Книга: Jones L. «Making Progress to First Certificate. Student's Book»

Making Progress to First Certificate. Student's Book

Серия: "Making Progress to FCE"

Making Progress to First Certificate is a course leading students up to the level required to begin a First Certificate exam-directed course, such as New Progress to First Certificate. It introduces the skills needed for each paper of the exam, and begins to familiarise students with the sort of tasks they will encounter in it, as well as providing an entertaining and worthwhile course for anyone who simply needs to make progress at this level. Key Features of Making Progress to First Certificate include: twenty-four short topic-based units five Revision Units to practise and recycle new language an abundance of exercises and puzzles practising useful new vocabulary, phrasal verbs and idioms interesting texts that will motivate students to read for pleasure, with exercises to get the most out of the new vocabulary, grammar and style found in themauthentic interviews with people from a range of different backgrounds thorough grammar practice to build students'confidence with more complex tasks and texts a grammar reference section with examples and explanations of the basic rules full coverage of speaking, listening, reading and writing skills pronunciation sections to help students to improve their pronunciation of English sounds, and use rhythm and intonation appropriatelyan introduction to the skills and task types students will meet in the First Certificate examination.

Издательство: "Cambridge University Press" (2005)

ISBN: 0-521-53702-9,978-0-521-53702-5

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JONES (L.)

JONES (L.)

JONES LEROI (1934- )

Poète, conteur, essayiste (Le Peuple du blues , Blues People , 1963), romancier (Le Système de l’Enfer de Dante , The System of Dante’s Hell , 1965; Histoires , Tales , 1967), auteur dramatique (Le Métro fantôme , Dutchman , 1964; Théâtre noir révolutionnaire , Four Black Revolutionary Plays , 1969), essayiste (Raise Race Rays Raze: Essays Since 1968 , 1971), Leroi Jones est d’abord proche du mouvement beatnik avant de se faire le prophète de la «révolution noire» et du retour à l’Afrique, dans le sillage des Black Panthers. Il se fait appeler Imanu Amiri Baraka à partir de 1968. Pour ce militant noir, la littérature et l’art n’ont de sens qu’en tant qu’actes politiques débouchant sur la prise de conscience et l’action révolutionnaire; le but poursuivi: la destruction de l’Amérique blanche; puis, dans une perspective internationaliste, la suppression de la domination blanche partout où elle existe.

Pour ce faire, il faut d’abord briser les fausses valeurs: refuser la culture blanche, ses religions, son rationalisme et, surtout, le mythe de l’intégration pacifique; il faut supprimer chez les Noirs l’habitude d’utiliser la société blanche comme code de référence. Privilégier l’irrationnel et la magie, la spécificité afro-américaine, c’est-à-dire dégager la nécessité impérieuse de se percevoir comme Noir, d’appréhender le monde en tant que Noir, et de le transformer pour les Noirs (Black Music , 1967, Black Value System , 1970).

Dans l’enfer de Jones, qui compare l’Enfer de Dante aux ghettos noirs des villes américaines, le cercle de la violence est occupé par les Blancs. Cette violence exaspérée, il convient maintenant que le monde noir se l’approprie. C’est pourquoi chaque œuvre de Jones est une flambée brutale de destruction, qui commence par le langage et s’inspire volontiers d’Artaud et de Genet. Pour Jones, en effet, les véritables sources de l’aliénation sont de nature culturelle, et la révolution doit donc s’appuyer sur le verbe: le sien est iconoclaste, et la poésie est avant tout une arme: «Nous voulons des poèmes qui tuent.»

Источник: JONES (L.)

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