Электронная книга: Zoroastre «Zend-Avesta, ouvrage de Zoroastre. T. 2»

Zend-Avesta, ouvrage de Zoroastre. T. 2

Полный вариант заголовка: «Zend-Avesta, ouvrage de Zoroastre. T. 2 : contenant les idées théologiques, physiques&morales de ce législateur, les cérémonies du culte religieux qu'il a établi,&plusieurs traits importants relatifsà l'ancienne histoire des Perses / trad. en François sur l'original Zend, avec des remarques;&accompagné de plusieurs traités propres à éclaicir les matieres qui en font l'objet par M. Anquetil du Perron».

Издательство: "Библиотечный фонд" (1771)

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Zend-Avesta, ouvrage de Zoroastre. T. 1. P. 1Полный вариант заголовка: «Zend-Avesta : Tome 1. 1 Partie : contenant les idees theologiques, physiques&morales de ce legislateur, les ceremonies du culte religieux qu'il a erabliy, etc. plusieurs… — Библиотечный фонд, электронная книга Подробнее...1771электронная книга

Zoroastre

"Zoroastre" ("Zoroaster") is an opera by Jean-Philippe Rameau, first performed on 5 December, 1749 at the Opéra in Paris. The libretto is by Louis de Cahusac. "Zoroastre" was the fourth of Rameau's "tragédies en musique" to be staged and the last to appear during the composer's own lifetime. Audiences gave the original version a lukewarm reception, so Rameau and his librettist thoroughly reworked the opera for a revival which took place at the Opéra on 19 January, 1756. This time the work was a great success and this is the version generally heard today. ["Viking" p.842; Sadler p.19]

Performance history

"Zoroastre"'s premiere in 1749 was not a success; despite the magnificence of the staging, it failed to compete with Mondonville's new "opéra-ballet" "Le carnaval du Parnasse". Rameau and Cahusac decided to rework the opera completely before offering it to the public again in 1756. Acts 2,3 and 5 were heavily rewritten and there were several modifications to the plot. This time audiences took to the opera, although the critic Melchior Grimm was withering about Cahusac's libretto: "In "Zoroastre" it is day and night alternately; but as the poet...cannot count up to five he has got so muddled in his reckoning that he has been compelled to make it be day and night two or three times in each act, so that it might be day at the end of the play". "Zoroastre" was chosen to open the new Paris opera house on January 26 1770, the old one having burned down in 1763. It was also translated into Italian by Casanova for a performance in Dresden in 1752, although some of Rameau's music was replaced by that of the ballet master Adam. Its first modern revival was in a concert version at the Schola Cantorum, Paris in 1903. [Girdlestone pp.278-279]

Libretto and music

"Zoroastre" includes some important innovations: it was the first major French opera to dispense with an allegorical prologue and its subject matter is not drawn from the Classical mythology of Greece and Rome, as was usual, but from Persian religion. There was good reason for this. As Graham Sadler writes, the opera is "a thinly disguised portrayal of Freemasonry". Cahusac, the librettist, was a leading French Mason and many of his works celebrate the ideals of the Enlightenment, including "Zoroastre". The historical Zoroaster was highly regarded in Masonic circles and the parallels are obvious between Rameau's opera and an even more famous Masonic allegory, Mozart's "The Magic Flute" (1791), with its initiation rites conducted under the auspices of the wise "Sarastro". [Sadler, booklet notes]

Roles

ynopsis

"The synopsis is based on 1756 version"

Act 1

The story takes place in the ancient kingdom of Bactria and concerns the struggle between the forces of Good, led by Zoroastre, the "founder of the Magi", and Evil, led by the sorcerer Abramane. When the opera opens, Bactria is in chaos after the death of its king, who has left behind two daughters: Amélite, the presumptive heir, and Erinice. Both are in love with Zoroastre, who is devoted to Amélite. Abramane has taken the opportunity to send Zoroastre into exile. The sorcerer also plots to seize the throne with Erinice, who wants revenge on Zoroastre for rejecting her love. Abramane conjures up demons to capture Amélite.

Act 2

Zoroastre is in exile at the palace of the king of the good genies, Oromasès. Oromasès tells Zoroastre to go and rescue Amélite and destroy the forces of evil. He puts Zoroastre through a magic initiation ritual to prepare him for the task. In the dungeons of the fortress of Bactria, Abramane and Erinice are torturing Amélite to force her to renounce the throne, when Zoroastre suddenly appears. He releases Amélite and destroys the fortress with his magic powers. Amélite is presented as queen to her joyful Bactrian subjects.

Act 3

Night. Abramane and Erinice quarrel over the disaster that has befallen their plans. Abramane hides Erinice in a cloud. At dawn, Zoroastre, Amélite and the Bactrian people assemble to worship the Supreme Being then celebrate the marriage of Zoroastre and Amélite. As the wedding ceremony takes place, Abramane arrives on a fiery chariot and kidnaps Amélite. Zoroastre prepares his magic spirits for war

Act 4

In the temple of the god Arimane, Abramane receives news that the battle between the spirits of good and evil is going badly for him. He sacrifices to the god and summons up Hate, Vengeance and Despair.

Act 5

Erinice, now repentant, warns Zoroastre of Abramane's plan for a new battle. Abramane appears in the fiery chariot once more and reveals Amélite in chains. He calls on Zoroastre to surrender. Instead, Zoroastre calls on the gods, who strike down Abramane and his evil priests with thunderbolts. The opera ends with rejoicing as Zoroastre and Amélite are crowned king and queen of Bactria.

elected recordings

* "Zoroastre" (1756 version) Collegium Vocale Ghent, La Petite Bande, Sigiswald Kujiken (3 CDs, Deutsche Harmonia Mundi, 1983)
* "Zoroastre" (1756 version) Les Arts Florissants, William Christie (3 CDs,Erato, 2002)
* DVD: "Zoroastre" (1756 version) Les Talens Lyriques, Christophe Rousset (2 DVDs, 2006)

References

ources

*Girdlestone, Cuthbert, "Jean-Philippe Rameau: His Life and Work", New York: Dover, 1969 (paperback edition)
*Holden, Amanda, ed., "The Viking Opera Guide", New York:Viking, 1993
*Sadler, Graham, ed., "The New Grove French Baroque Masters" Grove/Macmillan, 1988
*Sadler, Graham's, Booklet notes to the Christie recording

External links

* [http://perso.orange.fr/jean-claude.brenac/Operabaroque.htm Le magazine de l'opéra baroque by Jean-Claude Brenac (in French)]

Источник: Zoroastre

См. также в других словарях:

  • Zend-Avesta — Avesta Pour les articles homonymes, voir Avesta (homonymie). L Avesta (en avestique avestā) est l ensemble des textes sacrés de la religion mazdéenne et forme le livre sacré, le code sacerdotal des zoroastriens. Il est parfois connu en Occident… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zend Avesta — Avesta Pour les articles homonymes, voir Avesta (homonymie). L Avesta (en avestique avestā) est l ensemble des textes sacrés de la religion mazdéenne et forme le livre sacré, le code sacerdotal des zoroastriens. Il est parfois connu en Occident… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zoroastre (prophète) — Zoroastre était un penseur connu de l antiquité Zoroastre, Zarathushtra ou Zarathoustra (Zaraθuštra en avestique, Ζωροάστρης en grec), a été un personnage religieux important, connu comme prophète et fondateur du Zoroastrisme, ancienne religion… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Avesta — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Avesta (homonymie). L Avesta (du pahlavi abestāg) est l ensemble des textes sacrés de la religion mazdéenne et forme le livre sacré, le code sacerdotal des zoroastriens. Il est parfois connu en Occident sous l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zendavesta — Avesta Pour les articles homonymes, voir Avesta (homonymie). L Avesta (en avestique avestā) est l ensemble des textes sacrés de la religion mazdéenne et forme le livre sacré, le code sacerdotal des zoroastriens. Il est parfois connu en Occident… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Anquetil. Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil Duperron …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lazare Lenain — Lazare Républicain Lenain Picardie (Amiens) XIXe siècle Naissance 17 février 1793 (Paris) Décès 5 novembre 1877 (Amiens) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lazare Républicain Lenain — Lazare Lenain Lazare Républicain Lenain Picardie (Amiens) XIXe siècle Naissance : 17 février 1793 (Paris) Décès : 5  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anquetil Duperron — Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil Duperron Pour les articles homonymes, voir Anquetil. Anquetil Duperron Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil Duperron (7  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron — (* 7. Dezember 1731 in Paris; † 17. Januar 1805 in Paris) war ein französischer Orientalist, der speziell für die erste Übersetzung der Avesta in eine europäische Sprache bekannt ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Awesta: Die heilige Schrift der Zoroastrier —   Die Zoroastrier sind die Anhänger der vorislamischen Religion Irans, in deren Entwicklung der Prophet und Reformer Zarathustra eine einschneidende Rolle gespielt hat. »Zoroastrier« oder »Parsen« (das heißt »Perser«), wie heute die Anhänger… …   Universal-Lexikon


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