Книга: E. Nesbit «Railway Children: Level 2 (+ CD)»

Railway Children: Level 2 (+ CD)

Серия: "Penguin Readers"

Roberta, Peter and Phyllis live happily in London with their parents. Then, suddenly, their father goes away. The children and their mother move to a smaller house near a railway line. Exciting things happen, and they make new friends. But where is their father? When is he coming home?

Издательство: "Pearson Education" (2008)

Формат: 130x200, 48 стр.

ISBN: 978-1-4058-6964-5, 1-408-27814-6

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E. Nesbit

Edith Nesbit

Edith Nesbit, ca. 1890?
Born 15 August 1858(1858-08-15)
Kennington, Surrey (now Greater London), England
Died 4 May 1924(1924-05-04) (aged 65)
New Romney, Kent, England
Pen name E. Nesbit
Occupation Writer, poet
Nationality English
Period 19th century, early 20th century
Genres Children's Literature

Edith Nesbit (married name Edith Bland; 15 August 1858 – 4 May 1924) was an English author and poet whose children's works were published under the name of E. Nesbit. She wrote or collaborated on over 60 books of fiction for children, several of which have been adapted for film and television. She was also a political activist and co-founded the Fabian Society, a precursor to the modern Labour Party.

Contents

Biography

Nesbit was born in 1858 at 38 Lower Kennington Lane in Kennington, Surrey (now part of Greater London), the daughter of an agricultural chemist, John Collis Nesbit, who died in March 1862, before her fourth birthday. Her sister Mary's ill health meant that the family moved around constantly for some years, living variously in Brighton, Buckinghamshire, France (Dieppe, Rouen, Paris, Tours, Poitiers, Angoulême, Bordeaux, Arcachon, Pau, Bagnères-de-Bigorre, and Dinan in Brittany), Spain and Germany, before settling for three years at Halstead Hall in Halstead in north-west Kent, a location which later inspired The Railway Children (this distinction has also been claimed by the Derbyshire town of New Mills).[1]

When Nesbit was 17, the family moved again, this time back to London, living variously in South East London at Eltham, Lewisham, Grove Park and Lee.

A follower of William Morris, 19-year-old Nesbit met bank clerk Hubert Bland in 1877. Seven months pregnant, she married Bland on 22 April 1880, though she did not immediately live with him, as Bland initially continued to live with his mother. Their marriage was a ménage à trois: Bland also continued an affair with Alice Hoatson which produced two children (Rosamund in 1886 and John in 1899), both of whom Nesbit raised as her own.[2] Her own children were Paul Bland (1880–1940), to whom The Railway Children was dedicated; Iris Bland (1881-1950s); and Fabian Bland (1885–1900), who died aged 15 after a tonsil operation, and to whom she dedicated Five Children And It and its sequels, as well as The Story of the Treasure Seekers and its sequels.

E. Nesbit's grave in St Mary in the Marsh's churchyard bears a wooden grave marker made by her second husband, Thomas Terry Tucker. There is also a memorial plaque to her inside the church.

Nesbit and Bland were among the founders of the Fabian Society in 1884. Their son Fabian was named after the society. They also jointly edited the Society's journal Today; Hoatson was the Society's assistant secretary. Nesbit and Bland also dallied briefly with the Social Democratic Federation, but rejected it as too radical. Nesbit was an active lecturer and prolific writer on socialism during the 1880s. Nesbit also wrote with her husband under the name "Fabian Bland",[3] though this activity dwindled as her success as a children's author grew.

Nesbit lived from 1899 to 1920 in Well Hall House, Eltham, Kent (now in south-east Greater London), which appears in fictional guise in several of her books, especially The Red House. She and her husband entertained a large circle of friends, colleagues and admirers at their grand "Well Hall House"[4].

On 20 February 1917, some three years after Bland died, Nesbit married Thomas "the Skipper" Tucker, a ship's engineer on the Woolwich Ferry. She was a guest speaker at the London School of Economics, which had been founded by other Fabian Society members.

Towards the end of her life she moved to a house called "Crowlink" in Friston, East Sussex, and later to St Mary's Bay in Romney Marsh, East Kent. Suffering from lung cancer, she died in 1924 at New Romney, Kent, and was buried in the churchyard of St Mary in the Marsh.

Literature

Nesbit published approximately 40 books for children, including novels, collections of stories and picture books.[5] Collaborating with others, she published almost as many more.

According to her biographer Julia Briggs, Nesbit was "the first modern writer for children": "(Nesbit) helped to reverse the great tradition of children's literature inaugurated by [Lewis] Carroll, [George] MacDonald and Kenneth Grahame, in turning away from their secondary worlds to the tough truths to be won from encounters with things-as-they-are, previously the province of adult novels." Briggs also credits Nesbit with having invented the children's adventure story. Noël Coward was a great admirer of hers and, in a letter to an early biographer Noel Streatfeild, wrote "she had an economy of phrase, and an unparalleled talent for evoking hot summer days in the English countryside." [6]

Among Nesbit's best-known books are The Story of the Treasure Seekers (1898) and The Wouldbegoods (1899), which both recount stories about the Bastables, a middle class family that has fallen on relatively hard times. Her children's writing also included numerous plays and collections of verse.

She created an innovative body of work that combined realistic, contemporary children in real-world settings with magical objects and adventures and sometimes travel to fantastic worlds. In doing so, she was a direct or indirect influence on many subsequent writers, including P. L. Travers (author of Mary Poppins), Edward Eager, Diana Wynne Jones and J. K. Rowling. C. S. Lewis wrote of her influence on his Narnia[7] series and mentions the Bastable children in The Magician's Nephew. Michael Moorcock would go on to write a series of steampunk novels with an adult Oswald Bastable (of The Treasure Seekers) as the lead character.

Nesbit also wrote for adults, including eleven novels, short stories, and four collections of horror stories.

Novels for children

Bastable series

(Some more stories about the Bastables are included in the 1905 story collection Oswald Bastable and Others. The Bastables also appear in the 1902 adult novel The Red House.)

  • 1899 The Story of the Treasure Seekers
  • 1901 The Wouldbegoods
  • 1904 The New Treasure Seekers
  • 1928 Complete History of the Bastable Family (posthumous omnibus of the three Bastable novels)

Psammead series

House of Arden series

  • 1908 The House of Arden
  • 1909 Harding's Luck

Other children's novels

Novels for adults

  • 1885 The Prophet's Mantle
  • 1896 The Marden Mystery (very rare; few if any copies survive)
  • 1899 The Secret of the Kyriels
  • 1902 The Red House
  • 1906 Man and Maid
  • 1906 The Incomplete Amorist
  • 1909 The House With No Address aka Salome and the Head
  • 1909 Daphne in Fitzroy Street
  • 1911 Dormant aka Rose Royal
  • 1921 The Incredible Honeymoon
  • 1922 The Lark

Stories and story collections for children

  • 1894 Miss Mischief
  • 1895 Tick Tock, Tales of the Clock
  • 1895 Pussy Tales
  • 1895 Doggy Tales
  • 1897 The Children's Shakespeare
  • 1897 Royal Children of English History
  • 1898 The Book of Dogs
  • 1899 Pussy and Doggy Tales
  • 1900 The Book of Dragons
  • 1901 Nine Unlikely Tales
  • 1902 The Revolt of the Toys
  • 1903 The Rainbow Queen and Other Stories
  • 1903 Playtime Stories
  • 1904 The Story of Five Rebellious Dolls
  • 1904 Cat Tales
  • 1905 Oswald Bastable And Others
  • 1905 Pug Peter, King of Mouseland
  • 1907 Beautiful Stories from Shakespeare (reprint of The Children's Shakespeare)
  • 1908 The Old Nursery Stories
  • 1912 The Magic World
  • 1982 Melisande (story reprinted from Strand Magazine (1900))
  • 1987 The Cockatoucan (story reprinted from Strand Magazine (1900))

Stories and story collections for adults

  • 1893 Something Wrong (horror stories)
  • 1893 Grim Tales (horror stories)
  • 1893 The Pilot
  • 1894 The Butler in Bohemia
  • 1896 In Homespun
  • 1897 Tales Told in Twilight (horror stories)
  • 1901 Thirteen Ways Home
  • 1903 The Literary Sense
  • 1909 These Little Ones
  • 1910 Fear (horror stories)
  • 1923 To the Adventurous
  • 1983 E. Nesbit's Tales of Terror (reprint of selected horror stories)
  • 1989 In the Dark: Tales of Terror (expansion of E. Nesbit's Tales of Terror)
  • 2005 The Three Mothers (reprint; story originally in Strand Magazine (1908) and These Little Ones)
  • 2006 The Power of Darkness: Tales of Terror (expansion of In the Dark: Tales of Terror)

Non-Fiction

  • 1913 Wings and the Child, or, The Building of Magic Cities

Poetry

  • 1885 All Round the Year
  • 1885 Many Voices
  • 1885 The Rainbow and the Rose
  • 1887 The Lily and the Cross
  • 1887 Spring Songs and Sketches
  • 1894 A Pomander Of Verse
  • 1899 Villegiature

Anthologies

References

  1. ^ "Railway Children battle lines are drawn". Telegraph & Argus,. 2000-04-22. http://archive.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/2000/4/22/154169.html. 
  2. ^ Perrin, Noel (2003). A Child's Delight. University Press of New England. p. 106. ISBN 1584653523. 
  3. ^ The Prophet's Mantle (1885), a fictional story inspired by the life of Peter Kropotkin in London.
  4. ^ http://silvia-iannello.blogspot.com/2011/09/edith-nesbit-la-precorritrice-della.html
  5. ^ Lisle, Nicola. "E Nesbit: Queen of Children's Literature". http://www.abebooks.co.uk/docs/RareBooks/e-nesbit.shtml. 
  6. ^ Barry Day, "The Letters of Noël Coward", (New York: Vintage Books, March 2009) 74.
  7. ^ Nicholson, Mervyn (1998). "C.S. Lewis and the scholarship of imagination in E. Nesbit and Rider Haggard". Renascence. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3777/is_199810/ai_n8809620/pg_13. 

External links

Online texts

Источник: E. Nesbit

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