Book: Mauriac Francois «Therese Desqueyroux»

Therese Desqueyroux

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Nobel-prize winner Francois Mauriac's masterpiece is Therese Desqueyroux, the story of a complex woman trapped by provincial life. First published in 1927, this astonishing and daring novel has echoes of Madame Bovary and has recently been made into a ravishing film starring Amelie actress Audrey Tautou. Therese Desqueyroux walks free from court, acquitted of trying to poison her husband. Everyone knew she'd tried to do it, but family honour was more important than the truth. As she travels home to the gloomy forests of Argelouse, Therese looks back over the marriage that brought her nothing but stifling darkness, and wonders, has she really escaped punishment or is it only just about to begin? Francois Mauriac was born in Bordeaux in 1885. He left his university studies to devote himself to writing, and published a collection of poems, Les Mains jointes (Clasped Hands), in 1909. He married in 1913 and the following year was mobilized to serve in the First World War with the Auxilliary Medical Squad in Thessalonica. Mauriac's major literary breakthrough came in 1922 with a novel called Le Baiser au lepreux (A Kiss for the Leper). His most famous work, Therese Desqueroux, appeared in 1927 and has been made into a film twice: first in 1962, with Emmanuelle Riva in the lead role, and more recently in 2012, in a version starring Audrey Tautou. In 1933 Mauriac was elected a Member of the French Academy and in 1952 he received the Nobel Prize for Literature. He died in Paris in 1970. A great novel... the brilliance of its structure and the elegance of its prose never fail to take my breath away. (Beryl Bainbridge).

Издательство: "Penguin Group" (2013)

ISBN: 978-0-14-139405-3

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Therese DesqueyrouxNobel-prize winner Francois Mauriac`s masterpiece is Therese Desqueyroux, the story of a complex woman trapped by provincial life. First published in 1927, this astonishing and daring novel has… — Penguin Group, Подробнее...2013924бумажная книга

Mauriac, François

Mau·riac (môr'ē-äkʹ, môr-yäkʹ), François. 1885-1970.

French writer many of whose novels, notably Thérèse Desqueyroux (1927), are psychological studies of temptation, sin, and redemption in the lives of bourgeois characters. He won the 1952 Nobel Prize for literature.

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born Oct. 11, 1885, Bordeaux, France
died Sept. 1, 1970, Paris

French writer.

Mauriac grew up in a pious and strict Catholic family, and he subsequently placed at the heart of all his works the soul grappling with the problems of sin, grace, and salvation. He is best known for his austere, psychological novels, including Young Man in Chains (1913); The Kiss to the Leper (1922); Thérèse (1927); Vipers' Tangle (1932), often considered his masterpiece; and A Woman of the Pharisees (1941). He wrote polemical works against totalitarianism and fascism in the 1930s and worked with the Resistance during World War II. In 1952 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

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▪ French author
born Oct. 11, 1885, Bordeaux, France
died Sept. 1, 1970, Paris
 novelist, essayist, poet, playwright, journalist, and winner in 1952 of the Nobel Prize for Literature. He belonged to the lineage of French Catholic writers who examined the ugly realities of modern life in the light of eternity. His major novels are sombre, austere psychological dramas set in an atmosphere of unrelieved tension. At the heart of every work Mauriac placed a religious soul grappling with the problems of sin, grace, and salvation.

      Mauriac came from a pious and strict upper-middle-class family. He studied at the University of Bordeaux and entered the École Nationale des Chartes at Paris in 1906, soon deserting it to write. His first published work was a volume of delicately fervent poems, Les Mains jointes (1909; “Joined Hands”). Mauriac's vocation, however, lay with the novel. L'Enfant chargé de chaînes (1913; Young Man in Chains) and La Robe prétexte (1914; The Stuff of Youth), his first works of fiction, showed a still uncertain technique but, nevertheless, set the pattern for his recurring themes. His native city of Bordeaux and the drab and suffocating strictures of bourgeois life provide the framework for his explorations of the relations of characters deprived of love. Le Baiser au lépreux (1922; The Kiss to the Leper) established Mauriac as a major novelist. Mauriac showed increasing mastery in Le Désert de l'amour (1925; The Desert of Love) and in Thérèse Desqueyroux (1927; Thérèse), whose heroine is driven to attempt the murder of her husband to escape her suffocating life. Le Noeud de vipères (1932; Vipers' Tangle) is often considered Mauriac's masterpiece. It is a marital drama, depicting an old lawyer's rancour toward his family, his passion for money, and his final conversion. In this, as in other Mauriac novels, the love that his characters seek vainly in human contacts is fulfilled only in love of God.

      In 1933 Mauriac was elected to the French Academy. His later novels include the partly autobiographical Le Mystère Frontenac (1933; The Frontenac Mystery), Les Chemins de la mer (1939; The Unknown Sea), and La Pharisienne (1941; A Woman of the Pharisees), an analysis of religious hypocrisy and the desire for domination. In 1938 Mauriac turned to writing plays, beginning auspiciously with Asmodée (performed 1937), in which the hero is a heinous, domineering character who controls weaker souls. Such is also the theme of the less successful Les Mal Aimés (1945; “The Poorly Loved”).

      A highly sensitive man, Mauriac felt compelled to justify himself before his critics. Le Romancier et ses personnages (1933; “The Novelist and His Characters”) and the four volumes of his Journal (1934–51), followed by three volumes of Mémoires (1959–67), tell much of his intentions, his methods, and his reactions to contemporary moral values. Mauriac tackled the difficult dilemma of the Christian writer—how to portray evil in human nature without placing temptation before his readers—in Dieu et Mammon (1929; God and Mammon, 1936).

      Mauriac was also a prominent polemical writer. He intervened vigorously in the 1930s, condemning totalitarianism in all its forms and denouncing Fascism in Italy and Spain. In World War II he worked with the writers of the Resistance. After the war he increasingly engaged in political discussion. He wrote De Gaulle (1964; Eng. trans., 1966), having officially supported him from 1962. Though Mauriac's fame outside France spread slowly, he was regarded by many as the greatest French novelist after Marcel Proust.

Additional Reading
David O'Connell, François Mauriac Revisited (1995), discusses Mauriac's life and work. Critical studies include Malcolm Scott, Mauriac: The Politics of a Novelist (1980); and John E. Flower and Bernard C. Swift (eds.), François Mauriac: Visions and Reappraisals (1989).

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Источник: Mauriac, François

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Thérèse Desqueyroux —    Drame de Georges Franju, d après le roman de François Mauriac, avec Emmanuèle Riva, Philippe Noiret, Édith Scob.   Pays: France   Date de sortie: 1962   Technique: noir et blanc   Durée: 1 h 49    Résumé    Mariée à un homme qui la déçoit sur… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

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  • Thérèse desqueyroux (film) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thérèse Desqueyroux (homonymie). Thérèse Desqueyroux est un film de Georges Franju sorti en 1962. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche techniqu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Therese Desqueyroux (homonymie) — Thérèse Desqueyroux (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Thérèse Desqueyroux est le titre que plusieurs œuvres artistiques : Thérèse Desqueyroux, roman de François Mauriac… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thérèse desqueyroux (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Thérèse Desqueyroux est le titre que plusieurs œuvres artistiques : Thérèse Desqueyroux, roman de François Mauriac (1927) Thérèse Desqueyroux, film… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thérèse Desqueyroux (film) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thérèse Desqueyroux (homonymie). Thérèse Desqueyroux est un film de Georges Franju sorti en 1962. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thérèse Desqueyroux (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Thérèse Desqueyroux est le titre que plusieurs œuvres artistiques : Thérèse Desqueyroux, roman de François Mauriac (1927) Thérèse Desqueyroux, film… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thérèse D — est un film réalisé par Claude Miller avec Audrey Tautou, Gilles Lellouche et Francis Perrin[réf. nécessaire]. Ce film est une adaptation du roman de François Mauriac intitulé Thérèse Desqueyroux paru en 1927. Le film sortira en salles en… …   Wikipédia en Français


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