Электронная книга: Jan Neruda «Knihy veršů»

Knihy veršů

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Jan Neruda

Jan Nepomuk Neruda (pronounced|ˈjan ˈnɛpomuk ˈnɛruda) (July 9, 1834August 22, 1891) was a Czech journalist, writer and poet, one of the most prominent representatives of Czech Realism and a member of "the May school".

Jan Neruda was born in Prague, Bohemia, son of a small grocer who lived in the Malá Strana (Lesser Quarter) district of Prague. After studying philosophy and philology, he worked as a teacher until 1860, when he became a freelance journalist and writer. Neruda never married but had a close relationship to the writer Karolína Světlá.

In his work Neruda promoted the idea of rebirth of Czech patriotism. He participated in all the central cultural and political struggles of his generation, and gained a reputation as a sensitive critic. Neruda became, with Vítězslav Hálek, the most prominent representative of the new literary trends.

Neruda was known for his satirical depiction of the petty bourgeois of Prague. His most popular prose work is "Povídky malostranské" (1877, Tales of the Little Quarter), a collection of short stories, which was translated into English in 1957 by the novelist and mystery writer Ellis Peters. Neruda's stories take the reader to the Lesser Quarter, to its streets and yards, shops, churches, houses, and restaurants.

He died in 1891 and was interred in the Vyšehrad cemetery in Prague. After his death, one of the streets in Lesser Quarter ("Ostruhová Street" well known from his books), now "Nerudova ulice" ("Neruda Street"), was named after him.

The Chilean poet Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (Pablo Neruda), Nobel Prize in Literature 1971, took his pseudonym after Jan Neruda.

Principal works

* "Hřbitovní kvítí" ("Cemetery Flowers"), 1857
* "Knihy veršů" ("Books of Verses"), 1867
* "Zpěvy páteční" ("Friday Songs"), 1869
* "Povídky malostranské" ("Tales of the Little Quarter"), 1877, ISBN 0-8371-9344-3
* "Písně kosmické" ("Cosmic Songs"), 1878
* "Balady a romance" ("Ballads and Romances)", 1878–83
* "Prosté motivy" ("Plain Themes / Simple Motifs"), 1883

External links

* [http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/jneruda.htm Short biography]

Источник: Jan Neruda

См. также в других словарях:

  • Jan Neruda — Jan Nepomuk Neruda (pronounced|ˈjan ˈnɛpomuk ˈnɛruda) (July 9, 1834 – August 22, 1891) was a Czech journalist, writer and poet, one of the most prominent representatives of Czech Realism and a member of the May school .Jan Neruda was born in… …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Neruda — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Neruda. Jan Néruda Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Неруда — Ян (Neruda, 1834 1891) видный чешский писатель. Р. и жил в Праге. Его сотрудничество в альманахе «Лада Ниола» «Кладбищенские стихи» (Hrbitowni kviti, 1858) создало ему крупное литературное имя. Но как сложившийся поэт Н. выступил несколько позже …   Литературная энциклопедия

  • Jan Neruda — [jan nɛruda?/i] (Praga, 9 de julio de 1834 22 de agosto …   Wikipedia Español

  • Когоут, Павел — Павел Когоут Павел Когоут, 2008 Имя пр …   Википедия

  • Неруда, Ян — В Википедии есть статьи о других людях с такой фамилией, см. Неруда. Ян Неруда Ян Непомук Неруда (чеш. Jan Nepomuk Neruda, 9 июля 1834(18340709), Прага  22 августа 1891, Прага) че …   Википедия

  • Kohout —   [ kɔhɔu̯t], Pavel, tschechischer Schriftsteller, * Prag 20. 7. 1928; begann mit konventioneller Lyrik (politischer und Liebesgedichte), schrieb dann v. a. Stücke im Sinne des sozialistischen Realismus, die zunehmend zu aktuellen Problemen,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • František Hrubín — (September 17, 1910, Prague March 1, 1971, České Budějovice) was Czech poet and writer. He was a life time member of CPC Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.Frantisek Hrubín was born in the family of a builder. His family lived in Lešany near… …   Wikipedia


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