Электронная книга: Josh Weisberg «Consciousness»

Consciousness

Each of us, right now, is having a unique conscious experience. Nothing is more basic to our lives as thinking beings and nothing, it seems, is better known to us. But the ever-expanding reach of natural science suggests that everything in our world is ultimately physical. The challenge of fitting consciousness into our modern scientific worldview, of taking the subjective“feel” of conscious experience and showing that it is just neural activity in the brain, is among the most intriguing explanatory problems of our times. In this book, Josh Weisberg presents the range of contemporary responses to the philosophical problem of consciousness. The basic philosophicaltools of the trade are introduced, including thought experiments featuring Mary the color-deprived super scientist and fearsome philosophical “zombies”. The book then systematically considers the space of philosophical theories of consciousness. Dualist and other “non-reductive” accounts ofconsciousness hold that we must expand our basic physical ontology to include the intrinsic features of consciousness. Functionalist and identity theories, by contrast, hold that with the right philosophical stage-setting, we can fit consciousness into the standard scientific picture. And “mysterians” hold that any solution to the problem is beyond such small-minded creatures as us. Throughout the book, the complexity of current debates on consciousness is handled in a clear and concise way, providing the reader with a fine introductory guide to the rich philosophical terrain. The work makes an excellent entry point to one of the most exciting areas of study in philosophy and science today.

Издательство: "John Wiley&Sons Limited"

ISBN: 9780745686615

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Consciousness — • In its widest sense it includes all sensations, thoughts, feelings, and volitions, in fact the sum total of mental life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Consciousness     Consciousness …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Consciousness — Con scious*ness, n. 1. The state of being conscious; knowledge of one s own existence, condition, sensations, mental operations, acts, etc. [1913 Webster] Consciousness is thus, on the one hand, the recognition by the mind or ego of its acts and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • consciousness — index appreciation (perception), cognition, comprehension, impression, insight, knowledge (awareness) …   Law dictionary

  • consciousness — 1630s, internal knowledge, from CONSCIOUS (Cf. conscious) + NESS (Cf. ness). Meaning state of being aware is from 1746 …   Etymology dictionary

  • consciousness — [n] knowledge alertness, apprehension, awareness, care, carefulness, cognizance, concern, heed, heedfulness, mindfulness, realization, recognition, regard, sensibility; concept 409 Ant. senselessness, stupidity, unconsciousness …   New thesaurus

  • consciousness — ► NOUN 1) the state of being conscious. 2) one s awareness or perception of something …   English terms dictionary

  • consciousness — [kän′shəs nis] n. 1. the state of being conscious; awareness of one s own feelings, what is happening around one, etc. 2. the totality of one s thoughts, feelings, and impressions; conscious mind …   English World dictionary

  • Consciousness — Representation of consciousness from the seventeenth century. Consciousness is a term that refers to the relati …   Wikipedia

  • consciousness — noun 1 being able to see/hear/feel things ADJECTIVE ▪ full ▪ higher ▪ to aspire to a higher consciousness ▪ cosmic, divine ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • consciousness — /kon sheuhs nis/, n. 1. the state of being conscious; awareness of one s own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc. 2. the thoughts and feelings, collectively, of an individual or of an aggregate of people: the moral consciousness of …   Universalium

  • consciousness — [[t]kɒ̱nʃəsnəs[/t]] ♦♦♦ consciousnesses 1) N COUNT: usu sing, usu poss N Your consciousness is your mind and your thoughts. That idea has been creeping into our consciousness for some time. Syn: awareness 2) N UNCOUNT: with supp The consciousness …   English dictionary