Книга: Nugent Walter «Progressivism»

Progressivism

Серия: "A Very Short Introduction"

After decades of conservative dominance, the election of Barack Obama may signal the beginning of a new progressive era. But what exactly is progressivism? What role has it played in the political, social, and economic history of America? This very timely Very Short Introduction offers an engaging overview of progressivism in America-its origins, guiding principles, major leaders and major accomplishments. A many-sided reform movement that lasted from the late 1890s until the early 1920s, progressivism emerged as a response to the excesses of the Gilded Age, an era that plunged working Americans into poverty while a new class of ostentatious millionaires built huge mansions and flaunted their wealth. As capitalism ran unchecked and more and more economic power was concentrated in fewer and fewer hands, a sense of social crisis was pervasive. Progressive national leaders like William Jennings Bryan, Theodore Roosevelt, Robert M. La Follette, and Woodrow Wilson, as well as muckraking journalists like Lincoln Steffens and Ida Tarbell, and social workers like Jane Addams and Lillian Wald answered the growing call for change. They fought for worker's compensation, child labor laws, minimum wage and maximum hours legislation; they enacted anti-trust laws, improved living conditions in urban slums, instituted the graduated income tax, won women the right to vote, and laid the groundwork for Roosevelt's New Deal. Nugent shows that the progressives-with the glaring exception of race relations-shared a common conviction that society should be fair to all its members and that governments had a responsibility to see that fairness prevailed. Offering a succinct history of the broad reform movement that upset a stagnant conservative orthodoxy, this Very Short Introduction reveals many parallels, even lessons, highly appropriate to our own time.

Издательство: "Oxford University Press" (2010)

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Progressivism — is a term that refers to a broad school of international social and political philosophies. Politically speaking, progressivisms can be described as being socially liberal. The term progressive entered the lexicon of liberal thinking in late 19th …   Wikipedia

  • progressivism — (n.) 1892, from PROGRESSIVE (Cf. progressive) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • progressivism — [prō gres′iv iz΄əm, prəgres′iv iz΄əm] n. the doctrines, principles, and practices of progressives progressivist n …   English World dictionary

  • Progressivism —    An American political and social movement of the late nineteenth century that influenced the spirit of territorial expansionism policy in the two decades before 1914. The most dramatic example of the emergence of the United States as an… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • progressivism — noun Date: 1892 1. the principles, beliefs, or practices of progressives 2. capitalized the political and economic doctrines advocated by the Progressives 3. the theories of progressive education • progressivist noun or adjective •… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • progressivism — progressivist, n., adj. /preuh gres euh viz euhm/, n. 1. the principles and practices of progressives. 2. (cap.) the doctrines and beliefs of the Progressive party. 3. See progressive education. [1890 95; PROGRESSIVE + ISM] * * * …   Universalium

  • progressivism — noun A political ideology that favours progress towards better conditions in society …   Wiktionary

  • progressivism — Synonyms and related words: Fabianism, conversion, extremism, gradualism, left, left wing, leftism, liberalism, meliorism, radical reform, radicalism, reform, reformation, reformism, regeneration, revisionism, revolution, transformation,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • progressivism — prÉ™ gresɪvɪzm n. state of supporting reform, liberalism …   English contemporary dictionary

  • progressivism — pro·gres·siv·ism …   English syllables

  • progressivism — pro•gres•siv•ism [[t]prəˈgrɛs əˌvɪz əm[/t]] n. 1) gov the principles and practices of progressives 2) gov (cap.) the doctrines and beliefs of a Progressive Party • Etymology: 1890–95 pro•gres′siv•ist, n. adj …   From formal English to slang


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