imagesize = 200px
caption = Robinson at an ExpoTrek Convention in Hanover, Germany, 2000
birthname = Andrew Jordt Robinson
birthdate = birth date and age|mf=yes|1942|02|14
birthplace = New York City, U.S.A.
othername = Andy Robinson
occupation = actor
Andrew Jordt Robinson (born February 14, 1942) is an American film, stage, and television actor. Robinson is a character actor known to specialize in playing devious and psychotic roles. Originally a stage actor, he works predominantly in supporting roles on television and in low-budget films. He is best known for his role as the serial-killer Scorpio in the crime film "Dirty Harry" (1971), the role of Larry Cotton in the horror film "Hellraiser" (1987), and close to the end of Hellraiser he played the role as Frank Cotton after his character (Larry) was skinned alive by his brother Frank. He also portrayed the recurring character Elim Garak on 37 episodes of the television show "" (1993–1999).
[cite web|url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0732367/|title=Andrew Robinson|work=IMDb|accessdate=2008-07-31] ]
Education and early roles
Robinson was born in New York City. His father was a soldier in World War II, and was killed when Robinson was three years old. After his father's death, he and his mother moved to Hartford, Connecticut to be raised with her family. In his later childhood, Robinson had become a juvenile delinquent, and was eventually sent to St. Andrew's School in Rhode Island, a boarding school for troubled children.
[cite web |last=Reeves |first=Vicki |title=Biography |publisher=plain-and-simple.net |date=April, 1999 |url=http://plain-and-simple.net/bio.html |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20040214060443/plain-and-simple.net/bio.html |archivedate=2004-02-14 Retrieved from Wayback Machine, July 29, 2008.] ]
After graduating from high school, Robinson attended the University of New Hampshire. After picketing the school's ROTC program his degree was withheld by the university, so he transferred to the New School for Social Research in New York City, and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in English. He originally intended to become a journalist, but went into acting after gaining a Fulbright Scholarship on the suggestion of an art history professor. After graduating, he went to the London Academy for Music and Dramatic Arts on the scholarship. [ [http://theatre.usc.edu/faculty/robinson_000.html Andrew J. Robinson biography] . University of Southern California faculty page. Retrieved 8 Feebruary 2006.]
Robinson began acting in high school and college theatre. While attending the London Academy for Music and Dramatic Arts, Robinson studied Shakespeare and voice training. His first professional roles were as a stage actor and playwright in New York. His first role in New York was in the play "Macbird-Macbeth". He would go on to act in productions throughout North America and Europe, including "Woyzeck", "Futz", Werner Liepolt's "The Young Master Dante," and "The Cannibals".
In 1969, he had his first television role with a guest part on "N.Y.P.D." at the age of 26. In 1971, he would begin acting in feature films.
Robinson's first feature film role was in 1971's "Dirty Harry". Don Siegel, the film's director, and Clint Eastwood picked Robinson for the role after seeing him in a production of Fyodor Dostoevsky's "The Idiot".
["Dirty Harry" DVD bonus featurette.] Robinson was cast as the Scorpio killer, the antagonist of the film. The Scorpio Killer was heavily based on the real life serial killer known as the Zodiac Killer, and Robinson integrated many known aspects of the killer's personality into his acting, such as a disturbed sense of humor and a sadistic inclination to taunt his pursuers. In the film, his character murdered several young women and took hostage a school bus full of young children. His portrayal of the serial killer was so convincing that he began getting serious death threats after the film's release. Director Don Siegel noted that he cast Robinson because he had the face of "a choir boy."]
Critical reactions to Robinson's role were generally positive. "Box Office Magazine" wrote that, "Andy Robinson is the maniacal Scorpio ... a good blending of cunning and savagery." [ [http://www.boxoffice.com/cgi/getclassic.pl?filename=Classic&where=Name&terms=DIRTY%5Cx20HARRY&searchpage=classic.html Dirty Harry review] . Box Office Magazine. December 20, 1971. Retrieved February 8, 2006.] His role as Scorpio gave him widespread exposure, but Robinson also found himself typecast as "psycho" characters. He has also claimed that the role severely limited his casting options, as film producers were reluctant to cast him as any "good guy" roles. [ [http://www.startrek.com/startrek/view/features/firstperson/article/151.html First Person: Andrew Robinson] . StarTrek.com. Retrieved February 8, 2006.] Some of Robinson's notable "psycho" roles include a demented military barber in "Child's Play 3" (1991), and the character Frank Cotton(in the skin of Larry Cotton, Robinson's actual character) in the horror film "Hellraiser" (1987), in which Robinson had his first lead role in a feature film.
Film and television, 1971–1992
Robinson starred in "Charley Varrick", a 1973 film with Walter Matthau. He played the role of Frank Ryan on the soap opera "Ryan's Hope" from 1976 until 1978, for which he received a daytime Emmy nomination. His part was later recast with Daniel Hugh Kelly, reportedly because the producers of the show were concerned that having the actor who played the Scorpio killer as a lead on a soap opera was distracting their audience.
Robinson has had many one-time and recurring roles on a wide variety of television shows. His lengthy television filmography includes guest roles on "Bonanza", "Kung Fu", "S.W.A.T.", "The Streets of San Francisco", "Kojak", "The Incredible Hulk", "CHiPs", "Mrs. Columbo", "The Dukes of Hazzard", "The A-Team", "Moonlighting", "L.A. Law", "Matlock", "Law & Order", "Walker, Texas Ranger", "Murder, She Wrote", "The X-Files", "Without a Trace", and "The Practice".
He met his wife Irene after wrapping a production of "Springvoices", and the two married in 1970. He has two stepsons from his wife's previous marriage and one daughter named Rachel, who became an actress as well. [ [http://www.startrek.com/startrek/view/series/DS9/cast/114435.html Andrew J. Robinson: Portrays Garak] . StarTrek.com. Retrieved February 8, 2006.] In 1978 Robinson left acting professionally for five years, and concentrated on raising his family in the small mountain community of Idyllwild, California, located about convert|150|mi|km from Los Angeles. During that time he taught community theatre for middle and high school students, and also worked as a carpenter to bring in a regular salary. He returned to acting professionally in the mid-1980s.
In 1986, he played President John F. Kennedy in an episode of the 1980s revival of "The Twilight Zone", "Profile in Silver." In 1988 he portrayed Liberace in a television biopic. With one of Robinson's acting trademarks being his effeminate voice, he was well suited for the part. Robinson had described it as one of his favorite roles, and that, "The most fun was wearing his furs and jewelry and singing 'I'll be Seeing You.'"
[ [http://www.startrek.com/startrek/view/community/chat/archive/transcript/1145.html Andrew Robinson chat transcript] . StarTrek.com. May 30, 2002. Retrieved February 8, 2006.] The New York Times review wrote that, "Robinson does rather well in the leading role." [ [http://movies2.nytimes.com/gst/movies/movie.html?v_id=127012 Liberace - Review] . The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2006.] Robinson also returned to the stage in 1993 with a Broadway production of Frank Gilroy's "Any Given Day", but the play closed after only six weeks.]
"Star Trek: Deep Space Nine"
In 1993, Robinson was cast in his first regular television role since "Ryan's Hope" in 1978. He played Elim Garak on "", a Cardassian tailor, with a past as a spy and an assassin. The character was intended to be a foil for the character of Julian Bashir (played by Siddig El Fadil, later known as Alexander Siddig), and the two were often paired together on-screen. The multidimensional character possessed sharp comic timing and an extensive knowledge of art and literature. Garak was also a practiced liar. Prior to being cast in the role, Robinson knew little of the "Star Trek" franchise and had never seen an episode of any of the television series. [ [http://sci-fi-online.50megs.com/Interview/03-06-17_AndrewRobinson.htm Andrew Robinson Interview] . SciFi Online. Retrieved February 8, 2006.]
Robinson was offered the role of Garak after he originally auditioned for the role of Odo, which eventually went to Rene Auberjonois. He almost did not accept the role, but was pressured into accepting for financial reasons.
After working on "Deep Space Nine" for several years, Robinson began a career in television directing, after directing the 1996 episode "Looking for par'Mach in All the Wrong Places." He went on to direct two episodes of "" and seven episodes of the courtroom drama "Judging Amy", where his daughter Rachel Robinson played a recurring character. In 2000, he authored the novel "A Stitch in Time", based on his character on "Deep Space Nine". Robinson has stated that one of the reasons he wrote the novel was to get "total closure" of the character.
In 1993, Robinson founded the Matrix Theatre Company in Los Angeles, California. Currently he is heading a MFA program in acting at the University of Southern California, and also directs performances for the Matrix Company. Robinson and his "Deep Space Nine" co-star Alexander Siddig are also known to perform one act plays at Star Trek conventions.
*Lou Anders. [http://www.greatlink.org/dcisV2.asp?url=http://www.greatlink.org/showtglinterview90.htm Andrew J. Robinson interview] . Star Trek Monthly. January 2000. Retrieved February 8, 2006.
*J. Neil Schulman. [http://www.pulpless.com/profsamp/profsamp.html#profintr Profile in Silver] . Commentary on the episode of "The Twilight Zone". Retrieved February 8, 2006.
* [http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Meadows/5209/trek/islandy.htm?200610 Andrew Robinson Interview] . Island Trek. Victoria, BC. Retrieved February 1, 2006.
*"Wrestling Scorpio: An Interview With Andrew Robinson". "Psychotronic Video". 1996.