name = Roald Hoffmann
caption = Roald Hoffmann
birth_date = July 18, 1937
birth_place = Złoczów, Poland
nationality = Poland
field = chemistry
known_for = reaction mechanisms
prizes = 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Roald Hoffmann (born July 18, 1937) [Hoffmann's birth name was Roald Safran. Hoffmann is the surname adopted by his stepfather in the years after World War II] is an American theoretical chemist who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He currently teaches at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
Escape from the Holocaust
Hoffmann was born in Złoczów, Poland (now Ukraine) to a Jewish family and was named in honor of the Norwegian explorer, Roald Amundsen. He and his mother were among the only members of his immediate family to survive the Holocaust, an experience which strongly influenced his beliefs and work. (A grandmother and several aunts, uncles, and cousins also survived.) [ [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5519776 The Tense Middle] by Roald Hoffmann, story on NPR. Retrieved 29 September 2006.] They immigrated to the United States in 1949.
Hoffmann graduated in 1955 from New York City's Stuyvesant High School, [cite web |url=http://www.roaldhoffmann.com/pn/modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=11&page=1 |title=Roald Hoffmann's land between chemistry, poetry and philosophy |accessdate=2007-10-31] where he won a Westinghouse science scholarship. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree at Columbia University (Columbia College) in 1958. He earned his Master of Arts degree in 1960 and his Doctor of Philosophy degree, both from Harvard University, while working under the subsequent 1976 chemistry Nobel Prize winner William N. Lipscomb, Jr..
Hoffmann has investigated both organic and inorganic substances, developing computational tools and methods such as the extended Hückel method, which he proposed in 1963.
He also developed, with Robert Burns Woodward, rules for elucidating reaction mechanisms (the Woodward-Hoffmann rules). He also introduced the isolobal principle.
Hoffmann is also a writer of poetry published in two collections, "The Metamict State" (1987, ISBN 0-8130-0869-7) and "Gaps and Verges" (1990, ISBN 0-8130-0943-X), and of books explaining chemistry to the general public. Also, he co-authored with Carl Djerassi a play called "Oxygen" about the discovery of oxygen, but also about what it means to be a scientist and the importance of process of discovery in science.
Hoffmann stars in the "World of Chemistry" video series with Don Showalter.
Since the spring of 2001, Hoffmann has been the host of a monthly series at New York City's [http://www.corneliastreetcafe.com Cornelia Street Cafe] called "Entertaining Science," which explores the juncture between the arts and science.
Hoffmann and Brian Alan are produced the project of English song “Dedication of Love“. That planned to raise funds by this worldwide single release to be contributed to the Sichuan Earthquake to help rebuild the area. The artists are BoA, Wei Wei, Phoebe, Rusiana Gaitana, Sonu, Ruth Sahanaya and the other 3 are from Paris, Brazil and Oman. [ [http://boamyjewel.wordpress.com/2008/06/07/boa-sings-for-sichuans-earthquake/ BoA sings for SICHUAN’S EARTHQUAKE ! « BoA’s Jewelry Box ] ]
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
In 1981, Hoffmann received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which he shared with Kenichi Fukui. [ [http://www.chem.cornell.edu/faculty/index.asp?fac=32 Cornell Chemistry Faculty Research ] ]
*Arthur C. Cope Award in Organic Chemistry
*Organic Chemistry Award (American Chemical Society), 1969
*Inorganic Chemistry Award (American Chemical Society), 1982
*Pimentel Award in Chemical Education (1996)
*Award in Pure Chemistry
*Literaturpreis of the Verband der Chemischen Industrie for his textbook "The Same and Not The Same" (1997)
*National Medal of Science
*National Academy of Sciences
*American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellow
*American Philosophical Society Fellow
*Foreign Member, Royal Society
*Harvard Centennial Medalist
Hoffmann is member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science and is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists [http://www.thebulletin.org] .
In August 2007, the American Chemical Society held a symposium at its biannual national meeting to honor Hoffmann's 70th birthday.
* [http://www.roaldhoffmann.com Hoffmann's web site]
* [http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1981/hoffmann-autobio.html Nobel Prize Biography]
* [http://www.kewgardensmovie.com/schedule-hoffman.html Photograph of Roald Hoffman]
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/653/000100353/ Roald Hoffmann profile, NNDB]
Источник: Roald Hoffmann