Book: Gilbert Grove Karl «A New Method of Measuring Heights by Means of the Barometer»

A New Method of Measuring Heights by Means of the Barometer

Серия: "-"

Книга представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться небольшие "огрехи" :помарки, кляксы и т. п.

Издательство: "Книга по Требованию" (2010)

Купить за 1314 руб в My-shop

Gilbert, Grove Karl

▪ American geologist
born May 6, 1843, Rochester, N.Y., U.S.
died May 1, 1918, Jackson, Mich.
 U.S. geologist, one of the founders of modern geomorphology, the study of landforms. He first recognized the applicability of the concept of dynamic equilibrium in landform configuration and evolution—namely, that landforms reflect a state of balance between the processes that act upon them and the structure and composition of the rocks that compose them. Gilbert clearly expounded this concept in his geological report on the Henry Mountains, Utah, and in his other pioneering works in the western United States.

      From 1863 to 1868 Gilbert worked for the Ward Natural Science Establishment, a firm that manufactured and distributed scientific equipment for schools. In 1869 he joined the second Ohio State Geological Survey as a volunteer assistant and in 1871 was assigned to the George M. Wheeler survey west of the 100th meridian. During his three-year service with the survey, he made a remarkable journey by boat up the lower canyons of the Colorado River, by pack train through central Arizona and down the valley of the Gila River, and again by boat down the Colorado to the Gulf of California. During that trip he made observations and gathered evidence that the post-Carboniferous (less than 280,000,000 years old) strata of Europe and eastern North America did not extend throughout the world. He published two papers characterizing the Basin and Range and Plateau provinces and naming and describing the Pleistocene Lake Bonneville, which was the ancestor of the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

      In 1875 Gilbert was transferred to the John Wesley Powell survey, which took him to Utah. When the U.S. Geological Survey was formed in 1879, he was made one of the six senior geologists. In 1884 he was placed in charge of the Appalachian division of geology, and in 1889, upon the creation of the division of geologic correlation, he was placed at its head. After 1892 he relinquished his position as chief geologist and most of his administrative duties in order to return to deeper study of some of the problems he had investigated earlier. The Bonneville Monograph (1890) was regarded as his magnum opus. His Report on the Geology of the Henry Mountains (1877), in which the intrusive igneous structure known as a laccolith was first described, and his History of the Niagara River (1890) were of particular importance. He also played an important part in the planning of the U.S. Geological Survey's bibliographic work and the adoption of the principles of nomenclature and cartography that form the basis of the survey's geological map work.

Additional Reading
Stephen J. Pyne, Grove Karl Gilbert, a Great Engine of Research (1980), is a biography. Ellis L. Yochelson (ed.), The Scientific Ideas of G.K. Gilbert (1980), collects essays on Gilbert's work.

* * *

Источник: Gilbert, Grove Karl

Другие книги схожей тематики:

АвторКнигаОписаниеГодЦенаТип книги
Gilbert Grove KarlA New Method of Measuring Heights by Means of the BarometerКнига представляет собой репринтное издание. Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться… — @Книга по Требованию, @ @- @ @ Подробнее...2010
1314бумажная книга

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Earth Sciences — ▪ 2009 Introduction Geology and Geochemistry       The theme of the 33rd International Geological Congress, which was held in Norway in August 2008, was “Earth System Science: Foundation for Sustainable Development.” It was attended by nearly… …   Universalium

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • surveying — /seuhr vay ing/, n. 1. the science or scientific method of making surveys of land. 2. the occupation of one who makes land surveys. 3. the act of one who surveys: The surveying required nearly two days. [1425 75; late ME: act of examining… …   Universalium

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • fluid mechanics — an applied science dealing with the basic principles of gaseous and liquid matter. Cf. fluid dynamics. [1940 45] * * * Study of the effects of forces and energy on liquids and gases. One branch of the field, hydrostatics, deals with fluids at… …   Universalium

  • weather forecasting — Prediction of the weather through application of the principles of physics and meteorology. Weather forecasting predicts atmospheric phenomena and changes on the Earth s surface caused by atmospheric conditions (snow and ice cover, storm tides,… …   Universalium

  • Weather forecasting — weather forecaster redirects here. For other uses, see Weatherman (disambiguation). Forecast of surface pressures five days into the future for the north Pacific, North America, and north Atlantic ocean. Weather forecasting is the application of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.