Книга: Anders Aslund «Russia After the Global Economic Crisis»

Russia After the Global Economic Crisis

The second book from The Russia Balance Sheet Project, a collaboration of two of the world's preeminent research institutions - the Peterson Institute for International Economics and the Center for Strategic and International Studies - examines Russia after the financial crisis of 2007-2009. In the aftermath of the crisis, what is Russia's current economic status and role in the world order? How has the crisis changed a push for an innovation-driven economy fueled by advanced technology growth? Furthermore, how have recent allegations of political corruption affected domestic politics as well as the world's perception of Russia? To answer these questions, the book assesses Russia's international policy challenges and also provides an all-encompassing review of domestic issues. The authors consider foreign policy, Russia and it neighbors, climate change, Russia's role in the world, domestic politics, and corruption. As Russia grapples with the realities of the post-crisis world, this...

Издательство: "Peterson Institute for Internal Economics" (2010)

ISBN: 0881324973

Купить за 1209 руб на Озоне

Anders Åslund

Anders Åslund (pronounced|andəʂ oːslʉnd) (born 1952) is a Swedish economist and expert on economic transition from centrally planned to market economies. Åslund served as an economic adviser to the governments of Russia and Ukraine and from 2003 was director of the Russian and Eurasian Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Åslund was a firm believer and key advisor in the controversial "shock therapy" measures that were applied to the Russian economy, although Åslund has argued at times that the Russian government stayed away from practical implementation. [ [http://josefsson.net/arkiv/990101_the_art_of_ruining_a_country.html "The Art of Ruining a Country"] by Dan Josefsson. ETC’s special issue on Russia (ETC English edition No 1, 1999)] [Angner, Erik (2006) 'Economists as Experts: Overconfidence in theory and practice,' Journal of Economic Methodology 13(1): 1-24.] [Åslund, Anders (1999) 'Russia's Collapse,' Foreign Affairs 78(5): 64-77.] [http://www.ip-global.org/archiv/2008/spring2008/bright-side-economics.html] [http://www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/complabstuds/russia/documents/aslund.doc] [http://www.cdi.org/russia/johnson/2008-88-39.cfm]

He has been a senior fellow at the Washington-based Peterson Institute since 2006.

Åslund in Sweden

Åslund's political position inclines toward market liberalism and decreased taxation and reduction of social welfare programs and systems, and is therefore regarded as a somewhat controversial economist in Sweden. His main claims regarding the Swedish welfare system are that it in itself generates bureaucracy that causes less redistribution of resources to the citizens most in need of resources, and that the bureaucracy creates an economical crisis by requiring an increased amount of resources in itself. Åslund has suggested that Sweden needs a Russian-style shock therapy.citation needed|date=October 2008

His publications

Åslund is known for his often Sensationalistic statements and forecasts on Russian politics. He predicted [ [http://www.themoscowtimes.com/stories/2008/01/09/006.html "Purge or Coup?"] by Anders Åslund The Moscow Times January 9, 2008.] [ [http://www.moscowtimes.ru/stories/2007/12/14/006.html "Putin's Three-Ring Circus"] by Anders Åslund The Moscow Times December 14, 2008.] that Dmitry Medvedev, if elected president, will be overthrown by military coup d'etat.

In his "Moscow Times" article "Unmasking President Putin's Grandiose Myth" he alleged the enormous wealth of Vladimir Putin [ [http://www.themoscowtimes.com/stories/2007/11/28/006.html "Unmasking President Putin's Grandiose Myth"] by Anders Aslund "The Moscow Times", November 28, 2007. Issue 3795. Page 9] ::"Everybody around Putin is completely corrupt, but many think that the president himself is honest. In February 2004, presidential candidate Ivan Rybkin named three men as Putin's bagmen, including Gennady Timchenko, the co-founder of the Gunvor oil-trading company. After Rybkin made this statement, he vanished from the political stage. In September, the Polish magazine "Wprost" wrote that Timchenko, a former KGB officer and member of Putin's dacha cooperative in St. Petersburg, has a net worth of $20 billion. Officially, Timchenko sells the oil of four Russian oil companies, but how are the prices determined to generate such profits?

:In a sensational interview in Germany's "Die Welt" on Nov. 12, Stanislav Belkovsky, the well-connected insider who initiated the Kremlin campaign against Yukos in 2003, made specific claims about Putin's wealth. He alleged that Putin owned 37 percent of Surgutneftegaz (worth $18 billion), 4.5 percent of Gazprom ($13 billion) and half of Timchenko's company, Gunvor (possibly $10 billion). If this information is true, Putin's total personal fortune would amount to no less than $41 billion, placing him among the 10 richest in the world."

References

Bibliography

*"Russia's Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed", 2007, ISBN 978-0-88132-409-9, see [http://bookstore.petersoninstitute.org/book-store/4099.html PDF]
*"How Russia Became a Market Economy", 1995, ISBN 978-0815704256
*"Changing the Economic System in Russia", 1993, ISBN 1855671298, with Richard Layard

External links

* [http://www.petersoninstitute.org/publications/author_bio.cfm?author_id=455 Anders Åslund] Biography at the Peterson Institute's site

Источник: Anders Åslund

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