David Starkey, CBE, FSA (born 3 January 1945) is a British constitutional historian, and a radio and television presenter.
He was born the only child of Quaker parents, and attended Kendal Grammar School before entering Cambridge through a scholarship. There he specialised in Tudor history, writing a thesis on King Henry VIII's household. From Cambridge he moved to the London School of Economics, where he taught history until 1998.
Starkey is a well known radio and television personality, first appearing on the latter in 1977. While a regular contributor to the BBC Radio 4 debate programme The Moral Maze, his acerbic tongue earned him the sobriquet of "rudest man in Britain"; his frequent appearances on Question Time have been received with criticism and applause. Starkey has presented several history documentaries. In 2002 he signed a £2 million contract with Channel 4 for 25 hours of programming. Recently, he was a contributor on the Channel 4 series, Jamie's Dream School. An accomplished author, Starkey has written several books on the Tudors.
He was appointed CBE in 2007, is an honorary associate of the National Secular Society and an ardent supporter of homosexual equality. He is openly gay and lives with his long-time partner in the south of England.
Early years and education
David Starkey was born on 3 January 1945 in Kendal. He is the only child of Robert Starkey and Elsie Lyon, Quakers who had married 10 years previously in Bolton, at a Friends meeting house. Robert, the son of a cotton spinner, was a foreman in a washing-machine factory, while Elsie followed in her father's footsteps and became a cotton weaver, and later a cleaner. Starkey is equivocal about his mother, describing her as both "wonderful", in that she helped develop his ambition, and "monstrous", intellectually frustrated and living through her son. "She was a wonderful but also very frightening parent. Finally, she was a Pygmalion. She wanted a creature, she wanted something she had made." Her dominance contrasted sharply to his father, who was "poetic, reflective, rather solitary. The classic weak father, if you like. He wasn't a weak man, but as a father he was weak." Their relationship was "distant", but improved after his mother's death in 1977.
Starkey was born with two club feet. One was fixed early, while the other had to be operated on several times. He also suffered from polio. He suffered a nervous breakdown aged 13, and was taken by his mother to a boarding house in Southport, where he spent several months recovering. Starkey blamed the episode on the unfamiliar experience of being in a "highly competitive environment".
The Tudors simply is this - it is a most glorious and wonderful soap opera. It makes the House of Windsor look like a dolls house tea party, it really does. And so these huge personalities, you know, the whole future of countries turn on what one man feels like when he gets out of bed in the morning - just a wonderful, wonderful personalisation of politics.
He excelled during his time at Kendal Grammar School, winning debating prizes and appearing in school plays. Although he showed an early inclination toward science, he chose instead to study history. A scholarship enabled his entry into Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, where he gained a first, a PhD and a Fellowship. Starkey was fascinated by King Henry VIII, and his thesis centred around the Tudor monarch's inner household. His doctoral supervisor was Professor Geoffrey Elton, an expert in Tudor studies. Starkey claimed that with age his mentor became "tetchy" and "arrogant". In 1983, when Elton was awarded a knighthood, Starkey derided one of his essays, Cromwell Redivivus. The professor responded by writing an "absolutely shocking" review of a collection of essays Starkey had edited. Starkey later expressed his remorse over the spat: "I regret that the thing happened at all."
Bored at Cambridge and attracted to London's gay scene, in 1972 Starkey moved to the London School of Economics. He claimed to be an "excessively enthusiastic advocate of promiscuity", liberating himself from his mother's intensity; she strongly disapproved of his homosexuality. A 30-year career as a teacher ended in 1998, when, blaming boredom and modern academic life, he gave it up.
Starkey entered the wider public consciousness in 1992 on the BBC Radio 4 debate programme The Moral Maze, where he debated morality with fellow panellists Rabbi Julia Neuberger, Dr Roger Scruton and journalist Janet Daley. He soon acquired a reputation for abrasiveness; he explained in 2007 that his personality possesses "a tendency towards showmanship... towards self-indulgence and explosion and repartee and occasional silliness and going over the top." The Daily Mail gave him the sobriquet of "the rudest man in Britain", although Starkey claims that his character was part of a "convenient image". He once attacked the Archdeacon of York George Austin over "his fatness, his smugness, and his pomposity", but after a nine-year stint on the programme, he left, citing his boredom with being "Dr Rude" and its move to an evening slot. From 1995 he also spent three years at Talk Radio UK, presenting Starkey on Saturday, later Starkey on Sunday. An interview with Denis Healey proved to be one of his most embarrassing moments: "I mistakenly thought that he had become an amiable old buffer who would engage in amusing conversation, and he tore me limb from limb. I laugh about it now, but I didn't feel like laughing about it at the time."
Starkey is well known for his historical analyses of Henry VIII
and his court
His first television appearance was in 1977, on Granada Television's Behave Yourself, with Russell Harty. He was a prosecution witness in the 1984 ITV programme The Trial of Richard III, whose jury acquitted the king on the grounds of insufficient evidence. His television documentaries on The Six Wives of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I were ratings successes. In 2002 he signed a £2 million contract with Channel 4 to produce 25 hours of television, including Monarchy, a chronicle of the history of English kings and queens from the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms onward. He presented the 2009 series Henry: Mind of a Tyrant, which Independent reviewer Brian Viner called "highly fascinating", although AA Gill was less complimentary, calling it "Hello! history", and its presenter "a top-down historian, a nostalgic snob of the sort that collects souvenir egg cups". In an interview about the series for the Radio Times, Starkey complained that too many historians had focussed not on Henry, but his wives. Referring to a "feminised history", he said: "so many of the writers who write about this are women and so much of their audience is a female audience." This prompted historian Lucy Worsley to label his comments as misogynous. More recently, he taught five history lessons in Channel 4's Jamie's Dream School, after which he criticised the state education system.
The core of history is narrative and biography. And the way history has been presented in the curriculum for the last 25 years is very different. The importance of knowledge has been downgraded. Instead the argument has been that it's all about skills. Supposedly, what you are trying to do with children is inculcate them with the analytical skills of the historian. Now this seems to me to be the most goddamn awful way to approach any subject, and also the most dangerous, and one, of course, that panders to all sorts of easy assumptions - ‘oh we've got the internet, we don't need knowledge anymore because it's so easy to look things up'. Oh no it isn't. In order to think, you actually need the information in your mind.
He presented the 2011 documentary William and Kate: Romance and the Royals, about which The Independent reviewer Amol Rajan was equivocal, although the Telegraph's Benji Wilson claimed he could tell that Starkey "felt that there was something a little tacky about the whole enterprise".
Starkey was in 1994 elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London. He has worked as curator on several exhibitions, including a 2003 exhibit on Elizabeth I, following which he had lunch with her namesake, Elizabeth II. Several years later he told a reporter that the monarch had no interest in her predecessors, other than those who followed her great grandfather. "I don't think she's at all comfortable with anybody - I would hesitate to use the word intellectual - but it's useful. I think she's got elements a bit like Goebbels in her attitude to culture - you remember: 'every time I hear the word culture I reach for my revolver.' I think the queen reaches for her mask." His remarks were criticised by royal biographer Penny Junor and royal historian Robert Lacey.
By his own admission, Starkey was raised in an austere and frugal environment of near-poverty, with his parents often unemployed for long periods of time; an environment which, he later stated, taught him "the value of money". "I suppose my politics remained essentially in the middle-of the-road Labour left until the end of the 1970s". Starkey blames the Callaghan administration for "blow[ing] the nation's finances". He bemoaned the Tories when they were in opposition, criticising Michael Howard in particular: "I knew Michael Howard was going to be a disaster as soon as he opposed top-up fees, either out of sentimentality or calculated expediency so that it might get him a bit of the student vote...Instead of backing Tony Blair, causing revolution in the Labour Party, the Conservatives have been whoring after strange gods, coming up with increasingly strange policies." He likened Gordon Brown to the fictional Kenneth Widmerpool, continuing, "It seems to me that with Brown there is a complete sense of humour and charm bypass." Starkey prefers radical changes to the UK's constitution in line with the federal system used by the USA, although in an interview with Iain Dale he expressed his support for the monarchy, the queen, and Prince Charles. In the run-up to the UK Alternative Vote referendum, he was a signatory on a letter to The Times, which urged people to vote against the proposals.
A supporter of the Tory campaign for homosexual equality (Torche),[nb 1] during one of many appearances on the BBC's Question Time he attacked Jeffrey Archer over his views on the age of homosexual consent. In 2009, Mike Russell, then the Scottish government minister for culture and external affairs, called on him to apologise for his declaration on the programme that Scotland, Ireland and Wales are "feeble little countries".
It was a joke! The question was did I think the English should treat St George's Day the same way the Scots and all the rest of them treat their saints' days - St Andrew, St Patrick and my answer was no. That would mean we would become a feeble little nation like them and we're showing every sign of doing just that. H.G. Wells has this wonderful phrase - "the English are the only nation without national dress". It is a glory that we don't have such a thing.
Appearing on Any Questions? in 2010, he told Labour politician Caroline Flint she had "prattled on". His comments in August 2011 on the BBC's Newsnight programme, made during a discussion about the 2011 England riots, precipitated support and condemnation from several notable commentators. Starkey claimed that "the whites have become black", and that "a particular sort of violent, destructive, nihilistic, gangster culture has become the fashion". Labour leader Ed Miliband called his comments "racist, frankly", although author Toby Young, blogging in the Telegraph, rejected such criticism, claiming that Starkey was talking not about black culture in general, but "a 'particular form' of black culture". Writing in The Daily Telegraph, Starkey argued his views had been distorted, that he referred only to a "particular sort" of 'Black' culture, and that "black educationalists" Tony Sewell and Katharine Birbalsingh supported the substance of his Newsnight comments.[nb 2] The broadcast regulator Ofcom said that Starkey's comments were part of "a serious and measured discussion", and took no action. More recently, during the 2011 Conservative Party Conference, he spoke at a fringe meeting, declaring London Mayor Boris Johnson as a "jester-despot", and Prime Minister David Cameron as having "absolutely no strategy" for running the country. He urged the party to re-engage with the working class rather than the "Guardian-reading middle class".
Starkey lives with his partner, James Brown, a publisher and book designer. The couple have two homes: a house in Highbury and a manor house in Kent. Starkey was appointed CBE in the Queen's 2007 Birthday Honours list, for services to history. He is an Honorary Associate of the National Secular Society and a visiting professor of the University of Kent.
- This Land of England (1985) (with David Souden)
- The Reign of Henry VIII: Personalities and Politics (1986)
- Revolution Reassessed: Revisions in the History of Tudor Government and Administration (1986) (Editor with Christopher Coleman)
- The English Court from the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War (1987)
- Rivals in Power: the Lives and Letters of the Great Tudor Dynasties (1990)
- Henry VIII: A European Court in England (1991)
- The Inventory of Henry VIII: The Transcript, Volume 1 (1998) (with Philip Ward and Alistair Hawkyard)
- Elizabeth: Apprenticeship (2000) (published in North America as Elizabeth: The struggle for the throne)
- The Stuart Courts - Foreword (2000) (Edited by Eveline Cruickshanks)
- The Inventory of Henry VIII: Essays and Illustrations, Volume 2, (2002) (with Philip Ward and Alistair Hawkyard)
- The Inventory of Henry VIII: Essays and Illustrations, Volume 3, (2002) (with Philip Ward and Alistair Hawkyard)
- The Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII (2003)
- Elizabeth I: The Exhibition Catalogue (2003)
- The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives - Introduction and Preface (2004) (James P. Carley)
- The Monarchy of England: The Beginnings (2004)
- Monarchy: From the Middle Ages to Modernity (2006)
- Making History: Antiquaries in Britain, 1707-2007 - Introduction (2007) (Edited by Sarah McCarthy, Bernard Nurse, and David Gaimster)
- Henry: Virtuous Prince (2008)
- Introduction to Henry VIII; Man & Monarch (Susan Doran, ed. published by the British Library, 2009)
- Crown and Country (Harper Press, 2010) (A compilation of The Monarchy of England: The Beginnings, Monarchy: From the Middle Ages to Modernity and some new material)
- Introduction to Fatal Colours: Towton 1461 - England's Most Brutal Battle by George Goodwin (2011)
- Henry VIII (1998, revised 2001)
- Elizabeth (2000)
- The Six Wives of Henry VIII (2001)
- Edward and Mary: The Unknown Tudors (2002)
- David Starkey: Reinventing the Royals (2002)
- Monarchy by David Starkey (2004–2007)
- The Tudors (2007–2010) technical advisor
- Henry VIII: The Mind of a Tyrant (2009)
- Kate and William: Romance and the Royals (2011)
- Kings and Queens by David Starkey for iPhone and iPad (2011)
- ^ Starkey later resigned from this post.
- ^ For Tony Sewell's comments, see Sewell, Tony (15 August 2011), Don't howl Starkey down. Gangsta culture is a poison spreading among youths of all races, dailymail.co.uk, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2026053/David-Starkey-Gangsta-culture-poison-spreading-youths-races.html?ito=feeds-newsxml, retrieved 21 August 2011 .
For Katharine Birbalsingh's comments, see Birbalsingh, Katharine (15 August 2011), David Starkey 'racism' row: I wish white people, on both sides of the argument, would take a chill pill, blogs.telegraph.co.uk, http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/katharinebirbalsingh/100101045/david-starkey-racism-row-i-wish-white-people-on-both-sides-of-the-argument-would-take-a-chill-pill/, retrieved 21 August 2011 .
- ^ a b c d e f Ross, Peter (23 March 2003), Rude; Wealth; David Starkey is famous for being rich, gay and, well,, The Sunday Herald, hosted at findarticles.com, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4156/is_20030323/ai_n12581365, retrieved 14 August 2011
- ^ Profile: David Starkey, entertainment.timesonline.co.uk, 28 September 2008, http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/article4837679.ece, retrieved 18 August 2011
- ^ a b c d e David Starkey: The history man, independent.co.uk, 9 December 2006, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/david-starkey-the-history-man-427499.html, retrieved 14 August 2010
- ^ Barratt, Nick (27 January 2007), Family detective, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/main.jhtml?xml=/health/2007/01/27/hfamhist27.xml, retrieved 14 August 2010
- ^ a b c d e f g h Barber, Lynn (10 October 2004), 'I'd wake up and think: God, did I really say that?', guardian.co.uk, http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2004/oct/10/history.academicexperts, retrieved 15 August 2011
- ^ a b Kinmount, Will (28 March 2009), Is David Starkey the reincarnation of Henry VIII?, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/theroyalfamily/5065410/Is-David-Starkey-the-reincarnation-of-Henry-VIII.html, retrieved 14 August 2011
- ^ a b c d e f Dale, Iain (18 September 2009), In conversation with... David Starkey, totalpolitics.com, http://www.totalpolitics.com/articles/2893/in-conversation-with-david-starkey.thtml, retrieved 18 August 2011
- ^ a b c d Frost, Caroline (8 March 2002), David Starkey: Laughing all the way to the library, news.bbc.co.uk, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/uk/2000/newsmakers/1860744.stm, retrieved 14 August 2011
- ^ a b c d e f Preston, John (16 December 2007), David Starkey: A man with a past, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3669985/David-Starkey-A-man-with-a-past.html, retrieved 14 August 2010
- ^ a b Whittell, Giles (9 October 2008), Exclusive interview with David Starkey, entertainment.timesonline.co.uk, http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/article4915329.ece, retrieved 14 August 2011
- ^ Morris, Sophie (17 December 2007), David Starkey: My life in media, independent.co.uk, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/media/david-starkey-my-life-in-media-765548.html, retrieved 15 August 2011
- ^ The Trial of Richard III, ITV, 4 November 1984
- ^ Richard III On Screen, screenonline.org.uk, http://www.screenonline.org.uk/tv/id/1022653/, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Viner, Brian (28 April 2009), Last Night's Television - Winds,BBC4; Henry VIII: Mind of a Tyrant, Channel 4, independent.co.uk, http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/reviews/last-nights-television--windsbbc4-henry-viii-mind-of-a-tyrant-channel-4-1675074.html, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Gill, AA (26 April 2009), Henry VIII — Mind of a Tyrant was a Hello! history, entertainment.timesonline.co.uk, http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/tv_and_radio/article6155789.ece, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Adams, Stephen (30 March 2009), History has been 'feminised' says David Starkey as he launches Henry VIII series, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/5077505/History-has-been-feminised-says-David-Starkey-as-he-launches-Henry-VIII-series.html, retrieved 17 August 2011
- ^ Allen, Vanessa (31 March 2009), Women turn history into a bizarre soap opera, says Starkey, dailymail.co.uk, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1166125/Women-turn-history-bizarre-soap-opera-says-Starkey.html, retrieved 17 August 2011
- ^ Jamie's Dream School, Channel 4, hosted at youtube.com, 2 March 2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z1AH_lKDQF8, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Starkey, David (19 February 2011), David Starkey: Jamie's Dream School was a lesson I'll never forget, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/8333863/David-Starkey-Jamies-Dream-School-was-a-lesson-Ill-never-forget.html, retrieved 18 August 2011
- ^ Rajan, Amol (28 April 2011), William and Kate: Romance and the Royals/Channel 4 Petworth House: the Big Clean/BBC4, independent.co.uk, http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/reviews/william-and-kate-romance-and-the-royalschannel-4br-petworth-house-the-big-cleanbbc4-2275666.html, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Wilson, Benji (28 April 2011), Kate and William: Romance and the Royals, Channel 4, review, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/8478054/Kate-and-William-Romance-and-the-Royals-Channel-4-review.html, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Society of Antiquaries of London - List of Fellows, sal.org.uk, http://www.sal.org.uk/history/listoffellows/?letter=S, retrieved 16 May 2010
- ^ Edemariam, Aida (22 December 2007), The Queen and I, guardian.co.uk, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2007/dec/22/monarchy.television, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Sawer, Patrick (23 December 2007), Historian David Starkey criticises the Queen, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1573480/Historian-David-Starkey-criticises-the-Queen.html, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ a b c Patterson, Christina (3 April 2009), King of the castle: David Starkey returns to his pet subject, Henry VIII, independent.co.uk, http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/features/king-of-the-castle-david-starkey-returns-to-his-pet-subject-henry-viii-1660597.html, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Thompson, Damien (9 September 2005), England has a terrible crisis of identity, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3646412/England-has-a-terrible-crisis-of-identity.html, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Historians against AV, conservatives.com, 11 March 2011, http://www.conservatives.com/News/News_stories/2011/03/Historians_against_AV.aspx, retrieved 14 August 2011
- ^ Benedict, David; Lyttle, John (27 November 1995), Moving into the mainstream, independent.co.uk, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/moving-into-the-mainstream-1583853.html, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Gove, Michael (20 June 1993), On The Record, bbc.co.uk, http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/gay_rights/12016.shtml, retrieved 14 August 2011
- ^ Havard, Ed (20 January 2011), Question Time defined by 'epic' battles, news.bbc.co.uk, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/question_time/9366830.stm, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ MacDonald, Stuart (26 April 2009), Call for David Starkey to say 'sorry' to Scotland, timesonline.co.uk, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/scotland/article6169267.ece, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ 'Feeble nation' jibe sparks row, news.bbc.co.uk, 24 April 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/8016440.stm, retrieved 16 August 2011
- ^ Any Questions?, bbc.co.uk, 9 October 2010, http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00v1rq5, retrieved 17 August 2011
- ^ a b Ed Miliband condemns David Starkey's race comment, bbc.co.uk, 15 August 2011, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-14531077, retrieved 17 August 2011
- ^ Young, Toby (13 August 2011), Was David Starkey being racist on Newsnight last night?, blogs.telegraph.co.uk, http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/tobyyoung/100100845/was-david-starkey-being-racist-on-newsnight-last-night/, retrieved 17 August 2011
- ^ Starkey, David (19 August 2011), UK riots: It's not about criminality and cuts, it's about culture... and this is only the beginning, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/law-and-order/8711621/UK-riots-Its-not-about-criminality-and-cuts-its-about-culture...-and-this-is-only-the-beginning.html, retrieved 20 August 2011
- ^ Singh, Anita (4 October 2011), David Starkey: why Emily Maitlis is a disgrace, telegraph.co.uk, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/8804820/David-Starkey-why-Emily-Maitlis-is-a-disgrace.html, retrieved 11 October 2011
- ^ Parkinson, Justin (4 October 2011), Tory conference: Starkey lets Cameron have it, bbc.co.uk, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-15158057, retrieved 11 October 2011
- ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 58358. p. 8. 16 June 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- ^ Honorary Associate: Dr. David Starkey, secularism.org.uk, http://www.secularism.org.uk/dr.davidstarkey.html, retrieved 14 August 2011
- ^ http://www.kent.ac.uk/history/staff/index.html?tab=emeriti-amp-honorary-staff