Электронная книга: Roald Hoffmann «Chemistry as a Game of Molecular Construction. The Bond-Click Way»

Chemistry as a Game of Molecular Construction. The Bond-Click Way

Chemistry as a Game of Molecular Construction: The Bond-Click Way utilizes an innovative and engaging approach to introduce students to the basic concepts and universal aspects of chemistry, with an emphasis on molecules’ beauty and their importance in our lives. • Offers a unique approach that portrays chemistry as a window into mankind’s material-chemical essence • Reveals the beauty of molecules through the “click” method, a teaching methodology comprised of the process of constructing molecules frombuilding blocks • Styles molecular construction in a way that reveals the universal aspect of chemistry • Allows students to construct molecules, from the simple hydrogen molecule all the way to complex strands of DNA, thereby showing the overarching unity of matter • Provides problems sets and solutions for each chapter

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9781119001447

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Roald Hoffmann

Infobox Scientist
name = Roald Hoffmann


image_width =150px
caption = Roald Hoffmann
birth_date = July 18, 1937
birth_place = Złoczów, Poland
death_date =
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nationality = Poland
ethnicity =
field = chemistry
work_institutions =
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known_for = reaction mechanisms
author_abbrev_bot =
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influences =
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prizes = 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
religion =
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Roald Hoffmann (born July 18, 1937) [Hoffmann's birth name was Roald Safran. Hoffmann is the surname adopted by his stepfather in the years after World War II] is an American theoretical chemist who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He currently teaches at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

Early life

Escape from the Holocaust

Hoffmann was born in Złoczów, Poland (now Ukraine) to a Jewish family and was named in honor of the Norwegian explorer, Roald Amundsen. He and his mother were among the only members of his immediate family to survive the Holocaust, an experience which strongly influenced his beliefs and work. (A grandmother and several aunts, uncles, and cousins also survived.) [ [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5519776 The Tense Middle] by Roald Hoffmann, story on NPR. Retrieved 29 September 2006.] They immigrated to the United States in 1949.

Academic credentials

Hoffmann graduated in 1955 from New York City's Stuyvesant High School, [cite web |url=http://www.roaldhoffmann.com/pn/modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=11&page=1 |title=Roald Hoffmann's land between chemistry, poetry and philosophy |accessdate=2007-10-31] where he won a Westinghouse science scholarship. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree at Columbia University (Columbia College) in 1958. He earned his Master of Arts degree in 1960 and his Doctor of Philosophy degree, both from Harvard University, while working under the subsequent 1976 chemistry Nobel Prize winner William N. Lipscomb, Jr..

Chemistry interests

Hoffmann has investigated both organic and inorganic substances, developing computational tools and methods such as the extended Hückel method, which he proposed in 1963.

He also developed, with Robert Burns Woodward, rules for elucidating reaction mechanisms (the Woodward-Hoffmann rules). He also introduced the isolobal principle.

Artistic interests

Hoffmann is also a writer of poetry published in two collections, "The Metamict State" (1987, ISBN 0-8130-0869-7) and "Gaps and Verges" (1990, ISBN 0-8130-0943-X), and of books explaining chemistry to the general public. Also, he co-authored with Carl Djerassi a play called "Oxygen" about the discovery of oxygen, but also about what it means to be a scientist and the importance of process of discovery in science.

Hoffmann stars in the "World of Chemistry" video series with Don Showalter.

Since the spring of 2001, Hoffmann has been the host of a monthly series at New York City's [http://www.corneliastreetcafe.com Cornelia Street Cafe] called "Entertaining Science," which explores the juncture between the arts and science.

Hoffmann and Brian Alan are produced the project of English song “Dedication of Love“. That planned to raise funds by this worldwide single release to be contributed to the Sichuan Earthquake to help rebuild the area. The artists are BoA, Wei Wei, Phoebe, Rusiana Gaitana, Sonu, Ruth Sahanaya and the other 3 are from Paris, Brazil and Oman. [ [http://boamyjewel.wordpress.com/2008/06/07/boa-sings-for-sichuans-earthquake/ BoA sings for SICHUAN’S EARTHQUAKE ! « BoA’s Jewelry Box ] ]

Awards

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

In 1981, Hoffmann received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which he shared with Kenichi Fukui. [ [http://www.chem.cornell.edu/faculty/index.asp?fac=32 Cornell Chemistry Faculty Research ] ]

Other awards

*Priestley Medal
*Arthur C. Cope Award in Organic Chemistry
*Organic Chemistry Award (American Chemical Society), 1969
*Inorganic Chemistry Award (American Chemical Society), 1982
*Pimentel Award in Chemical Education (1996)
*Award in Pure Chemistry
*Monsanto Award
*Literaturpreis of the Verband der Chemischen Industrie for his textbook "The Same and Not The Same" (1997)
*National Medal of Science
*National Academy of Sciences
*American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellow
*American Philosophical Society Fellow
*Kolos Medal
*Foreign Member, Royal Society
*Harvard Centennial Medalist

Hoffmann is member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science and is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists [http://www.thebulletin.org] .

In August 2007, the American Chemical Society held a symposium at its biannual national meeting to honor Hoffmann's 70th birthday.

References

External links

* [http://www.roaldhoffmann.com Hoffmann's web site]
* [http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1981/hoffmann-autobio.html Nobel Prize Biography]
* [http://www.kewgardensmovie.com/schedule-hoffman.html Photograph of Roald Hoffman]
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/653/000100353/ Roald Hoffmann profile, NNDB]

Источник: Roald Hoffmann

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Roald HoffmannChemistry as a Game of Molecular Construction. The Bond-Click WayChemistry as a Game of Molecular Construction: The Bond-Click Way utilizes an innovative and engaging approach to introduce students to the basic concepts and universal aspects of chemistry, with an… — @John Wiley&Sons Limited, @ @ @ @ Подробнее...
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