Infobox UK place
country = England
static_image_2_caption = Arms of Selby Town Council
population = 13,012 (2001 Census)
shire_county= North Yorkshire
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
postcode_district = YO8
website= [http://www.selbytowncouncil.gov.uk www.selbytowncouncil.gov.uk]
Selby is a town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. Situated convert|12.1|mi|km|1 south of the city of York, along the course of the River Ouse, Selby is the largest and, with a population of 13,012, [cite web |url=http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=798286&c=Selby&d=16&e=15&g=477192&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 |title=Population details for Selby Parish |accessdate=2007-08-22 |work=Office for National Statistics |author=UK Government] most populous settlement of the wider Selby local government district.
Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, much of the wealth of the town was facilitated via Selby's position upon the banks of the River Ouse. In the past, Selby had a large shipbuilding industry and was an important port, for the most part due to the Selby Canal which brought trade from the city of Leeds.
King Henry I, fourth son of William the Conqueror, was born in Selby in either 1068 or 1069.
The town of Selby is dominated by Selby Abbey which was founded by Benedict in 1069 and subsequently built by the de Lacy family. It is one of the largest parish churches in Britain and is larger than several cathedrals. A notable feature of the Abbey is the 14th century Washington Window, featuring the heraldic arms of the ancestors of George Washington, the first president of the United States: the design is often cited as an influence for the Stars and Stripes flag.
The Abbey was founded when Benedict saw three swans on a lake in Selby, and he saw it as a sign of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. That is why the official crest of Selby is three swans. There was also a very important battle in the English Civil War, named the Battle of Selby. The field where the battle took place is still there today. There are many other historical sites, like the Cholera burial ground, the market cross and the local school, Selby High School.
Selby is expanding to become a large town, with new job prospects at the European Science Park in Burn [http://www.yorkshire-ess.org.uk/] and the expansion of the town as far as the bypass, although this has resulted in the loss of some trade from the town centre. New houses and shops are being built on the present town's outskirts. Meanwhile the riverfront area is being revamped with modern housing and fashionable flats.
Selby is a commuter town due to its proximity to both York and Leeds. Its popularity as a tourist destination, due to Selby Abbey, has led to a large amount of development and renovation in the town and surrounding area.
The residential areas of Selby have also been subject to expansion and development. A large amount of new houses and apartments have been developed in the Holmes Lane area along with more at various points along the riverfront. The latter is the result of an ongoing project to improve an area that had been largely derelict since the decline of the shipbuilding industry. More housing is currently under development on the south side of town between the Three Lakes retail park and the bypass.
Much of the historical wealth of the town is based upon its position upon the banks of the tidal River Ouse. In the past, Selby had a large shipbuilding industry and was an important port, due to the Selby Canal which brought trade from Leeds. The current Greenpeace craft bearing the name "Rainbow Warrior" was built in Selby in 1957. [cite web
url = http://www.greenpeace.org/international/about/ships/the-rainbow-warrior
title = The Rainbow Warrior
accessdate = 2008-04-15
publisher = Greenpeace] Although much of the infrastructure of each remain both in and around Selby, both industries have long since been defunct. Present day, the main income for the area is derived from arable farming and as a commuter area for Leeds, Wakefield, and York.
For a time, Selby was the leading coal mining area in the UK and featured some of the most advanced mining technology in Europe. It was the first new mine in the UK for decades and seen as a rejoinder to widespread concern that the British mining industry was effectively shutting down, particularly following the defeat of the UK miners' strike (1984-1985).
Wistow Colliery, which was part of the Selby Complex, holds the UK record for coal mined in one week — 200,743 tonnes in 1995. The 110 square mile (285 km²) Selby Complex, employing 3,000 miners plus contractors and ancillary staff, closed on Friday 14 May 2004 despite rising demand for coal in the UK. UK Coal, the pits' owner, said closure was due to rising costs caused by deteriorating geological conditions and the falling price of coal. In its final years, the company listed a £30 million loss on the plant.
Trade and commerce
In recent years, Selby has seen the development of new shopping areas both in the town centre and on the outskirts. The Abbey Walk Shopping Centre was developed on recreational land that runs parallel to the town centre. The expansion not only increased the volume of town centre shops but also provided large scale, convenient parking for the town centre. In more recent years, the Three Lakes Retail Park has opened on the outskirts of town and continues to expand with more developments under construction. Two of the town's supermarkets, Tesco and Morrison's are both looking to expand their stores, the latter meaning the re-siting of the Abbey Primary School.
Selby Town Hall is regarded as being one of the best live venues in the area (as officially recognised by winning the Yorkshire Evening Post's Nightlife Award). Selby Town Council has been running this venue since 2003, with regular performances of music, dance, drama and comedy. Especially popular are the local band nights, that regularly draw big crowds, as does the annual Battle Of The Bands.
Selby is the transport hub for the Selby District and features a bus and railway station running routes to many place around the area. Train services run from Selby railway station run direct to London King's Cross, Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly, York and other destinations.
Arriva operate an extensive network of local and regional buses, linking Selby with [http://getdown.org.uk/bus/bus/415.htm York] , [http://getdown.org.uk/bus/bus/402-403.htm Leeds] , [http://getdown.org.uk/bus/bus/401.htm Goole] , [http://getdown.org.uk/bus/bus/405.htm Doncaster] and [http://getdown.org.uk/bus/bus/450.htm Pontefract/Wakefield] running at least every hour
In July 2001 construction began on the Selby bypass having been authorised in 1993 for development. The bypass runs from the A19 at Barlby along the southern edge of Selby, connecting onto the A63 at Thorpe Willoughby. The project was delayed due to technical difficulties with the swing bridge over the River Ouse but was eventually completed in July 2004.
On 14 September, 2005, Selby District Council was conditionally granted outline planning permission for a state of the art science facility [http://www.yorkshire-ess.org.uk/] to be built on the site of Burn Gliding Club.
In recent years there have been serious flood problems in Selby and the adjoining village of Barlby. The threat in the Barlby area has been alleviated to some extent by work on improved flood barriers following the major flood of November 2000
elby rail crash
The towns of Selby and Goole are negatively associated with the so-called Selby rail crash, which happened a few miles south of Selby at a village called Great Heck near the M62 motorway. On February 28, 2001, a vehicle crashed off the M62 down an embankment on to a railway track, where it was struck by an oncoming passenger train heading to London. The accident was then compounded by a second collision involving a goods train. Neither train was travelling to, from, or through Selby and the driver of the vehicle involved in the incident had no connection with Selby, but Selby is the closest major town to the accident site.
Selby and its surrounding area came to national prominence once again through another tragedy on 18 July, 2004, this time through four exceptionally violent murders carried out by former binman Mark Hobson. Hobson, 34 at the time, killed his girlfriend Claire Sanderson, 27, and her twin sister Diane at a flat in the nearby village of Camblesforth. He subsequently murdered an elderly couple, James and Joan Britton, at their home in the village of Strensall, near York. Hobson was later sentenced to life imprisonment and the trial judge recommended that he should never be released. The High Court later agreed with this recommendation despite Hobson's appeal for them to take a different view. Hobson is one of only a tiny number of "whole life" prisoners who admitted to their crimes at the earliest opportunity.
Selby's major sporting team is Selby Town Football Club, playing in the Northern Counties East Premier Division and based at Flaxley Road Stadium. Selby Town will soon move to a new larger stadium which will be built on East Common Lane which will be situated next to Selby College, Tate & Lyle and Selby Bypass for improved access.
They recently lost the Otisdale Cup to higher league rivals Goole AFC.
Rugby union club Selby RUFC and rugby league club Selby Warriors are based at Sandhill Lane Stadium.
Selby Cricket Club who share Sandhill Lane Stadium have four senior league teams, with the 1st and 2nd X1 playing in the York and District Senior League, the 1st X1 in Division 4 and the 2nd X1 in Division 5. Also the 3rd X1 play in Division 4 and 4th X1 play in Division 5 of the York Vale League. Also the team run two junior teams the under 11s and 15s which both play in the York and District Junior League and also an evening league team in the Howdenshire Evening League (West Division).
Selby is twinned with:
*flagicon|France Carentan, France
*flagicon|Germany Filderstadt, Germany
Noted people from Selby
*Robert Aske, rebel leader, lawyer
*Robert of Selby, courtier, chancellor of Sicily
*Jack Byers, footballer
*Henry I of England, king of England
*Arthur Hinsley, Catholic cardinal, archbishop
*Jonathan Hutchinson, surgeon, dermatologist
*Woods Hutchinson, physician, writer
*Thomas Johnson, botanist
*John Sherwood, Olympic athlete
*Steve Sherwood, footballer
*James Stephenson, actor
*Eden Taylor-Draper, actress
*Smithson Tennant, chemist, discoverer
*Selby High School
* [http://www.selbytoday.co.uk Selby News]
* [http://www.selbyabbey.org.uk Official website of Selby Abbey.]
* [http://www.selby.gov.uk Selby District Council]
* [http://www.selbywarriors.co.uk/ Selby Warriors A.R.L.F.C]
* [http://www.yorkshire-ess.org.uk/ European Spallation Source Homepage]
* [http://www.selbyhigh.co.uk/ Selby High School]
* [http://www.selbytowncouncil.gov.uk/ Selby Town Council]
* [http://www.selbytownhall.co.uk/ Selby Town Hall Events]
* [http://www.this-is-selby.org/ Online Map-Based record of Selby's History]