Book: Haigh John «Probability»

Probability

Серия: "A Very Short Introduction"

Making good decisions under conditions of uncertainty - which is the norm - requires a sound appreciation of the way random chance works. As analysis and modelling of most aspects of the world, and all measurement, are necessarily imprecise and involve uncertainties of varying degrees, the understanding and management of probabilities is central to much work in the sciences and economics. In this Very Short Introduction, John Haigh introduces the ideas of probability and different philosophical approaches to probability, and gives a brief account of the history of development of probability theory, from Galileo and Pascal to Bayes, Laplace, Poisson, and Markov. He describes the basic probability distributions, and goes on to discuss a wide range of applications in science, economics, and a variety of other contexts such as games and betting. He concludes with an intriguing discussion of coincidences and some curious paradoxes.

Издательство: "Oxford University Press" (2012)

ISBN: 978-0-19-958848-0

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ProbabilityMaking good decisions under conditions of uncertainty - which is the norm - requires a sound appreciation of the way random chance works. As analysis and modelling of most aspects of the world, and… — OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, A Very Short Introduction Подробнее...2012674бумажная книга

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  • Probability — is the likelihood or chance that something is the case or will happen. Probability theory is used extensively in areas such as statistics, mathematics, science and philosophy to draw conclusions about the likelihood of potential events and the… …   Wikipedia

  • probability — ► NOUN (pl. probabilities) 1) the extent to which something is probable. 2) a probable or most probable event. ● in all probability Cf. ↑in all probability …   English terms dictionary

  • Probability — Prob a*bil i*ty, n.; pl. {Probabilities}. [L. probabilitas: cf. F. probabilit[ e].] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality or state of being probable; appearance of reality or truth; reasonable ground of presumption; likelihood. [1913 Webster] Probability …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • probability — probability, probability distribution See distribution (statistical or frequency)}} ; sampling ; significance tests ; …   Dictionary of sociology

  • probability — [präb΄ə bil′ə tē] n. pl. probabilities [MFr probabilité < L probabilitas] 1. the quality or state of being probable; likelihood 2. something probable 3. Math. the ratio of the number of times something will probably occur to the total number… …   English World dictionary

  • probability — I noun anticipation, appearance of truth, believability, chance, conceivability, credibility, credibleness, expectation, fair chance, fair expectation, favorable chance, liability, liableness, likelihood, likeliness, odds, ostensibility,… …   Law dictionary

  • Probability —   [engl.], Wahrscheinlichkeit …   Universal-Lexikon

  • probability — (n.) mid 15c., quality of being probable, from O.Fr. probabilite (14c.) and directly from L. probabilitatem (nom. probabilitas), from probabilis (see PROBABLE (Cf. probable)). Meaning “something likely to be true” is from 1570s; mathematical… …   Etymology dictionary

  • probability — [n] likelihood of something happening anticipation, chance, chances, conceivability, contingency, credibility, expectation, feasibility, hazard, liability, likeliness, odds, outside chance*, plausibility, possibility, practicability, prayer,… …   New thesaurus

  • probability — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ high, real, strong ▪ There is a high probability that it will snow tonight. ▪ greater, increased ▪ low …   Collocations dictionary

  • probability — The mathematics of probability is well understood. Probability is a non negative, additive set function whose maximum value is unity. What is harder to understand is the application of the formal notion to the actual world. One point of… …   Philosophy dictionary