rider 1951

Atlantis and other lost worlds
* "The Problem of Atlantis, London, 1924 [The reviewer R.N.R.B. in "The Geographical Journal" 64.2 (August 1924:181-182) remarked that "in reading this book one cannot help feeling that the author believes more than the evidence warrants" and that "he is rash in stating that there is proof that Greenland has moved 2500 yards in forty years." ]
* "Atlantis in America", London: Ernest Benn, 1925
* "The History of Atlantis" (1927, Reprinted 1995) Adventures Unlimited Press, ISBN 0-932813-28-3
* "The Occult Sciences in Atlantis", (Reprinted 1976) Mokelumne Hill Press, ISBN 0-7873-1292-4
* "The Atlantis of Plato"
* "The Evidence For Lemuria From Myth And Magic"
* "The Problem of Lemuria: The Sunken Continent of the Pacific", London: Rider & Co., 1932 [The reviwer O.R. in "The Geographical Journal" 81.2 (February 1933:181-182) found Spence's evidences well marshalled and noted that biological and geological evidences were set aside as conflicting with Spence's view that a fair-complexioned race "remarkable chiefly for their arcane knowledge and their prowess as builders" inhabited now-sunken lands of the Pacific; the reviewer notes Spence's lack of bibliography and casual references to books whose titles he rarely offers.]

Mythology
* "The Popul Vuh: The Mythic and Heroic Sagas of the Kiches of Central America", London, David Nutt, 1908
* "A Dictionary of Mythology", 1910
* "The Myths of Mexico and Peru" (1914, Reprinted 1976) Longwood, ISBN 0-89341-031-4
* "The Myths of the North American Indians", London: George G. Harrap & Co, 1914
* "Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria" (New York:Stokes) 1917; Reprint 1997) Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1-56459-500-5 ["A readable popular account" began the reviewer in "The Biblical World", (51.2 [February 1918: 112-113] ) who found its breezy attempt to "contain the pure gold of Babylonian romance freed from the darker ore of antiquarian research", in Spence's words, a camouflage for Spence's "totally inadequate preparation."]
* "The Legends and Romances of Spain" ca. 1920
* "An Introduction to Mythology" George G. Harrap & Co., 1921
* "The Gods of Mexico", Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1923
* "The Mysteries of Egypt, or, The Secret Rites and Traditions of the Nile", 1929
* "The Magic and Mysteries of Mexico", 1932
* "Legends and Romances of Brittany", 1917
* "The Outlines of Mythology", 1944
* "British Fairy Origins: The Genesis and Development of Fairy Legends in British Tradition", London: Watts & Co., 1946
* "Fairy Tradition in Britain", (1948, Reprint 1997) Kessinger Publishing ISBN 1-56459-516-1
* "Hero Tales and Legends of the Rhine"
* "Ancient Egyptian Myths and Legends", (Reprint 1990) Dover, ISBN 0-486-26525-0
* "Scottish Ghosts and Goblins", 1952

Poetry
* "Collected Poems of Lewis Spence", 1953

Notes

External links

*
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/pvuheng.htm "Excerpts from The Popul Vuh"]
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/lrs/index.htm "The Legends and Romances of Spain"]
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/lr/index.htm "Hero Tales and Legends of the Rhine"]
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/mmp/index.htm "Myths of Mexico and Peru"]
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/celt/lrb/index.htm "Legends and Romances of Brittany"]

Источник: Lewis Spence

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