Электронная книга: William Hanna «A Irmandade Hiramic: Profecia Do Templo De Ezequiel»

A Irmandade Hiramic: Profecia Do Templo De Ezequiel

Num contexto deódio e violência, A Irmandade Hiramic: a Profecia do Templo de Ezequiel aprofunda a questão da limpeza étnica de palestinianos de Israel e aborda os crimes racistas contra a humanidade no Médio Oriente. O romance segue o jornalista Conrad Banner, influenciado pelo seu pai, Mark – um autor ecorrespondente estrangeiro com inúmeros prémios de jornalismo pela cobertura do Médio Oriente – que tem a intenção de filmar um documentário fatualmente imparcial acerca do conflito resultante de quase setenta anos de ocupação ilegal e muitas vezes bárbara. O ódio e a violência tambémforam provocados principalmente pela limpeza étnica da população indígena palestiniana por Israel, cujos crimes contra a humanidade estavam a ser retratados de uma forma de propaganda conhecida como hasbara, ou ”explicação”. Essa propaganda foi dirigida a uma audiência internacional pararetratar as ações e políticas controversas de Israel – passado e presente – numa luz positiva, proporcionando um retrato negativo dos árabes em geral, e os palestinianos em particular. Juntamente com o ativista judeu Adam Peltz e o guia palestiniano Sami Hadawi, os esforços de Banner são indesejáveis e muitas vezes culminam em consequências perigosas e, em última análise, fatais. O romance é motivado pela flagrante negação de direitos humanos básicos de Israel a milhões de palestinianos, incluindo crianças cuja perseguição sem fim é tolerada hipocritamente pelo duplo padrão das chamadas democracias ocidentais. Explorando os temas da cultura, racismo, religião e violência, Hanna traz a primeira história convincente de luta e divisão.

Издательство: "Tektime S.r.l.s."

ISBN: 9788873047124

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William Hanna

Infobox Person
name=William Hanna


caption=William Denby Hanna
birth_date=birth date|1910|7|14|mf=y
birth_place=Melrose, New Mexico
ethnicity=Irish
nationality=American
death_date= death date|2001|3|22|mf=y (aged 90)
death_place=North Hollywood, Los Angeles, California
spouse= Violet Blanch Wogatzke (1936–2001)

William Denby "Bill" Hanna (July 14, 1910 – March 22, 2001) was an influential American animator, director, producer, television director, television producer, and cartoon artist, whose movie and television cartoon characters entertained millions of fans worldwide for much of the twentieth century. When he was a young child, Hanna's family moved frequently, but they settled in Los Angeles by 1919. There, Hanna became an Eagle Scout. He briefly attended college but dropped out at the onset of the Great Depression.

After working odd jobs in the first months of the Depression, Hanna joined the Harman and Ising animation studio in 1930. During the 1930s, Hanna steadily gained skill and prominence while working on cartoons such as "Captain and the Kids". In 1937, while working at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), Hanna met Joseph Barbera. The two men began a collaboration that was at first best known for producing "Tom and Jerry" and live action films. In 1957, they co-founded Hanna-Barbera, which became the most successful television animation studio in the business, producing programs such as "The Flintstones", "The Huckleberry Hound Show", "The Jetsons", "Scooby-Doo", "The Smurfs", and "Yogi Bear". In 1967, Hanna-Barbera was sold to Taft Broadcasting for $12 million, but Hanna and Barbera remained head of the company until 1991. At that time the studio was sold to Turner Broadcasting System, which in turn was merged with Time Warner, owners of Warner Bros., in 1996; Hanna and Barbera stayed on as advisors.

Hanna and Barbera won seven Academy Awards and eight Emmy Awards. Their cartoons have become cultural icons, and their cartoon characters have appeared in other media such as films, books, and toys. Hanna-Barbera's shows have a global audience of over 300 million people and have been translated into more than 20 languages.

Personal life

William Hanna was born to William John and Avice Joyce (Denby) Hanna in Melrose, New Mexico.cite book|last=Hanna|first=William|coauthors=Tom Ito|title=A Cast of Friends|publisher=Da Capo Press|location=Emeryville, California|year=2000|isbn=0-30680-917-6|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=pHhw_ZgO6WoC|accessdate=2008-08-18] rp|5 The third of seven children and the only son, Hanna maintained that there was no war between the sexes nor sibling rivalry in their home.rp|5cite web|url=http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/obituaries/2001/0331/01033100098.html|title=William Hanna|last=Hogan|first=Sean|date=2001-03-23|work=The Irish Times|pages=16|accessdate=2008-08-17] Hanna described his family as "a red-blooded, Irish-American family".rp|9 His father was a construction superintendent for railroads as well as water and sewer systems throughout the western regions of America, requiring the family to move frequently.rp|6 When Hanna was three years old, the family moved to Baker City, Oregon, where his father worked on the construction of the Balm Creek Dam. It was here that Hanna developed his love of the outdoors.rp|6cite news|title=William Hanna: Master animator whose cartoon creations included Tom and Jerry and the Flintstones|last=Gifford|first=Denis|date=2001-03-24|work=The Guardian|url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2001/mar/24/guardianobituaries.filmnews1|accessdate= 2008-08-21] The family moved to Logan, Utah before moving to San Pedro, California in 1917.cite book|last=Barbera|first=Joseph|title=My Life in "Toons": From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century|year=1994|publisher=Turner Publishing|location=Atlanta, GA|isbn= 1-57036-042-1] rp|67 During the next two years they moved several times before eventually settling in Watts, California in 1919.rp|10 In 1922, while living in Watts, he joined Scouting.rp|11 He attended Compton High School from 1925 through 1928, where he played the saxophone in a dance band.cite web|url=http://www.allmovie.com/cg/avg.dll?p=avg&sql=2:93352~T1|title=William Hanna — Biography|last=Erickson|first=Hal|publisher=allmovie|accessdate=2008-08-13] This passion for music continued carried over into his career as he helped write songs for his cartoons, including the theme for "The Flintstones".cite book|last=Barbera|first=Joseph|title=My Life in "Toons": From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century|year=1994|publisher=Turner Publishing|location=Atlanta, GA|isbn= 1-57036-042-1] rp|67–68cite news|title=Hanna Obit|date=2001-03-22|work=City News Service — Los Angeles|accessdate=2008-08-16 There are also reports that Hanna attended UCLA but this is unconfirmed.] cite news|title=William Hanna; Cartoon scriptwriter with a natural gift for gags and comic timing|last=Kerr|first=Alison|date=2001-03-24|publisher=The Herald (Glasgow)|page= 16] cite news|last=Moore|first=Ron|title=Toons King Dies; Hanna's Magic Touch Brought Us Fred, Yogi, and Scooby-Doo|date=2001-03-24|publisher=Daily Record] Hanna became an Eagle Scout as a youth and remained active in Scouting throughout his life.rp|67–68cite web|url=http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/H/htmlH/hannawillia/hannawillia.htm|title=Hanna, William, and Joseph Barbera: U.S. Television Animators|last=Mullen|first=Megan|publisher=Museum of Broadcast Communications|accessdate=2008-08-10] As an adult, he served as a Scoutmaster and was recognized by the Boy Scouts of America with their Distinguished Eagle Scout Award in 1985.rp|120cite web |url=http://members.cox.net/scouting179/Eagle%20Distinguished.htm |title=Distinguished Eagle Scouts |publisher=Troop & Pack 179 |accessdate=2008-07-28] Despite his numerous career-related awards, Hanna was most proud of this Distinguished Eagle Scout Award. His interests also included sailing and singing in a barbershop quartet.cite web|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1327678/William-Hanna.html|title=William Hanna|date=2001-11-22|work=The Daily Telegraph|accessdate=2008-08-16] cite journal|last=Rinker|first=Harry L.|year=1996|month=February|title= William Danby Hanna and Joseph Roland Barbera|journal=Antiques & Collecting Magazine|volume=100|issue=12|pages=24] Hanna studied both journalism and structural engineering at Compton City College,cite news|title=Toon titan Hanna dies at 90|last=Natale|first=Richard|coauthors=Phil Gallo|date=2001-03-21|work=Daily Variety] rp|6 but had to drop out of college with the onset of the Great Depression.cite web|url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C04E6D7143CF930A15750C0A9679C8B63&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss|title= William Hanna Dies at 90; Created Cartoon Characters|date=2001-03-23|work=The New York Times|accessdate=2008-08-06] He married Violet Blanch Wogatzke on August 7, 1936 and they had two children,rp|29 David William and Bonnie Jean, and seven grandchildren.cite web|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/film-and-tv/news/william-hanna-the-cartoonist-who-transformed-animation-dies-aged-90-688796.html|title=William Hanna, the cartoonist who transformed animation, dies aged 90|last=Buncombe|first=Andrew|date=2001-03-24|work=The Independent|accessdate=2008-08-17] Hanna died of throat cancer on March 22, 2001 in North Hollywood, Los Angeles, California and was interred in Ascension Cemetery in Lake Forest, California.cite book|last=Brooks|first=Patricia|coauthors=Jonathan Brooks|title=Laid To Rest In California|publisher=Insider's Guide|location=Guilford, CT|year=2006|pages=224|isbn=0-762-74101-5|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=dN5pWzZUvoMC&pg=PA224&lpg=PA224&dq=%22William+Hanna%22+%22Ascension+Cemetery%22&source=web&ots=wL-LjfPeu4&sig=U1QsF5lavu4836FEpt1pPBljBqM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct=result|accessdate=2008-08-22]

Career

Film

After dropping out of college, Hanna worked briefly as a construction engineer and helped build the Pantages Theatre in Hollywood.rp|6 He lost that job during the Great Depression and found another at a car wash. His sister's boyfriend encouraged him to apply for a job at the cartoon studio Pacific Art and Title.cite news|title=William Hanna|date=2001-03-24|work=Features|work=The Times] While working there, Hanna's talent for drawing became evident, and in 1930 he joined the Harman and Ising animation studio, which had created "Looney Tunes" and "Merrie Melodies".cite web|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/william-hanna-728958.html|title=William Hanna|last=Vallance|first=Tom|date=2001-03-24|work=The Independent|accessdate=2008-08-04] Despite a lack of formal training, Hanna soon became head of their Ink and Paint Department. For the first several years of Hanna's employment, the studio partnered with Warner Bros. When Hugh Harman and Rudolph Ising chose to become an independent and began producing cartoons for the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio (MGM) in 1933, Hanna was one of the employees who followed them.cite web|url=http://www.newsday.com/features/ny-hannaobit,0,282729.story|title=A Cartoon King Is Dead at 90|date=2001-03-23|work=Associated Press|accessdate=2008-08-14]

Hanna was given the opportunity to direct his first cartoon in 1936; the result was "To Spring", part of the Harman-Ising "Happy Harmonies" series. The following year, MGM decided to terminate their partnership with Harman-Ising and bring production in-house.rp|68 Hanna was among the first people MGM hired away from Harman-Ising. Besides inking and painting, Hanna also wrote songs and lyrics. During 1938–39 he served as a senior director on MGM's "Captain and the Kids" series. The show did not do well; consequently, Hanna was demoted to a story man and the series was cancelled.rp|68–69 Hanna's desk was opposite that of Joseph Barbera, who had previously worked at Terrytoons. The two quickly realized they would make a good team.rp|Foreword By 1939 they had solidified a partnership that would last 50 years. Hanna and Barbera worked alongside cartoonist Tex Avery, who created cartoon characters such as Daffy Duck and Bugs Bunny.rp|33cite book|last=Adams|first=T. R.|title=Tom and Jerry: 50 years of Cat and Mouse|publisher=Crescent Books, a Random House Company|location=New York, NY|year=1991|isbn=0-517-05688-7] rp|18

In 1940 Hanna and Barbera jointly directed "Puss Gets the Boot", which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best (Cartoon) Short Subject.cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1237649.stm|title=The cartoon dream team|date=2001-03-21|work=BBC News|accessdate=2008-08-13]

Modeled after the "Puss Gets the Boot" characters with slight differences, the series followed Jerry, the pesky rodent who continuously outwitted his feline foe, Tom. Hanna said they settled on the cat and mouse theme for this cartoon because: "We knew we needed two characters. We thought we needed conflict, and chase and action. And a cat after a mouse seemed like a good, basic thought." The revamped characters first appeared in 1941's "The Midnight Snack".rp|46 Over the next 17 years Hanna and Barbera worked almost exclusively on "Tom and Jerry", directing more than 114 highly popular cartoon shorts.cite web|url=http://www.cartoonnetwork.com/tv_shows/tomjerry/index.html|title=Tom and Jerry: Episode Guide|year=2008|publisher=Cartoon Network|accessdate=2008-09-25] During World War II they also made animated training films.rp|92–93 "Tom and Jerry" relied mostly on motion instead of dialog. Despite its popularity, "Tom and Jerry" has often been criticized as excessively violent.cite book|last=Hanna|first=William|coauthors=Joseph Barbera, with Ted Sennett|title=The Art of Hanna-Barbera: Fifty Years of Creativity|year=1989|publisher=Viking Studio Books|location=New York, NY|isbn= 0-67082-978-1] rp|42cite journal|last=Smoodin|first=Eric|title=Cartoon and Comic Classicism: High-Art Histories of Lowbrow Culture|journal=American Literary History|publisher=Oxford University Press|location=Oxford, England|date=Spring, 1992|volume=4|issue=1] rp|134 It was nonetheless groundbreaking in its use of live action stars. Among the more prominent guest stars were Gene Kelly, who appeared in "Anchors Aweigh" (1945) and "Invitation to the Dance" (1956), and Esther Williams in "Dangerous When Wet" (1953).cite web|url=http://archives.cnn.com/2001/SHOWBIZ/TV/03/23/obit.hanna/index.html|title= Animation legend William Hanna dies at 90|date=2001-03-23|work=CNN|accessdate=2008-08-06] The series won its first Academy Award for the 11th short, "The Yankee Doodle Mouse" (1943)—a war-time adventure. "Tom and Jerry" was ultimately nominated for 14 Academy Awards, winning 7.cite news|last=Pearson|first=Richard|title=William Hanna TV Animator |date=2001-03-25|page=C04|work=The Washington Post] No other character-based theatrical animated series has won more awards, nor has any other series featuring the same characters.cite web|url=http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2001/03/22/entertainment/main281056.shtml?source=search_story|title=Animation Legend William Hanna Dead|date=2001-03-21|work=CBS News|accessdate=2008-08-14]

Quimby accepted each Academy Award for "Tom and Jerry's" without inviting Hanna and Barbera onstage. The cartoons were also released with Quimby listed as the sole producer, following the same practice for which he had condemned Ising.rp|83–84 When Quimby retired in late 1955, Hanna and Barbera were placed in charge of MGM's animation division.cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/19/arts/19barbera.html?scp=1&sq=Joseph%20Barbera,%20Half%20of%20Cartoon%20Duo,%20Dies%20at%2095%20-%20New%20York%20Times&st=cse|title=Joseph Barbera, Half of Cartoon Duo, Dies at 95|last=Itzkoff|first=Dave|date=2006-12-19|work=The New York Times|accessdate=2008-08-23] As the studio began to lose more revenue due to television, MGM soon realized that re-releasing old cartoons was far more profitable than producing new ones.rp|2–3, 109 In 1957 MGM ordered Hanna and Barbera's business manager to close the cartoon division and lay off everyone by a phone call.rp|2–3, 109 Hanna and Barbera found the no-notice closing puzzling because "Tom and Jerry" had been so successful.

Television

Hanna branched out into television, forming the short-lived company Shield Productions with fellow animator Jay Ward,cite book|last=Scott|first=Keith|title=The Moose That Roared|publisher=St. Martin's Griffin|location=New York, NY|year=2001|isbn=0-312-28383-0|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=qdwcbJxM-HsC&pg=PA29&lpg=PA29&dq=William+Hanna+%22Jay+Ward%22+%22Shield+Productions%22&source=web&ots=4f7gBT23 MM&sig=mVgfCzYUhh-9P6oXbfzRrD2o3y0&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=10&ct=result#PPA28,M1|accessdate=2008-08-19] rp|27–29 who had created the series "Crusader Rabbit". Their partnership soon ended, and in 1957 Hanna reteamed with his former partner Joseph Barbera to produce cartoon films for television and theatrical release. The two brought different skills to the company; Barbera was a skilled gag writer and sketch artist, while Hanna had a gift for timing, story construction, and recruiting top artists. Major business decisions would be made together, though each year the title of president alternated between them.rp|77, 146rp|120 A coin toss determined that Hanna would have precedence in the naming of the new company,rp|Foreword first called H-B Enterprises but soon changed to Hanna-Barbera Productions.

The first offering from the new company was "The Ruff & Reddy Show", a series which detailed the friendship between a dog and cat. Despite a lukewarm response for their first theatrical venture, "Loopy De Loop", Hanna-Barbara soon established themselves with two successful television series: "The Huckleberry Hound Show" and "The Yogi Bear Show". A 1960 survey showed that half of the viewers of "Huckleberry Hound" were adults. This prompted the company to create a new animated series, "The Flintstones".cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/6193603.stm|title=Hanna Barbera's golden age of animation|last=Savage|first=Mark|date=2006-12-19|work=BBC News|accessdate=2008-08-13] A parody of "The Honeymooners", the new show followed a typical Stone Age family with home appliances, talking animals, and celebrity guests. With an audience of both children and adults, "The Flintsones" became the first animated prime-time show to be a hit.cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1237370.stm|title=Legendary American cartoonist dies|date=2001-03-21|work=BBC News|accessdate=2008-08-10] Fred Flintstone's signature exclamation "yabba dabba doo" soon entered everyday usage,cite news|title=Master cartoonist who created Tom and Jerry draws his last|last=Whitworth |first=Melissa |date=2006-12-20|work=The Daily Telegraph (LONDON)|pages=9] and the show boosted the studio to the top of the TV cartoon field. The company later produced a space-age version of "The Flintsones", known as "The Jetsons". Although both shows reappeared in the 1970s and 1980s, "The Flintstones" was far more popular.

By the late 1960s, Hanna-Barbera Productions was the most successful television animation studio in the business. The Hanna-Barbera studio produced over 3000 animated half-hour television shows. Among the more than 100 cartoon series and specials they produced were: "Atom Ant", "Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy" (an imitation of the earlier "Spike and Tyke" MGM cartoons), "Jonny Quest", "Josie and the Pussycats", "Magilla Gorilla", "Pixie and Dixie and Mr. Jinks", Quick Draw McGraw, and "Top Cat". Top Cat was based on Phil Silvers's character Sgt. Bilko,cite web|url=http://www.mkbmemorial.com/FWHp/fwhp_hanna.html|title=Cartoon Pioneer Hanna Dead at 90|last=Gentile|first=Gary|date=2001-03-22|work=The Associated Press|accessdate=2008-08-15] though it has been erroneously reported that Sgt. Bilko was the basis for Yogi Bear. The Hanna-Barbera studio also produced "Scooby-Doo" (1969–1986) and "The Smurfs" (1981–1989). The company also produced animated specials based on Alice in Wonderland, Jack and the Beanstalk, Cyrano de Bergerac as well as the feature-length movie Charlotte's Web.rp|228–230

As popular as their cartoons were with 1960s audiences, they were disliked by artists.cite web|url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E06E0D91231F933A05751C1A9679C8B63|title= The Times They Lived: William Hanna, B. 1910; Stone-Age Visionary|last=Nash|first=Eric P.|date=2001-12-30|work=The New York Times|accessdate=2008-08-15] Television programs had lower budgets, and this economic reality caused many animation studios to go out of business, putting many people in the industry out of work. Hanna-Barbera was key in the development of pioneering animation techniques, which allowed television animation to be more cost-effective, but often sacrificed artistic quality. Hanna and Barbera had first experimented with these techniques in the early days of "Tom and Jerry".rp|74, 115 To reduce the cost of each episode, shows often focused more on character dialogue than detailed animation. The number of drawings for a seven-minute cartoon decreased from 14,000 to nearly 2,000, and the company implemented innovative techniques such as rapid background changes to improve viewing. Critics criticized the change from lush, detailed animation to flat characters with repetitive motion. Barbera once said that their choice was to adapt to the television budgets or change careers.cite book|last=Wells|first=Paul|title=Animation and America|publisher=Rutgers University Press|location=New Brunswick, NJ|isbn=0-8135-3160-8|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=8YAXkfe__H8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Animation+and+America&sig=ACfU3U3kE0zscdSsKVUrykL4ZNtwL6Kaew#PPA75,M1|accessdate=2008-08-23] rp|75cite journal|last=Thompson|first=Kirsten Moana|date= 2004-01-12 |title=Animation and America by Paul Wells|journal=Film Quarterly|publisher=University of California Press| volume=58|issue=2] rp|54 The new style did not limit the success of their animated shows, enabling Hanna-Barbera to stay in business, providing employment to many who would otherwise have been out of work. This new style of character animination, known as "limited animation",rp|75rp|54 paved the way for future animated characters such as Homer Simpson and those in "South Park". The television animation techniques and story methodology of the team are now legendary.

In 1966, Hanna-Barbera Productions was sold to Taft Broadcasting (renamed Great American Communications in 1987) for $12 million.rp|162, 235–236 Hanna and Barbera remained at the head of the company until 1991.cite news|title=William Hanna, animator and cartoon creator|last=Alasdair |first=Steven|date=2001-03-28|work=The Scotsman] rp|16cite book|title=International Directory of Company Histories|publisher=St. James Press|location=Farmington Hills, MI|year=1998|volume=23|url=http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/HannaBarbera-Cartoons-Inc-Company-History.html|accessdate=2008-08-19] cite news|title=William Hanna|last=Natale |first=Richard|coauthors=Phil Gallo|date=2001-03-21|work=Variety|accessdate=2008-08-24] rp|151 At that point, the company was sold to the Turner Broadcasting System for an estimated $320 million,cite web|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article758281.ece|title=Joseph Barbera |date=2006-12-20|publisher=The Times|accessdate=2008-09-20] which itself merged with Time Warner, owners of Warner Bros., in 1996 for an estimated. This began a close association with the Cartoon Network. Hanna and Barbera continued to advise their former company and periodically worked on new Hanna-Barbera shows, including the "The Cartoon Cartoon Show" series and hit silver screen versions of "The Flintstones" (1994) and "Scooby-Doo" (2002). [cite web |url=http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/ent/stories/121906dnentbarberaobit.1e1b331.html |title=Cartoon creator Joe Barbera dies |accessdate=2008-08-16 |date=2006-12-18 |work=Associated Press]

Legacy

Most of the cartoons Hanna and Barbera created revolved around close friendship or partnership; this theme is evident with Tom and Jerry, Yogi Bear and Boo Boo, Fred Flintstone and Barney Rubble, Ruff and Ready, "The Jetsons" family, and the friends in "Scooby-Doo". These may have been a reflection of the close business friendship and partnership that Hanna and Barbera shared for almost 60 years.rp|214 Although their professional strengths, weaknesses, and personalities meshed perfectly, Hanna and Barbera travelled in completely different social circles. Hanna's circle of personal friends primarily included other animators; Barbera had an affinity for Hollywood's celebrity society.rp|52–53 Their division of work roles complemented each other but they rarely talked outside of work since Hanna was interested in the outdoors and Barbera liked beaches and good food and drink.rp|120–121 Nevertheless, in their long partnership, in which they worked with over 2000 animated characters, Hanna and Barbera rarely exchanged a cross word. Barbera said: "We understood each other perfectly, and each of us had deep respect for the other's work."

Hanna is considered one of the all-time great animators and on a par with Tex Avery. He and Barbera was also one of the first animators to realize the enormous potential of television.cite web|url=http://www.usatoday.com/life/2001-03-22-hanna-obit.htm|title=Cartoon pioneer William Hanna dead at 90|date=2001-03-23|publisher=USA Today|accessdate=2008-08-19] Leonard Maltin says the Hanna-Barbera team "held a record for producing consistently superior cartoons using the same characters year after year—without a break or change in routine their characters are not only animated superstars, but also a very beloved part of American pop culture".cite web|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2006/dec/19/usa.media|title=Joe Barbera, creator of cartoon classics, dies at 95|last=Glendinning|first=Lee |date=2006-12-19|work=The Guardian|accessdate=2008-08-04] They are often considered the only rivals to Walt Disney in the art of making animated cartoons.cite news|title=Cat and mouse game fathered TV cartoon empire|last=Juddery|first=Mark|date=2001-03-29|work=The Australian|pages=12|accessdate=2008-08-22]

Hanna and Barbera had a lasting impact on television animation.rp|16 Cartoons they created often make "greatest" lists.cite web|url=http://archives.cnn.com/2002/SHOWBIZ/TV/07/30/cartoon.characters/index.html|title=Bugs Bunny tops greatest cartoon characters list|date=2002-07-30|work=CNN|accessdate=2008-08-14] Many of their characters have appeared in film, books, toys, and other media. Their shows had a global audience of over 300 million people and have been translated into more than 20 languages. The works of Hanna and Barbera have been praised not only for their animation, but for their music. "The Cat Concerto" (1946) and "Johann Mouse" (1952) have both been called "masterpieces of animation" largely because of their classical music.rp|34rp|133

In all, the Hanna-Barbera team won seven Academy Awards and eight Emmy Awards,cite web|url=http://www.allmovie.com/cg/avg.dll?p=avg&sql=2:93352~T3|title=William Hanna — Awards|publisher=allmovie|accessdate=2008-08-12] cite news|title=Joseph Barbera: Animation pioneer whose creations with William Hanna included the Flintstones and Tom and Jerry|last=Vallance|first=Tom|date=2006-12-20|work=The Independent (London)] rp|32 including the 1960 award for "The Huckleberry Hound Show", which was the first Emmy awarded to an animated series. They also won these awards: Golden Globe for Television Achievement (1960), Golden IKE Award—Pacific Pioneers in Broadcasting (1983), Pioneer Award—Broadcast Music Incorporated (1987), Iris Award—NATPE Men of the Year (1988), Licensing Industry Merchandisers' Association ward for Lifetime Achievement (1988), Governors Award of the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (1988), Jackie Coogan Award for Outstanding Contribution to Youth through Entertainment Youth in Film (1988), Frederic W. Ziv Award for Outstanding Achievement in Telecommunications—Broadcasting Division College—Conservatory of Music University of Cincinnati (1989), stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (1976), several Annie Awards,rp|170 several environmental awards, and were recipients of numerous other accolades prior to their induction into the Television Hall of Fame in 1994.rp|171 In March 2005 the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences and Warner Bros. Animation dedicated a wall sculpture at the Television Academy's Hall of Fame Plaza in North Hollywood to Hanna and Barbera.cite news|title="The Acadeny of Television Arts & Sciences on Wednesday unveiled a 1,200-pound bronze wall sculpture, dedicated to animators and show creators Joseph Barbera and the late William Hanna, at its Hall of Fame Plaza in North Hollywood.|date=2005-03-17|publisher=Daily Variety]

ee also

*Golden Age of American animation
*List of Tom and Jerry cartoons
*List of works produced by Hanna-Barbera
*"Peace on Earth" (re-released as "Good Will to Men")
*"Tom and Jerry" awards and nominations
*

References

Further reading

*cite book|last=Cawley|first=John|coauthors=Jim Korkis|title=The Encyclopedia of Cartoon Superstars: From a to (Almost Z) |year=1990|publisher=Pioneer|location=Las Vegas, NV|isbn= 1-55698-269-0
*cite book|last=Erickson|first=Hal|title=Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949–1993|year=1987|publisher=McFarland & Company|location=Jefferson City, NC|isbn= 0-78640-029-3
*cite book|last=Horn|first=Maurice|title=The World Encyclopedia of Cartoons|year=1980|publisher=Chelsea House Publishing|location=New York, NY|isbn= 0-87754-088-8
*cite book|last=Mallory|first=Michael |title=Hanna Barbera Cartoons|year=1987|publisher=Universe|location=Englewood, NJ|isbn= 0-88363-108-3
*cite book|last=Maltin|first=Leonard|title=Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons|year=1987|publisher=New American Library|location=New York, NY|isbn= 0-45225-993-2

External links

* [http://www2.warnerbros.com/web/hannabarbera/index.jsp Warner Brothers official Hanna-Barbera website]
*

Persondata
NAME=Hanna, William Denby
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Animator and cartoonist, Distinguished Eagle Scout
DATE OF BIRTH=July 14, 1910
PLACE OF BIRTH=Melrose, New Mexico, United States
DATE OF DEATH=March 22, 2001
PLACE OF DEATH=North Hollywood, Los Angeles, California

Источник: William Hanna

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