Book: Anna Sewell «Oxford Bookworms Library 4: Black Beauty»

Oxford Bookworms Library 4: Black Beauty

Серия: "Oxford Bookworms Library"

The Oxford Bookworms Library provides superb reading and student / teacher support for the classroom, and is also highly recommended for schools running Extensive Reading Programmes, offering the right range of books that encourage students to read for pleasure. When Black Beauty is trained to carry a rider on his back, or to pull a carriage behind him, he finds it hard at first. But he is lucky - his first home is a good one, where his owners are kind people, who would never be cruel to a horse. But in the nineteenth century many people were cruel to their horses, whipping them and beating them, and using them like machines until they dropped dead. Black Beauty soon finds this out, and as he describes his life, he has many terrible stories to tell.

Издательство: "Oxford University Press" (2007)

ISBN: 978-0-194-79166-3

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Anna Sewell

Infobox writer
name = Anna Sewell


caption = Oil painting of Anna Sewell in later life.
birthdate = birth date|1820|3|30|mf=y
birthplace = Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England
deathdate = death date and age|1878|4|25|1820|3|30|mf=y
deathplace = Old Catton, Norfolk, England
occupation = Novelist

Anna Sewell (March 30, 1820 – April 25, 1878) was a British writer, best known as the author of the classic novel "Black Beauty".

Biography

Sewell was born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England into a devoutly Quaker family. Her father was Isaac Sewell (1793-1879), and her mother, Mary Wright (1798 - 1884) was a successful writer of children's books in her own right. Sewell had one sibling, a younger brother called Philip (1822–1906) who worked first as a construction engineer in Europe, building railways in Spain and elsewhere, before settling back in Norfolk and working as a banker.

Raised mostly in London and its suburbs, Sewell was largely educated at home, under a regime heavily influenced by her mother's religious and educational convictions. At the age of twelve, the family moved to Stoke Newington, where Sewell was allowed to attend school for the first time and gained instruction in areas new to her such as mathematics and foreign languages. Two years later, however, she slipped while walking home from school and severely injured both of her ankles. Her father took a job in Brighton in 1836, partly in the hope that the climate there would help to cure her. Despite this, and most likely because of mistreatment of her injury, Sewell was lame for the rest of her life and was unable to stand without a crutch or to walk for any length of time. For greater mobility, she frequently used horse-drawn carriages, which contributed to her love of horses and concern for the humane treatment of animals.

At about this time, both Sewell and her mother left the Society of Friends to join the Church of England, though both remained active in evangelical circles. [ [http://www.northern.edu/hastingw/sewell.htm Anna Sewell - Black Beauty ] ] Her mother expressed her religious faith most noticeably by authoring a series of evangelical children's books, which Anna helped to edit, though all the Sewells, and Mary Sewell's family, the Wrights, engaged in many other good works.

While seeking to improve her health at European spas, Sewell encountered various writers, artists, and philosophers, to which her previous background had not exposed her.

Her only publication was "Black Beauty", which she wrote between 1871 and 1877. During this time her health was declining. She was often so weak that she couldn't get out of bed and writing at all was a challenge. She dictated the text to her mother and from 1876 began to write on slips of paper which her mother then transcribed.

Sewell sold the novel to the local publishers Jarrolds for £40 on 24 November, 1877, when she was 57. Although now considered a children's classic, she originally wrote it for those who worked with horses. Anna said "It's a special aim being to induce kindness, sympathy, and an understanding treatment of horses." (Mrs Bayly, 272). The book's sales broke publishing records, it is said to be "The sixth best seller in the English language." (Chitty in Wells and Grimshaw, x).

Sewell died of hepatitis or phthisis on April 25, 1878, just five months after her publication, living long enough to see the book's initial early success. She was buried on 30 April, 1878 in the Quaker burial-ground at Lammas near Buxton, Norfolk, not far from Norwich, where a wall plaque now marks her resting place.

Her birthplace in Church Plain, Great Yarmouth, is now a museum. For ten years, she lived at Blue Lodge, Wick, between Bristol and Bath. The local estate of Tracy Park, now a golf club, was said to be the inspiration for Black Beauty's Birtwick Park. Blue Lodge is privately owned.The cottage where she lived, from 1866 until her death, in Old Catton—then a village but now a suburb of Norwich—remains a private residence. Other Norwich attractions have grown around the Sewell name including the Sewell Barn Theatre, a popular local theatre company which was part of the estate originally owned by Phillip Sewell and Sewell Park which opened on July 19, 1909, its unusual triangular shaped granite water trough is used for a floral display and various members of the Sewell family are inscribed on it.

On 11 October, 2007 the house in Spixworth Road, Old Catton where Anna Sewell is said to have written the children's classic "Black Beauty" is up for sale with a price tag of £625,000 [http://www.eveningnews24.co.uk/content/news/story.aspx?brand=ENOnline&category=News&tBrand=ENOnline&tCategory=news&itemid=NOED11%20Oct%202007%2009%3A44%3A18%3A797] .

References

* Adrienne Gavin (2004), "A dark horse: the life of Anna Sewell", ISBN 0-7509-2838-7
* Adrienne Gavin, "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography"
* Mrs Bayly (1889), "The life and letters of Mrs Sewell" [biography of mother]
* E. B. Wells and A. Grimshaw (1989), "The annotated 'Black Beauty' " ISBN 0-85131-438-4

External links

*gutenberg author|id=Anna_Sewell|name=Anna Sewell
* [http://www.literarynorfolk.co.uk/anna_sewell.htm Anna Sewell and Norfolk]
* [http://www.feedsoft.clara.co.uk/buxton-norfolk/h_people.htm Buxton website]

Источник: Anna Sewell