Dan Jurgens (born June 27, 1959 in Ortonville, Minnesota) is an American comic book writer and artist. He is best known for creating the superhero Booster Gold, and for his lengthy runs on the Superman titles Adventures of Superman and Superman (vol. 2), particularly during The Death of Superman storyline. Other series he has been associated with include The Sensational Spider-Man (Vol. 1), Thor (vol. 2), Captain America (vol. 3), Justice League America, Metal Men, Teen Titans (vol. 2), Zero Hour, Tomb Raider: The Series, Aquaman (vol. 3), and the creator of DC Comics' imprint Tangent.
Jurgens' first professional comic work was for DC Comics on Warlord #63. He was hired due to a recommendation of Warlord-series creator Mike Grell who was deeply impressed by Jurgens' work after being shown his private portfolio at a convention. In 1984, Jurgens was the artist for the Sun Devils limited series (July 1984 - June 1985), with writers Gerry Conway and Roy Thomas. Jurgens would make his debut as a comic book writer with Sun Devils. He began scripting from Conway's plots with #8 and fully took over the writing duties on the title with #10. In 1985, Jurgens created the character Booster Gold, who became a member of the Justice League. His first work on Superman was as penciller for Adventures of Superman Annual #1 (1987). In 1989, Jurgens began working full-time on the character when he took over the writing/pencilling of the monthly Adventures of Superman.
The cover to Superman
vol. 2, #75 (January 1993). Art by Dan Jurgens and Brett Breeding
Dan Jurgens was the penciller of the 1990–1991 limited series Armageddon 2001 and co-created the hero Waverider with Archie Goodwin. In 1991 Jurgens assumed the writing/pencilling of the main Superman comic book, where he created a supporting hero named Agent Liberty. During his run on Superman, Dan created two major villains, Doomsday and the Cyborg. Doomsday was the main antagonist in the Death of Superman storyline. Jurgens wrote and drew Justice League America for about one year and in 1993 pencilled the Metal Men four-issue miniseries, which was a retcon of their origin story. Jurgens wrote and pencilled the 1994 comic book miniseries and crossover Zero Hour. He wrote and penciled layouts (with finished art by Brett Breeding) to the Superman/Doomsday: Hunter/Prey miniseries, which was a follow-up to the successful Death of Superman storyline. In 1995 Jurgens and Italian artist Claudio Castellini worked on the highly publicized crossover Marvel vs DC. In the same year, he gave up the pencilling duties on Superman.
Superman vs. Aliens
#1. Art by Dan Jurgens and Kevin Nowlan
Jurgens scripted and provided layout art for the Superman vs. Aliens miniseries. The story was about a battle between Superman and the aliens created by H. R. Giger (a.k.a. the Xenomorphs), from the Alien film series. It was co-published by Dark Horse Comics and DC Comics in 1995.
Cover to Teen Titans
vol. 2, #5, featuring the 1996–98 team. Art by Dan Jurgens and George Pérez
In January 1996, Jurgens was writer and penciller of the new Spider-Man series, The Sensational Spider-Man (Vol. 1), at Marvel Comics. The title was initially conceived to be the flagship showcase for the new Ben Reilly Spider-Man (it replaced the Web of Spider-Man series). The initial seven issues (#0–6, January–July 1996) were written and pencilled by Jurgens. Jurgens pushed strongly for the restoration of Peter Parker as the true Spider-Man and plans were made to enact this soon, but Bob Harras, the new Editor-in-chief, demanded the story be deferred until after the Onslaught crossover. Jurgens had by this stage become disillusioned with the immense amount of group planning and constant changes of ideas and directions and took this as the last straw, resigning from the title. In a past interview several years after his Spider-Man run, Jurgens stated that he would like to have another chance on the character, since his run was with the Ben Reilly character during the Spider-Man Clone Saga, and not Peter Parker. Jurgens had also written and pencilled Teen Titans (vol. 2) for its entire two year, 24 issue run. New Teen Titans co-creator George Pérez came on board on this incarnation of the Titans as inker for the series' first 15 issues. The series debuted in October 1996, and ended in September 1998. After 10 years working on the character, Jurgens ended his Superman run as the book's writer with Superman (vol. 2) #150 (November 1999). Also in 1999, Jurgens was writer and layout artist for the tabloid-sized graphic novel Superman/Fantastic Four, with finished art by his former Adventures of Superman inker Art Thibert. In 2000, he was the writer and provided layouts for the four issue prestige miniseries Titans/Legion of Super-Heroes: Universe Ablaze, with finishes provided by Phil Jimenez. Jurgens wrote Aquaman (Vol. 3) from issue #63 (January 2000) through to its cancellation with issue #75 (January 2001). Jurgens was also the debut writer of theTomb Raider: The Series comic book series licensed to Top Cow Productions and Image Comics, which started in 1999. The debut issue of Tomb Raider was the number one selling comic book of 1999. Jurgens remained as writer of the series up to issue #21. In November 2002, Jurgens wrote and pencilled the four-issue weekly miniseries Superman: Day of Doom (January 2003), which was a special 10 year anniversary look back to the Death of Superman event from 1992. Jurgens also worked with Marvel Comics as writer/artist on Captain America (vol. 3), writer on Thor (vol. 2) with pencilling from John Romita Jr. and in 1995 as writer/penciller on Solar #46 from Valiant Comics where he was inked by the legendary Dick Giordano, and with penciller Tom Grindberg joining in with issues #51–54 after Jurgens relinquished penciller duties with issue #50. After a hiatus from comics, Jurgens returned to DC Comics, providing layouts for the lead story in the Infinite Crisis Secret Files 2006 special (April 2006) and provided art for the weekly series 52 and to the six issue limited series Crisis Aftermath: The Battle For Blüdhaven written by Jimmy Palmiotti and Justin Grey, with Palmiotti as inker. He was the artist on the series Nightwing with returning writer/creator Marv Wolfman. He and Wolfman worked together on a four part story, from issues 125–128. On Metamorpho: Year One, Jurgens was writer and artist. He would only pencil issues 1 and 2, with Mike Norton providing the pencils for issues 3–6 and Jesse Delperdang was inker for the entire series. Jurgens also provided layouts for an issue of Firestorm: The Nuclear Man (#33, April 2007). Jurgens was writer and artist of the History of the Multiverse back-up stories in the weekly Countdown (which appeared in issues #49 through #38). At the Los Angeles Comic Con in March 2007, DC announced a new, ongoing Booster Gold series written by Geoff Johns and pencilled by Jurgens, to begin shortly after the end of 52. Norm Rapmund will ink Jurgens' pencils. Jurgens subsequently spoke in depth with Sebastian Piccione of the comic book website Project Fanboy about his return to the Booster Gold series in a three part interview the site published. He is the writer of Tangent: Superman's Reign limited series in 2008, revisiting the Tangent Comics characters. He also wrote and illustrated an issue of The Brave and the Bold (Vol. 2) #23 (July 2009), which featured Booster Gold and Magog.
He will be amongst the new creative talent running DC Comics' new relaunch in fall 2011, becoming the writer of the new Justice League International series with artist Aaron Lopresti and the artist of the new Green Arrow series in fall 2011 with writer J.T. Krul and inker George Pérez. He became co-writer of Green Arrow with Keith Giffen as of issue #4, and will remain as the co-writing team until issue #6, after which Ann Nocenti will take over.
Additionally, it was announced in October 2011 that he will be returning to Superman, co-writing, as well as drawing, the self titled Superman book with Keith Giffen. Their first issue to be released in 2012 beginning with issue #7, as the team take over for the current writer/artist, George Perez. As such, he is expected to leave Green Arrow art duties with issue #6.
Comics work includes:
Dark Horse Comics
- Superman vs. Aliens (1995 limited series; story and layout art)
- Adventures of Superman (writer & penciller, 1989–1991); Annual #1 (pencils, 1987)
- Agent Liberty Special # 1 (1992) (writer & cover artist); with art by Dusty Abell (pencils); Jackson Guice, Steve Mitchell & Mike Machlan (inks)
- Aquaman (Vol. 3) #63-75 (writer, Jan. 2000-Jan 2001)
- Armageddon 2001
- Batman Annual # 9 (1985) (pencils)
- Brave and the Bold (vol. 2) #23 (writer/artist, 2009)
- Booster Gold #1-25 (artist, 1986–88)
- Booster Gold (vol. 2) #1-12, 15-19, 21-31, 44-47 (artist, 2007–2008; writer/artist, 2009–2010, 2011)
- Countdown (writer & artist of the "History of the Multiverse" back-up stories in issues #49 through #38)
- Crisis Aftermath: The Battle For Blüdhaven (2006 mini-series) (pencils)
- DC Universe: Legacies #7-8 (2011)
- Firestorm: The Nuclear Man (vol. 3) #33 (April 2007) (layouts only)
- Flash Gordon #1-9 (miniseries) (writer/artist, 1989)
- Green Arrow (artist #1-present; co-writer #4-present, 2011)
- Infinite Crisis Secret Files 2006 (April, 2006) (layouts for lead story)
- Justice League America
- Justice League International (writer, 2011)
- Metal Men (limited series, 1993) (layouts)
- Metamorpho: Year One (writer & pencils (issues 1 and 2 only); with Mike Norton (pencils issues 3-6) & Jesse Delperdang (inker)) (6 issue limited series, 2007)
- Sun Devils (writer and artist, 1984)
- Superman (vol. 2) (writer/artist, 1991–1999; writer: 1991-1999; pencils: 1991-1995)
- Superman 80-Page Giant #1 (Feb. 1999) (cover artist pencils & writer for 10-page short story)
- Superman/Doomsday: Hunter/Prey (1994 limited series; story & layouts)
- Superman: The Doomsday Wars
- Superman: Day of Doom
- Superman: Secret Files (Jan. 1998) (writer & layout art for lead story; plus pencil art for character profiles)
- Superman/Fantastic Four (1999) (writer & layout art, with finished art by Art Thibert)
- Tangent: Superman's Reign #1-12 (2008 limited series) (writer)
- Teen Titans (vol. 2)
- Time Masters: Vanishing Point #1-6 (2010 mini series) (writer/artist)
- Titans/Legion of Super-Heroes: Universe Ablaze (2000). 4-issue prestige miniseries. writer & layouts, with finishes by Phil Jimenez.
- Warlord #75- (artist)
- Zero Hour
- Solar # 46-54 (July 1995-Dec. 1995) Writer/Penciller on #46-50; writer only from #51-54
His work has earned him several awards over the years, including the 1994 National Cartoonists Society Award for Best Comic Book.
- 1959 births
- American comics artists
- American graphic novelists
- American comics writers
- People from Minnesota
- Living people
Источник: Dan Jurgens
Infobox Comics creator
imagesize = 150
birthname = Keith Ian Giffen
birthdate = birth date and age|1952|11|30
location = Queens, New York City
nationality = American
area = Penciller, Writer
notable works = Legion of Super-Heroes
Keith Ian Giffen (born November 30, 1952 ["Comics Buyers Guide" #1636 (December 2007); Page 135] ) is an American comic book illustrator and writer.
Giffen was born in Queens, New York City.
He is possibly best-known for his long runs illustrating, and later writing the "Legion of Super-Heroes" title in the 1980s and 1990s. He also created the alien mercenary character Lobo (with Roger Slifer), and the irreverent "want-to-be" hero, Ambush Bug. He also plotted & was breakdown artist for an "Aquaman" limited series and one-shot special in 1989 with writer Robert Loren Fleming and artist Curt Swan for DC Comics.
Giffen's first published work was "The Sword and The Star", a black-and-white series featured in "Marvel Preview", with writer Bill Mantlo. He has worked on titles (owned by several different companies) including Woodgod, "All Star Comics", "Doctor Fate", "Drax the Destroyer", "Heckler", "Nick Fury's Howling Commandos", "Reign of the Zodiac", "Suicide Squad", "Trencher" (to be re-released in a collected edition by Boom! Studios.), "T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents", and "Vext". He was also responsible for the English adaptation of the "Battle Royale" and "Ikki Tousen" manga, as well as creating "I Luv Halloween" for Tokyopop. He also worked for Dark Horse from 1994-95 on their Comics Greatest World/Dark Horse Heroes line, as the writer of two short lived series, Division 13 and co-author, with Lovern Kindzierski, of Agents of Law.
He took a break from the comic industry for several years, working on storyboards for television and film, including shows such as "The Real Ghostbusters" and "Ed, Edd 'n' Eddy".
He and his "Justice League" cohorts (J.M. DeMatteis and Kevin Maguire) have recently put their particular brand of storytelling to a title that he had drawn in the 1970s, Marvel Comics' "The Defenders". The same trio produced more superhero humor in the 3-issue mini-series "Hero Squared" for Boom! Studios, and the 2-issue mini-series Planetary Brigade.
Keith Giffen was the breakdown artist on the DC Comic book "52", a weekly series following in the wake of the Infinite Crisis crossover (written by Geoff Johns, Greg Rucka, Mark Waid and Grant Morrison). He continued in that role with the follow-up weekly series "Countdown to Final Crisis." He is also the lead writer for Marvel Comics's Annihilation event, having written the one-shot prologue, the lead-in stories in ' and ', the "" as well as the main six issues mini-series.
Giffen remains a prolific creator of independent comics. Between 2005 and 2007 he's co-created and often authored or co-authored such books as "10", "Tag" and "Hero Squared" for Boom! Studios for "Zapt!" and "I Luv Halloween" for Tokyopop, "Common Foe" and "Tabula Rasa" for Desperado Publishing/Image Comics and "Grunts" for Arcana. Many of these were co-authored with his frequent collaborator Shannon Denton.
Giffen's art has taken on many styles over the years. His early work tended towards a heavy influence from Jack Kirby. After an early stint at Marvel, he began doing layouts for artist Wally Wood during the late 1970s revival of the Justice Society of America.
When he returned to comics after a hiatus, his style was more precise and reminiscent of George Pérez and Jim Starlin and helped make Legion of Super-Heroes DC's second most popular comic after George Pérez's New Teen Titans. It was his work on the Legion that rocketed him to comic book artist fame and gave him a creative control with the national companies that few artists achieved. He peppered his artwork with in-jokes such as upside down Superman logos, hidden Marvel characters, eyeball creatures, and scrawled humorous messages on signs in the background of his panels in the alternate futuristic alphabet Interlac.
As his style loosened up, he found himself drawn to the work of José Muñoz (see Controversy).
Soon thereafter he developed a scratchier, more impressionistic style, using a highly stlylized method of drawing directly with ink on titles such as "Trencher" and "Lobo".
After his lengthy sabbatical from comics work, Giffen returned with a style that some said was influenced by his "Justice League" artist Kevin Maguire that was mid-way between the tight, controlled pencils of his early Legion days and the freer but less anatomically correct style he had later adopted.
For many years, Giffen would co-write comics, but only as a plotter. He relied on others such as Robert Loren Fleming, and Tom and Mary Bierbaum, to supply dialogue, even when he was basically the author of the work. He co-wrote the "Freak Force" series with Erik Larsen, and also co-wrote two "SuperPatriot" mini-series. Beginning with "Trencher", Giffen started writing comics fully by himself, although he still collaborates when the project calls for it.
Giffen is known for having an unorthodox writing style, often using characters in ways not seen before. His dialogue is usually characterized by a biting wit that is seen as much less zany than dialogue provided by longtime collaborators DeMatteis and Robert Loren Fleming. That approach has brought him both criticism and admiration,Fact|date=April 2007 as perhaps best illustrated by the mixed (although commercially successful) response to his work in DC Comics' "Justice League International". His work on the 2001 version of "Suicide Squad" was not nearly as successful,Fact|date=April 2007 however, and his loose, largely satirical style is arguably a detriment to both the English version of the "Battle Royale manga" and to the third version of the "Defenders", published in 2005-2006.Fact|date=June 2008
He is also known for his humorous takes on existing characters, often focusing on their personality clashes. He also has a tendency to poke fun at trends in comic books or character archetypes. His Ambush Bug miniseries is especially noted for its in-jokes such as Villian the Villain, Cheeks the Toy Wonder, and the use of DC editor Julius Schwartz as a character.
He is also known for sudden plot twists and abrupt often tragic turns of fate. During his late 1980s-early 1990s run on the "Legion of Super-Heroes", light comical issues were often followed by darker ones where popular characters were maimed or killed.
Recent work includes writing "The Programme" #3 and "Reign in Hell", an eight-issue limited series, with artist Tom Derenick, about various DC Comics magical characters in Hell. [ [http://www.newsarama.com/comics/080620-ReigninHell.html "Better to Reign in Hell - Keith Giffen Talks"] , Newsarama, June 20, 2008.] [ [http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=17281 "Keith Giffen Reigns In Hell!"] , Comic Book Resources, July 17, 2008.]
In February 1986 Mark Burbey published "The Trouble With Keith Giffen" in "The Comics Journal" #105, an examination of recent dramatic changes in Keith Giffen's drawing style. Giffen, Burbey pointed out, had changed from a slick, clean Jim Starlin-style to an avant garde, heavily inked one. However, critics and fans largely agreed that this new style suited the strange and funny projects in which was involved.Fact|date=October 2007
In the article, Burbey displayed several panels side by side to illustrate his allegation that Giffen was copying, or "swiping" the work of Argentinian cartoonist Jose Muñoz. In response, Giffen parodied himself by alluding to the controversy by drawing Ambush Bug with the appearance of Snoopy in "Son of Ambush Bug" #5. Robert Loren Fleming wrote the panels for it.
Loyal Giffen fans defended him by arguing that Giffen had actually "ghosted" the Munoz work in question, with some of the most extreme loyalists maintaining that Munoz was in fact a Giffen pseudonym, prompting two different men, each claiming to be Munoz, to launch competing defamation lawsuits against both Giffen and his fans. [Branch, James. "Who Knows Munoz?", "The Comic Book Companion" (March 1987).]
However, Giffen himself acknowledges Munoz's influence, referring to the incident by saying: "I had a bad incident with studying somebody's work very closely at one point and I resolved never, ever to do it again. I can get so immersed in somebody's work that I start turning into a Xerox machine and it's not good.... There was no time I was sitting there tracing or copying, no. Duplicating, pulling out of memory and putting down on paper after intense study, absolutely." [Keith Giffen interviewed by Jon B. Cooke, "Jack Kirby Collector" #29 (Aug. 2000).] .
At that point in his career, Giffen was considered one of the most popular comic book artists in the industry, along with artists such as John Byrne, George Pérez, and Frank Miller. The ensuing controversy hurt Giffen's reputation.
Although comic book artists such as Byrne and Rich Buckler have engaged in swiping with the knowledge of the comic book publishers, their swiping usually involved copying panels from artwork previously published and owned by their publisher.Fact|date=February 2007 Giffen allegedly swiped work for which the publisher (DC) did not have the copyright.
However, DC Comics loyally protected him. They removed him as prime artist on his run of DC titles, such as "Ambush Bug", but gave him full-time writing duties on "Justice League" until the controversy was largely forgotten and a new generation of comic book fans came to discover his work.Fact|date=May 2008 He returned to drawing full-time two years later while continuing to plot the "Justice League" and its numerous spin-offs.
This period also marked Ambush Bug's end as a growing and popular major character at DC. According to Giffen, it had to do with editorial discomfort with the series' humorous approach to the DC Universe: "DC was just too uncomfortable with the (admittedly nicely selling) bully pulpit they'd provided the loose cannons on the creative team". [Beau Yarbrough, [http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=2218 "A. Bug's Life: Keith Giffen's Ambush Bug is Back"] , Comic Book Resources, June 8, 2003]
* [http://www.comixology.com/podcasts/64/Keith-Giffen-Interview Podcast interview] at comiXology.com
* [http://www.twomorrows.com/kirby/articles/29giffen.html Interview at TwoMorrows Press]
* [http://lambiek.net/artists/g/giffen_keith.htm Lambiek Profile]
* [http://silverbulletcomics.com/news/story.php?a=488 In their own words: "Keith Giffen and JM DeMatteis Unexpurgated!"]
* [http://www.popmatters.com/comics/defenders-1-5.shtml Review of "Defenders" 1-5 at popmatters.com]
Источник: Keith Giffen