Электронная книга: Elisabeth Roudinesco «Revisiting the Jewish Question»

Revisiting the Jewish Question

What does it mean to be Jewish? What is an anti-Semite? Why does the enigmatic identity of the men who founded the first monotheistic religion arouse such passions? We need to return to the Jewish question. We need, first, to distinguish between the anti-Judaism of medieval times, which persecuted the Jews, and the anti-Judaism of the Enlightenment, which emancipated them while being critical of their religion. It is a mistake to confuse the two and see everyone from Voltaire to Hitler as anti-Semitic in the same way. Then we need to focus on the development of anti-Semitism in Europe, especially Vienna and Paris, where the Zionist idea was born. Finally, we need to investigate the reception of Zionism both in the Arab countries and within the Diaspora. Re-examining the Jewish question in the light of these distinctions and investigations, Roudinesco shows that there is a permanent tension between the figures of the‘universal Jew’ and the ‘territorial Jew’. Freud and Jung split partly over this issue, which gained added intensity after the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 and the Eichmann trial in 1961. Finally, Roudinesco turns to the Holocaust deniers, who started to suggest that the Jews hadinvented the genocide that befell their people, and to the increasing number of intellectual and literary figures who have been accused of anti-Semitism. This thorough re-examination of the Jewish question will be of interest to students and scholars of modern history and contemporary thought and toa wide readership interested in anti-Semitism and the history of the Jews.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9780745683720

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Elisabeth Roudinesco

Elisabeth Roudinesco (born 1944, Paris) is a French academic historian and psychoanalyst, Professor of History at University of Paris VII - Denis Diderot. She is a prominent intellectual figure in France, and her work has been translated into thirty languages.

Life

She is the daughter of Jenny Weiss (whose sister is feminist Louise Weiss) and Alexandre Roudinesco, both physicians. She has been educated at Sévigné Collège in Paris. She graduated in Literature and Linguistics at the Sorbonne; her master degree was supervised by Tzvetan Todorov and her doctoral thesis, entitled "Inscription du désir et roman du sujet", by Jean Levaillant at the Université Paris VIII-Vincennes in 1975. At this time, she was also the student of Michel de Certeau, Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault. Then, she defended her habilitation à diriger des recherches (H.D.R – needed to supervise doctoral dissertations) in 1991 with Michelle Perrot as supervisor. Members of the Jury: Alain Corbin, Dominique Lecourt, Jean-Claude Passeron, Robert Castel, Serge Leclaire. This work is published under the title : "Généalogies".

From 1969 to 1981, she was a member of the École Freudienne de Paris founded by Psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan, where she received her psychoanalytical training. Meanwhile, she was also a member of the Revue Poétique’s editorial board (1969-1979). She contributes to French national newspapers: Libération (1986-1996), thenLe Monde since 1996.

Academic position

*Director of research in History, University of Paris 7 - Denis Diderot since 1991.
*Director of studies, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (E.P.H.E.), University of Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne since 2001.

*Senior Reader at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (E.H.E.S.S.) from 1992 to 1996.

*President of the Société Internationale d'Histoire de la Psychiatrie et de la Psychanalyse - S.I.H.P.P. (International Society of History of Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis).

*Member of the editorial advisory board of scientific journals "L'Homme" (EHESS Editions - 1997-2002), "History of psychiatry" (Sage Publications) since 2003 and "Cliniques Méditerranéenne" (Eres Edition) since 2000.

*Member of the Société Française d'Histoire de la Médecine (French Society for the History of Medicine) since 1997.

*"Visiting Professor" at Middlesex University - London since 2006.

*Contributor to French national newspapers "Libération (1986-1996), thenLe Monde since 1996.

Political standing

Since 1997, She has expressed political standing in various public debates. She is in favour of homosexuals' right to adopt children and against affirmative action. Once more, She stands in debates such as laicity, cloning, genetics, innate and acquired. She fiercely criticized INSERM's reports of experts over psychotherapies. In that sense, she is one of the very first signer of Pas de Zéro de Conduite's petition against systematic detection of delinquency of children under three years of age, as advocated by another INSERM's reports.

Bibliography

"Available in English"

*"Jacques Lacan & Co.: a history of psychoanalysis in France, 1925-1985", 1990, Chicago,Chicago University Press
*"Madness and Revolution: The Lives and Legends of Theroigne De Mericourt", 1993, Verso.
*"Jacques Lacan", 1999, New York, Columbia University Press.
*"Why Psychoanalysis?" 2003, New York, Columbia University Press (European Perspectives: A Series in Social Thought and Cultural Criticism)
* The Mirror stage: an oblitarated archive in "The Cambridge Companion to Lacan", Jean-Michel Rabaté dir., 2003, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
*"For What Tomorrow... : A Dialogue" with Jacques Derrida, 2004, Palo Alto, Stanford University Press.
*"Psychoanalysis" in "The Columbia History of Twentieth-Century French Thought," Lawrence D. Kriztman dir., 2006, New York, Columbia University Press.
*"Philosophy in Turbulent Times: Canguilhem, Sartre, Foucault, Althusser, Deleuze, Derrida", 2008, New York, Columbia University Press.
*« Lacan, The Plague »,Psychoanalysis and History, ed. John Forrester,Teddington, Artesian Books, 2008.

"Available in Spanish"

*"Diccionario de Psicoanalisis", con Michel Plon, 1998, Ediciones Paidos.
*"Pensar La Locura, Ensayos sobre Michel Foucault", con J.Postel y G. Canguilhem, 1999, Paidos Argentina.
*"Por Que El Psicoanalisis?" 2000, Paidos Argentina.
*"Lacan - Esbozo de una vida, Historia de un sistema de pensamiento", 2000, Fondo De Cultura Economica USA.
*"La Familia en Desorden", 2003, Fondo De Cultura Economica USA.
*"El Paciente, El Terapeuta y El Estado", 2005, Siglo XXI.

"Available in French"

*"Initiation à la linguistique générale", 1967, Paris, L'Expansion scientifique française.
*"Un Discours au réel : théorie de l'inconscient et politique de la psychanalyse", 1973, Tours, Mame.
*"L'Inconscient et ses lettres", 1975, Tours, Mame.
*"Pour une politique de la psychanalyse", 1977, Paris, La Découverte.
*"La Psychanalyse mère et chienne", avec H.Deluy, 1979, Paris, Union Générale d'Editions.
*"Théroigne de Méricourt. Une femme mélancolique sous la Révolution", 1989, Paris, Le Seuil.
*"Jacques Lacan. Esquisse d'une vie, histoire d'un système de pensée", 1993, Paris, Fayard.
*"Histoire de la psychanalyse en France", vol.1, 1994, Paris, Fayard.
*"Histoire de la psychanalyse en France", vol.2, 1994, Paris, Fayard.
*"Généalogies", 1994, Paris, Fayard.
*"Dictionnaire de la psychanalyse", avec Michel Plon, 1997, Paris, Fayard.
*"Pourquoi la psychanalyse?", 1999, Paris, Fayard.
*"Au-delà du conscient : histoire illustrée de la psychiatrie et de la psychanalyse", avec J.P. Bourgeron et P.Morel, 2000, Paris, Hazan.
*"L'Analyse, l'archive", 2001, Paris, Bibliothéque Nationale de France.
*"La Famille en désordre", 2002, Paris, Fayard.
*"Le Patient, le thérapeute et l'État", 2004, Paris, Fayard.
*"Philosophes dans la tourmente", 2005, Paris, Fayard.
*"La part obscure de nous-mêmes - Une histoire des pervers", Albin Michel, Paris, 2007.

"Available in German"

*"Die Geschichte der Psychoanalyse in Frankreich". Band I, 1994
*"Die Geschichte der Psychoanalyse in Frankreich". Band II, 1998
*"Jacques Lacan. Bericht über ein Leben. Geschichte eines Denksystems", 1996, Kiepenheuer & Witsch.
*"Wozu Psychoanalyse?," 2002, Klett-Cotta.
*"Wörterbuch der Psychoanalyse," 2004, Wien, Springer.
*"Woraus wird Morgen gemacht sein? Ein Dialog", J.Derrida, 2006, Klett-Cotta.

ee also

*Henri Ellenberger
*Paul Roazen

Источник: Elisabeth Roudinesco

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