Infobox Comics creator
name = René Goscinny
imagesize = 100
birthdate = birth date|1926|8|14|mf=y
location = Paris, France
deathdate = death date and age|1977|11|5|1926|8|14
deathplace = Paris, France
nationality = French
area = writer, editor
alias = d'Agostini, Stanislas
notable works = "Astérix" "Iznogoud" "Le Petit Nicolas" "Lucky Luke" "Oumpah-pah"
awards = full list
René Goscinny (August 14, 1926 – November 5, 1977) was a French author, editor and humorist, who is best known for the comic book "Astérix", which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and for his work on the early issues of the comic book series "Lucky Luke" with Morris.
Goscinny was born in Paris in 1926, to a family of Polish-Ukrainian Jewish descent;
[cite web | last = Garcia|first= Laure|work =Le Nouvel Observateur | title = Uderzo, le dernier Gaulois | url = http://hebdo.nouvelobs.com/hebdo/parution/p2136/articles/a280131-uderzo__le_dernier_gaulois.html|language=French] ] his parents were Stanisław "Simkha" Gościnny (the surname means "hospitable" in Polish), a chemical engineer from Warsaw, Poland, and to Anna Bereśniak Gościnna from Chodorków, a small village in the 2nd Republic of Poland, now Ukraine. Claude, René's older brother was born 6 years earlier; on December 10, 1920. Stanisław and Anna had met in Paris and married in 1919. The Gościnnys moved to Buenos Aires, Argentina, two years after René's birth, because of a chemical engineer post Stanisław had obtained there. He spent a happy childhood in Buenos Aires, and studied in the French schools there. He had a habit of making everyone laugh in class, probably to compensate for a natural shyness. He started drawing very early on, inspired by the illustrated stories which he enjoyed reading.
In December 1943 the year after he graduated from school, 17 year old Goscinny lost his father to a cerebral hemorrhage, forcing him to find a job. The next year, he got his first job, as an assistant accountant in a tire recovery factory, and when he was laid off the following year, he became a junior illustrator in an advertising agency.
[cite web | last = Lambiek Comiclopedia | title = René Goscinny | url =http://lambiek.net/artists/g/goscinny.htm] ]
Goscinny, along with his mother, left Argentina and went to New York in 1945, to join their uncle, Boris, there. To avoid service in the US military, he travelled to France to join the French army in 1946. He served at Aubagne, in the 141 E battalion of Alpine infantry. Promoted to senior corporal, he became the appointed illustrator of the regiment and drew illustrations and posters for the army.
The following year, he illustrated the book "The Girl with The Eyes of Gold" and returned to New York. On his arrival Goscinny went through the most difficult period of his life. For a while, he was jobless, alone and totally broke. By 1948, though, he recovered and started working in a small studio where he met and became friends with future "Mad" alumni Will Elder, Jack Davis and Harvey Kurtzman.
Goscinny then became art director at Kunen Publishers where he wrote four books for children. Around this time he met Joseph Gillain, better known as Jijé, and Maurice de Bevere aka Morris, the cartoonist and author of the series "Lucky Luke" (which Goscinny would write from 1955 to his death in 1977).
Also, he met Georges Troisfontaines, chief of the World Press agency, who convinced Goscinny to return to Paris and work for his agency as the head of Paris office in 1951. Here, he met Albert Uderzo, with whom he started a longtime cooperation.
[cite web | last = Lagardère | title = Release of the 33rd Asterix volume | url =http://www.lagardere.com/us/actualites/detail_actu.cfm?idt=9&idn=5994&nav=0 ] ] They started out with some work for "Bonnes Soirées", a female magazine for which Goscinny wrote "Sylvie". Goscinny and Uderzo also launched the series "Jehan Pistolet" and "Luc Junior" in "La Libre Junior".
In 1955, Goscinny, accompanied by Jean-Michel Charlier, Albert Uderzo and Jean Hébrad, founded the syndicate Edipress/Edifrance. The syndicate launched publications like "Clairon" for the factory union and "Pistolin" for a chocolate company. Goscinny and Uderzo cooperated on the series "Bill Blanchart" in Jeannot, "Pistolet" in Pistolin and "Benjamin et Benjamine" in the magazine of the same name. Under the pseudonym Agostini, Goscinny wrote "Le Petit Nicolas" for Jean-Jacques Sempé in "Le Moustique" and later "Sud-Ouest" and "Pilote".
In 1956, Goscinny began a collaboration with the magazine "Tintin". He wrote some short stories for Jo Angenot and Albert Weinberg, and worked on "Signor Spaghetti" with Dino Attanasio, "Monsieur Tric" with Bob de Moor, "Prudence Petitpas" with Maurice Maréchal, "Globul le Martien" and "Alphonse" with Tibet, "Strapontin" with Berck and "Modeste et Pompon" with André Franquin. An early creation with Uderzo, "Oumpah-pah", was also adapted for serial publication in "Tintin" from 1958-1962.
[cite web | last = Asterix International! | title = Albert Uderzo | url =http://www.asterix-international.de/asterix/uderzo.shtml ] ] In addition, Goscinny appeared in the magazines "Paris-Flirt" ("Lili Manequin" with Will) and "Vaillant" ("Boniface et Anatole" with Jordom, "Pipsi" with Godard).
"Pilote" and "Astérix"
In 1959, the Édifrance/Édipresse syndicate started the comics magazine "Pilote".
[Cite web|last=BDoubliées|title=Pilote année 1959|url=http://bdoubliees.com/journalpilote/annees/1959.htm|language=French] ] Goscinny became one of the most productive writers for the magazine. In the magazine's first issue, he launched his most famous creation, "Astérix", with Uderzo. This series was an instant hit and is now known worldwide. Goscinny also restarted the series "Le Petit Nicolas" and "Jehan Pistolet", now called "Jehan Soupolet". Goscinny also began "Jacquot le Mousse" and "Tromblon et Bottaclou" with Godard.
The magazine was bought by Georges Dargaud in 1960, and Goscinny became editor-in-chief. He also began new series like "Les Divagations de Monsieur Sait-Tout" (with Martial), "La Potachologie Illustrée" (with Cabu), "Les Dingodossiers" (with Gotlib) and "La Forêt de Chênebeau" (with Mic Delinx). With Tabary, he launched "Calife Haroun El Poussah" in "Record", a series that was later continued in "Pilote" as "Iznogoud". With Raymond Macherot he created "Pantoufle" for "Spirou.
Goscinny died in Paris from a heart attack on November 5, 1977, at the age of 51.
Since 1996, the René Goscinny Award is presented at the yearly Angoulême International Comics Festival in France as an encouragement for young comic writers.
Goscinny married Gilberte Pollaro-Millo in 1967. In 1968 their daughter Anne Goscinny was born, who also became an author.
*1974: Adamson Award for best international comic strip artist, Sweden
*2005: Inducted in the Will Eisner Hall of Fame as a Judges' choice, U.S.
According to the information which is available in UNESCO's Index Translationum, Goscinny, as of April 2008, is the 22nd most translated author, with 1,800 translations of his work. [ [http://databases.unesco.org/xtrans/stat/xTransStat.a?VL1=A&top=50&lg=0 Index Translationum top 50] ] (However this figure does not take in account his additional work under pseudonyms.)
* [http://bdoubliees.com/journalpilote/auteurs2/goscinny.htm Goscinny publications in "Pilote"
] , [http://bdoubliees.com/journalspirou/auteurs2/goscinny.htm "Spirou"
] , [http://bdoubliees.com/journaltintin/auteurs2/goscinny.htm French "Tintin"
] and [http://bdoubliees.com/tintinbelge/auteurs2/goscinny.htm Belgian "Tintin"
] BDoubliées fr_icon
* [http://www.bedetheque.com/auteur-2220-BD-Goscinny-Rene.html Goscinny albums
] Bedetheque fr_icon
* [http://www.goscinny.net Goscinny official site] fr_icon
* [http://www.asterix.com Astérix official site]
* [http://www.dupuis.com/servlet/jpecat?pgm=VIEW_AUTHOR&lang=UK&AUTEUR_ID=95 On Dupuis.com]
* [http://www.asterix-international.de/asterix/goscinny.shtml Goscinny biography] on Asterix International!
* [http://lambiek.net/artists/g/goscinny.htm Goscinny biography] on Lambiek Comiclopedia
Источник: René Goscinny