Электронная книга: Jeffrey C. Alexander «Trauma. A Social Theory»

Trauma. A Social Theory

In this book Jeffrey C. Alexander develops an original social theory of trauma and uses it to carry out a series of empirical investigations into social suffering around the globe. Alexander argues that traumas are not merely psychological but collective experiences, and that trauma work plays a key role in defining the origins and outcomes of critical social conflicts. He outlines a model of trauma work that relates interests of carrier groups, competing narrative identifications of victim and perpetrator, utopian and dystopian proposals for trauma resolution, the performative power of constructed events, and the distribution of organizational resources. Alexander explores these processes in richly textured case studies of cultural-trauma origins and effects, from the universalism of the Holocaust to the particularism of the Israeli right, from postcolonial battles over the Partition of India and Pakistan to the invisibility of the Rape of Nanjing in Maoist China. In a particularly controversial chapter, Alexander describes the idealizing discourse of globalization as a trauma-response to the Cold War. Contemporary societies have often been described as more concerned with the past than the future, more with tragedy than progress. In Trauma: A Social Theory, Alexander explains why.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9780745675947

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Jeffrey C. Alexander

Jeffrey C. Alexander es un destacado pensador y profesor norteamericano que ha contribuido notablemente en la sociología contemporánea; particularmente en la sociología cultural. Actualmente es considerado como una referencia necesaria del "neofuncionalismo" en sociología. Es autor de libros tales como los significados de la vida social: Una sociología cultural, trauma cultural e identidad colectiva o teorías sociológicas desde la segunda guerra mundial. Éste último, ha sido ampliamente usado en las escuelas de sociología norteamericanas, latinoamericanas y algunas europeas (principalmente españolas) para entender bajo qué condiciones el funcionalismo norteamericano logró dominar los paradigmas sociológicos contemporáneos. Sus estudios tienen como base la estimación comparativa, lo que ha sido de enorme utilidad para comprender los fenómenos de transculturación en Estados Unidos o, en el área propiamente de la teoría sociológica, entender las síntesis de Talcott Parsons desde una visión contemporánea. Uno de sus aportes para la definición de un "programa fuerte" de la sociología contemporánea, es su visión sobre la cultura y la relación que guarda con la realidad social, esto es, el papel de la cultura y las mediaciones simbólicas en la época actual, caracterizada por su complejidad. Para Alexander la cultura y la sociedad son un binomio indisoluble y a partir de este ha creado un nuevo modelo sociológico.

"las teorías sociológicas no son sólo intentos de explicar el mundo sino esfuerzos para evaluarlo, para comprender más amplias cuestiones de sentido. Como son formulaciones existenciales y no sólo científicas, invariablemente tienen enormes implicaciones políticas. Por esta razón, siempre se las debe comparar con la política de su tiempo"

Bibliografía recomendada

  • Alexander, J.C. (1992): Las teorías sociológicas desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Barcelona: Gedisa
  • Alexander, J.C. (2000): Sociología Cultural: Clasificación en sociedades complejas. Barcelona, Anthropos.

Véase también

Источник: Jeffrey C. Alexander

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