Книга: Stewart Ian «Symmetry»

Symmetry

Производитель: "OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS"

Серия: "A Very Short Introduction"

In the 1800s mathematicians introduced a formal theory of symmetry: group theory. Now a branch of abstract algebra, this subject first arose in the theory of equations. Symmetry is an immensely important concept in mathematics and throughout the sciences, and its applications range across the entire subject. Symmetry governs the structure of crystals, innumerable types of pattern formation, how systems change their state as parameters vary; and fundamental physics is governed by symmetries in the laws of nature. It is highly visual, with applications that include animal markings, locomotion, evolutionary biology, elastic buckling, waves, the shape of the Earth, and the form of galaxies. In this Very Short Introduction, Ian Stewart demonstrates its deep implications, and shows how it plays a major role in the current search to unify relativity and quantum theory.

Издательство: "OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS" (2013)

ISBN: 978-0-19-965198-6

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См. также в других словарях:

  • symmetry — symmetry, proportion, balance, harmony are comparable chiefly as used in the arts of design and decoration to mean a quality which gives aesthetic pleasure and which depends upon the proper relating of details and parts to each other (as in… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Symmetry — Sym me*try, n. [L. symmetria, Gr. ?; sy n with, together + ? a measure: cf. F. sym[ e]trie. See {Syn }, and {Meter} rhythm.] 1. A due proportion of the several parts of a body to each other; adaptation of the form or dimensions of the several… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • symmetry — [sim′ə trē] n. pl. symmetries [< MFr or L: MFr symmetrie (now symétrie) < L symmetria < Gr < symmetros, measured together < syn , together + metron, a MEASURE] 1. similarity of form or arrangement on either side of a dividing line… …   English World dictionary

  • symmetry — index analogy, arrangement (ordering), balance (equality), constant, correspondence (similarity) …   Law dictionary

  • symmetry — 1560s, relation of parts, proportion, from L. symmetria, from Gk. symmetria agreement in dimensions, due proportion, arrangement, from symmetros having a common measure, even, proportionate, from syn together + metron meter (see METER (Cf. meter) …   Etymology dictionary

  • symmetry — [n] proportion agreement, arrangement, balance, centrality, conformity, correspondence, equality, equilibrium, equipoise, equivalence, evenness, finish, form, harmony, order, proportionality, regularity, rhythm, shapeliness, similarity; concepts… …   New thesaurus

  • symmetry — ► NOUN (pl. symmetries) 1) the quality of being made up of exactly similar parts facing each other or around an axis. 2) correct or pleasing proportion of parts. 3) similarity or exact correspondence. ORIGIN Latin symmetria, from Greek sun with + …   English terms dictionary

  • Symmetry — For other uses, see Symmetry (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • symmetry — /sim i tree/, n., pl. symmetries. 1. the correspondence in size, form, and arrangement of parts on opposite sides of a plane, line, or point; regularity of form or arrangement in terms of like, reciprocal, or corresponding parts. 2. the proper or …   Universalium

  • Symmetry — (Roget s Thesaurus) >Regularity of form. < N PARAG:Symmetry >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 symmetry symmetry shapeliness finish Sgm: N 1 beauty beauty &c. 845 Sgm: N 1 proportion proportion eurythmy uniformity parallelism …   English dictionary for students

  • symmetry — [[t]sɪ̱mɪtri[/t]] symmetries 1) N VAR Something that has symmetry is symmetrical in shape, design, or structure. ...the incredible beauty and symmetry of a snowflake... I loved the house because it had perfect symmetry... Their own lives already… …   English dictionary


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