Книга: Tec Nechama «Defiance»



The prevailing image of European Jews during the Holocaust is one of helpless victims, but in fact many Jews struggled against the terrors of the Third Reich. In Defiance, Nechama Tec offers a riveting history of one such group, a forest community in western Belorussia that would number more than 1, 200 Jews by 1944-the largest armed rescue operation of Jews by Jews in World War II. Tec reveals that this extraordinary community included both men and women, some with weapons, but mostly unarmed, ranging from infants to the elderly. She reconstructs for the first time the amazing details of how these partisans and their families-hungry, exposed to the harsh winter weather-managed not only to survive, but to offer protection to all Jewish fugitives who could find their way to them. Arguing that this success would have been unthinkable without the vision of one man, Tec offers penetrating insight into the group`s commander, Tuvia Bielski. Tec brings to light the untold story of Bielski`s struggle as a partisan who lost his parents, wife, and two brothers to the Nazis, yet never wavered in his conviction that it was more important to save one Jew than to kill twenty Germans. She shows how, under Bielski`s guidance, the partisans smuggled Jews out of heavily guarded ghettos, scouted the roads for fugitives, and led retaliatory raids against Belorussian peasants who collaborated with the Nazis. Herself a Holocaust survivor, Nechama Tec here draws on wide-ranging research and never before published interviews with surviving partisans-including Tuvia Bielski himself-to reconstruct here the poignant and unforgettable story of those who chose to fight. The saga of the Bielski partisans is one of the most elevating and inspiring stories in the chronicle of death and despair that is the Holocaust... Defiance is an accomplished and startling work of Holocaust documentation. Los Angeles Times Powerful and meticulous. This story is like almost no other.

Издательство: "OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS" (2008)

ISBN: 978-0-19-538523-6

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DefianceThe prevailing image of European Jews during the Holocaust is one of helpless victims, but in fact many Jews struggled against the terrors of the Third Reich. In Defiance, Nechama Tec offers a… — Oxford University Press, - Подробнее...2008597бумажная книга


TEC, NECHAMA (1931– ), U.S. sociologist and authority on rescue and resistance during the Holocaust. Tec devoted her scholarly career to understanding altruistic and cooperative behavior under extreme conditions. Her path-breaking research, which emphasizes the matrix of personal, social, and cultural contexts that motivated instances of altruism, questions earlier attributions of such behavior to class, politics, or religion. Drawing from sources including memoirs, interviews, and archival documents in German, Polish, and Yiddish, Tec suggests that factors such as social marginality, independent-mindedness, and empathy for the vulnerable were critical to Jewish and Christian rescuers and resisters. Tec's research originated in her family's World War II experiences. Born in Lublin, Poland, to Roman Bawnik, a businessman, and Esther (Hachamoff) Bawnik, Tec lived for three years during the war under an assumed Christian identity. With the aid of Catholic Poles, her sister and parents also survived by passing as Christians. She married Leon Tec, a child psychiatrist, in 1950 and immigrated to the United States in 1952, where she had two children. Educated at Columbia University, she received her B.A. (1954), M.A. (1955), and Ph.D. (1963) in sociology. A thematic continuity weaves through Tec's numerous articles and books; each research project grows out of the previous one. Tec's first books on gambling and drug use reflected her early interest in fringe behavior. With the 1984 publication of her memoir, Dry Tears: The Story of a Lost Childhood, Tec began to integrate this interest with the nascent field of Holocaust studies. In Dry Tears and her subsequent books (When Light Pierced the Darkness: Christian Rescue of Jews in Nazi-Occupied Poland (1986); In the Lion's Den: The Life of Oswald Rufeisen (1990); Defiance: The Bielski Partisans (1993); and Resilience and Courage: Women, Men, and the Holocaust (2003), Tec explored marginal behavior in the context of World War II. Her studies illuminate the rare but vitally important phenomenon of Jews and Christians risking their lives, and often those of their families, to help others escape Nazi persecution. In the critically acclaimed Resilience and Courage, Tec considers these and other aspects of the Holocaust from the perspective of gender, noting that, "even though the Germans were committed to sending all Jews to their deaths, for a variety of reasons women and men traveled toward that destination on distinct roads" (12) and often employed different coping strategies. Tec received numerous awards, honors, and prizes, including appointment to the Council of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum; two Pulitzer Prize nominations; a National Jewish Book Award; a First Prize for Holocaust Literature by the World Federation of Fighters, Partisans and Concentration Camp Inmates; and an International Anne Frank Special Recognition Prize. She served on the sociology faculty at the University of Connecticut for over three decades, and held several senior research fellowships, scholar-in-residencies, and international lectureships. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.T. Baumel, Review of Resilience and Courage, in: Yad Vashem Studies, 32 (2004), 479–86; D.H. Hirsch, Review of Defiance: The Bielski Partisans, in: Shofar, 13 (Summer 1995), 91–94. (Rona Sheramy (2nd ed.)

Источник: TEC, NECHAMA

См. также в других словарях:

  • défiance — [ defjɑ̃s ] n. f. • XVIe; « défi » 1170; de se défier ♦ Sentiment d une personne qui craint d être trompée. ⇒ crainte, doute, méfiance, suspicion. Accueillir une nouvelle avec défiance. ⇒ circonspection, réserve, scepticisme. Inspirer, éveiller… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Defiance — may refer to: Contents 1 Film and theatre 2 Games 3 Literature 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Defiance — (engl. für ‚Herausforderung‘ oder ‚Trotz‘), steht für: den Originaltitel des Films Die Schläger von Brooklyn von John Flynn den Originaltitel des Films Defiance – Für meine Brüder, die niemals aufgaben von Edward Zwick das Videospiel Legacy of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Defiance — De*fi ance, n. [OF. defiance, desfiance, challenge, fr. desfier to challenge, F. d[ e]fier. See {Defy}.] 1. The act of defying, putting in opposition, or provoking to combat; a challenge; a provocation; a summons to combat. [1913 Webster] A war… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • défiance — DÉFIANCE. s. f. Soupçon, crainte d être trompé. Être dans la défiance. Entrer en défiance. Avoir de la défiance. Concevoir de la défiance. f♛/b] On dit proverbialement, que La défiance est mère de sûreté, pour dire, que Pour ne pas être trompé,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Defiance (EP) — Defiance EP by Defiance Released 1994 (1994 …   Wikipedia

  • Defiance — Defiance, OH U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 16465 Housing Units (2000): 7061 Land area (2000): 10.538139 sq. miles (27.293653 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.488358 sq. miles (1.264841 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.026497 sq. miles (28.558494… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Defiance — Título Resistencia Ficha técnica Dirección Edward Zwick Guion Edward Zwick Clay Frohman Libro: Nechama Tec Mús …   Wikipedia Español

  • Defiance, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 346 Housing Units (2000): 131 Land area (2000): 0.398193 sq. miles (1.031314 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.398193 sq. miles (1.031314 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Defiance, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 16465 Housing Units (2000): 7061 Land area (2000): 10.538139 sq. miles (27.293653 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.488358 sq. miles (1.264841 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.026497 sq. miles (28.558494 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • defiance — [dē fī′əns, difī əns] n. [ME defiaunce < OFr defiance < defier, DEFY] 1. the act of defying; open, bold resistance to authority or opposition 2. a challenge in defiance of 1. defying 2. in spite of …   English World dictionary

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